Isabella Mortimer

F, b. after 1247, d. 1292
Father*Roger Mortimer b. 1231, d. 30 Oct 1282
Mother*Maud de Braose b. 1224, d. c 1300
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1260As of 1260,her married name was Fitzalan.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthafter 1247Isabella Mortimer was born after 1247.
She was the daughter of Roger Mortimer and Maud de Braose.
Marriage1260Isabella Mortimer married John Fitzalan, son of John Fitzalan and Maud le Botiller, in 1260.
Death1292Isabella Mortimer died in 1292.
  • Countess of Arundel, Lady of Clun and Ostwestry.

Child of Isabella Mortimer and John Fitzalan

John Fitzalan

M, b. 14 September 1246, d. 18 March 1272
Father*John Fitzalan b. 1223, d. 1267
Mother*Maud le Botiller
Life EventDateDescription
Birth14 September 1246John Fitzalan was born on 14 September 1246.
He was the son of John Fitzalan and Maud le Botiller.
Marriage1260John Fitzalan married Isabella Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer and Maud de Braose, in 1260.
Death18 March 1272John Fitzalan died on 18 March 1272 at age 25.
  • 7th Earl of Arundel.
  • John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (14 September 1246 – 18 March 1272) was an English nobleman. He was also feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches.

    He was the son of John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel (d. 1267), and Maud le Boteler, daughter of Theobald le Botiller (or Boteler) and Rohese (or Rohesia) de Verdun. His paternal grandparents were John Fitzalan, Lord of Oswestry and Isabel d'Aubigny. Through his father, FitzAlan was also descended from Alan fitzFlaad, and Llywelyn the Great[citation needed].

    Lord Arundel married Isabella Mortimer (died 1292), daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore and Maud de Braose in 1260. They had a son Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel.1

Child of John Fitzalan and Isabella Mortimer

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Fitzalan,_7th_Earl_of_Arundel.

Humphrey VI De Bohun

M, b. circa 1249, d. 31 December 1298
Father*Humphrey V De Bohun d. 1265
Mother*Eleanor de Braose b. c 1228, d. 1251
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1249Humphrey VI De Bohun was born circa 1249.
He was the son of Humphrey V De Bohun and Eleanor de Braose.
Marriage1275Humphrey VI De Bohun married Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde, in 1275.
Death31 December 1298Humphrey VI De Bohun died on 31 December 1298.
  • Humphrey (VI) de Bohun (c. 1249 at an unknown age – 31 December 1298), 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex, was an English nobleman known primarily for his opposition to King Edward I over the Confirmatio Cartarum.[1] He was also an active participant in the Welsh Wars and maintained for several years a private feud with the earl of Gloucester.[2] His father, Humphrey (V) de Bohun, fought on the side of the rebellious barons in the Barons' War. When Humphrey (V) predeceased his son, Humphrey (VI) was left as heir to his grandfather – Humphrey (V)'s father – Humphrey (IV). At Humphrey (IV)'s death in 1275, Humphrey (VI) inherited the earldoms of Hereford and Essex. He also inherited major possessions in the Welsh Marches from his mother.

    Bohun's spent most of his early career reconquering Marcher lands captured by Llywelyn ap Gruffudd during the Welsh war in England. This was finally accomplished through Edward I's war in Wales in 1277. Hereford also fought in Wales in 1282–83 and 1294–95. At the same time he also had private feuds with other Marcher lords, and his conflict with Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, eventually ended with the personal intervention of King Edward himself. Hereford's final years were marked by the opposition he and Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, mounted against the military and fiscal policy of Edward I. The conflict escalated to a point where civil war threatened, but was resolved when the war effort turned towards Scotland. The king signed the Confirmatio Cartarum – a confirmation of Magna Carta – and Bohun and Bigod agreed to serve on the Falkirk Campaign. Bohun died in 1298, and was succeeded by his son, Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.1
  • 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex.

Child of Humphrey VI De Bohun and Maud de Fiennes

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Bohun,_3rd_Earl_of_Hereford.

Maud de Fiennes

F
Father*Enguerrand II de Fiennes b. 1192, d. 1267
Mother*Isabelle de Conde
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1275As of 1275,her married name was De Bohun.
Life EventDateDescription
Maud de Fiennes was the daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde.
Marriage1275Maud de Fiennes married Humphrey VI De Bohun, son of Humphrey V De Bohun and Eleanor de Braose, in 1275.

Child of Maud de Fiennes and Humphrey VI De Bohun

Enguerrand II de Fiennes

M, b. 1192, d. 1267
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEnguerrand II de Fiennes was also known as Ingelram.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageEnguerrand II de Fiennes married Isabelle de Conde, daughter of Jacques de Conde.
Birth1192Enguerrand II de Fiennes was born in 1192.
Death1267He died in 1267.

Children of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde

Isabelle de Conde

F
Father*Jacques de Conde
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Fiennes.
Life EventDateDescription
Isabelle de Conde was the daughter of Jacques de Conde.
MarriageIsabelle de Conde married Enguerrand II de Fiennes.

Children of Isabelle de Conde and Enguerrand II de Fiennes

John de Bohun

M, b. circa 1247, d. 28 September 1284
Father*Sir Franco De Bohun of Midhurst
Mother*Sybil de Ferrers b. c 1230, d. a 1273
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1247John de Bohun was born circa 1247.
He was the son of Sir Franco De Bohun of Midhurst and Sybil de Ferrers.
Marriage1274John de Bohun married Joan de la Chapelle in 1274.
Death28 September 1284John de Bohun died on 28 September 1284.

Child of John de Bohun and Joan de la Chapelle

Joan de la Chapelle

F, b. December 1256
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1274As of 1274,her married name was de Bohun.
Life EventDateDescription
BirthDecember 1256Joan de la Chapelle was born in December 1256.
Marriage1274She married John de Bohun, son of Sir Franco De Bohun of Midhurst and Sybil de Ferrers, in 1274.

Child of Joan de la Chapelle and John de Bohun

Anne Halsham

F, b. circa 1363
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1399As of circa 1399,her married name was de Bohun.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1363Anne Halsham was born circa 1363 at England.
Marriagecirca 1399She married John de Bohun II, son of John de Bohun and Cicely Filliol, circa 1399.

Child of Anne Halsham and John de Bohun II

William d'Aubigny

M, b. before 1180, d. 1 February 1221
Father*William d'Aubigny b. b 1150, d. 24 Dec 1193
Mother*Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 1180William d'Aubigny was born before 1180.
He was the son of William d'Aubigny and Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet.
Marriagebefore 1200William d'Aubigny married Mabel of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, before 1200.
Death1 February 1221William d'Aubigny died on 1 February 1221.
  • William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel (before 1180 – 1 February 1221) was an English nobleman, a favourite of King John, and a participant in the Fifth Crusade.

    William was son of William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel and Matilda St Hilary, and grandson of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel and Queen Adeliza of Leuven.

    William was a favourite of King John of England|John. He witnessed King John's concession of the kingdom to the Pope on 15 May 1213. On 14 June 1216 he joined Prince Louis (later Louis VIII of France) after King John abandoned Winchester. He returned to the allegiance of the King Henry III after the Royalist victory at Lincoln, on 14 July 1217.

    He joined in the Fifth Crusade (1217-1221), in 1218. He died on his journey home, in Caneill, Italy, near Rome, on 1 February 1221. News of his death reached England on 30 March 1221. He was brought home and buried at Wymondham Abbey.

    His title was held by his son William, until he died, childless, in 1224, when it was passed to William's youngest son Hugh.

    After 1196 and before 1200 William married Mabel of Chester (born c. 1173), daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux. They were the parents of seven children.1

Children of William d'Aubigny and Mabel of Chester

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_d%27Aubigny,_3rd_Earl_of_Arundel.

Hugh d'Aubigny

M, b. circa 1215, d. 7 May 1243
Father*William d'Aubigny b. b 1180, d. 1 Feb 1221
Mother*Mabel of Chester b. c 1173
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHugh d'Aubigny married Isabel de Warenne, daughter of William de Warenne and Maud Marshal.
Birthcirca 1215Hugh d'Aubigny was born circa 1215.
He was the son of William d'Aubigny and Mabel of Chester.
Death7 May 1243Hugh d'Aubigny died on 7 May 1243.
  • 5th Earl of Arundel also called Earl of Arndel.
  • Hugh d'Aubigny (died 7 May 1243) was the 5th Earl of Arundel and the last in the Aubigny male line to hold the Arundel Castle. He was the son of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel.

    He married Isabel de Warenne (c. 1228 - 1282), daughter of William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and Maud Marshal (1192-1248). They had no children.

    In 1242 he was one of the seven Earls who accompanied the King Henry in his expedition to Aquitaine.

    On his death his large estates were divided amongst his four sisters and their issue. His title of Earl of Arundel was inherited by his nephew John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel, son of his sister Isabel d'Aubigny.

    Hugh was buried at Wymondham Abbey. His widow Isabel was buried at Convent Church in Marham.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_d%27Aubigny,_5th_Earl_of_Arundel.

William d'Aubigny

M, b. before 1150, d. 24 December 1193
Father*William d'Aubigny b. c 1109, d. 25 Sep 1176
Mother*Adeliza of Louvain b. 1103, d. 23 Apr 1151
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWilliam d'Aubigny married Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet.
Birthbefore 1150William d'Aubigny was born before 1150.
He was the son of William d'Aubigny and Adeliza of Louvain.
Death24 December 1193William d'Aubigny died on 24 December 1193.
  • William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel (b. before 1150 - 24 December 1193) was the son of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel and Adeliza of Louvain, widow of Henry I of England. He married Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet and among their children was William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel who was one of the twenty-five guarantors of the Magna Carta. His daughter, Matilda d'Aubigny, married William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey. In 1176/7 he was created Earl of Sussex and in 1190 he inherited the earldom of Arundel. He is buried at Wymondham Priory, Norfolk, England.[1]1

Children of William d'Aubigny and Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_d%27Aubigny,_2nd_Earl_of_Arundel.

William d'Aubigny

M, b. circa 1109, d. 25 September 1176
Father*William d'Aubigny Pincerna
Mother*Maud Bigod
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1109William d'Aubigny was born circa 1109.
He was the son of William d'Aubigny Pincerna and Maud Bigod.
Marriagebefore 1139William d'Aubigny married Adeliza of Louvain before 1139.
Death25 September 1176William d'Aubigny died on 25 September 1176.
  • William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, also known as William d'Albini, (c. 1109 – 25 September 1176) was son of William d'Aubigny Pincerna (Master Butler of the Royal household) of Buckenham Castle and Maud Bigod, daughter of Roger Bigot.

    The younger William was an important member of Henry I of England's household. After Henry's death he married the widow Queen consort Adeliza in 1138, and became Lord of Arundel in her right.

    He was loyal to Stephen of England, who made him first Earl of Lincoln and then Earl of Arundel (more precisely, Earl of Sussex).

    In 1143, as Earl of Lincoln he made two charters confirming a donation of land around Arundel in Sussex to the abbey of Affligem in Brabant (representing his wife Adeliza of Louvain), with William's brother, Olivier, present.

    He fought loyally for King Stephen, but in 1153 helped arrange the truce between Stephen and Henry Plantagenet, known as the Treaty of Wallingford, which brought an end to The Anarchy.

    When the latter ascended the throne as Henry II, he confirmed William's Earldom and gave him direct possession of Arundel Castle (instead of the possession in right of his wife he had previously had). She had died in 1151. He remained loyal to the king during the 1173 revolt of Henry the Young King, and helped defeat the rebellion.

    He and Adeliza were parents to William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel and grandparents to William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel.1

Child of William d'Aubigny and Adeliza of Louvain

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_d%27Aubigny,_1st_Earl_of_Arundel.

Isabel de Warenne

F, b. circa 1228, d. 1282
Father*William de Warenne b. 1166, d. 1240
Mother*Maud Marshal b. 1194, d. 27 Mar 1248
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was d'Aubigny.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageIsabel de Warenne married Hugh d'Aubigny, son of William d'Aubigny and Mabel of Chester.
Birthcirca 1228Isabel de Warenne was born circa 1228.
She was the daughter of William de Warenne and Maud Marshal.
Death1282Isabel de Warenne died in 1282.

William de Warenne

M, b. 1166, d. 1240
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam de Warenne was also known as Plantagenet.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWilliam de Warenne married Matilda d'Aubigny, daughter of William d'Aubigny and Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet.
Birth1166William de Warenne was born in 1166.
Marriagebefore 1228He married Maud Marshal, daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare, before 1228.
Death1240William de Warenne died in 1240.
  • 6th Earl of Surrey.

Children of William de Warenne and Maud Marshal

Maud Marshal

F, b. 1194, d. 27 March 1248
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud Marshal was also known as Marshall.
Name VariationMaud Marshal was also known as Matilda.
Married Namebefore 1209As of before 1209,her married name was Bigod.
Married Namebefore 1228As of before 1228,her married name was de Warenne.
Married Nameafter 1231As of after 1231,her married name was de Dunstanville.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1194Maud Marshal was born in 1194.
She was the daughter of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare.
Marriagebefore 1209Maud Marshal married Roger Bigod, son of Hugh Bigod and Juliane de Vere, before 1209.
Marriagebefore 1228Maud Marshal married William de Warenne before 1228.
Marriageafter 1231Maud Marshal married Walter de Dunstanville after 1231.
Death27 March 1248Maud Marshal died on 27 March 1248.

Children of Maud Marshal and Roger Bigod

Children of Maud Marshal and William de Warenne

John de Warenne

M, b. 1231, d. circa 29 September 1304
Father*William de Warenne b. 1166, d. 1240
Mother*Maud Marshal b. 1194, d. 27 Mar 1248
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1231John de Warenne was born in 1231.
He was the son of William de Warenne and Maud Marshal.
Marriage1247John de Warenne married Alice de Lusignan, daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angoulême, in 1247.
Deathcirca 29 September 1304John de Warenne died circa 29 September 1304.
  • John de Warenne (1231 – c. 29 September 1304), 7th Earl of Surrey or Warenne, was prominent during the reigns of Henry III and Edward I. During his long life he fought in the Second Barons' War and in Edward I's wars in Scotland.

    He was the son of William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Maud Marshal. His mother was the daughter of William Marshal and widow of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk. Thus Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk, was his elder half-brother.

    Warenne was a boy when his father died, and for the rest of his minority Peter of Savoy was the guardian of his estates. In 1247 he married Henry III's half-sister Alice le Brun de Lusignan. This marriage was to create resentment amongst the English nobility, who did not like seeing a wealthy English nobleman marrying a penniless outsider.

    During the following years Warenne was closely associated with the court faction centering on his in-laws. In 1254 he accompanied the king's son Edward (the future Edward I) on Edward's journey to Spain to marry Eleanor of Castile.

    During the conflicts between Henry III and his barons Warenne started as a strong supporter of the king, switched to support for Simon de Montfort, and then returned to the royalist party. He opposed the initial baronial reform plan of May 1258, but along with other opponents capitulated and took the oath of the Provisions of Oxford.

    By 1260 Warenne had joined the party of Simon de Montfort, but switched back to the king's side in 1263. After the Battle of Lewes, which was fought near his castle at Lewes, he fled to the Continent, where he remained for about a year. He returned to fight in the campaign which culminated in the Battle of Evesham and the siege of Kenilworth Castle.

    Warenne served in Edward I's Welsh campaigns in 1277, 1282, and 1283. In 1282 he received the lordships of Bromfield and Yale in Wales. A good part of the following years were spent in Scotland. He was one of the negotiators for the 1289 treaty of Salisbury and for the 1290 treaty of Birgham, and accompanied the king on Edward's 1296 invasion of Scotland.

    On 22 August 1296 the king appointed him "warden of the kingdom and land of Scotland". However he returned to England a few months later claiming that the Scottish climate was bad for his health. The following spring saw the rebellion of William Wallace, and after much delay Warenne led an army northward, where they were defeated at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

    Nevertheless the king appointed Warenne captain of the next campaign against the Scots in early 1298. He raised the siege of Roxburgh and re-took the castle at Berwick. The king himself took the field later that year, and Warenne was one of the commanders at the Battle of Falkirk.

    Warenne and Alice de Lusignan had three children.1

Children of John de Warenne and Alice de Lusignan

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Warenne,_7th_Earl_of_Surrey.

Alice (?)

F, b. circa 1175
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was FitzPiers.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAlice (?) married Reginald FitzPiers.
Birthcirca 1175Alice (?) was born circa 1175.

Child of Alice (?) and Reginald FitzPiers

Robert De Ros

M, b. circa 1169, d. circa 1227
Father*Everard De Ros d. 1183
Mother*Roese de Trussebut
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRobert De Ros was also known as Fursan.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1169Robert De Ros was born circa 1169.
He was the son of Everard De Ros and Roese de Trussebut.
Marriage1191Robert De Ros married Isabel Huntingdon, daughter of King William I of Scotland and Isabel Avenal, in 1191.
Deathcirca 1227Robert De Ros died circa 1227.
  • 1st Baron Ros of Helmsley.

Children of Robert De Ros and Isabel Huntingdon

Isabel Huntingdon

F, b. 1169, d. 23 December 1226
Father*King William I of Scotland b. 1143, d. 4 Dec 1214
Mother*Isabel Avenal b. c 1143, d. 11 Feb 1234
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabel Huntingdon was also known as of Scotland.
Name VariationIsabel Huntingdon was also known as Avenal.
Name VariationIsabel Huntingdon was also known as Fitz William.
Married Namebefore 1191As of before 1191,her married name was Brus.
Married Namebefore 1191As of before 1191,her married name was de Bruce.
Married Name1191As of 1191,her married name was De Ros.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1169Isabel Huntingdon was born in 1169 at Scotland.
She was the daughter of King William I of Scotland and Isabel Avenal.
Marriagebefore 1191Isabel Huntingdon married Robert de Bruce IV before 1191.
Marriage1191Isabel Huntingdon married Robert De Ros, son of Everard De Ros and Roese de Trussebut, in 1191.
Death23 December 1226Isabel Huntingdon died on 23 December 1226.
  • Illegitimate daughter of William I of Scotland.

Children of Isabel Huntingdon and Robert De Ros

Robert De Ros

M, b. 1206, d. 1269
Father*Robert De Ros b. c 1169, d. c 1227
Mother*Isabel Huntingdon b. 1169, d. 23 Dec 1226
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRobert De Ros married Christian Bertram.
Birth1206Robert De Ros was born in 1206.
He was the son of Robert De Ros and Isabel Huntingdon.
Death1269Robert De Ros died in 1269.
  • Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Created a Baron but was attainted for treason.

Child of Robert De Ros and Christian Bertram

Isabel Avenal

F, b. circa 1143, d. 11 February 1234
Father*Richard Avenal b. c 1117, d. a 1180
Mother*Sibyl (?) b. c 1120
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabel Avenal was also known as de Avenell.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1143Isabel Avenal was born circa 1143.
She was the daughter of Richard Avenal and Sibyl (?).
Death11 February 1234Isabel Avenal died on 11 February 1234.

Children of Isabel Avenal and King William I of Scotland

King William I of Scotland

M, b. 1143, d. 4 December 1214
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing William I of Scotland was also known as de Huntingdon.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1143King William I of Scotland was born in 1143.
He was the son of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne.
Marriage1186King William I of Scotland married Ermengarde de Beaumont, daughter of Richard I de Beaumont and Constance FitzRoy, in 1186.
Death4 December 1214King William I of Scotland died on 4 December 1214.
  • William I (Mediaeval Gaelic: Uilliam mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Uilleam mac Eanraig), known as the Lion or Garbh, "the Rough", [1] (1142/1143 – 4 December 1214) reigned as King of Scots from 1165 to 1214. His reign was the second longest in Scottish history before the Act of Union with England in 1707, (James VI's was the longest 1567–1625). He became King following his brother Malcolm IV's death on 9 December 1165 and was crowned on 24 December 1165.

    In contrast to his deeply religious, frail brother, William was powerfully built, redheaded, and headstrong. He was an effective monarch whose reign was marred by his ill-fated attempts to regain control of Northumbria from the Normans.

    Traditionally, William is credited with founding Arbroath Abbey, the site of the later Declaration of Arbroath. He was not known as "The Lyon" during his own lifetime, and the sobriquet did not relate to his tenacious character or his military prowess. William adopted the use of the Lion Rampant by his right to do so under the law of Heraldry.

    The title "Lion" was attached to him because of his flag or standard, a red lion rampant (with a forked tail) on a yellow background. This (with the addition of a 'double tressure fleury counter-fleury' border) went on to become the Royal standard of Scotland, still used today but quartered with those of England and of Ireland. It became attached to him because the chronicler Fordun called him the "Lion of Justice".

    William also inherited the title of Earl of Northumbria in 1152. However he had to give up this title to King Henry II of England in 1157. This caused trouble after William became king, since he spent a lot of effort trying to regain Northumbria.

    William was a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174 against Henry II. In 1174, at the Battle of Alnwick, during a raid in support of the revolt, William recklessly charged the English troops himself, shouting, "Now we shall see which of us are good knights!" He was unhorsed and captured by Henry's troops led by Ranulf de Glanvill and taken in chains to Newcastle, then Northampton, and then transferred to Falaise in Normandy. Henry then sent an army to Scotland and occupied it. As ransom and to regain his kingdom, William had to acknowledge Henry as his feudal superior and agree to pay for the cost of the English army's occupation of Scotland by taxing the Scots. This he did by signing the Treaty of Falaise. He was then allowed to return to Scotland. In 1175 he swore fealty to Henry II at York Castle.

    The Treaty of Falaise remained in force for the next fifteen years. Then Richard the Lionheart, needing money to take part in the Third Crusade, agreed to terminate it in return for 10,000 silver marks.

    William is recorded in 1206 as having cured a case of Scrofula by his touching and blessing a child with the ailment whilst at York.[2] William died in Stirling in 1214 and lies buried in Arbroath Abbey. His son, Alexander II, succeeded him as king, reigning from 1214 to 1250.1

Children of King William I of Scotland and Isabel Avenal

Children of King William I of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_I_of_Scotland

Richard Avenal

M, b. circa 1117, d. after 1180
Father*William Avenal b. c 1080, d. a 1130
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard Avenal was also known as de Avenell.
Name VariationRichard Avenal was also known as Robert.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRichard Avenal married Sibyl (?).
Birthcirca 1117Richard Avenal was born circa 1117.
He was the son of William Avenal.
Deathafter 1180Richard Avenal died after 1180.

Child of Richard Avenal and Sibyl (?)

Sibyl (?)

F, b. circa 1120
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Avenal.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSibyl (?) married Richard Avenal, son of William Avenal.
Birthcirca 1120Sibyl (?) was born circa 1120 at England.

Child of Sibyl (?) and Richard Avenal

Everard De Ros

M, d. 1183
Father*Robert De Ros
Mother*Sibyl de Valognes
Life EventDateDescription
Everard De Ros was the son of Robert De Ros and Sibyl de Valognes.
MarriageEverard De Ros married Roese de Trussebut, daughter of William de Trussebut.
Death1183Everard De Ros died in 1183.
  • Lord of Helmsley.

Children of Everard De Ros and Roese de Trussebut

Roese de Trussebut

F
Father*William de Trussebut
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRoese de Trussebut was also known as Trusbut.
Married NameHer married name was De Ros.
Life EventDateDescription
Roese de Trussebut was the daughter of William de Trussebut.
MarriageRoese de Trussebut married Everard De Ros, son of Robert De Ros and Sibyl de Valognes.

Children of Roese de Trussebut and Everard De Ros

William de Trussebut

M
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam de Trussebut was also known as Trusbut.

Child of William de Trussebut

Henry of Scotland

M, b. 1114, d. 1152
Father*King David I of Scotland b. c 1085, d. 24 May 1153
Mother*Maud of Northumbria b. 1074, d. 1130
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHenry of Scotland was also known as de Huntingdon.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1114Henry of Scotland was born in 1114.
He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Maud of Northumbria.
Marriage1139Henry of Scotland married Ada de Warenne, daughter of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois, in 1139.
Death1152Henry of Scotland died in 1152.
  • Henry of Scotland (Eanric mac Dabíd, 1114 – 12 June 1152) was a Prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also Earl of Northumberland and Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northampton.

    He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon. His maternal grandparents were Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria and Huntingdon, (beheaded 1075) and his spouse Judith of Lens.

    Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England who had married his paternal aunt Edith of Scotland (the name Edith gallicised as Matilda after becoming Queen consort in 1100). He had three sons, two of whom became King of Scotland, and a third whose descendants were to prove critical in the later days of the Scottish royal house. He also had three daughters.

    His eldest son became King of Scots as Malcolm IV in 1153. Henry's second son became king in 1165 on the death of his brother, reigning as William I. Both in their turn inherited the title of Earl of Huntingdon. His third son, David also became Earl of Huntingdon. It is from the 8th Earl that all Kings of Scotland after Margaret, Maid of Norway claim descent.

    On Henry's death, the Earldom passed to his half-brother Simon II de Senlis.

    Henry married Ada de Warenne, the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d.1138), and Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Hugh of Vermandois, The Great.1

Children of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_of_Scotland

Ada de Warenne

F, b. circa 1122, d. 1178
Father*William II de Warenne d. 1138
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAda de Warenne was also known as Adelaide.
Married Name1139As of 1139,her married name was de Huntingdon.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1122Ada de Warenne was born circa 1122.
She was the daughter of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois.
Marriage1139Ada de Warenne married Henry of Scotland, son of King David I of Scotland and Maud of Northumbria, in 1139.
Death1178Ada de Warenne died in 1178.
  • Ada de Warenne or Adeline de Varenne (c. 1120 – 1178) was the Anglo-Norman wife of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Northumbria and Earl of Huntingdon. She was the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey by Elizabeth of Vermandois, and a great-granddaughter of Henry I of France. She became mother to two Kings of Scots, Malcolm the Maiden and William the Lion.

    Ada and Henry were married in England in 1139 [1] . As part of her marriage settlement, the new Countess Ada was granted the privileges of Haddington, amongst others in East Lothian. Previously the seat of a thanage Haddington is said to be the first Royal burgh in Scotland, created by Countess Ada's father-in-law, David I of Scotland, who held it along with the church and a mill.[2]

    In close succession both her husband and King David died, in 1152 and 1153 respectively. Following the death of Henry, who was buried at Kelso Abbey, King David arranged for his grandson to succeed him, and at Scone on May 27, 1153, the twelve year old was declared Malcolm IV, King of Scots. Following his coronation, Malcolm installed his brother William as Earl of Northumbria (although this county was "restored" to King Henry II of England by Malcolm in 1157 [3]), and the young dowager-Countess retired to her lands at Haddington.

    On Thursday December 9, 1165 [4] King Malcolm died at the age of 25 without issue. His mother had at that time been attempting to arrange a marriage between him and Constance, daughter of Conan III, Duke of Brittany, but Malcolm died before the wedding could be celebrated.[5]. One of Ada's daughters, Margaret, was married twice:

    (1) 1160, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond (d.1171)
    (2) Humphrey III de Bohun of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, Hereditary Constable of England [6].
    Following his brother's death Ada's younger son William became King of Scots at the age of twenty two. William the Lion was to become the longest serving King of Scots until the Union of the Crowns in 1603.

    Religious houses were established in Haddington at an early date. They came to include the Blackfriars (who came into Scotland in 1219) and most notably the Church of the Greyfriars, or Minorites (came into Scotland in the reign of Alexander II), which would become famous as "Lucerna Laudoniae"- The Lamp of Lothian, the toft of land upon which it stands being granted by King David I of Scotland to the Prior of St. Andrews (to whom the patronage of the church of Haddington belonged). David I also granted to the monks of Dunfermline "unam mansuram" in Haddington, as well as to the monks of Haddington a full toft "in burgo meo de Hadintun, free of all custom and service."[7]

    Ada devoted her time to good works, improving the lot of the Church at Haddington, where she resided. Countess Ada gave lands to the south and west of the River Tyne near to the only crossing of the river for miles, to found a Convent of Cistercian Nuns ("white nuns" [8]) dedicated to St. Mary, in what was to become the separate Burgh of Nungate, the extant remains are still to be seen in the ruined parish church of St. Martin. The nunnery she endowed with the lands of Begbie, at Garvald and Keith Marischal amongst other temporal lands. Miller, however, states that she only "founded and richly endowed a nunnery at the Abbey of Haddington" and that "Haddington, as demesne of the Crown, reverted to her son William the Lion upon her death".[2]1

Children of Ada de Warenne and Henry of Scotland

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_de_Warenne