King Edward III of England

M, b. 13 November 1312, d. 21 June 1377
Father*King Edward II of England b. 25 Apr 1284, d. 21 Sep 1327
Mother*Isabella de France b. 1292, d. 1358
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing Edward III of England was also known as Plantagenet.
Name VariationKing Edward III of England was also known as of Woodstock.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth13 November 1312King Edward III of England was born on 13 November 1312 at England.
He was the son of King Edward II of England and Isabella de France.
Marriage24 January 1327King Edward III of England married Philippe de Hainaut on 24 January 1327.
Death21 June 1377King Edward III of England died on 21 June 1377 at England at age 64.
  • Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into the most efficient military power in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislature and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. He remained on the throne for 50 years; no English monarch had reigned for as long since Henry III, and none would again until George III, as King of the United Kingdom.

    Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen, following the deposition of his father. When he was only seventeen years old, he led a coup against his regent, Roger Mortimer, and began his personal reign. After defeating, but not subjugating, the Kingdom of Scotland, he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1338, starting what would be known as the Hundred Years' War. Following some initial setbacks, the war went exceptionally well for England; the victories of Crécy and Poitiers led up to the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny. Edward’s later years, however, were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inertia and eventual bad health.

    Edward III was a temperamental man, but also capable of great clemency. He was, in most ways, a conventional king, mainly interested in warfare. Highly revered in his own time and for centuries after, Edward was denounced as an irresponsible adventurer by later Whig historians. This view has turned, and modern historiography credits him with many achievements[1].

    Edward was born at Windsor on 13 November 1312, and was called "Edward of Windsor" in his early years. The reign of his father, Edward II, was fraught with military defeat, rebellious barons and corrupt courtiers, but the birth of a male heir in 1312 temporarily strengthened Edward II's position on the throne.[2] To further this end, in what was probably an attempt by his father to shore up royal supremacy after years of discontent, Edward was created Earl of Chester at the age of only twelve days, and less than two months later, his father gave him a full household of servants for his court, so he could live independently as if he were a full adult Nobleman.[3]

    On 20 January 1327, when the young Edward was fourteen years old his mother the queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer deposed the king. Edward, now Edward III, was crowned on 1 February, with Isabella and Mortimer as regents. Mortimer, the de facto ruler of England, subjected the young king to constant disrespect and humiliation. On 24 January 1328 the fifteen year old king married sixteen year old Philippa of Hainault at York Minster.[4]

    Mortimer knew his position was precarious, especially after Philippa had a son on 15 June 1330.[5] Mortimer used his power to acquire noble estates and titles, many of them belonging to Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel. FitzAlan, who had remained loyal to Edward II in his struggle with Isabella and Mortimer, had been executed on 17 November 1326. However Mortimer's greed and arrogance caused many of the other nobles to hate him; all this was not lost on the young king.

    The young, headstrong King had never forgotten the fate of his father, or how he himself had been treated as a child. At almost 18 years old, Edward was ready to take his revenge. On 19 October 1330, Mortimer and Isabella were sleeping at Nottingham Castle. Under the cover of night, a group loyal to Edward entered the fortress through a secret passageway and burst into Mortimer's quarters. Those conducting the coup arrested Mortimer in the name of the King and he was taken to the Tower of London. Stripped of his land and titles, he was hauled before the 17 year-old King and accused of assuming royal authority over England. Edward's mother—presumably pregnant with Mortimer's child—begged her son for mercy to no avail. Without trial, Edward sentenced Mortimer to death one month after the coup. As Mortimer was executed, Edward's mother was exiled in Castle Rising where she reportedly miscarried. By his 18th birthday, Edward's vengeance was complete and he became de facto ruler of England.1

Children of King Edward III of England and Philippe de Hainaut

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_III_of_England

Philippe de Hainaut

F, b. 1314, d. 1369
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name24 January 1327As of 24 January 1327,her married name was of England.
Married Name24 January 1327As of 24 January 1327,her married name was of Woodstock.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1314Philippe de Hainaut was born in 1314.
Marriage24 January 1327She married King Edward III of England, son of King Edward II of England and Isabella de France, on 24 January 1327.
Death1369Philippe de Hainaut died in 1369.
  • Queen Consort of England.
  • Philippa of Hainault (24 June 1314 – 15 August 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England.

    Philippa was born in Valenciennes (then in Flanders, now France) and was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and Joan of Valois, the granddaughter of Philip III of France.

    She married Edward at York Minster, on 24 January 1328, eleven months after his accession to the English throne and, unlike many of her predecessors, she did not alienate the English people by retaining her foreign retinue upon her marriage or bringing large numbers of foreigners to the English court. She gave birth to her first son, Edward, nine days before her sixteenth birthday.

    Philippa accompanied Edward on his expeditions to the Kingdom of Scotland (1333) and Flanders (1338-40), where she won acclaim for her gentleness and compassion. She is best remembered as the tender-hearted woman who, in 1347, interceded with her husband and persuaded him to spare the lives of the Burghers of Calais, whom he had planned to execute as an example to the townspeople following his successful siege. She acted as regent in England on several occasions when her husband was on the Continent.

    Philippa grew portly in her later years, and this supported the affectionate English view of her as a sympathetic, homely, and motherly woman. She gave birth to 14 children and outlived 9 of them. Two died during the Black Death of 1348.

    On 15 August, 1369, Philippa died of an illness akin to dropsy in Windsor Castle, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. By all accounts, her 40-year marriage to Edward had been happy, despite his involvement with a controversial mistress, Alice Perrers, during the latter part of it.1

Children of Philippe de Hainaut and King Edward III of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_of_Hainault

George De Vere

M
Father*John de Vere b. 23 Apr 1408, d. 26 Feb 1462
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1410, d. 1475
Life EventDateDescription
George De Vere was the son of John de Vere and Elizabeth Howard.
MarriageGeorge De Vere married Margaret Stafford, daughter of Sir William Stafford.

Children of George De Vere and Margaret Stafford

Margaret Stafford

F, b. circa 1445
Father*Sir William Stafford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Vere.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret Stafford married George De Vere, son of John de Vere and Elizabeth Howard.
Birthcirca 1445Margaret Stafford was born circa 1445.
She was the daughter of Sir William Stafford.

Children of Margaret Stafford and George De Vere

Eleanor of Castile

F, d. 28 November 1290
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageEleanor of Castile married King Edward I of England, son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.
Death28 November 1290Eleanor of Castile died on 28 November 1290.
  • Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was the first queen consort of Edward I of England. She was also Countess of Ponthieu in her own right from 1279 until her death in 1290, succeeding her mother and ruling together with her husband.

    Eleanor was born in Castile, Spain, daughter of Saint Ferdinand, King of Castile and Leon and his second wife, Joan, Countess of Ponthieu. Her Castilian name, Leonor, became Alienor or Alianor in England, and Eleanor in modern English. She was the second of five children born to Fernando and Jeanne. Her elder brother Fernando was born in 1239/40, her younger brother Louis in 1242/43; two sons born after Louis died young. For the ceremonies in 1291 marking the first anniversary of Eleanor's death, 49 candlebearers were paid to walk in the public procession to commemorate each year of her life. This would date her birth to the year 1241. Since her parents were apart from each other for thirteen months while King Ferdinand conducted a military campaign in Andalusia from which he returned to the north of Spain only in February 1241, Eleanor was probably born toward the end of that year.

    Eleanor's marriage in 1254 to the future Edward I of England was not the first marriage her family planned for her. The kings of Castile had long made the flimsy claim to be paramount lords of the Kingdom of Navarre in the Pyrenees, and from 1250 Ferdinand III and his heir, Eleanor's half-brother Alfonso X of Castile, hoped she would marry Theobald II of Navarre. To avoid Castilian control, Margaret of Bourbon (mother to Theobald II) in 1252 allied with James I of Aragon instead, and as part of that treaty solemnly promised that Theobald would never marry Eleanor.

    Then, in 1252, Alfonso X resurrected another flimsy ancestral claim, this time to the duchy of Gascony, in the south of Aquitaine, last possession of the Kings of England in France. Henry III of England swiftly countered Alfonso's claims with both diplomatic and military moves. Early in 1254 the two kings began to negotiate; after haggling over the financial provision for Eleanor, Henry and Alfonso agreed she would marry Henry's son Edward, and Alfonso would transfer his Gascon claims to Edward. Henry was so anxious for the marriage to take place that he willingly abandoned elaborate preparations already made for Edward's knighting in England, and agreed that Alfonso would knight Edward before the wedding took place.1

Children of Eleanor of Castile and King Edward I of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Castile

Anne of Gloucester

F, b. 1383, d. 1438
Father*Thomas of Woodstock b. 1355, d. 1397
Mother*Eleanor De Bohun b. c 1366, d. 3 Oct 1399
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1390As of circa 1390,her married name was de Stafford.
Married Name28 June 1398As of 28 June 1398,her married name was Stafford.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1383Anne of Gloucester was born in 1383.
She was the daughter of Thomas of Woodstock and Eleanor De Bohun.
Marriagecirca 1390Anne of Gloucester married Thomas de Stafford, son of Sir Hugh Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp, circa 1390.
Marriage28 June 1398Anne of Gloucester married Edmund Stafford, son of Sir Hugh Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp, on 28 June 1398.
Death1438Anne of Gloucester died in 1438.

Child of Anne of Gloucester and Edmund Stafford

Edmund Stafford

M, b. 1378, d. 1403
Father*Sir Hugh Stafford
Mother*Philippa de Beauchamp b. b 1344, d. 6 Apr 1386
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1378Edmund Stafford was born in 1378.
He was the son of Sir Hugh Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp.
Marriage28 June 1398Edmund Stafford married Anne of Gloucester, daughter of Thomas of Woodstock and Eleanor De Bohun, on 28 June 1398.
Death1403Edmund Stafford died in 1403.

Child of Edmund Stafford and Anne of Gloucester

Humphrey Stafford

M, b. 1402, d. 1460
Father*Edmund Stafford b. 1378, d. 1403
Mother*Anne of Gloucester b. 1383, d. 1438
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHumphrey Stafford married Anne Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Birth1402Humphrey Stafford was born in 1402.
He was the son of Edmund Stafford and Anne of Gloucester.
Death1460Humphrey Stafford died in 1460.
  • Duke of Buckingham.

Child of Humphrey Stafford and Anne Neville

Anne Neville

F, b. 1411, d. 1480
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAnne Neville married Humphrey Stafford, son of Edmund Stafford and Anne of Gloucester.
Birth1411Anne Neville was born in 1411.
She was the daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Death1480Anne Neville died in 1480.
  • Duchess of Buckingham.

Child of Anne Neville and Humphrey Stafford

Humphrey Stafford

M, b. 1425, d. 1455
Father*Humphrey Stafford b. 1402, d. 1460
Mother*Anne Neville b. 1411, d. 1480
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHumphrey Stafford married Margaret Beaufort, daughter of Edmund Beaufort and Lady Eleanor Beauchamp.
Birth1425Humphrey Stafford was born in 1425.
He was the son of Humphrey Stafford and Anne Neville.
Death1455Humphrey Stafford died in 1455.

Child of Humphrey Stafford and Margaret Beaufort

Margaret Beaufort

F, b. 1427, d. 1474
Father*Edmund Beaufort b. 1406, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Beauchamp b. 1407, d. 6 Mar 1467
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Dayrell.
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret Beaufort married Humphrey Stafford, son of Humphrey Stafford and Anne Neville.
MarriageMargaret Beaufort married Sir Richard Dayrell.
Birth1427Margaret Beaufort was born in 1427.
She was the daughter of Edmund Beaufort and Lady Eleanor Beauchamp.
Death1474Margaret Beaufort died in 1474.

Child of Margaret Beaufort and Sir Richard Dayrell

Child of Margaret Beaufort and Humphrey Stafford

Henry Stafford

M, b. 1454, d. 1483
Father*Humphrey Stafford b. 1425, d. 1455
Mother*Margaret Beaufort b. 1427, d. 1474
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHenry Stafford married Catherine Woodville, daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.
Birth1454Henry Stafford was born in 1454.
He was the son of Humphrey Stafford and Margaret Beaufort.
Death1483Henry Stafford died in 1483.

Catherine Woodville

F, b. 1442, d. circa 1509
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCatherine Woodville was also known as Wydeville.
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
Married Nameafter 1495As of after 1495,her married name was Wingfield.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageCatherine Woodville married Henry Stafford, son of Humphrey Stafford and Margaret Beaufort.
Birth1442Catherine Woodville was born in 1442.
She was the daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.
Marriageafter 1495Catherine Woodville married Sir Richard Wingfield, son of Sir John Wingfield and Elizabeth Fitzlewis, after 1495.
Deathcirca 1509Catherine Woodville died circa 1509.

John Howard

M, b. 1421, d. 22 August 1485
Father*Robert Howard b. 1385, d. 1436
Mother*Margaret de Mowbray b. 1388, d. 1459
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1421John Howard was born in 1421.
He was the son of Robert Howard and Margaret de Mowbray.
Marriage1442John Howard married Katherine Moleyns in 1442.
Death22 August 1485John Howard died on 22 August 1485.
  • 1st Duke of Norfolk.

Child of John Howard and Katherine Moleyns

Katherine Moleyns

F, b. 1429, d. 3 November 1465
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1442As of 1442,her married name was Howard.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1429Katherine Moleyns was born in 1429.
Marriage1442She married John Howard, son of Robert Howard and Margaret de Mowbray, in 1442.
Death3 November 1465Katherine Moleyns died on 3 November 1465.

Child of Katherine Moleyns and John Howard

Thomas Howard

M, b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524
Father*John Howard b. 1421, d. 22 Aug 1485
Mother*Katherine Moleyns b. 1429, d. 3 Nov 1465
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1443Thomas Howard was born in 1443.
He was the son of John Howard and Katherine Moleyns.
Marriage30 April 1472Thomas Howard married Elizabeth Tilney on 30 April 1472.
Death21 May 1524Thomas Howard died on 21 May 1524.
  • 2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Children of Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Tilney

Elizabeth Tilney

F, b. before 1445, d. 4 April 1497
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1466As of circa 1466,her married name was Bourchier.
Married Name30 April 1472As of 30 April 1472,her married name was Howard.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 1445Elizabeth Tilney was born before 1445.
Marriagecirca 1466She married Sir Humphrey Bourchier, son of John Bourchier and Marjorie Berners, circa 1466.
Marriage30 April 1472Elizabeth Tilney married Thomas Howard, son of John Howard and Katherine Moleyns, on 30 April 1472.
Death4 April 1497Elizabeth Tilney died on 4 April 1497.
  • Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey (before 1445 – 4 April 1497) was an English heiress and the first wife of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. She was the mother of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk. Through her daughter Elizabeth, she was the maternal grandmother of Anne Boleyn, and through her son Edmund, she was the paternal grandmother of Catherine Howard; both queens consort of King Henry VIII. Elizabeth's great-granddaughter was Queen Elizabeth I of England.

    Elizabeth was commemorated as the "Countess of Surrey" in John Skelton's poem, Garlande of Laurrell, following his visit to the Howard residence of Sheriff Hutton Castle.

    Elizabeth was born at Ashwellthorpe Manor, Norfolk, England, sometime before 1445. She was the daughter and heiress of Sir Frederick Tilney, of Ashwellthorpe, Norfolk, and Boston, Lincolnshire, by his wife Elizabeth Cheney, of Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire.[1]

    Her father died when she was a young child. Shortly before 1 December 1446, Elizabeth's mother married her second husband, [2] Sir John Say of Broxbourne, Speaker of the House of Commons by whom she had three sons, Sir William Say, who married Elizabeth Fray, Thomas Say, and Leonard Say, who would later become a priest; and four surviving daughters, Anne Say, who married Henry Wentworth, Mary Say, the wife of Sir Philip Calthorpe, Elizabeth Say, wife of Thomas Sampson, and Katherine Say, wife of Thomas Bassingbourne.[3]A fifth daughter, whose name is not known, died as a young child. Queen consort Jane Seymour was a granddaughter of Henry Wentworth and Anne Saye, and thus a second cousin to both Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.

    Elizabeth's paternal grandparents were Sir Philip Tilney and Isabel Thorpe. Her maternal grandparents were Sir Laurence Cheney of Fen Ditton and Elizabeth Cockayne, widow of Sir Philip Butler. Elizabeth Cockayne was the daughter of Sir John Cockayne, Chief Baron of the Exchequer and Ida de Grey. Ida was a daughter of Welsh Marcher Lord Reginald Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Ruthyn and Eleanor Le Strange of Blackmere.[4] Through her mother, Ida was a direct descendant of Welsh Prince Gruffydd II ap Madog, Lord of Dinas Bran and his wife Emma de Audley.

    Elizabeth was co-heiress to the manors of Fisherwick and Shelfield in Walsall, Staffordshire by virtue of her descent from Roger Hilary, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas who had died in 1356.[5]

    The Battle of Barnet where Elizabeth's first husband Sir Humphrey Bourchier was slain[edit] Marriages
    In about 1466, Elizabeth married her first husband Sir Humphrey Bourchier, the son and heir of John Bourchier, 1st Lord Berners and Margery Berners. The marriage produced a son John Bourchier, 2nd Lord Berners and two daughters. Sir Humphrey, who was heir to the title of Baron Berners, was killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471 fighting on the Yorkist side.[6]

    Elizabeth married her second husband, Thomas Howard on 30 April 1472.[7] On 22 August 1485 his father John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk was killed at the Battle of Bosworth while fighting for his king Richard III who was also his close friend and companion.[8] Thomas, who had been created Earl of Surrey on 28 June 1483, was wounded in the battle and imprisoned for several years, his right to ascend to the dukedom of Norfolk being forfeit. He would not gain the title until 1514. After his Earldom and estates were restored to him, he continued in the service of the Tudor king Henry VII.

    The marriage produced nine children including Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Elizabeth Howard, mother of Anne Boleyn, and Lord Edmund Howard, father of Catherine Howard.1

Child of Elizabeth Tilney and Sir Humphrey Bourchier

Children of Elizabeth Tilney and Thomas Howard

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Tilney,_Countess_of_Surrey.

Elizabeth Howard

F, b. circa 1480, d. 3 April 1538
Father*Thomas Howard b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524
Mother*Elizabeth Tilney b. b 1445, d. 4 Apr 1497
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Boleyn.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageElizabeth Howard married Thomas Boleyn, son of Sir William Boleyn and Margaret Butler.
Birthcirca 1480Elizabeth Howard was born circa 1480.
She was the daughter of Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Tilney.
Death3 April 1538Elizabeth Howard died on 3 April 1538.

Children of Elizabeth Howard and Thomas Boleyn

Thomas Boleyn

M
Father*Sir William Boleyn b. 1451, d. 10 Oct 1505
Mother*Margaret Butler b. c 1454, d. 1539
Life EventDateDescription
Thomas Boleyn was the son of Sir William Boleyn and Margaret Butler.
MarriageThomas Boleyn married Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Tilney.

Children of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard

Anne Boleyn

F, b. circa 1501, d. 19 May 1536
Father*Thomas Boleyn
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1480, d. 3 Apr 1538
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name25 January 1533As of 25 January 1533,her married name was of England.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1501Anne Boleyn was born circa 1501.
She was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard.
Marriage25 January 1533Anne Boleyn married King Henry VIII of England, son of King Henry VII Tudor and Elizabeth Plantagenet, on 25 January 1533.
Death19 May 1536Anne Boleyn died on 19 May 1536.
  • Anne Boleyn was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII, and mother to Queen Elizabeth I.

Child of Anne Boleyn and King Henry VIII of England

Mary Boleyn

F, b. circa 1499, d. 19 July 1543
Father*Thomas Boleyn
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1480, d. 3 Apr 1538
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1499Mary Boleyn was born circa 1499.
She was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard.
Death19 July 1543Mary Boleyn died on 19 July 1543.

George Boleyn

M, b. circa 1504, d. 17 May 1536
Father*Thomas Boleyn
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1480, d. 3 Apr 1538
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1504George Boleyn was born circa 1504.
He was the son of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard.
Death17 May 1536George Boleyn died on 17 May 1536.

King Henry VIII of England

M, b. 28 June 1491, d. 28 January 1547
Father*King Henry VII Tudor b. 28 Jan 1457, d. 22 Apr 1509
Mother*Elizabeth Plantagenet b. 11 Feb 1466, d. 11 Feb 1503
Henry VIII of England
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing Henry VIII of England was also known as King Henry VIII Tudor.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth28 June 1491King Henry VIII of England was born on 28 June 1491.
He was the son of King Henry VII Tudor and Elizabeth Plantagenet.
Marriage25 January 1533King Henry VIII of England married Anne Boleyn, daughter of Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard, on 25 January 1533.
Marriage28 July 1540King Henry VIII of England married Catherine Howard, daughter of Edmund Howard and Jocasta Culpeper, on 28 July 1540.
Death28 January 1547King Henry VIII of England died on 28 January 1547 at age 55.
  • Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was also Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) and claimant to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father, Henry VII.

Child of King Henry VIII of England and Anne Boleyn

Queen Elizabeth I of England

F, b. 7 September 1533, d. 24 March 1603
Father*King Henry VIII of England b. 28 Jun 1491, d. 28 Jan 1547
Mother*Anne Boleyn b. c 1501, d. 19 May 1536
Elizabeth I of England
Life EventDateDescription
Birth7 September 1533Queen Elizabeth I of England was born on 7 September 1533.
She was the daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Anne Boleyn.
Death24 March 1603Queen Elizabeth I of England died on 24 March 1603 at age 69.
  • Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen regnant of England and Queen regnant of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called the Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. The daughter of Henry VIII, she was born a princess, but her mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed two and a half years after her birth, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her brother, Edward VI, bequeathed the crown to Lady Jane Grey, cutting his sisters out of the succession. His will was set aside, and in 1558 Elizabeth succeeded the Catholic Mary I, during whose reign she had been imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels.

    Elizabeth set out to rule by good counsel,[1] and she depended heavily on a group of trusted advisers led by William Cecil, Baron Burghley. One of her first moves as queen was to support the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement held firm throughout her reign and later evolved into today's Church of England. It was expected that Elizabeth would marry, but despite several petitions from parliament and numerous courtships, she never did. The reasons for this outcome have been much debated. As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity, and a cult grew up around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day.

    In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and siblings.[2] One of her mottoes was "video et taceo" ("I see, and say nothing").[3] This strategy, viewed with impatience by her counsellors, often saved her from political and marital misalliances. Though Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs and only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands, France and Ireland, the defeat of the Spanish armada in 1588 associated her name forever with what is popularly viewed as one of the greatest victories in English history. Within 20 years of her death, she was being celebrated as the ruler of a golden age, an image that retains its hold on the English people.

    Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake. Some historians are more reserved in their assessment. They depict Elizabeth as a short-tempered,[4] sometimes indecisive ruler,[5] who enjoyed more than her share of luck. Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity to the point where many of her subjects were relieved at her death. Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor, in an age when government was ramshackle and limited and when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones. Such was the case with Elizabeth's rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, whom she imprisoned in 1568 and eventually had executed in 1587. After the short reigns of Elizabeth's brother and sister, her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.[2]1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Elizabeth_I

Edmund Howard

M, d. 19 March 1539
Father*Thomas Howard b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524
Mother*Elizabeth Tilney b. b 1445, d. 4 Apr 1497
Life EventDateDescription
Edmund Howard was the son of Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Tilney.
MarriageEdmund Howard married Jocasta Culpeper.
Death19 March 1539Edmund Howard died on 19 March 1539.

Child of Edmund Howard and Jocasta Culpeper

Jocasta Culpeper

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Howard.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJocasta Culpeper married Edmund Howard, son of Thomas Howard and Elizabeth Tilney.

Child of Jocasta Culpeper and Edmund Howard

Catherine Howard

F, b. circa 1521, d. 13 February 1542
Father*Edmund Howard d. 19 Mar 1539
Mother*Jocasta Culpeper
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 July 1540As of 28 July 1540,her married name was of England.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1521Catherine Howard was born circa 1521.
She was the daughter of Edmund Howard and Jocasta Culpeper.
Marriage28 July 1540Catherine Howard married King Henry VIII of England, son of King Henry VII Tudor and Elizabeth Plantagenet, on 28 July 1540.
Death13 February 1542Catherine Howard died on 13 February 1542.
  • Fifth wife of Henry VIII of England.

James Smith Bush

M, b. 1825, d. 1889
Father*Obidiah Newcomb Bush b. 1797, d. c 1851
Mother*Harriet Smith b. 1800, d. 1867
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJames Smith Bush married Harriet Eleanor Fay.
Birth1825James Smith Bush was born in 1825.
He was the son of Obidiah Newcomb Bush and Harriet Smith.
Death1889James Smith Bush died in 1889.

Child of James Smith Bush and Harriet Eleanor Fay

Harriet Eleanor Fay

F, b. 1829, d. 1924
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bush.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHarriet Eleanor Fay married James Smith Bush, son of Obidiah Newcomb Bush and Harriet Smith.
Birth1829Harriet Eleanor Fay was born in 1829.
Death1924She died in 1924.

Child of Harriet Eleanor Fay and James Smith Bush

Obidiah Newcomb Bush

M, b. 1797, d. circa 1851
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageObidiah Newcomb Bush married Harriet Smith, daughter of Sanford Smith and Priscilla Whippo.
Birth1797Obidiah Newcomb Bush was born in 1797.
Deathcirca 1851He died circa 1851.

Child of Obidiah Newcomb Bush and Harriet Smith