Elizabeth Wingfield

F, b. 1441, d. 28 April 1497
Father*Sir Robert Wingfield b. 1403, d. 1454
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Goushill b. 1396, d. 1491
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1462As of before 1462,her married name was Brandon.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1441Elizabeth Wingfield was born in 1441.
She was the daughter of Sir Robert Wingfield and Lady Elizabeth Goushill.
Marriagebefore 1462Elizabeth Wingfield married Sir William Brandon before 1462.
Death28 April 1497Elizabeth Wingfield died on 28 April 1497.

Child of Elizabeth Wingfield and Sir William Brandon

Sir William Brandon

M, d. 1491
Life EventDateDescription
Marriagebefore 1462Sir William Brandon married Elizabeth Wingfield, daughter of Sir Robert Wingfield and Lady Elizabeth Goushill, before 1462.
Death1491Sir William Brandon died in 1491.

Child of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Wingfield

Sir William Brandon

M, d. 22 August 1485
Father*Sir William Brandon d. 1491
Mother*Elizabeth Wingfield b. 1441, d. 28 Apr 1497
Life EventDateDescription
Sir William Brandon was the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Wingfield.
Marriagebefore 4 November 1475Sir William Brandon married Elizabeth Bruyn, daughter of Sir Henry Bruyn and Elizabeth Darcy, before 4 November 1475.
Death22 August 1485Sir William Brandon died on 22 August 1485 at in battle.

Child of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn

Elizabeth Bruyn

F, d. circa March 1494
Father*Sir Henry Bruyn
Mother*Elizabeth Darcy
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 4 November 1475As of before 4 November 1475,her married name was Brandon.
Life EventDateDescription
Elizabeth Bruyn was the daughter of Sir Henry Bruyn and Elizabeth Darcy.
Marriagebefore 4 November 1475Elizabeth Bruyn married Sir William Brandon, son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Wingfield, before 4 November 1475.
Deathcirca March 1494Elizabeth Bruyn died circa March 1494.

Child of Elizabeth Bruyn and Sir William Brandon

Charles Brandon

M, b. 1484, d. 24 August 1545
Father*Sir William Brandon d. 22 Aug 1485
Mother*Elizabeth Bruyn d. c Mar 1494
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1484Charles Brandon was born in 1484.
He was the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn.
Marriage3 March 1515Charles Brandon married Mary Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII Tudor and Elizabeth Plantagenet, on 3 March 1515 at in secret, Paris, France.
Death24 August 1545Charles Brandon died on 24 August 1545.
  • Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk (c. 1484 – 22 August 1545), was the son of Sir William Brandon and Elizabeth Bruyn. Through his third wife Mary Tudor he was brother-in-law to Henry VIII. His father was the standard-bearer of King Henry VII and was slain by Richard III in person on Bosworth Field. Charles Brandon died of unknown causes at Guildford.

    Charles Brandon was brought up at the court of Henry VII. He is described by Dugdale as "a person comely of stature, high of courage and conformity of disposition to King Henry VIII, "with whom he became a great favourite". Brandon held a succession of offices in the royal household, becoming Master of the Horse in 1513, and received many valuable grants of land. On 15 May 1513, he was created Viscount Lisle, having entered into a marriage contract with his ward, Elizabeth Grey, suo jure Viscountess Lisle, who, however, refused to marry him when she came of age.

    He distinguished himself at the sieges of Thérouanne and Tournai in the French campaign of 1513. One of the agents of Margaret of Savoy, governor of the Netherlands, writing from before Thérouanne, reminded her that Lord Lisle was a "second king" and advised her to write him a kind letter.

    At this time, Henry VIII was secretly urging Margaret to marry Lisle, whom he created Duke of Suffolk, although he was careful to disclaim (on 4 March 1514) any complicity in the project to her father, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.

    After his marriage to Mary, Suffolk lived for some years in retirement, but he was present at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520. In 1523 he was sent to Calais to command the English troops there. He invaded France in company with Count de Buren, who was at the head of the Flemish troops, and laid waste the north of France, but disbanded his troops at the approach of winter.

    Unlike his wife, Suffolk was entirely in favour of Henry's divorce from Catherine of Aragon[citation needed], and in spite of his obligations to Wolsey he did not scruple to attack him when his fall was imminent, eventually remarking to the entire court in front of the King and Wolsey himself, "It was never merry in England while there were cardinals among us." The Cardinal, who was acquainted with Suffolk's private history, reminded him of his ingratitude: "If I, simple Cardinal, had not been, you should have had at this present no head upon your shoulders wherein you should have had a tongue to make any such report in despite of us."

    After Wolsey's disgrace, Suffolk's influence increased daily. He was sent with Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, to demand the Great Seal from Wolsey; the same noblemen conveyed the news of Anne Boleyn's marriage to King Henry, after his divorce from Queen Catherine, and Suffolk acted as High Steward at the new Queen's coronation. He was one of the commissioners appointed by Henry to dismiss Catherine's household, a task he found distasteful.

    He supported Henry's ecclesiastical policy, receiving a large share of the lands after the dissolution of the monasteries. In 1544, he was for the second time in command of an English army for the invasion of France. He died at Guildford, Surrey, on 24 August in the following year. At Henry VIII's expense he was buried at Windsor in St George's Chapel.

    Suffolk took part in the jousts which celebrated the marriage of Mary Tudor, Henry's sister, with Louis XII of France. He was accredited to negotiate various matters with Louis, and on Louis' death was sent to congratulate the new King, Francis I, and to negotiate Mary's return to England.

    Love between Suffolk and the young Dowager Queen Mary had existed before her marriage, and Francis roundly charged him with an intention to marry her. Francis, perhaps in the hope of Queen Claude's death, had himself been one of her suitors in the first week of her widowhood, and Mary asserted that she had given him her confidence to avoid his importunities.

    Francis and Henry both professed a friendly attitude towards the marriage of the lovers, but Suffolk had many political enemies, and Mary feared that she might again be sacrificed to political considerations. The truth was that Henry was anxious to obtain from Francis the gold plate and jewels which had been given or promised to the Queen by Louis in addition to the reimbursement of the expenses of her marriage with the King; and he practically made his acquiescence in Suffolk's suit dependent on his obtaining them. The pair cut short the difficulties by a private marriage, which Suffolk announced to Thomas Wolsey, who had been their fast friend, on 5 March 1515.

    Suffolk was saved from Henry's anger only by Wolsey, and the pair eventually agreed to pay to Henry £24,000 in yearly instalments of £1000, and the whole of Mary's dowry from Louis of £200,000, together with her plate and jewels. They were openly married at Greenwich Hall on 13 May. The Duke had been twice married already, to Margaret Neville (the widow of John Mortimer) and to Anne Browne, to whom he had been betrothed before his marriage with Margaret Mortimer. Anne Browne died in 1511, but Margaret Mortimer, from whom he had obtained a declaration of nullity on the ground of consanguinity, was still living. He secured in 1528 a bull from Pope Clement VII assuring the legitimacy of his marriage with Mary Tudor and of the daughters of Anne Browne, one of whom, Anne, was sent to the court of Margaret of Savoy.

    After the death of Mary Tudor on 24 June 1533 he married in 1533 his ward Catherine Willoughby (1520–1580), suo jure Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, then a girl of fifteen. By Catherine Willoughby he had two sons who showed great promise, Henry (1535–1551) and Charles (c. 1537 – 1551), Dukes of Suffolk. They died of the sweating sickness within an hour of one another.

    His paternal grandparents were a senior Sir William Brandon of Wangford, Suffolk (d. 1491), who served as Marshal of Marshalsea prison, and Elizabeth Wingfield (d. 28 April 1497).[1] His maternal grandparents were Sir Henry Bruyn and Elizabeth Darcy.1
  • 1st Duke of Suffolk.

Children of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Brandon,_1st_Duke_of_Suffolk.

Lady Frances Brandon

F, b. 16 July 1517, d. 11 November 1559
Father*Charles Brandon b. 1484, d. 24 Aug 1545
Mother*Mary Tudor b. 18 Mar 1496, d. 25 Jun 1533
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameMay 1533As of May 1533,her married name was Grey.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth16 July 1517Lady Frances Brandon was born on 16 July 1517.
She was the daughter of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor.
MarriageMay 1533Lady Frances Brandon married Henry Grey in May 1533.
Death11 November 1559Lady Frances Brandon died on 11 November 1559 at age 42.

Child of Lady Frances Brandon and Henry Grey

Henry Grey

M, b. 17 January 1517, d. 23 February 1554
Life EventDateDescription
Birth17 January 1517Henry Grey was born on 17 January 1517.
MarriageMay 1533He married Lady Frances Brandon, daughter of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor, in May 1533.
Death23 February 1554Henry Grey died on 23 February 1554 at beheaded at age 37.
  • 1st Duke of Suffolk, 3rd Marquess of Dorset.

Child of Henry Grey and Lady Frances Brandon

Lady Jane Grey

F, b. October 1537, d. 12 February 1554
Father*Henry Grey b. 17 Jan 1517, d. 23 Feb 1554
Mother*Lady Frances Brandon b. 16 Jul 1517, d. 11 Nov 1559
Lady Jane Grey
Life EventDateDescription
BirthOctober 1537Lady Jane Grey was born in October 1537.
She was the daughter of Henry Grey and Lady Frances Brandon.
Death12 February 1554Lady Jane Grey died on 12 February 1554 at beheaded at age 16.
  • Lady Frances was the daughter of Princess Mary, the younger sister of Henry VIII, and was thus the first cousin of Edward VI.
  • Lady Jane Grey was a claimant to the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Ireland. She was de facto monarch of England after the death of Edward VI for just over a week in July 1553. Residing in the Tower of London during her short reign, she never left the premises again. Her execution in February 1554 was caused by her father's involvement in Wyatt's rebellion. Lady Jane Grey's rule of less than two weeks is the shortest rule of England in its history.
  • Queen of England 10 July 1553 – 19 July 1553.

Margaret Madryn

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Owen.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret Madryn married Edward Owen, son of David Lloyd Owen.

Child of Margaret Madryn and Edward Owen

Margaret De Everingham

F, b. 1331, d. 1375
Father*Adam De Everingham b. 1307, d. 1388
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Hastings.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMargaret De Everingham married Hugh de Hastings.
Birth1331Margaret De Everingham was born in 1331.
She was the daughter of Adam De Everingham.
Death1375Margaret De Everingham died in 1375.

Child of Margaret De Everingham and Hugh de Hastings

Hugh de Hastings

M, d. 1386
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHugh de Hastings was also known as de Hastings.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHugh de Hastings married Margaret De Everingham, daughter of Adam De Everingham.
MarriageHugh de Hastings married Anne Despenser, daughter of Edward le Despenser and Elizabeth de Burghersh.
Death1386Hugh de Hastings died in 1386.

Child of Hugh de Hastings and Margaret De Everingham

Adam De Everingham

M, b. 1307, d. 1388
Father*(?) De Everingham
Mother*Clarice De La Warre b. 1285, d. 1308
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1307Adam De Everingham was born in 1307.
He was the son of (?) De Everingham and Clarice De La Warre.
Death1388Adam De Everingham died in 1388.

Child of Adam De Everingham

Clarice De La Warre

F, b. 1285, d. 1308
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Everingham.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageClarice De La Warre married (?) De Everingham.
Birth1285Clarice De La Warre was born in 1285.
Death1308She died in 1308.

Child of Clarice De La Warre and (?) De Everingham

(?) De Everingham

M
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) De Everingham married Clarice De La Warre.

Child of (?) De Everingham and Clarice De La Warre

Henry Brandon

M, b. 11 March 1516, d. 1522
Father*Charles Brandon b. 1484, d. 24 Aug 1545
Mother*Mary Tudor b. 18 Mar 1496, d. 25 Jun 1533
Life EventDateDescription
Birth11 March 1516Henry Brandon was born on 11 March 1516.
He was the son of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor.
Death1522Henry Brandon died in 1522.

Lady Eleanor Brandon

F, b. 1519, d. 27 September 1547
Father*Charles Brandon b. 1484, d. 24 Aug 1545
Mother*Mary Tudor b. 18 Mar 1496, d. 25 Jun 1533
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Clifford.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1519Lady Eleanor Brandon was born in 1519.
She was the daughter of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor.
Death27 September 1547Lady Eleanor Brandon died on 27 September 1547.

Henry Brandon

M, b. circa 1523, d. 1 March 1534
Father*Charles Brandon b. 1484, d. 24 Aug 1545
Mother*Mary Tudor b. 18 Mar 1496, d. 25 Jun 1533
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1523Henry Brandon was born circa 1523.
He was the son of Charles Brandon and Mary Tudor.
Death1 March 1534Henry Brandon died on 1 March 1534.
  • 1st Earl of Lincoln.

Sir Richard Wingfield

M, b. circa 1456, d. 22 July 1525
Father*Sir John Wingfield b. 1428, d. 10 May 1481
Mother*Elizabeth Fitzlewis b. 1431, d. 1500
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1456Sir Richard Wingfield was born circa 1456.
He was the son of Sir John Wingfield and Elizabeth Fitzlewis.
Marriageafter 1495Sir Richard Wingfield married Catherine Woodville, daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, after 1495.
Marriageafter 1509Sir Richard Wingfield married Bridget Wiltshire, daughter of John Wiltshire and Isabella Clothall, after 1509.
Death22 July 1525Sir Richard Wingfield died on 22 July 1525.
  • Sir Richard Wingfield (c. 1456 – 22 July 1525) was an influential courtier and diplomat in the early years of the Tudor dynasty of England.

    He was born at Letheringham, Suffolk to Sir John Wingfield (c. 1428 – 10 May 1481) and his wife Elizabeth FitzLewis (c. 1431-1497). He was one of twelve or thirteen sons. His paternal grandparents were Sir Robert Wingfield and Elizabeth Gousell. He was one of the major landowners in Huntingdonshire and lived at Kimbolton Castle.

    Wingfield became a courtier during the reign of Henry VII of England. He married Catherine Woodville sometime after 1495. She was daughter to Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, sister to Elizabeth Woodville, sister-in-law to Edward IV of England and widow of both Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Jasper Tudor, 1st Duke of Bedford. The marriage made him an uncle-by-marriage to Queen consort Elizabeth of York and her husband Henry VII.

    He was made Lord Deputy of Calais in 1511. With Sir Edward Poynings and others he was sent in 1512 to arrange a Holy League between Pope Julius II, the English king and other European sovereigns.

    In 1514, Wingfield was sent to the Netherlands in order to attempt the arrangement of a marriage between Archduke Charles of Austria and Princess Mary Tudor of England, to secure a dynastic alliance between the Tudors and the rising Habsburgs. But Wingfield's mission failed, and Mary Tudor was married to Louis XII of France in 1514. Wingfield was also occupied in discharging his duties at Calais, but in 1519 he resigned his post there and returned to England.

    In 1520, Wingfield was appointed ambassador to the court of Francis I of France. He is known to have helped in the arranging the meeting between Henry VIII of England and Francis at the Field of the Cloth of Gold. He twice visited Emperor Charles V in 1521 in an effort to convince him against declaring war on Francis I.

    Henry VIII created him a Knight of the Garter in 1522. The future Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor was the only other Knight created during that year. Wingfield was made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1524. For his services Wingfield was granted lands throughout the Kingdom of England, notably Kimbolton Castle which was further expanded by him.

    While on an errand to the Spanish court, Wingfield died at Toledo on 22 July 1525. He is buried at St John de Pois in that city. His widow was later married first to Sir Nicholas Harvey of Ickworth and secondly to Sir Robert Tyrwhitt of Kettleby.

    His first wife Catherine died about 1509, and Wingfield was a widower for some time. He married in about 1513, his second wife, Bridget Wiltshire, daughter and heiress of Sir John Wiltshire of Stone Castle and Isabella Clothall. They were parents to ten children.1

Child of Sir Richard Wingfield and Bridget Wiltshire

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Richard_Wingfield

Richard Woodville

M
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard Woodville was also known as Wydeville.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRichard Woodville married Jacquetta of Luxembourg, daughter of Peter I of Luxembourg and Margaret de Baux.
  • 1st Earl Rivers.

Children of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg

Jacquetta of Luxembourg

F, b. circa 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Father*Peter I of Luxembourg b. 1390, d. 31 Aug 1433
Mother*Margaret de Baux b. 1394, d. 15 Nov 1469
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Woodville.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJacquetta of Luxembourg married Richard Woodville.
Birthcirca 1416Jacquetta of Luxembourg was born circa 1416.
She was the daughter of Peter I of Luxembourg and Margaret de Baux.
Death30 May 1472Jacquetta of Luxembourg died on 30 May 1472.
  • Jacquetta of Luxembourg (1415/1416 – 30 May 1472) was the elder daughter of Peter I, Count of St Pol, Conversano and Brienne and his wife Margaret de Baux (Margherita del Balzo of Andria). She was the mother of Elizabeth Woodville, queen to King Edward IV of England.

    Her father Peter I of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol was also the hereditary Count of Brienne from 1397 to his death in 1433.

    Peter had succeeded his father John, Lord of Beauvoir and mother Marguerite of Enghien. They had co-reigned as Count and Countess of Brienne from 1394 to her death in 1397.

    John was a fourth-generation descendant of Waleran I of Luxembourg, Lord of Ligny, second son of Henry V of Luxembourg and Margaret of Bar. This cadet line of the House of Luxembourg reigned in Ligny-en-Barrois.

    Her mother Margaret de Baux was a daughter of Francois de Baux, Duke of Andria and Sueva Orsini. Sueva was a daughter of Nicola Orsini, Count of Nola (27 August 1331 – 14 February 1399) and Jeanne de Sabran.

    Nicola Orsini was a son of Roberto Orsini, Count of Nola (1295-1345) and Sibilla del Balzo. Sibilla was a daughter of Hugh de Baux, Great Seneschal of the Kingdom of Naples.

    Roberto Orsini was a son of Romano Orsini, Royal Vicar of Rome and Anastasia de Montfort. Anastasia was the oldest daughter and heiress of Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola and Margherita Aldobrandeschi.

    Guy de Montfort was a son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was the youngest child of John of England and his Queen consort Isabella of Angoulême.

    Jacquetta herself was an eighth-generation descendant of John and thus distantly related to the Kings of England descending from him.

    On 22 April 1433 at 17 years of age, Jacquetta married John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford at Therouenne. The Duke was the third son of King Henry IV of England and Mary de Bohun.

    Jacquetta was a cousin of Sigismund of Luxembourg, the reigning Holy Roman Emperor, and King of Bohemia and Hungary. The marriage was meant to strengthen the ties of the Kingdom of England with the Holy Roman Empire and to increase English influence in the affairs of Continental Europe.

    The marriage was childless and the Duke died on 15 September 1435 at Rouen.

    Sir Richard Woodville, son of Sir Richard Wydevill who had served as the late Duke's chamberlain, was commissioned by Henry VI of England to bring the young widow to England. During the journey, the couple fell in love and married in secret (before 23 March 1436/1437), without seeking the king's permission. Enraged, Henry VI refused to see them but was mollified by the payment of a fine. The marriage was long and very fruitful: Jacquetta and Richard had sixteen children, including the future Queen Elizabeth.

    By the mid-1440s, the Woodvilles were in ascendancy. Jacquetta was related to both the King and Queen Margaret. Her sister, Isabelle de Saint Pol, married Queen Margaret's brother while Jacquetta was the widow of Henry VI's uncle. As royalty, she outranked all ladies at Court with the exception of the Queen. As a personal favourite and close relative of the Queen, she also enjoyed special privileges and influence at court. Margaret influenced Henry to create Richard Woodville Baron Rivers in 1448, and he was a prominent partisan of the House of Lancaster as the Wars of the Roses began.1

Children of Jacquetta of Luxembourg and Richard Woodville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacquetta_of_Luxembourg

Elizabeth Woodville

F, b. circa 1437, d. 8 June 1492
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Grey.
Name VariationElizabeth Woodville was also known as Wydeville.
Married NameHer married name was of Lancaster.
Married Name1 May 1464As of 1 May 1464,her married name was of England.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageElizabeth Woodville married Sir John Grey of Groby.
Birthcirca 1437Elizabeth Woodville was born circa 1437.
She was the daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.
Marriage1 May 1464Elizabeth Woodville married King Edward IV of England, son of Richard of York and Cecily Neville, on 1 May 1464.
Death8 June 1492Elizabeth Woodville died on 8 June 1492.
  • Queen consort of Edward IV, King of England, from 1464 until his death in 1483.

Child of Elizabeth Woodville and King Edward IV of England

Sir John Grey of Groby

M, d. 1461
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSir John Grey of Groby married Elizabeth Woodville, daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.
Death1461Sir John Grey of Groby died in 1461 at at the Second Battle of St Albans.

King Edward IV of England

M, b. 28 April 1442, d. 9 April 1483
Father*Richard of York b. 21 Sep 1411, d. 30 Dec 1460
Mother*Cecily Neville b. 1415, d. 1495
Edward IV of England
Life EventDateDescription
Birth28 April 1442King Edward IV of England was born on 28 April 1442.
He was the son of Richard of York and Cecily Neville.
Marriage1 May 1464King Edward IV of England married Elizabeth Woodville, daughter of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, on 1 May 1464.
Death9 April 1483King Edward IV of England died on 9 April 1483 at age 40.

Child of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville

Richard of York

M, b. 21 September 1411, d. 30 December 1460
Father*Richard of England b. 1376, d. 5 Aug 1415
Mother*Anne Mortimer
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard of York was also known as Plantagenet.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRichard of York married Cecily Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Birth21 September 1411Richard of York was born on 21 September 1411.
He was the son of Richard of England and Anne Mortimer.
Death30 December 1460Richard of York died on 30 December 1460 at age 49.
  • 3rd Duke of York.
  • Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (21 September, 1411 – 30 December, 1460) was a leading English magnate, descended from King Edward III. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's queen, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to claim the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death. Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle.

    Although Richard never became king, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III.

    He was the second child of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge and Anne Mortimer. Anne was the senior heiress of Lionel of Antwerp, the second surviving son of Edward III; this arguably gave her and her family a superior claim to the throne over that of the House of Lancaster. Anne died giving birth to Richard. He was a younger brother of Isabel Plantagenet.

    His paternal grandparents were Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (the fourth son of Edward III to survive infancy) and Isabella of Castile. His maternal grandparents were Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March and Alianore Holland.

    His father was executed for his part in the Southampton Plot against Henry V on 5 August, 1415, and attainted. Richard therefore inherited neither lands nor title from his father. However his paternal uncle Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, who was killed at the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October, 1415, was childless and Richard was his closest male relative.

    After some hesitation Henry V allowed Richard to inherit the title and (at his majority) the lands of the Duchy of York. The lesser title and (in due course) greater estates of the Earldom of March also became his on the death of his maternal uncle Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, on 19 January, 1425. The reason for Henry's hesitation was that Edmund Mortimer had been proclaimed several times to have a stronger claim to the throne than Henry's father, Henry IV of England, by factions rebelling against him. However, during his lifetime, Mortimer remained a faithful supporter of the House of Lancaster.

    Richard of York already had the Mortimer and Cambridge claims to the English throne; once he inherited the March, he also became the wealthiest and most powerful noble in England, second only to the King himself.

    Within a few weeks of Richard of York's death, his eldest surviving son was acclaimed King Edward IV, and finally established the House of York on the throne following a decisive victory over the Lancastrians at the Battle of Towton. After an occasionally tumultuous reign, he died in 1483 and York's youngest son succeeded him as Richard III.

    Richard of York's grandchildren included Edward V and Elizabeth of York. Elizabeth married Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty and became the mother of Henry VIII, Margaret Tudor and Mary Tudor. All subsequent English monarchs have been descendants of Elizabeth of York.1

Children of Richard of York and Cecily Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard,_3rd_Duke_of_York.

Cecily Neville

F, b. 1415, d. 1495
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of York.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageCecily Neville married Richard of York, son of Richard of England and Anne Mortimer.
Birth1415Cecily Neville was born in 1415.
She was the daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Death1495Cecily Neville died in 1495.
  • Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (3 May 1415 – 31 May 1495)[1] was the wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and the mother of two Kings of England: Edward IV and Richard III.

    Cecily Neville was a daughter to Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland. Her maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault.

    Cecily was called "the Rose of Raby" (because she was born at Raby Castle in Durham, Kingdom of England) and "Proud Cis" because of her pride and a temper that went with it. Historically she is also known for her piety. She herself signed her name "Cecylle".

    In 1424, when Cecily was nine years old, she was betrothed by her father to his thirteen year old ward, Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. Ralph Neville died in October 1425, bequeathing the wardship of Richard to his widow, Joan Beaufort. Cecily and Richard were married by October 1429. Their daughter Anne was born in August 1439 in Northamptonshire. When Richard became a king's lieutenant and governor general of France in 1441 and moved to Rouen, Cecily moved with him. Their son Henry was born in February but died soon after.

    The future Edward IV was born in Rouen on 28 April 1442 and immediately privately baptised in a small side chapel. He would later be accused of illegitimacy directly by his cousin, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and by his own brother, George, Duke of Clarence; this was probably because George and Warwick were in dispute with Edward and seeking to overthrow him. The claims would later be dismissed. Some modern historians use Edward's date of birth as an evidence of illegitimacy: the Duke had been away in the calculated days of conception and the baby's baptism was a simple and private affair (unlike that of his younger brother, George, which was public and lavish). Although some historians suggest that the baby was prematurely born, there are no surviving records of this. Other historians point out that Cecily's husband could easily, by the military conventions of the time, have returned briefly to Rouen, where Cecily was living at the time. In any case, Richard acknowledged the baby as his own which establishes legal paternity.

    Around 1454, when Richard began to resent the influence of Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, Cecily spoke with Queen consort Margaret of Anjou on his behalf. When Henry VI suffered a nervous breakdown later in the year, Richard of York established himself as a Protector.

    After the outbreak of the Wars of the Roses, Cecily remained at their home, Ludlow Castle, even when Richard fled to Ireland and Continental Europe. At the same time she surreptitiously worked for the cause of the House of York. When a parliament began to debate the fate of the York and his supporters in November 1459, Cecily travelled to London to plead for her husband. One contemporary commentator stated that she had reputedly convinced the king to promise a pardon if the Duke would appear in the parliament in eight days. This failed and Richard's lands were confiscated, but Cecily managed to gain an annual grant of £600 to support her and her children.

    After the Yorkist victory at the Battle of Northamptonin July 1460, Cecily moved to London with her children and lived with John Paston. She carried the royal arms before Richard in triumph in London in September. When the Duke of York and his heirs officially recognized as Henry VI's successors in the Act of Accord, Cecily became a queen-in-waiting and even received a copy of the English chronicle from the chronicler John Hardyng.

    In the Battle of Wakefield (30 December 1460), the Lancastrians won a decisive victory. The Duke of York, his second son Edmund, Earl of Rutland and Cecily's brother Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury were among the casualties. Cecily sent her two youngest sons, George and Richard to the court of Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. This forced Philip to ally with the Yorkists.

    Her eldest son Edward successfully continued the fight against the Lancastrians. When Cecily moved to Baynard's Castle in London, it became the Yorkist headquarters and when Edward defeated the Lancastrians, she became an effective Queen Mother.

    During the beginning of the Edward's reign, Cecily appeared beside him and maintained her influence. In 1461 she revised her coat of arms to include the royal arms of England, hinting that her husband had been a rightful king. When Edward married Elizabeth Woodville, he built new queen's quarters for her and let his mother to remain in the queen's quarters in which she had been living.

    In 1469, her nephew, the Earl of Warwick, father-in-law of her sons George and Richard, rebelled against Edward IV. Warwick also begun to spread rumours that the king was a bastard and that his true father was not the Duke of York but an archer named Blaybourne at Rouen, evidence of which has been assembled.[2]. By some interpretations, that would have meant that Clarence was the rightful king. Warwick had earlier made similar accusations against Margaret of Anjou. Cecily said little about the matter in public, despite the fact that she had been accused of adultery. She visited Sandwich, possibly trying to reconcile the parties. When the rebellion failed the first time, she invited Edward and George to London to reconcile them. Peace did not last long and in the forthcoming war she still tried to make peace between her sons.

    Edward IV was briefly overthrown by Warwick and Margaret of Anjou, and for about six months (October 1470 - April 1471) Henry VI was restored to the throne. The breach between Edward and his brother George was apparently never really healed, for George was executed for treason in the Tower of London on 18 February 1478. Edward IV died suddenly on 9 April 1483. After several tumultuous weeks, Cecily's final son, Richard, was crowned Richard III on 6 July 1483, but his reign was brief, as he was defeated and killed on 22 August, 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth Field. Thus, by 1485 Cecily's husband and four sons had all died, although two of her daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret, still lived. On 18 January 1486, Cecily's granddaughter, Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV, married Henry VII and thus became queen. Cecily devoted herself to religious duties and her reputation for piety comes from this period.

    Cecily Neville died in 31 May 1495 and was buried in the tomb with Richard and their son Edmund at Fotheringhay Church, Northamptonshire, with a papal indulgence. All future English monarchs, beginning with Henry VIII, are descendants of Elizabeth of York, and therefore of Cecily Neville.1

Children of Cecily Neville and Richard of York

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecily_Neville

Richard Neville

M, b. 22 November 1428, d. 14 April 1471
Father*Richard Neville b. 1400, d. 31 Dec 1460
Mother*Alice Montagu b. 1407, d. b 9 Dec 1462
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRichard Neville married Lady Anne de Beauchamp, daughter of Richard de Beauchamp and Isabel le Despenser.
Birth22 November 1428Richard Neville was born on 22 November 1428.
He was the son of Richard Neville and Alice Montagu.
Death14 April 1471Richard Neville died on 14 April 1471 at age 42.
  • Richard Neville, jure uxoris 16th Earl of Warwick and suo jure 6th Earl of Salisbury[1] (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), known as Warwick the Kingmaker, was an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander. The son of Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, with political connections that went beyond the country's borders. One of the main protagonists in the Wars of the Roses, he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of "Kingmaker".

    Through fortunes of marriage and inheritance, Warwick emerged in the 1450s at the centre of English politics. Originally a supporter of King Henry VI, a territorial dispute with the Duke of Somerset led him to collaborate with Richard, Duke of York, opposing the king. From this conflict he gained the strategically valuable post of Captain of Calais, a position that benefited him greatly in the years to come. The political conflict later turned into full-scale rebellion, and both York and Warwick's father, Salisbury, fell in battle. York's son, however, later triumphed with Warwick's assistance, and was crowned King Edward IV. Edward initially ruled with Warwick's support, but the two later fell out over foreign policy and the king's choice of partner in marriage. After a failed plot to crown Edward's brother, George, Duke of Clarence, Warwick instead restored Henry VI to the throne. The triumph was short-lived however: on 14 April 1471 Warwick was defeated by Edward at the Battle of Barnet, and killed.

    Warwick had no sons. The eldest of his two daughters, Isabel, married George, Duke of Clarence. His youngest daughter Anne – after a short-lived marriage to King Henry's son Edward – married King Edward's younger brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who later became King Richard III.

    Warwick's historical legacy has been a matter of much dispute. Historical opinion has alternated between seeing him as self-centred and rash, and regarding him as a victim of the whims of an ungrateful king. It is generally agreed, however, that in his own time he enjoyed great popularity in all layers of society, and that he was skilled at appealing to popular sentiments for political support.1
  • 16th Earl of Warwick and 6th Earl of Salisbury.

Children of Richard Neville and Lady Anne de Beauchamp

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Neville,_Earl_of_Warwick.

Lady Anne de Beauchamp

F, b. 13 July 1426, d. 20 September 1492
Father*Richard de Beauchamp b. 23 Jan 1382, d. 30 Apr 1439
Mother*Isabel le Despenser b. 26 Jul 1400, d. 27 Dec 1439
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Neville.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageLady Anne de Beauchamp married Richard Neville, son of Richard Neville and Alice Montagu.
Birth13 July 1426Lady Anne de Beauchamp was born on 13 July 1426.
She was the daughter of Richard de Beauchamp and Isabel le Despenser.
Death20 September 1492Lady Anne de Beauchamp died on 20 September 1492 at age 66.

Children of Lady Anne de Beauchamp and Richard Neville

Lady Eleanor Beauchamp

F, b. 1407, d. 6 March 1467
Father*Richard de Beauchamp b. 23 Jan 1382, d. 30 Apr 1439
Mother*Elizabeth de Berkeley b. 1386, d. 28 Dec 1422
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1427As of before 1427,her married name was De Ros.
Married Namebetween 1431 and 1435As of between 1431 and 1435,her married name was Beaufort.
Married Nameafter 1443As of after 1443,her married name was Rokesley.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1407Lady Eleanor Beauchamp was born in 1407.
She was the daughter of Richard de Beauchamp and Elizabeth de Berkeley.
Marriagebefore 1427Lady Eleanor Beauchamp married Thomas De Ros, son of Sir William De Ros and Margaret Fitzalan, before 1427.
Marriagebetween 1431 and 1435Lady Eleanor Beauchamp married Edmund Beaufort, son of John Beaufort and Margaret De Holand, between 1431 and 1435.
Marriageafter 1443Lady Eleanor Beauchamp married Walter Rokesley after 1443.
Death6 March 1467Lady Eleanor Beauchamp died on 6 March 1467.
  • Lady Eleanor Beauchamp, Baroness de Ros and Duchess of Somerset (1407 – 6 March 1467) at Wedgenock, Warwickshire, England, was the second daughter of Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and Elizabeth de Berkeley.[1]

    She was married to Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros.[2] They were parents of the following surviving issue:

    Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros (September 9, 1427 - May 17, 1464).
    Richard de Ros (March 8, 1429 - after 1492).
    Margaret de Ros (1432 - December 10, 1488). Married first William Botreaux, 3rd Baron Bocastle, secondly Thomas Borough, 1st Baron Borough of Gainsborough.

    Eleanor married Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset sometime between 1431 and 1435 in an unlicensed marriage, although this was pardoned on 7 March 1438. He was the son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Lady Margaret Holland.1

Child of Lady Eleanor Beauchamp and Thomas De Ros

Children of Lady Eleanor Beauchamp and Edmund Beaufort

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Eleanor_Beauchamp

Richard de Beauchamp

M, b. 23 January 1382, d. 30 April 1439
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRichard de Beauchamp married Elizabeth de Berkeley, daughter of Thomas de Berkeley and Margaret de Lisle.
Birth23 January 1382Richard de Beauchamp was born on 23 January 1382.
Marriageafter 1422He married Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Thomas le Despenser and Princess Constance Plantagenet, after 1422 at her 1st husband's cousin.
Death30 April 1439Richard de Beauchamp died on 30 April 1439 at age 57.
  • 13th Earl of Warwick.
  • Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick (23 January 1382 – 30 April 1439) was an English medieval nobleman and military commander.

    He was born at Salwarpe in Worcestershire, the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, and Margaret, daughter of the 3rd Lord Ferrers of Groby.

    Soon after reaching his majority and taking responsibility for the Earldom in 1403, he had to defend against a Welsh rebellion led by Owain Glyndwr. In the summer of 1404 he rode into what is today Monmouthshire at the head of a force and engaged Welsh forces at the Battle of Mynydd Cwmdu, near Tretower Castle a few miles northwest of Crickhowell – nearly capturing Owain Glyndwr himself and capturing Owain's banner, forcing the Welsh to flee down the valley of the River Usk where the Welsh regrouped and turned the tables on the pursuing English force, attempting an ambush and chasing them in turn to the town walls of Monmouth after a skirmish at Craig-y-Dorth, a conical hill near Mitchel Troy.

    He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1403 (or possibly later, in any case by 1416).

    Warwick acquired quite a reputation for chivalry, and when in 1408 he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was challenged many times to fight in the sporting combat which was then popular. On the return trip he went through Russia and Eastern Europe, not returning to England until 1410.

    Once back he was asked to serve in the retinue of the Prince of Wales, and in 1413 was Lord High Steward at the Prince's coronation as Henry V. The next year he helped put down the Lollard uprising, and then went to Normandy. He spent much of the next decade fighting the French in the Hundred Years' War. In 1419 he was created Count of Aumale, part of the King's policy of giving out Norman titles to his nobles.

    Henry V's will gave Warwick the responsibility for the education of the infant Henry VI. This duty required him to travel back and forth between England and Normandy many times. In 1437 the Royal Council deemed his duty complete, and he was appointed lieutenant of France and Normandy. He remained in France for the remaining two years of his life.1

Children of Richard de Beauchamp and Elizabeth de Berkeley

Children of Richard de Beauchamp and Isabel le Despenser

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Beauchamp,_13th_Earl_of_Warwick.

Anne Neville

F, b. 11 June 1456, d. 16 March 1485
Father*Richard Neville b. 22 Nov 1428, d. 14 Apr 1471
Mother*Lady Anne de Beauchamp b. 13 Jul 1426, d. 20 Sep 1492
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.
Married Name1470As of 1470,her married name was of Westminster.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAnne Neville married King Richard III of England, son of Richard of York and Cecily Neville.
Birth11 June 1456Anne Neville was born on 11 June 1456.
She was the daughter of Richard Neville and Lady Anne de Beauchamp.
Marriage1470Anne Neville married Edward of Westminster, son of Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, in 1470.
Death16 March 1485Anne Neville died on 16 March 1485 at age 28.
  • Princess of Wales as spouse of Edward of Westminster and Queen of England as spouse of King Richard III.