William Mauduit

M
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Mauduit was also known as de Maudit.

Children of William Mauduit and Alice de Beaumont

Alice de Beaumont

F, d. before 1263
Father*Waleran de Beaumont b. 1153, d. 12 Dec 1204
Mother*Alice de Harcourt
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Maudit.
Married NameHer married name was Mauduit.

Children of Alice de Beaumont and William Mauduit

Waleran de Beaumont

M, b. 1153, d. 12 December 1204
Father*Roger de Beaumont b. 1102, d. 12 Jun 1153
Mother*Gundred de Warenne b. a 1118
     Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick (1153 – 12 December 1204) was the younger son of Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick and Gundred de Warrenne, daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois. He was also known as Walerian de Newburg.

After his brother's death an impostor arose, claiming to be the deceased Earl; he gave Waleran a great deal of trouble in maintaining his claim. He does not appear to have been a great soldier, for he paid scutage money to escape military service in Wales. His position in the Court is attested by his bearing the right hand Sword of State at the Coronation of King John, 27 May 1199.

He liberally supported the hospital of St. Michael's Hospital, Warwick and gave to the nuns of Pinley land at Claverdon, and land at Brailes to the nuns at Wroxall, Warwickshire.1

Child of Waleran de Beaumont and Alice de Harcourt

Children of Waleran de Beaumont and Margery d'Oyly

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waleran_de_Beaumont,_4th_Earl_of_Warwick.

Roger de Beaumont

M, b. 1102, d. 12 June 1153
     Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick (1102 – 12 June 1153), was the elder son of Henry de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Warwick and Marguerite, daughter of Geoffrey II of Perche and Beatrix of Montdidier. He was also known as Roger de Newburg.

He was generally considered to have been a devout and pious man; a chronicle of the period, the Gesta Regis Stephani, speaks of him as a "man of gentle disposition". The borough of Warwick remembers him as the founder of the Hospital of S. Michael for lepers which he endowed with the tithes of Wedgnock, and other property; he also endowed the House of the Templars beyond the bridge. In the reign of Stephen he founded a priory dedicated to S. Kenned at Llangennilth, Co. Glamorgan and he attached it as a cell to the Abbey of S. Taurinus at Evreux in Normandy.

He married 1130 Gundred de Warenne, daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois and had six children.

Child of Roger de Beaumont and Gundred de Warenne

Gundred de Warenne

F, b. after 1118
Father*William II de Warenne d. 1138
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationGundred de Warenne was also known as Gundrada.
Married Name1130As of 1130,her married name was de Beaumont.

Child of Gundred de Warenne and Roger de Beaumont

Alice de Harcourt

F
Father*Robert de Harcourt
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Beaumont.

Child of Alice de Harcourt and Waleran de Beaumont

Robert de Harcourt

M

Child of Robert de Harcourt

William Mauduit

M, b. circa 1220, d. 8 January 1267
Father*William Mauduit
Mother*Alice de Beaumont d. b 1263
     William Maudit (or Mauduit), 8th Earl of Warwick (abt 1220 – 8 January 1267), was an English nobleman and participant in the Barons' War.

He was the son of Alice de Beaumont (daughter of the 4th Earl) and William de Maudit, and so was the grandson of Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick. His father was the lord of Hanslape and hereditary chamberlain of the exchequer, a title that went back to another William Maudit who held that office for Henry I.

He adhered to Henry III in the wars with the barons. He was surprised in his own castle, Warwick Castle by John Giffard, the governor of Kenilworth Castle. The walls of the castle were destroyed and the countess taken prisoner to Kenilworth, and only released on payment of a ransom nineteen hundred marks.

William Mauduit made the castle in the corner of Portchester Castle (Portus Adurni) for an unknown reason. This was made in 1090 and is a Norman Castle and had palisades on each side of the castle.

He died without issue and the estates then passed to his sister Isabel de Maudit who had married William de Beauchamp. She died shortly after Warwick's death and the title passed to their son William.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Maudit,_8th_Earl_of_Warwick.

Adelaide of Vermandois

F, b. 1062, d. 1122
Father*Herbert IV of Vermandois b. 1028, d. 1080
Mother*Adele of Valois
     Adelaide of Vermandois (1062 - 1122) was suo jure Countess of Vermandois and Valois and the last member of the Carolingian dynasty.

Adelaide was the daughter of Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois, and Alice, Countess of Valois. Her younger brother Odo became Count of Vermandois upon their father's death in 1080. However, five years later, he was disinheredited by the council of Barons of France because of his mental illness. Thus, Adelaide and her husband succeeded to the Counties of Vermandois and Valois.

Adelaide married firstly Hugh Magnus, son of King Henry I of France. By this marriage she had nine children:

Matilda(1080-1130), married Ralph I of Beaugency
Beatrice (1082-after1144), married Hugh III of Gournay
Ralph I (1085-1152)
Elizabeth of Vermandois, Countess of Leicester (1085-1131)
Constance (1086-??), married Godfrey de la Ferté-Gaucher
Agnes (1090-1125), married Boniface of Savone
Henry (1091-1130), Lord of Chaumont en Vexin
Simon (1093-1148)
William, possibly married to Isabella, illegitimate daughter of King Louis VI of France
In 1104, she married secondly Renaud II, Count of Clermont. By this marriage she had one daughter, Margaret, who married Charles I, Count of Flanders.

In 1102, Adelaide was succeeded by her son, Ralph I. Adelaide died in 1122 and the Carolingian dynasty died out with her.1

Children of Adelaide of Vermandois and Count Hugh I of Vermandois

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelaide,_Countess_of_Vermandois.

Emma of France

F, b. 1054
Father*King Henry I of France b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 Aug 1060
Mother*Anne of Kiev b. c 1028, d. 1075

William de Warenne

M, b. after 1118, d. 1148
Father*William II de Warenne d. 1138
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
     William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey (died 1148), was the eldest son of the William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois.

He was generally loyal to king Stephen. He fought at the Battle of Lincoln (1141), and was one of the leaders of the army that pursued the empress Matilda in her flight from Winchester, and which captured Robert of Gloucester.

He was one of the nobles that, along with Louis VII of France, took crusading vows at Vezelay in 1146, and he accompanied the initial army of the Second Crusade the next year. He was killed by a Turkish attack while the army was marching across Anatolia (modern day Turkey) on their way to the Holy Land.

In Dec 1147 the French-Norman force reaches the Biblical town of Ephesus on the west coast of Turkey. They are joined by remnants of the German army which had previously taken heavy losses at Dorylaeum. Marching across Southwest Turkey and fight in an unsuccessful battle at Laodicea against the Turks on the border between Byzantine Empire and Seljuks of Rum (3-4 Jan 1148). On 8-Jan they battle again in the area of Mount Cadmus, where Turks ambush the main train of infantry and non-combatants because the main force is too far forwards. King Louis and his bodyguard of Templar Knights and Noblemen sallied forth in a classic example of chivalry to protect the poor and valiantly charged the Turks. Most of the knights were killed, including William, and Louis barely escaped with his life. His army arrives later at the coastal city of Adalia. The battle is recorded by Odo de Deuil, personal chaplain to Louis, in his book De Profectione - pp 68–127.

He was a great-grandson of Henry I of France, and half-brother to Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester, Waleran IV de Beaumont, Count of Meulan, and Hugh de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Bedford.

William married Adela (or Ela), daughter of William Talvas, count of Ponthieu, who was the son of Robert of Bellême.

They had one child, a daughter, Isabel, who was his heir. She married first William of Blois, second son of king Stephen, and who became earl of Warenne or Surrey. After he died without children in October 1159, she married Hamelin, half-brother of Henry II, who also became Earl of Warenne or Surrey. He took the de Warenne surname[citation needed], and their descendants carried on the earldom.1

Child of William de Warenne and Adela Talvas

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Warenne,_3rd_Earl_of_Surrey.

Adela Talvas

F, b. after 1115, d. 10 October 1174
Father*William III of Ponthieu b. c 1095, d. 20 Jun 1172
Mother*Helie of Burgundy b. c 1080, d. 28 Feb 1141
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAdela Talvas was also known as Ela.
Married NameHer married name was de Warenne.

Child of Adela Talvas and William de Warenne

William III of Ponthieu

M, b. circa 1095, d. 20 June 1172
Father*Robert de Bellême b. 1052, d. a 1130
Mother*Agnes of Ponthieu b. c 1080, d. a 1105
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam III of Ponthieu was also known as William II Talvas.
     William III of Ponthieu (c. 1095–20 June 1172), son of Robert II of Bellême and Agnes of Ponthieu. He is also called William (II; III) Talvas.

He assumed the county of Ponthieu some time before 1111, upon the death of his mother. His father escaped capture at the battle of Tinchebrai (1106). Later, as envoy for King Louis of France, he went to the English court. He was arrested by King Henry of England and was never released from prison. William was naturally driven by this to oppose King Henry and his allegiance to count Geoffrey of Anjou caused Henry to seize certain of William's castles in Normandy.

His wife was Helie of Burgundy, daughter of Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy. The Gesta Normannorum Ducum says that they had five children, three sons and two daughters. Guy II is called "the eldest son", but the editors doubt this. He assumed the county of Ponthieu during his father Talvas' lifetime, but preceded him in death (Guy II died 1147; William Talvas died 1171). His daughters married Juhel, son of Walter of Mayenne, and William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey.1

Children of William III of Ponthieu and Helie of Burgundy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_III_of_Ponthieu

John De Lacy

M, b. circa 1192, d. 1240
     John de Lacy (c. 1192 – 1240) was the 1st Earl of Lincoln, of the fifth creation. He was the eldest son and heir of Roger de Lacy and his wife, Maud or Matilda de Clere (not of the de Clare family).[1] In 1221 he married Margaret de Lacy, daughter of Robert de Quincy and niece of Ranulph de Blondeville through her mother Hawise. Through this marriage John was in 1232 allowed to succeeded de Blondeville as earl of Lincoln.[1] He was one of twenty-five barons charged with overseeing the observance of Magna Carta in 1215.[2]

He was hereditary constable of Chester and,in the 15th year of King John, undertook the payment of 7,000 marks to the crown, in the space of four years, for livery of the lands of his inheritance, and to be discharged of all his father's debts due to the exchequer, further obligating himself by oath, that in case he should ever swerve from his allegiance, and adhere to the king's enemies, all of his possessions should devolve upon the crown, promising also, that he would not marry without the king's license. By this agreement it was arranged that the king should retain the castles of Pontefract and Dunnington, still in his own hands; and that he, the said John, should allow 40 pounds per year, for the custody of those fortresses. But the next year he had Dunnington restored to him, upon hostages. About this period he joined the baronial standard, and was one of the celebrated twenty-five barons, one of the Sureties, appointed to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. But the next year, he obtained letters of safe conduct to come to the king to make his peace, and he had similar letters, upon the accession of Henry III., in the second year of which monarch's reign, he went with divers other noblemen into the Holy Land.

John de Lacy (Lacie), 7th Baron of Halton Castle, and hereditary constable of Chester, was one of the earliest who took up arms at the time of the Magna Charta, and was appointed to see that the new statutes were properly carried into effect and observed in the counties of York and Nottingham. He was excommunicated by the Pope. Upon the accession of King Henry III. he joined a party of noblemen and made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and did good service at the siege of Damietta. In 1232 he was made Earl of Lincoln and in 1240, governor of Chester and Beeston Castles. He died on 22 July 1240 and was buried at the Cisterian Abbey of Stanlaw, in co. Chester. The monk Matthew Paris, records: "On the 22nd day of July, in the year 1240, which was St. Magdalen's Day, John, Earl of Lincoln, after suffering from a long illness went the way of all flesh." He married (1) Alice, daughter of Gilbert de Aquila, but by her had no issue. She died in 1215 and, after his marked gallantry at the siege of Damietta, he married (2) Margaret Quincy only daughter and heir of Robert de Quincy, Earl of Winchester, by Hawyse, 4th sister and co-heir of Ranulph de Mechines, Earl of Chester and Lincoln , which Ranulph, by a formal charter under his seal, granted the Earldom of Lincoln, that is, so much as he could grant thereof, to the said Hawyse, "to the end that she might be countess, and that her heirs might also enjoy the earldom;" which grant was confirmed by the king, and at the especial request of the countess, this John de Lacy, constable of Chester, was created by charter, dated Northampton, 23 November 1232, Earl of Lincoln, with remainder to the heirs of his body, by his wife, the above-mentioned Margaret. In the contest which occurred during the same year, between the king and Richard Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Earl Marshal, Matthew Paris states that the Earl of Lincoln was brought over to the king's party, with John le Scot, Earl of Chester, by Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester, for a bribe of 1,000 marks. In 1237, his lordship was one of those appointed to prohibit Oto, the pope's prelate, from establishing anything derogatory to the king's crown and dignity, in the council of prelates then assembled; and the same year he had a grant of the sheriffalty of Cheshire, being likewise constituted Governor of the castle of Chester. The earl died in 1240, leaving Margaret, his wife, surviving, who remarried Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke.1

Child of John De Lacy and Margaret de Quincy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Lacy,_1st_Earl_of_Lincoln.

Margaret de Quincy

F, b. circa 1206, d. March 1266
Father*Robert de Quincy d. 1217
Mother*Hawise of Chester b. 1180, d. 1242
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Lacy.
Married Name6 January 1242As of 6 January 1242,her married name was Marshal.
     Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln (c.1206- March 1266), was a wealthy English noblewoman and heiress having inherited suo jure the earldom of Lincoln and honours of Bolingbroke from her mother Hawise of Chester, and acquired a dower third from the extensive earldom of Pembroke following the death of her second husband, Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke. Her first husband was John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln, by whom she had two children. He was created Earl of Lincoln by right of his marriage to Margaret. Margaret has been described as "one of the two towering female figures of the mid-13th century".[1]

Margaret was born in about 1206, the daughter and only child of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester, herself the co-heiress of her brother Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester. Hawise became suo jure Countess of Chester in April 1231 when her brother resigned the title in her favour.

Her paternal grandfather, Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta; as a result he was excommunicated by the Church in December 1215. Two years later her father died after having been accidentally poisoned through medicine prepared by a Cisterian monk.[2]

Sometime before 21 June 1221, Margaret married as his second wife, her first husband John de Lacy of Pontefract. The purpose of the alliance was to bring the rich Lincoln and Bolingbroke inheritance of her mother to the de Lacy family.[3]TJohn's first marriage to Alice de l'Aigle had not produced issue; although John and Margaret together had two children.1

Child of Margaret de Quincy and John De Lacy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Quincy

Margherita of Montferrat

F
Mother*Isabel De Clare b. 1240, d. 1271

William de Braose

M, b. 1175, d. 1210
Father*William de Braose b. c 1144, d. 9 Aug 1211
Mother*Matilda de St. Valery b. 1155, d. 1210

Child of William de Braose and Maud de Clare

Maud de Clare

F
Father*Richard De Clare d. Nov 1217
Mother*Amice Fitz Robert d. 1 Jan 1225
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud de Clare was also known as Matilda.
Married NameHer married name was de Braose.

Child of Maud de Clare and William de Braose

Richard De Clare

M, b. circa 1184, d. 4 March 1228
Father*Richard De Clare d. Nov 1217
Mother*Amice Fitz Robert d. 1 Jan 1225

John de Braose

M, b. circa 1198, d. 18 July 1232
Father*William de Braose b. 1175, d. 1210
Mother*Maud de Clare
     John de Braose (born 1197 or 1198 – July 18, 1232), known as Tadody to the Welsh, was the Lord of Bramber and Gower.

Junior branch of the de Braose dynasty
He was the second of the line of the junior branch of the de Braose dynasty.

His father was William de Braose, son of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, and his mother was Matilda de Clare, also known as Maud, (born 1175 in Lincoln) daughter of Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford of Tonbridge Castle in Kent. John was their eldest son and one of four brothers, the others being Giles, Phillip and Walter de Braose.

His grandfather had had his lands seized and his grandmother Maud de St. Valery had been captured by forces of King John of England in 1210. She was imprisoned, along with John's father William, in Corfe Castle and walled alive inside the dungeon. Both mother and son starved to death on the King's orders. This was probably due to John's grandfather's conflict with the monarch, open rebellion and subsequent alliance with Llewelyn the Great. John's nickname Tadody means "fatherless" in the Welsh.

At his family's fall from Royal favour John de Braose was initially hidden on Gower and spent some time in the care of his uncle Giles de Braose, Bishop of Hereford, but finally in 1214 John and his younger brother Philip were taken into custody. They were imprisoned until after King John had died (in 1216), the throne passing to Henry III. John was released from custody in 1218.

In 1219 he married Margaret Ferch Llywelyn, (born about 1202 in Caernarvonshire), daughter of the leader of Wales Llywelyn Fawr and his English wife Joan Plantagenet also known as Joan, Lady of Wales, and he received the Lordship of Gower as her dowry with Llywelyn's blessing.

In 1226 another surviving uncle Reginald de Braose sold him the title of Lord of Bramber, and he inherited more lands and titles when this uncle died a few years later in 1228.

He and Margaret his Welsh wife had three sons, his heir, William de Braose the eldest son, John and Richard (born about 1225 in Stinton, Norfolk) the youngest, (buried in Woodbridge Priory, Suffolk) having died before June 1292.

In 1232 John was killed in a fall from his horse on his land in Bramber, Sussex at 34 years of age. William de Braose (born about 1230) (died 1291 in Findon, Sussex), his eldest son, succeeded him in the title of Lord of Bramber. John the younger son became Lord of the manor of Corsham in Wiltshire and also later Lord of Glasbury on Wye.

William de Braose (1230 - 1291) also had a son, named William de Braose (born 1274 in Bramber, Sussex / dying "shortly before 1st May 1326".[1]

Another William de Braose who became Bishop of Llandaff cannot be placed with certainty in this branch of the family.

The de Braose name modified to de Brewes in the Middle Ages 1200 to 1400.1

Child of John de Braose and Marared ferch Llywelyn

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Braose

Humphrey I De Bohun

M, d. circa 1123
Father*Humphrey with the Beard De Bohun d. b 1113
     Humphrey I de Bohun (died c.1123) was an Anglo-Norman aristocrat, the youngest son of Humphrey with the Beard, who had taken part in the Norman conquest of England in 1066. He married Maud, a daughter of the Anglo-Saxon landholder Edward of Salisbury, through whom he acquired an honour in Wiltshire with its seat at Trowbridge. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey II, who with his mother founded the Cluniac priory of Monkton Farleigh to fulfill the late Humphrey's wishes. By his marriage he was "the founder of the fortunes of his family" and for this reason is usually enumerated "Humphrey I" even though he was the second Humphrey de Bohun in England.[1] He has even been called Humphrey the Great.[2]1

Child of Humphrey I De Bohun and Maud of Salisbury

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_I_de_Bohun

Maud of Salisbury

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Bohun.

Child of Maud of Salisbury and Humphrey I De Bohun

William II de Fiennes

M, b. circa 1250, d. 11 July 1302
Father*Enguerrand II de Fiennes b. 1192, d. 1267
Mother*Isabelle de Conde

Children of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne

Blanche de Brienne

F, b. circa 1252, d. circa 1302
Father*Jean de Brienne
Mother*Jeanne de Chateaudun b. c 1227, d. a 1252
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationBlanche de Brienne was also known as of Acre.
Married Name1269As of 1269,her married name was de Fiennes.
     Blanche de Brienne, Baroness Tingry (c.1252- c.1302) was the wife of William II de Fiennes, Baron of Tingry (c. 1250- 11 July 1302). She was also known as Dame de La Loupeland, and Blanche of Acre.

Blanche was born in about the year 1252 in France. She was the only child and heiress of Jean de Brienne, Grand Butler of France, and his first wife, Jeanne, Dame de Chateaudun (born c.1227- died after 1252), widow of Jean I de Montfort. Her paternal grandparents were John of Brienne, King of Jerusalem, Emperor of Constantinople, and Berenguela of Leon. Her maternal grandparents were Geoffrey VI, Viscount de Chateaudun and Clémence des Roches. Blanche had a uterine half-sister Beatrice de Montfort, Countess of Montfort-l'Amaury ( born c. 1248/49- died 9 March 1312) from her mother's first marriage to Jean I de Montfort (died 1249 in Cyprus). In 1260, Beatrice married Robert IV of Dreux, Count of Dreux (1241- 1282), by whom she had six children.

Blanche was co-heiress to her mother, by which she inherited Loupeland in Maine.[1]

In the year 1269, Blanche married William II de Fiennes, Baron of Tingry and Fiennes, son of Enguerrand II de Fiennes and Isabelle de Conde. His other titles included Lord of Wendover, Buckinghamshire, of Lambourne, Essex, of Chokes and Gayton, Northamptonshire, of Martock, Somerset, of Carshalton and Clapham, Surrey, and custodian of the county of Ponthieu. The settlement for the marriage had been made in February 1266/67.[2] William and Blanche had at least one son and two daughters:

Jean de Fiennes, Seigneur of Fiennes and Tingry (born before 1281 in France- died 1340), in 1307 married Isabelle de Dampierre, daughter of Guy de Dampierre, Count of Flanders and Isabelle of Luxembourg. They had a son Robert, who was Constable of France, and two daughters, Jeanne de Fiennes who married Jean de Chatillon, Count of Saint-Pol, and Mahaut de Fiennes who married Jean de Bournonville.[2]
Joan de Fiennes (died before 26 October 1309), in 1291 married John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell. Had issue, including Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell mother of Joan of Kent, grandmother of Richard II of England
Margaret de Fiennes (born after 1269- died 7 February 1333), in September 1285, married Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore. They had three children, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March.
In 1285, Blanche received the gift of twelve leafless oak stumps from Selwood Forest from King Edward I for her fuel.[2]

Blanche de Brienne died on an unknown date around the year 1302. Her husband William was killed on 11 July 1302 at the Battle of Courtrai.

Through her son Jean's daughter, Jeanne de Fiennes, who married Jean de Chatillon, Count of Saint-Pol, Blanche was the ancestress of Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville.1

Children of Blanche de Brienne and William II de Fiennes

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blanche_de_brienne

Margaret de Fiennes

F, b. after 1269, d. 7 February 1333
Father*William II de Fiennes b. c 1250, d. 11 Jul 1302
Mother*Blanche de Brienne b. c 1252, d. c 1302
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Mortimer.

Children of Margaret de Fiennes and Edmund Mortimer

Edmund Mortimer

M, b. 1251, d. 17 July 1304
     2nd Baron Wigmore.

Children of Edmund Mortimer and Margaret de Fiennes

Margaret De Bohun

F, b. 3 April 1311, d. 16 December 1391
Father*Humphrey De Bohun b. 1276, d. c 1322
Mother*Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan b. 7 Aug 1282, d. 5 May 1316
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Courtenay.
     Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon (3 April 1311 – 16 December 1391) was an English noblewoman who lived most of her life in the county of Devonshire as the wife of Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon. She was a granddaughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile. Her eighteen children included an Archbishop of Canterbury and six knights.

Unlike most women of her day, she had received a classical education, and as a result was a lifelong scholar and collector of books.

Lady Margaret de Bohun was born on 3 April 1311 at Caldecote, Northampton, the third daughter and seventh child of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, Lord Constable of England and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan. Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Fiennes, and her maternal grandparents were King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile.

Margaret was left an orphan shortly before her tenth birthday. On 16 March 1321 at The Battle of Boroughbridge, her father was slain in an ambush by the Welsh. Her mother had died five years previously in childbirth.

She, along with her siblings, received a classical education under a Sicilian Greek, Master Diogenes. As a result, Margaret became a lifelong scholar, and avid book collector.

At the age of fourteen, on 11 August 1325 Lady Margaret married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (12 July 1303 - 2 May 1377). She had been betrothed to him since 27 September 1314. He was the son of Hugh Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon and Agnes St.John. Part of her dowry was the manor of Powderham, near Exeter. The agreement for the marriage had been formally made on 28 February 1315, when she was not quite four years old. The first Earl of Devon had promised that upon the marriage, he would enfeoff his son and Margaret jointly with 400 marks worth of land, assessed at its true value, and in a suitable place.[1]

Margaret assumed the title of 2nd Countess of Devon on 23 December 1340.[2]

Her eldest brother John de Bohun (23 November 1306- 20 January 1336) succeeded as 5th Earl of Hereford in 1326, having married Alice Fitzalan of Arundel in 1325. She had a younger brother William de Bohun (1312- 1360), who was created 1st Earl of Northampton in 1337 by King Edward III. He married Elizabeth de Badlesmere, by whom he had two children. Margaret's elder sister Lady Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304- 7 October 1363), married in 1327, her first husband, James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde. They were the ancestors of Anne Boleyn.

Hugh and Margaret had a total of eighteen children. More than half reached adulthood. Their notable descendants include Charles, Prince of Wales, and British Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill.1

Children of Margaret De Bohun and Hugh Courtenay

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_de_Bohun,_2nd_Countess_of_Devon.

Hugh Courtenay

M, b. 12 July 1303, d. 2 May 1377
     2nd Earl of Devon. Hugh Courtenay (12 July 1303--2 May 1377) was the 10th Earl of Devon in England, born on 12 July 1303, probably in Devon. His parents were Hugh, the 1st Courtenay Earl of Devon by Agnes de St John, daughter of Sir John St John of Basing. He was destined to become a great soldier in the Hundred years war in service of King Edward III. On 11 August 1327, still only 23 years old he was made knight banneret, and joined the elite group of knights who protected the King's body. He was made a founding knight of the Noble Order of the Garter in 1344 on its investiture at Windsor Castle. Courtenay fought with the heroes of Crecy on 26 August 1346 in the famous of the encounters in France. The victory formed the basis for Courtenay's inclusion as a Knight of the Garter in 1348, by personal invitation of the King himself.[1].

Courtenay was summoned to Parliament on the assumption of Edward III to full authority over the usurper Roger Mortimer. The writ issued on 23 April 1337 described him as Hugoni de Courteney juniori styled as Lord Courteney. Two years later he defended the coasts of Cornwall with some distinction from the invasion fleet of France. On the death of his father, Hugh the following year he was granted livery and extensive land ownership in Devon. He was probably present at the Battle of Neville's Cross, in which Henry Percy and Ralph Neville utterly defeated the Scots King David II on 17 October 1346. As the second Courtenay Earl he was honoured in the jousting tournament that took place at Lichfield, one of the many in celebration of Crecy, on 9 April 1347, in which the King himself also took part. As a Knight of the Garter he was given special permission to build the White Friars at Fleet Street, London, which became an impressive religious house near the Palace of Whitehall. Following the completion of this project he returned to Devon, on appointment as Joint Warden of Devon and Cornwall in 1352. In 1361 he and his wife benefited from the will of her deceased brother, Earl of Hereford, greatly increasing his land holdings.

According to which account is read, Courtenay made an important contribution to the outcome of the Battle of Poitiers.[2] The Black Prince had sent the baggage train under Courtenay to the rear. A wise manoeuvre in the event as the long trail of wagons and carts blocked the narrow bridge and the Frenchmen's escape route. The Prince was afraid of a flanking move behind his position over the river, and to the rear. This did not occur with any great effect; which was as well since the route Courtenay took was the long way round and he played little part in the battle as a result of the defensive positions. The French cavalry was cut down by the archers, and then two deep lines of defence of stakes and ditches. He was a veteran of sixty by this period. He retired with a full pension from the King. In 1373 he was appointed Chief Warden of the Forest of Devon.

After a full career he died at Exeter on 2 May 1377. He was buried in Exeter Cathedral. His estate was examined for probate on 28 Jan 1391.

Hugh married Margaret de Bohun daughter of Humphrey De Bohun, Earl of Hereford and of Essex by Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, and a granddaughter of King Edward I of England on 11 August 1325, when he moved into Powderham Castle, although his father was still living. He had been promised to Margaret by contract since 27 September 1314.1

Children of Hugh Courtenay and Margaret De Bohun

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Courtenay,_2nd_Earl_of_Devon.

Gilbert De Clare

M, b. 1291, d. 24 June 1314
Father*Gilbert De Clare b. 2 Sep 1243, d. 7 Dec 1295
Mother*Joan of Acre b. Apr 1272, d. 23 Apr 1307
     Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 8th Earl of Gloucester (1291 – 24 June 1314) was a powerful English noble and the grandson of Edward I.

His mother was Joan of Acre, who was the daughter of Edward I and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. His father was the 6th Earl of Hertford. He succeeded to the titles in 1295, at the age of 4. But he held them for only two years. His stepfather, Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer, was allowed, by the grace of Edward I of England, to hold the titles of Earl of Hertford, Earl of Gloucester from 1297 to 1307. The titles were then transferred back to Gilbert, who was now 15, and he held them until his death.

Gilbert was raised with Edward II and proved to be a moderating influence amongst the king and nobility before his death. It was due to his close relation with the king that Gilbert was allowed to succeed to his titles before attaining his majority (which would have been when he was 18).

He died young, being killed in the Battle of Bannockburn. He died without issue, although there was a 2-year dispute with his widow, Maud, who claimed to be pregnant throughout this time. In spite of having the king's backing, after more than a year and a half of litigation, it was acknowledged that there was no possible way that Maud could still be pregnant by Gilbert and his lands were divided amongst three of his sisters, Elizabeth, Eleanor and Margaret.

By the provisions of the marriage contract of his parents, their joint possessions could only be inherited by a direct descendant. Although he had also two older half-sisters, his three full sisters therefore inherited his property.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_de_Clare,_7th_Earl_of_Hertford.

Margaret Fitzalan

F
Father*John Fitzalan b. 30 Nov 1364, d. 14 Aug 1390
Mother*Elizabeth le Despenser d. 10 Apr 1408
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMargaret Fitzalan was also known as d'Arundel.