Mary Smith

F, b. 1717, d. 1791
Father*(?) Smith
Mother*Prudence FitzRandolph b. 1696, d. 1766
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Dunham.

Child of Mary Smith and (?) Dunham

Ralph Waldo Emerson Dunham

M, b. 1894, d. 1970
Father*Jacob William Dunham b. 1863, d. 1936
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson Dunham was born in 1894.
  • He was the son of Jacob William Dunham.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson Dunham died in 1970.

Child of Ralph Waldo Emerson Dunham

Jacob William Dunham

M, b. 1863, d. 1936
Father*Jacob Mackey Dunham b. 1824, d. 1907
  • Jacob William Dunham was born in 1863.
  • He was the son of Jacob Mackey Dunham.
  • Jacob William Dunham died in 1936.

Child of Jacob William Dunham

Jacob Mackey Dunham

M, b. 1824, d. 1907
Father*Jacob Dunham b. 1795, d. 1865
  • Jacob Mackey Dunham was born in 1824.
  • He was the son of Jacob Dunham.
  • Jacob Mackey Dunham died in 1907.

Child of Jacob Mackey Dunham

Jacob Dunham

M, b. 1795, d. 1865
Father*Samuel Dunham b. 1742, d. 1824
  • Jacob Dunham was born in 1795.
  • He was the son of Samuel Dunham.
  • Jacob Dunham died in 1865.

Child of Jacob Dunham

Samuel Dunham

M, b. 1742, d. 1824
Father*(?) Dunham
Mother*Mary Smith b. 1717, d. 1791
  • Samuel Dunham was born in 1742.
  • He was the son of (?) Dunham and Mary Smith.
  • Samuel Dunham died in 1824.

Child of Samuel Dunham

(?) Dunham

M

Child of (?) Dunham and Mary Smith

Katherine Stanley

F
Father*Thomas Stanley
Mother*Joan Goushill b. a 1400

Thomas Stanley

M, b. 1435, d. 29 July 1504
Father*Thomas Stanley
Mother*Joan Goushill b. a 1400
     1st Earl of Derby.

Eleanor De Bohun

F, b. circa 1366, d. 3 October 1399
Father*Humphrey De Bohun b. 1342, d. 1373
Mother*Joan Fitzalan b. 1347, d. 7 Apr 1419
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Woodstock.

Child of Eleanor De Bohun and Thomas of Woodstock

Thomas of Woodstock

M, b. 1355, d. 1397
Father*King Edward III of England b. 13 Nov 1312, d. 21 Jun 1377
Mother*Philippe de Hainaut b. 1314, d. 1369
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationThomas of Woodstock was also known as Plantagenet.
     1st and last Duke of Gloucester.

Child of Thomas of Woodstock and Eleanor De Bohun

King Edward III of England

M, b. 13 November 1312, d. 21 June 1377
Father*King Edward II of England b. 25 Apr 1284, d. 21 Sep 1327
Mother*Isabella de France b. 1292, d. 1358
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing Edward III of England was also known as Plantagenet.
Name VariationKing Edward III of England was also known as of Woodstock.
     Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into the most efficient military power in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislature and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. He remained on the throne for 50 years; no English monarch had reigned for as long since Henry III, and none would again until George III, as King of the United Kingdom.

Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen, following the deposition of his father. When he was only seventeen years old, he led a coup against his regent, Roger Mortimer, and began his personal reign. After defeating, but not subjugating, the Kingdom of Scotland, he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1338, starting what would be known as the Hundred Years' War. Following some initial setbacks, the war went exceptionally well for England; the victories of Crécy and Poitiers led up to the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny. Edward’s later years, however, were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inertia and eventual bad health.

Edward III was a temperamental man, but also capable of great clemency. He was, in most ways, a conventional king, mainly interested in warfare. Highly revered in his own time and for centuries after, Edward was denounced as an irresponsible adventurer by later Whig historians. This view has turned, and modern historiography credits him with many achievements[1].

Edward was born at Windsor on 13 November 1312, and was called "Edward of Windsor" in his early years. The reign of his father, Edward II, was fraught with military defeat, rebellious barons and corrupt courtiers, but the birth of a male heir in 1312 temporarily strengthened Edward II's position on the throne.[2] To further this end, in what was probably an attempt by his father to shore up royal supremacy after years of discontent, Edward was created Earl of Chester at the age of only twelve days, and less than two months later, his father gave him a full household of servants for his court, so he could live independently as if he were a full adult Nobleman.[3]

On 20 January 1327, when the young Edward was fourteen years old his mother the queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer deposed the king. Edward, now Edward III, was crowned on 1 February, with Isabella and Mortimer as regents. Mortimer, the de facto ruler of England, subjected the young king to constant disrespect and humiliation. On 24 January 1328 the fifteen year old king married sixteen year old Philippa of Hainault at York Minster.[4]

Mortimer knew his position was precarious, especially after Philippa had a son on 15 June 1330.[5] Mortimer used his power to acquire noble estates and titles, many of them belonging to Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel. FitzAlan, who had remained loyal to Edward II in his struggle with Isabella and Mortimer, had been executed on 17 November 1326. However Mortimer's greed and arrogance caused many of the other nobles to hate him; all this was not lost on the young king.

The young, headstrong King had never forgotten the fate of his father, or how he himself had been treated as a child. At almost 18 years old, Edward was ready to take his revenge. On 19 October 1330, Mortimer and Isabella were sleeping at Nottingham Castle. Under the cover of night, a group loyal to Edward entered the fortress through a secret passageway and burst into Mortimer's quarters. Those conducting the coup arrested Mortimer in the name of the King and he was taken to the Tower of London. Stripped of his land and titles, he was hauled before the 17 year-old King and accused of assuming royal authority over England. Edward's mother—presumably pregnant with Mortimer's child—begged her son for mercy to no avail. Without trial, Edward sentenced Mortimer to death one month after the coup. As Mortimer was executed, Edward's mother was exiled in Castle Rising where she reportedly miscarried. By his 18th birthday, Edward's vengeance was complete and he became de facto ruler of England.1

Children of King Edward III of England and Philippe de Hainaut

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_III_of_England

Philippe de Hainaut

F, b. 1314, d. 1369
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name24 January 1327As of 24 January 1327,her married name was of England.
Married Name24 January 1327As of 24 January 1327,her married name was of Woodstock.
     Queen Consort of England. Philippa of Hainault (24 June 1314 – 15 August 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England.

Philippa was born in Valenciennes (then in Flanders, now France) and was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and Joan of Valois, the granddaughter of Philip III of France.

She married Edward at York Minster, on 24 January 1328, eleven months after his accession to the English throne and, unlike many of her predecessors, she did not alienate the English people by retaining her foreign retinue upon her marriage or bringing large numbers of foreigners to the English court. She gave birth to her first son, Edward, nine days before her sixteenth birthday.

Philippa accompanied Edward on his expeditions to the Kingdom of Scotland (1333) and Flanders (1338-40), where she won acclaim for her gentleness and compassion. She is best remembered as the tender-hearted woman who, in 1347, interceded with her husband and persuaded him to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais, whom he had planned to execute as an example to the townspeople following his successful siege. She acted as regent in England on several occasions when her husband was on the Continent.

Philippa grew portly in her later years, and this supported the affectionate English view of her as a sympathetic, homely, and motherly woman. She gave birth to 14 children and outlived 9 of them. Two died during the Black Death of 1348.

On 15 August, 1369, Philippa died of an illness akin to dropsy in Windsor Castle, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. By all accounts, her 40-year marriage to Edward had been happy, despite his involvement with a controversial mistress, Alice Perrers, during the latter part of it.1

Children of Philippe de Hainaut and King Edward III of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_of_Hainault

George De Vere

M
Father*John de Vere b. 23 Apr 1408, d. 26 Feb 1462
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1410, d. 1475

Children of George De Vere and Margaret Stafford

Margaret Stafford

F, b. circa 1445
Father*Sir William Stafford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Vere.

Children of Margaret Stafford and George De Vere

Eleanor of Castile

F, d. 28 November 1290
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.
     Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was the first queen consort of Edward I of England. She was also Countess of Ponthieu in her own right from 1279 until her death in 1290, succeeding her mother and ruling together with her husband.

Eleanor was born in Castile, Spain, daughter of Saint Ferdinand, King of Castile and Leon and his second wife, Joan, Countess of Ponthieu. Her Castilian name, Leonor, became Alienor or Alianor in England, and Eleanor in modern English. She was the second of five children born to Fernando and Jeanne. Her elder brother Fernando was born in 1239/40, her younger brother Louis in 1242/43; two sons born after Louis died young. For the ceremonies in 1291 marking the first anniversary of Eleanor's death, 49 candlebearers were paid to walk in the public procession to commemorate each year of her life. This would date her birth to the year 1241. Since her parents were apart from each other for thirteen months while King Ferdinand conducted a military campaign in Andalusia from which he returned to the north of Spain only in February 1241, Eleanor was probably born toward the end of that year.

Eleanor's marriage in 1254 to the future Edward I of England was not the first marriage her family planned for her. The kings of Castile had long made the flimsy claim to be paramount lords of the Kingdom of Navarre in the Pyrenees, and from 1250 Ferdinand III and his heir, Eleanor's half-brother Alfonso X of Castile, hoped she would marry Theobald II of Navarre. To avoid Castilian control, Margaret of Bourbon (mother to Theobald II) in 1252 allied with James I of Aragon instead, and as part of that treaty solemnly promised that Theobald would never marry Eleanor.

Then, in 1252, Alfonso X resurrected another flimsy ancestral claim, this time to the duchy of Gascony, in the south of Aquitaine, last possession of the Kings of England in France. Henry III of England swiftly countered Alfonso's claims with both diplomatic and military moves. Early in 1254 the two kings began to negotiate; after haggling over the financial provision for Eleanor, Henry and Alfonso agreed she would marry Henry's son Edward, and Alfonso would transfer his Gascon claims to Edward. Henry was so anxious for the marriage to take place that he willingly abandoned elaborate preparations already made for Edward's knighting in England, and agreed that Alfonso would knight Edward before the wedding took place.1

Children of Eleanor of Castile and King Edward I of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Castile

Anne of Gloucester

F, b. 1383, d. 1438
Father*Thomas of Woodstock b. 1355, d. 1397
Mother*Eleanor De Bohun b. c 1366, d. 3 Oct 1399
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1390As of circa 1390,her married name was de Stafford.
Married Name28 June 1398As of 28 June 1398,her married name was Stafford.

Child of Anne of Gloucester and Edmund Stafford

Edmund Stafford

M, b. 1378, d. 1403
Father*Sir Hugh Stafford
Mother*Philippa de Beauchamp b. b 1344, d. 6 Apr 1386

Child of Edmund Stafford and Anne of Gloucester

Humphrey Stafford

M, b. 1402, d. 1460
Father*Edmund Stafford b. 1378, d. 1403
Mother*Anne of Gloucester b. 1383, d. 1438
     Duke of Buckingham.

Child of Humphrey Stafford and Anne Neville

Anne Neville

F, b. 1411, d. 1480
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
     Duchess of Buckingham.

Child of Anne Neville and Humphrey Stafford

Humphrey Stafford

M, b. 1425, d. 1455
Father*Humphrey Stafford b. 1402, d. 1460
Mother*Anne Neville b. 1411, d. 1480

Child of Humphrey Stafford and Margaret Beaufort

Margaret Beaufort

F, b. 1427, d. 1474
Father*Edmund Beaufort b. 1406, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Beauchamp b. 1407, d. 6 Mar 1467
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Dayrell.
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.

Child of Margaret Beaufort and Sir Richard Dayrell

Child of Margaret Beaufort and Humphrey Stafford

Henry Stafford

M, b. 1454, d. 1483
Father*Humphrey Stafford b. 1425, d. 1455
Mother*Margaret Beaufort b. 1427, d. 1474

Catherine Woodville

F, b. 1442, d. circa 1509
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCatherine Woodville was also known as Wydeville.
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
Married Nameafter 1495As of after 1495,her married name was Wingfield.

John Howard

M, b. 1421, d. 22 August 1485
Father*Robert Howard b. 1385, d. 1436
Mother*Margaret de Mowbray b. 1388, d. 1459
     1st Duke of Norfolk.

Child of John Howard and Katherine Moleyns

Katherine Moleyns

F, b. 1429, d. 3 November 1465
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1442As of 1442,her married name was Howard.

Child of Katherine Moleyns and John Howard

Thomas Howard

M, b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524
Father*John Howard b. 1421, d. 22 Aug 1485
Mother*Katherine Moleyns b. 1429, d. 3 Nov 1465
     2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Children of Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Tilney

Elizabeth Tilney

F, b. before 1445, d. 4 April 1497
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1466As of circa 1466,her married name was Bourchier.
Married Name30 April 1472As of 30 April 1472,her married name was Howard.
     Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey (before 1445 – 4 April 1497) was an English heiress and the first wife of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. She was the mother of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. Through her daughter Elizabeth, she was the maternal grandmother of Anne Boleyn, and through her son Edmund, she was the paternal grandmother of Catherine Howard; both queens consort of King Henry VIII. Elizabeth's great-granddaughter was Queen Elizabeth I of England.

Elizabeth was commemorated as the "Countess of Surrey" in John Skelton's poem, Garlande of Laurrell, following his visit to the Howard residence of Sheriff Hutton Castle.

Elizabeth was born at Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England, sometime before 1445. She was the daughter and heiress of Sir Frederick Tilney, of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, and Boston, Lincolnshire, by his wife Elizabeth Cheney, of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire.[1]

Her father died when she was a young child. Shortly before 1 December 1446, Elizabeth's mother married her second husband, [2] Sir John Say of Broxbourne, Speaker of the House of Commons by whom she had three sons, Sir William Say, who married Elizabeth Fray, Thomas Say, and Leonard Say, who would later become a priest; and four surviving daughters, Anne Say, who married Henry Wentworth, Mary Say, the wife of Sir Philip Calthorpe, Elizabeth Say, wife of Thomas Sampson, and Katherine Say, wife of Thomas Bassingbourne.[3]A fifth daughter, whose name is not known, died as a young child. Queen consort Jane Seymour was a granddaughter of Henry Wentworth and Anne Saye, and thus a second cousin to both Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

Elizabeth's paternal grandparents were Sir Philip Tilney and Isabel Thorpe. Her maternal grandparents were Sir Laurence Cheney of Fen Ditton and Elizabeth Cockayne, widow of Sir Philip Butler. Elizabeth Cockayne was the daughter of Sir John Cockayne, Chief Baron of the Exchequer and Ida de Grey. Ida was a daughter of Welsh Marcher Lord Reginald Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Ruthyn and Eleanor Le Strange of Blackmere.[4] Through her mother, Ida was a direct descendant of Welsh Prince Gruffydd II ap Madog, Lord of Dinas Bran and his wife Emma de Audley.

Elizabeth was co-heiress to the manors of Fisherwick and Shelfield in Walsall, Staffordshire by virtue of her descent from Roger Hilary, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas who had died in 1356.[5]

The Battle of Barnet where Elizabeth's first husband Sir Humphrey Bourchier was slain[edit] Marriages
In about 1466, Elizabeth married her first husband Sir Humphrey Bourchier, the son and heir of John Bourchier, 1st Lord Berners and Margery Berners. The marriage produced a son John Bourchier, 2nd Lord Berners and two daughters. Sir Humphrey, who was heir to the title of Baron Berners, was killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471 fighting on the Yorkist side.[6]

Elizabeth married her second husband, Thomas Howard on 30 April 1472.[7] On 22 August 1485 his father John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk was killed at the Battle of Bosworth while fighting for his king Richard III who was also his close friend and companion.[8] Thomas, who had been created Earl of Surrey on 28 June 1483, was wounded in the battle and imprisoned for several years, his right to ascend to the dukedom of Norfolk being forfeit. He would not gain the title until 1514. After his Earldom and estates were restored to him, he continued in the service of the Tudor king Henry VII.

The marriage produced nine children including Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Elizabeth Howard, mother of Anne Boleyn, and Lord Edmund Howard, father of Catherine Howard.1

Child of Elizabeth Tilney and Sir Humphrey Bourchier

Children of Elizabeth Tilney and Thomas Howard

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Tilney,_Countess_of_Surrey.

Elizabeth Howard

F, b. circa 1480, d. 3 April 1538
Father*Thomas Howard b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524
Mother*Elizabeth Tilney b. b 1445, d. 4 Apr 1497
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Boleyn.

Children of Elizabeth Howard and Thomas Boleyn

Thomas Boleyn

M
Father*Sir William Boleyn b. 1451, d. 10 Oct 1505
Mother*Margaret Butler b. c 1454, d. 1539

Children of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard