Sir Robert Ferrers

M, b. circa 1373, d. before 29 November 1396

Children of Sir Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort

Elizabeth Ferrers

F, b. 1393, d. 1434
Father*Sir Robert Ferrers b. c 1373, d. b 29 Nov 1396
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 October 1407As of 28 October 1407,her married name was de Greystoke.

John de Greystoke

M, b. 1389, d. 1436
     4th Baron Greystoke.

Henry Percy

M, b. 3 February 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Father*Sir Henry Percy b. 20 May 1364, d. 21 Jul 1403
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
     Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (3 February 1394 – 22 May 1455) was an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. Father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1405 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland.

In the following years, Northumberland occasionally served with the king in France, but his main occupation was the protection of the borders to Scotland. At the same time, a feud with the Neville family was developing, particularly with Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury. This feud became entangled with the conflict between the Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset over control of national government. The conflict culminated in the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, at St Albans, where both Somerset and Northumberland were killed.

Henry Percy was the son of another Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur", and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer. Elizabeth was the daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March and Philippa, granddaughter of Edward III. Hotspur's father – the young Henry's grandfather – was also called Henry Percy, and was created the first Percy earl of Northumberland in 1377.[2] Both Hotspur and his father were early and active supporters of Henry Bolingbroke, who usurped the throne from Richard II in 1399, and became King Henry IV. They were initially richly rewarded, but soon grew disillusioned with the new regime. Hotspur rose up in rebellion, and was killed at Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403.[3]

Earl Henry was not present at the battle, but there is little doubt that he participated in the rebellion.[2] After a short imprisonment, he was pardoned, and presented his grandson to the king at Doncaster in June 1404.[1] By May 1405, however, the earl was involved in further rebellion. His plans failed, and he was forced to flee to Scotland, taking his grandson with him. The following years were marked by an itinerant life and further plotting, while the young Henry remained in the custody of the duke of Albany.[2] On 19 February 1405, the first earl of Northumberland was killed in the Battle of Bramham Moor, leaving the young Henry Percy as heir apparent to the earldom.[4] Henry remained in Scotland until the accession of Henry V in 1413, when he tried to claim his grandfather's title. His cause was aided by the king's aunt, Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, who arranged his marriage to her daughter Eleanor.[5] It was in Henry V's interest to reconcile with the Percys, with their vast network in the north of England; in 1416 Henry Percy was created earl of Northumberland.[6]1

Children of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Percy,_2nd_Earl_of_Northumberland.

Lady Katherine Neville

F, b. circa 1397, d. after 1483
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Beaumont.
Name VariationLady Katherine Neville was also known as Catherine de Neville.
Married Namebefore 1415As of before 1415,her married name was Mowbray.
Married Nameafter 1415As of after 1415,her married name was Strangeways.
Married NameJanuary 1465As of January 1465,her married name was Woodville.
     Katherine Neville or Catherine de Neville (born c. 1397 – died after 1483[1]) was the eldest daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (1364 -1425) and Joan Beaufort (c. 1379-1440), daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster by his mistress (later, 3rd wife) Catherine de Roet[2]. Katherine was married firstly to John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392-1432). Their only known child was John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1415-1461). Katherine married secondly, Thomas Strangeways (c. 1395-before 1442) - they had 2 daughters. She married thirdly John, Viscount Beaumont, who was killed in 1460. Her fourth and last marriage was infamous, and known by contemporaries as the 'diabolical marriage'[1] - she married John Woodville, brother of Elizabeth Woodville, Edward IV's queen. He would have been barely twenty at the time of their marriage - she in her mid to late sixties. Yet she survived even him as he was executed in 1469 during the brief period of time that her nephew - Richard, Earl of Warwick (The 'Kingmaker') had usurped the authority of the crown. She was still alive in 1483, having survived all the descendents of her first marriage.[1]1

Child of Lady Katherine Neville and John Mowbray

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Katherine_Neville

John Mowbray

M, b. 1392, d. 1432
     2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Child of John Mowbray and Lady Katherine Neville

John de Mowbray

M, b. 1415, d. 1461
Father*John Mowbray b. 1392, d. 1432
Mother*Lady Katherine Neville b. c 1397, d. a 1483
     John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (12 September 1415 – 6 November 1461) was an important player in the Wars of the Roses.

He was the son of John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Lady Katherine Neville. He held the office of Earl Marshal from 1432, when he inherited the title of 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

At the beginning of the War of the Roses in 1450 he supported Richard, Duke of York, the leader of the Yorkist faction. However, in 1459, he swore allegiance to the Lancastrian Henry VI. He then quickly changed sides back to the Yorkists. This sort of treachery was by no means unusual during the Wars of the Roses.

In February 1461 he fought for the defeated Yorkists in the Second Battle of St Albans. In March 1461 (Richard, Duke of York now being dead) he was one of those who asked the Duke’s son the Earl of March to become Edward IV and later that month his intervention at the Battle of Towton was decisive. The battle took place in a snow storm between 80,000 men. Neither side could get an advantage until about midday Norfolk entered the battle on the Yorkist’s right flank. The Lancastrians then began to slowly fall back. As Earl Marshal Mowbray then officiated at Edward IV’s coronation.

He married Eleanor Bourchier, daughter of William Bourchier, Count of Eu and Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Buckingham. She was the sister of his successor as Justice in Eyre, Henry Bourchier. They had one child, John Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk.1 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Mowbray,_3rd_Duke_of_Norfolk.

Thomas Strangeways

M, b. circa 1395, d. before 1442

John Beaumont

M, d. 1460
     Viscount Beaumont.

John Woodville

M, b. circa 1444, d. 12 August 1469
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
     John Woodville (1444? – August 12, 1469) was the second son, and fourth child, of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.

In January 1465, John's sister Elizabeth, Queen Consort to Edward IV, procured his marriage to Catherine Neville, Dowager Duchess of Norfolk, who was aunt to the powerful Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. As the Duchess was about 68 years of age at the time and John was only 20, the marriage was seen by all, particularly Warwick, as an indecent grasp for money and power by the Woodville family.

In 1469, John and his father accompanied King Edward on a march north, to put down what was thought to be a minor rebellion supporting Edward's brother the Duke of Clarence as the legitimate king. Before they met the rebels both Clarence and Warwick had announced their support for the rebellion; by the time Edward met the rebels, the rebel force was far stronger than his. In a parley, the rebels told Edward that they had no fight with Edward but advised him to distance himself from the Woodvilles. In no position to argue, Edward sent the Woodville party away.

John and Rivers went first to the Rivers' house at Grafton and from there made their way westwards towards Wales. They were captured by Warwick's men on the western bank of the Severn and taken to Warwick in Coventry.

Before leaving Calais to support the uprising, Warwick had published a manifesto citing the Woodvilles in general, and the Earl and John specifically, as his reason for supporting Clarence against the king. The publication of this manifesto was deemed, by Warwick, to justify the execution of Rivers and his son. They were beheaded on August 12, and their heads placed on spikes above the gates of Coventry.

Unsurprisingly, there was no issue from the marriage of John Woodville and the Catherine Neville.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Woodville

Henry Percy

M, b. 25 July 1421, d. 29 March 1461
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
     3rd Earl of Northumberland.

Lady Katherine Percy

F, b. 1423, d. 1499
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationLady Katherine Percy was also known as Catherine.
Married NameHer married name was Grey.

Child of Lady Katherine Percy and Edmund Grey

Edmund Grey

M
     1st Earl of Kent.

Child of Edmund Grey and Lady Katherine Percy

Thomas Percy

M, b. 29 November 1422, d. 10 July 1460
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
     1st Baron Egremont.

Sir Ralph Percy

M, d. 25 April 1464
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472

Robert Neville

M, b. 1408, d. 1457
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
     Bishop of Durham. Robert Neville (1408–1457) was a Bishop of Salisbury and a Bishop of Durham. He was also a Provost of Beverley. He was born at Raby Castle. His father was Ralph Neville and his mother was Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt. He was thus a highly-placed member of the English aristocracy

He was nominated Bishop of Salisbury on 9 July 1427, and consecrated on 26 October 1427. He was then translated to Durham on 27 January 1438.[1]

He died on 8 July 1457.[2]

Later in the century, George Neville, of the same great northern house of Neville, brother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, the "Kingmaker" was archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor of England.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Neville

William Neville

M, b. circa 1410, d. 1463
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Neville was also known as Lord Fauconberge.
     William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1410–1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.

Born circa 1410, he was the second son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife, Joan Beaufort.

His mother was the legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third surviving son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. William was therefore a great-grandson of Edward III. However, the terms of the legitimisation of the Beaufort family specifically excluded them or their descendants from succession to the throne.

William was one of a number of the Neville sons to make a good match, marrying the Fauconberg heiress and taking the title Lord Fauconberg — just as his nephew Richard Neville (Warwick the Kingmaker) married the Warwick heiress and became Earl of Warwick. William's marriage took place at some point before 1422. His wife Joan was 4 years older than him, and was described as an idiot from birth. The Fauconberg estates were in North Yorkshire, a centre of power for other members of the Neville family.

He seemingly had a conventional military career during the earlier part of Henry VI's reign. Knighted in May 1426, he was serving on the Scottish Borders in 1435. In 1436 he was serving with Richard, Duke of York, in France — his first contact with a man who was later to receive his allegiance. By 1439 he was a field commander in France, with Lords Talbot and Scales. In 1440 he was made a Knight of the Garter.

By 1443 he was back in England, and on the 7 March he took custody of Roxburgh castle. He was granted £1,000 per annum (around £1,000,000 at 2005 prices) during peace, twice this if at war with Scotland, and until 1448, satisfactory payment was made. However, in 1449 he returned to France as part of a diplomatic mission, and in May 1449 he was captured at Pont l'Arche in Normandy. While in captivity in France, he spent 2 years of his own income supporting the upkeep of the castle. In spite of a grant from Parliament in 1449, by 1451 he was owed £4,109. He was forced to settle for less.

In 1453 he was ransomed (for 8,000 French ecus) and freed from captivity. He still had the custody of Roxburgh castle, but was impoverished by maintaining this and by his captivity in France. By now he was owed £1,000 by the government. He settled this by accepting a grant of 1,000 marks from the customs at Newcastle. Not only was this only worth about two-thirds of the original amount, there was no guarantee that he would ever get the money. As Griffths says

"What is so remarkable about his tale is that the Lancastrian crown could command [his] loyalty"

Until this point, he can be seen as a loyal member of the supporters of the House of Lancaster. However, at some time during the next two years, his allegiance began to change. He was a member of Richard, Duke of York's council during Henry VI's second period of madness. Although he was with the Lancastrian nobility at the first battle of St Albans (1455), after the battle he was appointed by York to be joint Constable of Windsor Castle.

We cannot know why he changed sides. Did York (short of support among the nobility) try to gain Fauconberg's allegiance? As a member of the Neville clan, Fauconberg had good family reasons for siding with York, who was after all, his brother-in-law. Warwick (Fauconberg's nephew) begins his rise to fame after 1455, and Fauconberg would be associated with Warwick for the next five years. His treatment over the custody of Roxburgh Castle must have rankled.

In the years 1455–1460, Fauconberg consolidated his position as a member of the Yorkist camp, and strengthened his position as an ally of Warwick. In 1457 he joined Warwick (appointed Captain of Calais) as his deputy. Warwick used Calais as a base for what was essentially piracy, and Fauconberg seems to have been happy to assist. He was in England in 1458, and in May he was briefly imprisoned in London — but he was bailed by Warwick and returned to Calais.

After the Yorkist disaster at Ludford, he helped Warwick regain control of Calais. In June 1460 he provided the springboard for the Yorkist invasion of England by capturing and holding Sandwich. This port was to be used as a bridgehead, and on 26 June he was joined there by Edward of March (eldest son of Richard of York, and the future Edward IV of England), Salisbury (his elder brother) and Warwick. By early July they were in London, and on 3 July the Yorkist forces, led by Fauconberg and numbering as many as 10,000 men, headed north, meeting Henry VI's army at Northampton on the 10th. As was traditional, the Yorkist army split into 3 “battles,” commanded by Fauconberg, Edward of March and Warwick. Fauconberg led the van (the leading army) and formed the right wing during the attack. Both his bravery and small stature were recorded in a Yorkist ballad — “little Lord Fauconberg, a knight of great reverence”.

After the victory at Northampton, and with Warwick remaining in England, Fauconberg returned to Calais as Lieutenant, thus missing the Yorkist disasters at Wakefield and the second battle of St Albans. Early in 1461 he returned to England, joining the newly crowned Edward IV in London. On 11 March he led the vanguard of the Yorkist army north, and as at Northampton was in the van at the battle of Towton on the 29th. Victory there established the Yorkist supremacy.

The rewards of victory followed. He was made a member of the King's Council, and appointed Lieutenant of the North. On the 1st November he was created Earl of Kent, and appointed Steward of the Royal Household. In July 1462 he was appointed Lord Admiral, and in August that year he was granted 46 manors in the west country.

Edward IV relied on him for both land and naval warfare. Following the victory at Towton, he took part in the gradual establishment of royal control in Northumberland, heading a garrison of 120 men at Newcastle in the summer of 1461, and taking part in the siege of Alnwick in November 1462. Between these dates he was back in Calais, raiding the Breton coast in August 1462, then burning le Conquet near Brest, and raiding the Ile de Re.

He died on 9 January 1463, and was buried at Guisborough Priory, in the heart of his Fauconberg lands. He was survived by his wife, who died in 1490 at the age of 84 (thus living through the reigns of all the kings of the 15th century). He had 3 daughters from his marriage, and one acknowledged illegitimate son, Thomas Neville. Known as the Bastard of Fauconberg, he was to lead a revolt later in Edward IV's reign.

William Nevill is an under-rated figure in the rise to power of the Yorkist regime. More successful as a military leader than the more famous Warwick, his reputation is summed up in Goodman's words:

"No other veteran of the Anglo-French Wars won such distinction in the Wars of the Roses."1 1st Earl of Kent.

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Neville,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan Fauconberg

F, b. circa 1406
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan Fauconberg was also known as Baroness Fauconberge.
Married Namebefore 1422As of before 1422,her married name was Neville.

Richard of England

M, b. 1376, d. 5 August 1415
Father*Prince Edward of England b. 5 Jun 1341, d. 1 Aug 1402
Mother*Infanta Isabella of Castille b. c 1355, d. 23 Dec 1392
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard of England was also known as Plantagenet.
Name VariationRichard of England was also known as of Conisburgh.
     3rd Earl of Cambridge.

Children of Richard of England and Anne Mortimer

Anne Mortimer

F
Father*Roger Mortimer b. 11 Apr 1374, d. 20 Jul 1398
Mother*Alianore Holland
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.

Children of Anne Mortimer and Richard of England

Roger Mortimer

M, b. 11 April 1374, d. 20 July 1398
Father*Edmund de Mortimer b. c 1351, d. 27 Dec 1381
Mother*Philippa Plantagenet b. 16 Aug 1355, d. 5 Jan 1382
     4th Earl of March.

Child of Roger Mortimer and Alianore Holland

Alianore Holland

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Mortimer.

Child of Alianore Holland and Roger Mortimer

Hugh Swynford

M, b. 1340, d. 1372

Catherine De Hainault

F, b. 1315, d. 1372
Father*(?) De Hainault
Mother*Jeanne De Valois b. 1294, d. 1342
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Roet.

Child of Catherine De Hainault and (?) De Roet

(?) De Roet

M

Child of (?) De Roet and Catherine De Hainault

Jeanne De Valois

F, b. 1294, d. 1342
Father*Charles De Valois b. 1270, d. 1325
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Hainault.

Child of Jeanne De Valois and (?) De Hainault

(?) De Hainault

M

Child of (?) De Hainault and Jeanne De Valois

Charles De Valois

M, b. 1270, d. 1325
Father*Philip The Bold de France b. 30 Apr 1245, d. 5 Oct 1285
Mother*Isabella of Aragon b. 1247, d. 28 Jan 1271

Child of Charles De Valois

Children of Charles De Valois and Mahaut of Chatillon

Isabelle De Valois

F, b. 1313, d. 1383
Father*Charles De Valois b. 1270, d. 1325
Mother*Mahaut of Chatillon
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabelle De Valois was also known as Isabella.
Married Name25 January 1336As of 25 January 1336,her married name was De Bourbon.
     Isabella of Valois, Duchess of Bourbon or Isabella of France (1313 – 26 July 1383), was a French noblewoman, and a daughter of Charles of Valois by his third wife Mahaut of Chatillon. She was the wife of Peter I, Duke of Bourbon. One of her daughters, Jeanne of Bourbon became the Queen consort of King Charles V of France, and through her, Isabella was the maternal grandmother of King Charles VI.

Her paternal grandparents were Philip IV of France and Isabella of Aragon. Her maternal grandparents were Guy IV, Count of Saint-Pol and Marie of Brittany.

She was a sister of Blanche of Valois, who married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Blanche's daughter was Katharine of Bohemia. Isabella's other sister was Marie of Valois who married Charles, Duke of Calabria in 1323. Marie was the mother of Joan I of Naples. Isabella had a brother called Louis, he became Count of Chartres, but he died aged ten.

When her father died in 1325 all his titles went to Isabella's older half siblings by his first marriage to Marguerite of Anjou and Maine.

[edit] Marriage and issue
On 25 January 1336 Isabella married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, son of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon and Mary of Avesnes. Peter and Isabella had only one son, Louis and seven daughters. Her husband died at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, and Isabella never remarried. After her husband's death Isabella's son Louis became the Duke of Bourbon. In the same year 1356, Isabella arranged for her daughter Jeanne to marry Charles V of France; as he was at the time the Dauphin of France, Jeanne duly became Dauphine.[1]

Isabella outlived her eldest two daughters. Her husband suffered from madness, so this was passed on to their children. Jeanne and Louis were the only two of the seven children to suffer from the hereditary madness. Nobody realised that Jeanne suffered from insanity until she had a nervous breakdown shortly after the birth of her seventh child Louis I de Valois, Duke of Orléans. Isabella's grandson Charles VI of France is well known for suffering from the mental disorder. In 1361 Isabella's daughter Blanca was murdered on the orders of her husband Pedro because he had fallen in love with Maria de Padilla, the mother of his four illegitimate children including, Infanta Isabella of Castile and Infanta Constance of Castile, who both eventually married into the English royal family . Blanca was either shot by a crossbowman or she was poisoned. Isabella was grief-stricken when she was informed of the death of her second eldest daughter. She eventually became a nun at the Convent des Cordeliers du Faubourg, Saint-Marceau in Paris.[2]1

Children of Isabelle De Valois and Peter I De Bourbon

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_Valois,_Duchess_of_Bourbon.

Peter I De Bourbon

M, d. 1356
Father*Louis I De Bourbon
Mother*Mary of Avesnes

Children of Peter I De Bourbon and Isabelle De Valois