William Fitzalan

M
Father*John de Arundel b. 1385, d. 1421
Mother*Eleanor Berkeley
     16th Earl of Arundel.

Child of William Fitzalan and Joan Neville

Joan Neville

F
Father*Richard Neville b. 1400, d. 31 Dec 1460
Mother*Alice Montagu b. 1407, d. b 9 Dec 1462
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Fitzalan.

Child of Joan Neville and William Fitzalan

Richard Neville

M, b. 1400, d. 31 December 1460
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
     5th Earl of Salisbury. Richard Neville, jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC (1400 – 31 December 1460) was a Yorkist leader during the early parts of the Wars of the Roses.

Richard Neville was born in 1400 at Raby Castle in County Durham. Although he was the 3rd son (and tenth child) of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, Richard Neville was the first child to be born to Ralph's second wife, Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmoreland. The Neville lands were primarily in Durham and Yorkshire, but both Richard II and Henry IV found the family useful to counterbalance the strength of the Percies on the Scottish Borders - hence Earl Ralph's title, granted in 1397, and his appointment as Warden of the West March in 1403. Ralph's marriage to Joan Beaufort, at a time when the distinction between royalty and nobility was becoming more important can be seen as another reward, for as a granddaughter of Edward III she was a member of the royal family.

The children of Earl Ralph's first wife had made good marriages to local nobility, but his Beaufort children married into much greater families. Three of Richard's sisters married dukes (the youngest Cecily, marrying Richard, Duke of York), and Richard himself married Alice Montacute, daughter and heiress of Thomas Montacute, the Earl of Salisbury.

The date of Richard and Alice's marriage is not known, but it must have been before February 1421, when as a married couple they appeared at the coronation of Queen Catherine of Valois. At the time of the marriage the Salisbury inheritance was not guaranteed, as not only was Earl Thomas still alive, but in 1424 he re-married (to Alice Chaucer, granddaughter of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer). However, this second marriage was without issue and when the Earl Thomas Montacute died in 1428, Richard Neville and Alice were confirmed as the Earl and Countess of Salisbury.

From now on, Richard Neville will be referred to as Salisbury.

Salisbury came into possession of greater estates than, as a younger son, he could reasonably have expected. Strangely, his elder half-brother John apparently agreed to many of the rights to the Neville inheritance being transferred to Joan Beaufort — Salisbury would inherit these on her death in 1440. He also gained possession of the lands and grants made jointly to Ralph and Joan. Ralph's heir (his grandson, also called Ralph) disputed the loss of his inheritance, and although the younger Ralph agreed to a settlement in 1443, it was on unequal terms — Salisbury kept the great Neville possessions of Middleham and Sheriff Hutton, as well as the more recent grant of Penrith. Only Raby returned to the senior branch. The Neville-Neville dispute was later to become absorbed into the destructive Percy-Neville feud. Salisbury's marriage gained him his wife's quarter share of the Holland inheritance. Ironically, his Salisbury title came with comparatively little in terms of wealth, though he did gain a more southerly residence at Bisham Manor in Berkshire.1

Children of Richard Neville and Alice Montagu

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Neville,_5th_Earl_of_Salisbury.

Alice Montagu

F, b. 1407, d. before 9 December 1462
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Neville.
     Alice Montacute (1407- before 9 December 1462), was an English noblewoman and the suo jure Countess of Salisbury having succeeded to the title in 1428. Her husband, Richard Neville became 5th Earl of Salisbury by right of his marriage to Alice.

Alice was born in 1407, the daughter and only legitimate child, of Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury and Eleanor Holland, who was the daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan. The latter was a daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

In 1420, she married Richard Neville, who became the 5th Earl of Salisbury by right of his wife on the death of his father-in-law, Thomas Montacute in 1428. Alice was thereafter styled as Countess of Salisbury.

The main home of the family was at Bisham Manor in Berkshire although their lands lay chiefly around Christchurch in Hampshire and Wiltshire.

She died some time before 9 December 1462 and was buried in the Montacute Mausoleum at Bisham Abbey.

She and Richard had ten children.1

Children of Alice Montagu and Richard Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Montagu,_Countess_of_Salisbury.

Thomas Howard

M
     3rd Duke of Norfolk.

Child of Thomas Howard and Lady Elizabeth Stafford

Lady Elizabeth Stafford

F
Father*Edward Stafford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Howard.

Child of Lady Elizabeth Stafford and Thomas Howard

Edward Stafford

M
     3rd Duke of Buckingham.

Child of Edward Stafford

Albert of Sax-Coburg and Gotha

M, b. 1819, d. 1861

Child of Albert of Sax-Coburg and Gotha and Queen Victoria of England

Queen Victoria of England

F, b. 1819, d. 1901
Father*Edward of Kent b. 1767, d. 1820
Mother*Victoria of Saxe-Coburg
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Sax-Coburg and Gotha.

Child of Queen Victoria of England and Albert of Sax-Coburg and Gotha

Edward of Kent

M, b. 1767, d. 1820
Father*King George III of England b. 1738, d. 1820
Mother*Charlotte of Mecklenburg b. 1744, d. 1818
     Duke of Kent.

Child of Edward of Kent and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg

Victoria of Saxe-Coburg

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Kent.

Child of Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Edward of Kent

King George III of England

M, b. 1738, d. 1820
Father*Frederick of Hanover b. 1707, d. 1751
Mother*Augusta of Saxe-Coburg b. 1719, d. 1772

Children of King George III of England and Charlotte of Mecklenburg

Charlotte of Mecklenburg

F, b. 1744, d. 1818
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.

Children of Charlotte of Mecklenburg and King George III of England

George IV of England

M, b. 1762, d. 1830
Father*King George III of England b. 1738, d. 1820
Mother*Charlotte of Mecklenburg b. 1744, d. 1818

William IV of England

M, b. 1765, d. 1837
Father*King George III of England b. 1738, d. 1820
Mother*Charlotte of Mecklenburg b. 1744, d. 1818

Augusta of Saxe-Coburg

F, b. 1719, d. 1772
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Hanover.

Child of Augusta of Saxe-Coburg and Frederick of Hanover

Frederick of Hanover

M, b. 1707, d. 1751
Father*King George II of Hanover b. 1683, d. 1760
Mother*Caroline of Ansbach b. 1683, d. 1737

Child of Frederick of Hanover and Augusta of Saxe-Coburg

King George II of Hanover

M, b. 1683, d. 1760
Father*King George I of Hanover b. 1660, d. 1727
Mother*Sophia Dorothea of Celle b. 1666, d. 1726

Child of King George II of Hanover and Caroline of Ansbach

Caroline of Ansbach

F, b. 1683, d. 1737
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Hanover.

Child of Caroline of Ansbach and King George II of Hanover

King George I of Hanover

M, b. 1660, d. 1727
Father*Ernst Augustus of Hanover b. 1629, d. 1698
Mother*Sophia of Hanover b. 1630, d. 1714

Child of King George I of Hanover and Sophia Dorothea of Celle

Sophia Dorothea of Celle

F, b. 1666, d. 1726
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Hanover.

Child of Sophia Dorothea of Celle and King George I of Hanover

Sophia of Hanover

F, b. 1630, d. 1714
Father*Frederick V of Bohemia b. 1596, d. 1632
Mother*Elizabeth Stuart b. 1596, d. 1662

Child of Sophia of Hanover and Ernst Augustus of Hanover

Ernst Augustus of Hanover

M, b. 1629, d. 1698
     Elector of Hanover.

Child of Ernst Augustus of Hanover and Sophia of Hanover

Elizabeth Stuart

F, b. 1596, d. 1662
Father*King James I of England b. 1566, d. 1625
Mother*Anne of Denmark b. 1574, d. 1619
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Bohemia.

Child of Elizabeth Stuart and Frederick V of Bohemia

Frederick V of Bohemia

M, b. 1596, d. 1632
     King of Bohemia, Elector Palatine.

Child of Frederick V of Bohemia and Elizabeth Stuart

King James I of England

M, b. 1566, d. 1625
Father*Henry Darnley b. 1545, d. 1567
Mother*Mary of Scots b. 1542, d. 1587
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing James I of England was also known as James VI of Scotland.
     James VI & I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI from 1567 to 1625, and King of England and Ireland as James I from 1603 to 1625.

He became King of Scots as James VI on 24 July 1567, when he was just thirteen months old, succeeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots. Regents governed during his minority, which ended officially in 1578, though he did not gain full control of his government until 1581.[1] On 24 March 1603, as James I, he succeeded the last Tudor monarch of England and Ireland, Elizabeth I, who died without issue.[2] He then ruled the Kingdom of England, Scotland, and Ireland for 22 years, often using the title King of Great Britain, until his death at the age of 58.[3]1

Children of King James I of England and Anne of Denmark

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_England

Anne of Denmark

F, b. 1574, d. 1619
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1589As of 1589,her married name was of England.

Children of Anne of Denmark and King James I of England

Mary of Scots

F, b. 1542, d. 1587
Father*James V of Scotland b. 1512, d. 1542
Mother*Mary of Guise b. 1515, d. 1560
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Darnley.
     Mary, Queen of Scots.

Child of Mary of Scots and Henry Darnley

Henry Darnley

M, b. 1545, d. 1567
     Lord Darnley.

Child of Henry Darnley and Mary of Scots

Mary of Guise

F, b. 1515, d. 1560
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Scotland.

Child of Mary of Guise and James V of Scotland