Sir Ralph Percy

M, d. 25 April 1464
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472

Robert Neville

M, b. 1408, d. 1457
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
     Bishop of Durham. Robert Neville (1408–1457) was a Bishop of Salisbury and a Bishop of Durham. He was also a Provost of Beverley. He was born at Raby Castle. His father was Ralph Neville and his mother was Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt. He was thus a highly-placed member of the English aristocracy

He was nominated Bishop of Salisbury on 9 July 1427, and consecrated on 26 October 1427. He was then translated to Durham on 27 January 1438.[1]

He died on 8 July 1457.[2]

Later in the century, George Neville, of the same great northern house of Neville, brother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, the "Kingmaker" was archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor of England.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

William Neville

M, b. circa 1410, d. 1463
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Neville was also known as Lord Fauconberge.
     William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1410–1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.

Born circa 1410, he was the second son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife, Joan Beaufort.

His mother was the legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third surviving son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. William was therefore a great-grandson of Edward III. However, the terms of the legitimisation of the Beaufort family specifically excluded them or their descendants from succession to the throne.

William was one of a number of the Neville sons to make a good match, marrying the Fauconberg heiress and taking the title Lord Fauconberg — just as his nephew Richard Neville (Warwick the Kingmaker) married the Warwick heiress and became Earl of Warwick. William's marriage took place at some point before 1422. His wife Joan was 4 years older than him, and was described as an idiot from birth. The Fauconberg estates were in North Yorkshire, a centre of power for other members of the Neville family.

He seemingly had a conventional military career during the earlier part of Henry VI's reign. Knighted in May 1426, he was serving on the Scottish Borders in 1435. In 1436 he was serving with Richard, Duke of York, in France — his first contact with a man who was later to receive his allegiance. By 1439 he was a field commander in France, with Lords Talbot and Scales. In 1440 he was made a Knight of the Garter.

By 1443 he was back in England, and on the 7 March he took custody of Roxburgh castle. He was granted £1,000 per annum (around £1,000,000 at 2005 prices) during peace, twice this if at war with Scotland, and until 1448, satisfactory payment was made. However, in 1449 he returned to France as part of a diplomatic mission, and in May 1449 he was captured at Pont l'Arche in Normandy. While in captivity in France, he spent 2 years of his own income supporting the upkeep of the castle. In spite of a grant from Parliament in 1449, by 1451 he was owed £4,109. He was forced to settle for less.

In 1453 he was ransomed (for 8,000 French ecus) and freed from captivity. He still had the custody of Roxburgh castle, but was impoverished by maintaining this and by his captivity in France. By now he was owed £1,000 by the government. He settled this by accepting a grant of 1,000 marks from the customs at Newcastle. Not only was this only worth about two-thirds of the original amount, there was no guarantee that he would ever get the money. As Griffths says

"What is so remarkable about his tale is that the Lancastrian crown could command [his] loyalty"

Until this point, he can be seen as a loyal member of the supporters of the House of Lancaster. However, at some time during the next two years, his allegiance began to change. He was a member of Richard, Duke of York's council during Henry VI's second period of madness. Although he was with the Lancastrian nobility at the first battle of St Albans (1455), after the battle he was appointed by York to be joint Constable of Windsor Castle.

We cannot know why he changed sides. Did York (short of support among the nobility) try to gain Fauconberg's allegiance? As a member of the Neville clan, Fauconberg had good family reasons for siding with York, who was after all, his brother-in-law. Warwick (Fauconberg's nephew) begins his rise to fame after 1455, and Fauconberg would be associated with Warwick for the next five years. His treatment over the custody of Roxburgh Castle must have rankled.

In the years 1455–1460, Fauconberg consolidated his position as a member of the Yorkist camp, and strengthened his position as an ally of Warwick. In 1457 he joined Warwick (appointed Captain of Calais) as his deputy. Warwick used Calais as a base for what was essentially piracy, and Fauconberg seems to have been happy to assist. He was in England in 1458, and in May he was briefly imprisoned in London — but he was bailed by Warwick and returned to Calais.

After the Yorkist disaster at Ludford, he helped Warwick regain control of Calais. In June 1460 he provided the springboard for the Yorkist invasion of England by capturing and holding Sandwich. This port was to be used as a bridgehead, and on 26 June he was joined there by Edward of March (eldest son of Richard of York, and the future Edward IV of England), Salisbury (his elder brother) and Warwick. By early July they were in London, and on 3 July the Yorkist forces, led by Fauconberg and numbering as many as 10,000 men, headed north, meeting Henry VI's army at Northampton on the 10th. As was traditional, the Yorkist army split into 3 “battles,” commanded by Fauconberg, Edward of March and Warwick. Fauconberg led the van (the leading army) and formed the right wing during the attack. Both his bravery and small stature were recorded in a Yorkist ballad — “little Lord Fauconberg, a knight of great reverence”.

After the victory at Northampton, and with Warwick remaining in England, Fauconberg returned to Calais as Lieutenant, thus missing the Yorkist disasters at Wakefield and the second battle of St Albans. Early in 1461 he returned to England, joining the newly crowned Edward IV in London. On 11 March he led the vanguard of the Yorkist army north, and as at Northampton was in the van at the battle of Towton on the 29th. Victory there established the Yorkist supremacy.

The rewards of victory followed. He was made a member of the King's Council, and appointed Lieutenant of the North. On the 1st November he was created Earl of Kent, and appointed Steward of the Royal Household. In July 1462 he was appointed Lord Admiral, and in August that year he was granted 46 manors in the west country.

Edward IV relied on him for both land and naval warfare. Following the victory at Towton, he took part in the gradual establishment of royal control in Northumberland, heading a garrison of 120 men at Newcastle in the summer of 1461, and taking part in the siege of Alnwick in November 1462. Between these dates he was back in Calais, raiding the Breton coast in August 1462, then burning le Conquet near Brest, and raiding the Ile de Re.

He died on 9 January 1463, and was buried at Guisborough Priory, in the heart of his Fauconberg lands. He was survived by his wife, who died in 1490 at the age of 84 (thus living through the reigns of all the kings of the 15th century). He had 3 daughters from his marriage, and one acknowledged illegitimate son, Thomas Neville. Known as the Bastard of Fauconberg, he was to lead a revolt later in Edward IV's reign.

William Nevill is an under-rated figure in the rise to power of the Yorkist regime. More successful as a military leader than the more famous Warwick, his reputation is summed up in Goodman's words:

"No other veteran of the Anglo-French Wars won such distinction in the Wars of the Roses."1 1st Earl of Kent.


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan Fauconberg

F, b. circa 1406
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan Fauconberg was also known as Baroness Fauconberge.
Married Namebefore 1422As of before 1422,her married name was Neville.

Richard of England

M, b. 1376, d. 5 August 1415
Father*Prince Edward of England b. 5 Jun 1341, d. 1 Aug 1402
Mother*Infanta Isabella of Castille b. c 1355, d. 23 Dec 1392
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard of England was also known as Plantagenet.
Name VariationRichard of England was also known as of Conisburgh.
     3rd Earl of Cambridge.

Children of Richard of England and Anne Mortimer

Anne Mortimer

Father*Roger Mortimer b. 11 Apr 1374, d. 20 Jul 1398
Mother*Alianore Holland
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.

Children of Anne Mortimer and Richard of England

Roger Mortimer

M, b. 11 April 1374, d. 20 July 1398
Father*Edmund de Mortimer b. c 1351, d. 27 Dec 1381
Mother*Philippa Plantagenet b. 16 Aug 1355, d. 5 Jan 1382
     4th Earl of March.

Child of Roger Mortimer and Alianore Holland

Alianore Holland

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Mortimer.

Child of Alianore Holland and Roger Mortimer

Hugh Swynford

M, b. 1340, d. 1372

Catherine De Hainault

F, b. 1315, d. 1372
Father*(?) De Hainault
Mother*Jeanne De Valois b. 1294, d. 1342
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Roet.

Child of Catherine De Hainault and (?) De Roet

(?) De Roet


Child of (?) De Roet and Catherine De Hainault

Jeanne De Valois

F, b. 1294, d. 1342
Father*Charles De Valois b. 1270, d. 1325
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Hainault.

Child of Jeanne De Valois and (?) De Hainault

(?) De Hainault


Child of (?) De Hainault and Jeanne De Valois

Charles De Valois

M, b. 1270, d. 1325
Father*Philip The Bold de France b. 30 Apr 1245, d. 5 Oct 1285
Mother*Isabella of Aragon b. 1247, d. 28 Jan 1271

Child of Charles De Valois

Children of Charles De Valois and Mahaut of Chatillon

Isabelle De Valois

F, b. 1313, d. 1383
Father*Charles De Valois b. 1270, d. 1325
Mother*Mahaut of Chatillon
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabelle De Valois was also known as Isabella.
Married Name25 January 1336As of 25 January 1336,her married name was De Bourbon.
     Isabella of Valois, Duchess of Bourbon or Isabella of France (1313 – 26 July 1383), was a French noblewoman, and a daughter of Charles of Valois by his third wife Mahaut of Chatillon. She was the wife of Peter I, Duke of Bourbon. One of her daughters, Jeanne of Bourbon became the Queen consort of King Charles V of France, and through her, Isabella was the maternal grandmother of King Charles VI.

Her paternal grandparents were Philip IV of France and Isabella of Aragon. Her maternal grandparents were Guy IV, Count of Saint-Pol and Marie of Brittany.

She was a sister of Blanche of Valois, who married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Blanche's daughter was Katharine of Bohemia. Isabella's other sister was Marie of Valois who married Charles, Duke of Calabria in 1323. Marie was the mother of Joan I of Naples. Isabella had a brother called Louis, he became Count of Chartres, but he died aged ten.

When her father died in 1325 all his titles went to Isabella's older half siblings by his first marriage to Marguerite of Anjou and Maine.

[edit] Marriage and issue
On 25 January 1336 Isabella married Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, son of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon and Mary of Avesnes. Peter and Isabella had only one son, Louis and seven daughters. Her husband died at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, and Isabella never remarried. After her husband's death Isabella's son Louis became the Duke of Bourbon. In the same year 1356, Isabella arranged for her daughter Jeanne to marry Charles V of France; as he was at the time the Dauphin of France, Jeanne duly became Dauphine.[1]

Isabella outlived her eldest two daughters. Her husband suffered from madness, so this was passed on to their children. Jeanne and Louis were the only two of the seven children to suffer from the hereditary madness. Nobody realised that Jeanne suffered from insanity until she had a nervous breakdown shortly after the birth of her seventh child Louis I de Valois, Duke of Orléans. Isabella's grandson Charles VI of France is well known for suffering from the mental disorder. In 1361 Isabella's daughter Blanca was murdered on the orders of her husband Pedro because he had fallen in love with Maria de Padilla, the mother of his four illegitimate children including, Infanta Isabella of Castile and Infanta Constance of Castile, who both eventually married into the English royal family . Blanca was either shot by a crossbowman or she was poisoned. Isabella was grief-stricken when she was informed of the death of her second eldest daughter. She eventually became a nun at the Convent des Cordeliers du Faubourg, Saint-Marceau in Paris.[2]1

Children of Isabelle De Valois and Peter I De Bourbon


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Duchess_of_Bourbon.

Peter I De Bourbon

M, d. 1356
Father*Louis I De Bourbon
Mother*Mary of Avesnes

Children of Peter I De Bourbon and Isabelle De Valois

Bonne De Bourbon

F, b. 1340, d. 1402
Father*Peter I De Bourbon d. 1356
Mother*Isabelle De Valois b. 1313, d. 1383
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Savoie.

Child of Bonne De Bourbon and (?) de Savoie

(?) de Savoie


Child of (?) de Savoie and Bonne De Bourbon

Amédée VII Comte de Savoie

M, b. 1360, d. 1391
Father*(?) de Savoie
Mother*Bonne De Bourbon b. 1340, d. 1402

Child of Amédée VII Comte de Savoie

Jeanne De Savoy

F, b. 1392, d. 1460
Father*Amédée VII Comte de Savoie b. 1360, d. 1391
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Mar De Montferrat.

Child of Jeanne De Savoy and (?) Mar De Montferrat

(?) Mar De Montferrat


Child of (?) Mar De Montferrat and Jeanne De Savoy

Bonifacio Mar De Montferrat

M, b. 1424, d. 1494
Father*(?) Mar De Montferrat
Mother*Jeanne De Savoy b. 1392, d. 1460

Child of Bonifacio Mar De Montferrat

Adelheid Von Montferrat

Father*Bonifacio Mar De Montferrat b. 1424, d. 1494

Edmund Plantagenet

M, b. 1301, d. 1330
Father*King Edward I of England b. 17 Jun 1239, d. 7 Jul 1307
Mother*Margaret of France b. 1279, d. 14 Feb 1318
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdmund Plantagenet was also known as Edmund of Woodstock.
     Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was a member of the English Royal Family.

He was born at Woodstock in Oxfordshire, the son of Edward I Longshanks, King of England and his second wife, Margaret of France. He was 62 years younger than his father, who died when Edmund of Woodstock was only seven. Reportedly, he enjoyed his father's favour. He was summoned to Parliament by writ of summons on 5 August 1320, by which he is held to have become Baron Woodstock. On 28 July 1321 he was created Earl of Kent.

Kent was married to Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell, daughter of John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell by Joan de Fiennes, sometime between October and December in 1325 at Blisworth in Northamptonshire.

In 1327, after the execution and forfeiture of the Earl of Arundel, Kent held the castle and honour (land) of Arundel, although he was never formally invested with the titles appropriate to this barony. He was the father of Joan of Kent, through whom the earldom eventually passed into the Holland family.

Kent was sentenced to death by Sir Robert de Hauville for treason, having supported his half-brother, the deposed King Edward II, by order of the Regents the Earl of March and Queen Isabella, before the outer walls of Winchester Castle. It was said that he believed Edward II to be still alive and had conspired to rescue him from prison. Such was public hostility to the execution that "he had to wait five hours for an executioner, because nobody wanted to do it", until a convicted murderer offered to do the deed in exchange for a pardon.

He was buried on 31 March at the Church of the Dominican Friars in Winchester.

Kent's execution was the beginning of the end for March's regency. Thereafter, in October 1330, King Edward III assumed the full powers of King with the support of Kent's cousin, the powerful Earl of Lancaster. March was executed that same year for, inter alia, having assumed the royal powers. The children and widow of the Earl of Kent were treated as members of Edward III's Royal Household.1

Children of Edmund Plantagenet and Margaret Wake


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent

F, b. 29 September 1328, d. 7 August 1385
Father*Edmund Plantagenet b. 1301, d. 1330
Mother*Margaret Wake b. c 1297, d. 29 Sep 1349
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan, The Fair Maid of Kent was also known as Joan Plantagenet.
Married Name1340As of 1340,her married name was De Holand.
Married Name1340As of 1340,her married name was Holland.
Married Name10 October 1361As of 10 October 1361,her married name was of England.
     Joan, Countess of Kent (29 September 1328 – 7 August 1385), known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, was the first Princess of Wales. The French chronicler Froissart called her "the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving." The "fair maid of Kent" appellation does not appear to be contemporary.[1]

Joan was daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell. Her paternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France[2]. Her maternal grandparents were John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell and Joan de Fiennes.

Her father, Edmund, was a younger half-brother of Edward II of England. Edmund's support of the King placed him in conflict with the Queen, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. Edmund was executed after Edward II's deposition, and Joan, her mother and her siblings were placed under house-arrest in Arundel Castle when Joan was only two years old.

The Earl’s widow, Margaret Wake, was left with four children. Joan's first cousin, the new King Edward III, took on the responsibility for the family, and looked after them well. His wife, Queen Philippa (who was also Joan's second cousin), was well known for her tender-heartedness[citation needed], and Joan grew up at court, where she became friendly with her cousins, including Edward, the Black Prince.

At the age of twelve (1340), Joan entered into a clandestine marriage with Thomas Holland of Broughton,[3] without first gaining the royal consent necessary for couples of their rank. The following winter (1340 or 1341), while Holland was overseas, her family forced her into a marriage with William Montacute, son and heir of the 1st Earl of Salisbury. Joan later claimed she was afraid that disclosing her previous marriage would lead to Thomas's execution for treason on his return, and so did not disclose it. She may also have become convinced that the earlier marriage was invalid.[4]

Joan is often identified as the countess of Salisbury who, legend says, inspired Edward III's founding of the Order of the Garter.[1] It is equally possible, however, that the woman in the case was her mother-in-law Catherine Montacute, Countess of Salisbury.

Several years later, Thomas Holland returned from the Crusades, having made his fortune, and the full story of his earlier relationship with Joan came out. Thomas appealed to the Pope for the return of his wife and confessed the secret marriage to the king. When the Earl of Salisbury discovered that Joan supported Holland’s case, he kept her a prisoner in her own home.[5]

In 1349, Pope Clement VI annulled Joan’s marriage to the Earl and sent her back to Thomas Holland, with whom she lived for the next eleven years. They had four known children (though some sources list five), before Holland died in 1360. Their children were:

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
Joan Holland, who married John V, Duke of Brittany (1356-1384)
Maud Holland, married Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny (1359 - 1391)
Additional children also listed:

Edmund (c. 1354) died young
In the meantime, when the last of Joan's siblings died in 1352, she became Countess of Kent and Lady Wake of Liddell.

Evidence of the affection of Edward, the Black Prince (who was her first cousin once removed) for Joan may be found in the record of his presenting her with a silver cup, part of the booty from one of his early military campaigns. Edward's parents did not, however, favour a marriage between their son and their former ward. Queen Philippa had made a favourite of Joan at first, but both she and the king seem to have been concerned about Joan's reputation. English law was such that Joan's living ex-husband, Salisbury, might have claimed any children of her subsequent marriages as his own. In addition, Edward and Joan were within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity.

The secret marriage they are said to have contracted in 1361[6] would have been invalid because of the consanguinity prohibition. At the King's request, the Pope granted a dispensation allowing the two to be legally married. The official ceremony occurred on 10 October 1361, at Windsor Castle with the King and Queen in attendance. The Archbishop of Canterbury presided.

In 1362 the Black Prince was invested as Prince of Aquitaine, a region of France which belonged to the English Crown since the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II. He and Joan moved to Bordeaux, the capital of the principality, where they spent the next nine years. Two sons were born in France to the royal couple. The elder son, named Edward (27 January 1365 - 1372) after his father and grandfather, died at the age of six.

Around the time of the birth of their younger son, Richard, the Prince was lured into a war on behalf of King Peter of Castile. The ensuing battle was one of the Black Prince’s greatest victories, but King Pedro was later killed, and there was no money to pay the troops. In the meantime, the Princess was forced to raise another army, because the Prince’s enemies were threatening Aquitaine in his absence.1

Children of Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent and Thomas Holland

Children of Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent and Edward, the Black Prince of England


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Thomas Holland

M, b. circa 1314, d. 26 December 1360
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationThomas Holland was also known as De Holand.
     Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (c. 1314 – 26 December 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.

He was from a gentry family in Holland, Lancashire. He was a son of Robert Holland and Maud la Zouche.

In his early military career, he fought in Flanders. He was engaged, in 1340, in the English expedition into Flanders and sent, two years later, with Sir John D'Artevelle to Bayonne, to defend the Gascon frontier against the French. In 1343, he was again on service in France; and, in the following year, had the honour of being chosen one of the founders of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. In 1346, he attended King Edward III into Normandy in the immediate retinue of the Earl of Warwick; and, at the taking of Caen, the Count of Eu and Guînes, Constable of France, and the Count De Tancarville surrendered themselves to him as prisoners. At the Battle of Crécy, he was one of the principal commanders in the van under the Prince of Wales and he, afterwards, served at the Siege of Calais in 1346-7.

Around the same time as, or before, his first expedition, he secretly married the 12-year-old Joan of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake, granddaughter of Edward I and Marguerite of France. However, during his absence on foreign service, Joan, under pressure from her family, contracted another marriage with William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (of whose household Holland had been seneschal). This second marriage was annulled in 1349, when Joan's previous marriage with Holland was proved to the satisfaction of the papal commissioners. Joan was ordered by the Pope to return to her husband and live with him as his lawful wife; this she did, thus producing 4 children by him.

Between 1353 and 1356 he was summoned to Parliament as Baron de Holland.

In 1354 Holland was the king's lieutenant in Brittany during the minority of the Duke of Brittany, and in 1359 co-captain-general for all the English continental possessions.

His brother-in-law John, Earl of Kent, died in 1352, and Holland became Earl of Kent in right of his wife.

He was succeeded as baron by his son Thomas, the earldom still being held by his wife (though the son later became Earl in his own right). Another son, John became Earl of Huntingdon and Duke of Exeter.

Thomas and Joan of Kent had four children:

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
Joan Holland, who married John V, Duke of Brittany
Maud Holland, married Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny.1

Children of Thomas Holland and Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan De Holand

F, b. 1380, d. 1434
Father*Thomas Holland b. 1350, d. 25 Apr 1397
Mother*Alice Fitzalan b. 1350, d. 1416
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bromflete.

Child of Joan De Holand and (?) Bromflete

(?) Bromflete


Child of (?) Bromflete and Joan De Holand

Margaret Bromflete

F, b. 1396, d. 1493
Father*(?) Bromflete
Mother*Joan De Holand b. 1380, d. 1434
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Threlkeld.

Child of Margaret Bromflete and (?) Threlkeld

(?) Threlkeld


Child of (?) Threlkeld and Margaret Bromflete