Alice Holland

F, d. before 1400
Father*John Holland b. c 1352, d. 16 Jan 1400
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1400As of before 1400,her married name was de Vere.
Life EventDateDescription
Alice Holland was the daughter of John Holland.
Deathbefore 1400Alice Holland died before 1400.
Marriagebefore 1400She married Richard de Vere, son of Aubrey de Vere and Alice Fitzwalter, before 1400.

John de Vere

M, b. 23 April 1408, d. 26 February 1462
Father*Richard de Vere b. 1385, d. 15 Feb 1417
Mother*Alice Sergeaux b. c 1381, d. 1406
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJohn de Vere married Elizabeth Howard, daughter of John Howard and Joan Walton.
Birth23 April 1408John de Vere was born on 23 April 1408.
He was the son of Richard de Vere and Alice Sergeaux.
Death26 February 1462John de Vere died on 26 February 1462 at age 53.
  • John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (23 April 1408 – 26 February 1462) was the son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford. A minor at his father's death in 1417, he came to the earldom in 1429. His wife was Elizabeth Howard, a first cousin of the 1st Duke of Norfolk.

    A staunch Lancastrian, he remained loyal to Henry VI during the early phases of the Wars of the Roses. At the accession of Edward IV, de Vere and his oldest son Aubrey were arrested and executed by John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester and Constable of England. Due to Edward's policy of conciliation, however, John's son by the same name was allowed to succeed as John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford in 1464. His daughter Joane or Jane was the maternal grandmother of Gertrude Tyrell.1

Children of John de Vere and Elizabeth Howard

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Vere,_12th_Earl_of_Oxford.

Elizabeth Howard

F, b. circa 1410, d. 1475
Father*John Howard
Mother*Joan Walton
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageElizabeth Howard married John de Vere, son of Richard de Vere and Alice Sergeaux.
Birthcirca 1410Elizabeth Howard was born circa 1410.
She was the daughter of John Howard and Joan Walton.
Death1475Elizabeth Howard died in 1475.

Children of Elizabeth Howard and John de Vere

John de Vere

M, b. 8 September 1442, d. 10 March 1513
Father*John de Vere b. 23 Apr 1408, d. 26 Feb 1462
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1410, d. 1475
Life EventDateDescription
Birth8 September 1442John de Vere was born on 8 September 1442.
He was the son of John de Vere and Elizabeth Howard.
Marriagecirca 1465John de Vere married Margaret Neville, daughter of Richard Neville and Alice Montagu, circa 1465.
Death10 March 1513John de Vere died on 10 March 1513 at age 70.
  • John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford (8 September 1442 – 10 March 1513) was one of the principal Lancastrian commanders during the English Wars of the Roses.

    Early in the reign of Edward IV, Oxford's father, the 12th Earl, and his elder brother were executed for plotting against the king (1462). However, Edward was pursuing a policy of conciliation with Lancastrian families, and de Vere was allowed to succeed to his father's estates and titles. He was allowed to assume his family's traditional role as Lord High Chamberlain, officiating in that capacity at the coronation of Edward's queen, Elizabeth Woodville, in 1465. Around the same time he married Margaret Neville, daughter of Alice Montagu, Countess of Salisbury, and sister of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick.

    In 1468 Oxford was caught in a plot against the king. He spent a short time in the Tower of London, but was released and pardoned early in 1469. He probably avoided execution due to the influence of his brother-in-law. Oxford was very likely quietly involved in Warwick's schemes against Edward in 1469 and 1470. In the latter year he fled to Margaret of Anjou's court in exile in France. Given his position as the leader of a steadfast Lancastrian family and also as Warwick's brother-in-law, Oxford negotiated the switch of Warwick to the Lancastrian side. He returned to England when Henry VI was restored in 1470. Oxford was appointed Constable of England.

    Oxford was one of the Lancastrian commanders at the Battle of Barnet (1471). After this defeat, and the death of Warwick, he fled again, this time to Scotland and then to France. With a little aid from Louis XI of France he took to piracy against English ships and the occasional raid on the coast. Then came the most puzzling incident of Oxford's career. In 1473 he seized St Michael's Mount, a small rocky island off the coast of Cornwall. His motives are not clear. Most likely, this was to be the prelude to an invasion of England intending to depose Edward and put his brother, George, Duke of Clarence, on the throne. No invasion or help came, and in early 1474 he surrendered. Oxford was imprisoned in the fortress of Hammes, near Calais.

    Three years later, Oxford leapt off the walls of Hammes into the chin-deep moat. Whether he meant to escape or to kill himself is not known; he accomplished neither. He remained imprisoned there until 1484, when he persuaded the captain of Hammes, Sir James Blount to escape with him to the court in exile of Henry Tudor (later Henry VII of England). It is said that Henry was "ravished with joy incredible" at this event. As by far the most experienced Lancastrian, Oxford was the real commander at the Battle of Bosworth Field, though Henry was theoretically in charge. Oxford commanded the centre, and held off the downhill charge of the Duke of Norfolk at the beginning of the battle. To celebrate the Tudor victory at Bosworth, he commissioned the building of St. Peter and St. Paul, Lavenham.

    Oxford was now restored to his estates and titles, and was also appointed Lord High Admiral and Constable of the Tower. His fighting days were not quite over. Two Yorkist pretenders invaded England in the early years of Henry's reign. Oxford commanded the vanguard at the Battle of Stoke Field (the only part of the royalist army that actually had to fight), and was then commander in chief at the Battle of Blackheath.

    Oxford was succeeded as Earl by his nephew.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Vere,_13th_Earl_of_Oxford.

Margaret Neville

F
Father*Richard Neville b. 1400, d. 31 Dec 1460
Mother*Alice Montagu b. 1407, d. b 9 Dec 1462
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1465As of circa 1465,her married name was de Vere.
Life EventDateDescription
Margaret Neville was the daughter of Richard Neville and Alice Montagu.
Marriagecirca 1465Margaret Neville married John de Vere, son of John de Vere and Elizabeth Howard, circa 1465.

Philippa de Beauchamp

F, b. before 1344, d. 6 April 1386
Father*Thomas de Beauchamp b. 1313, d. 1369
Mother*Catherine de Mortimer b. 1314, d. 4 Aug 1369
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriagePhilippa de Beauchamp married Sir Hugh Stafford, son of Sir Ralph Stafford and Margaret De Audley.
Birthbefore 1344Philippa de Beauchamp was born before 1344.
She was the daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp and Catherine de Mortimer.
Death6 April 1386Philippa de Beauchamp died on 6 April 1386.
  • Philippa de Beauchamp (before 1344- 6 April 1386) was the daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine Mortimer.

    On or before 1 March 1350 she married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, son of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford and Margaret Audley, Baroness Audley.

    Philippa and Hugh had nine children.1

Children of Philippa de Beauchamp and Sir Hugh Stafford

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_de_Beauchamp

Lady Eleanor Neville

F, b. 1398, d. 1472
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1414As of before 1414,her married name was le Despencer.
Married Namebefore 1421As of before 1421,her married name was Percy.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1398Lady Eleanor Neville was born in 1398.
She was the daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Marriagebefore 1414Lady Eleanor Neville married Richard le Despencer, son of Thomas le Despenser and Princess Constance Plantagenet, before 1414.
Marriagebefore 1421Lady Eleanor Neville married Henry Percy, son of Sir Henry Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer, before 1421.
Death1472Lady Eleanor Neville died in 1472.
  • Lady Eleanor Neville (d.1472) was the 2nd daughter of Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland (d.1425) by his 2nd wife, Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his 3rd wife, Katharine Swynford.

    She was married first to Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh, (a grandson of Gaunt's younger brother Edmund of York), and after his early death without issue, she married Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (killed at the first battle of St Albans, 1455).

    Eleanor and Henry had 10 children, including:

    Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (25 July 1421 - 29 March 1461, Battle of Towton).
    Lady Katherine Percy. She married Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent
    Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont (29 November 1422, Leconfield, Yorkshire - 10 July 1460 Battle of Northampton, England)
    Sir Ralph Percy (d. 25 April 1464, Battle of Hedgeley Moor).1

Children of Lady Eleanor Neville and Henry Percy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Eleanor_Neville

Richard le Despencer

M, b. 1396, d. 1414
Father*Thomas le Despenser b. 22 Sep 1373, d. 13 Jan 1400
Mother*Princess Constance Plantagenet b. 1374, d. 28 Nov 1416
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1396Richard le Despencer was born in 1396.
He was the son of Thomas le Despenser and Princess Constance Plantagenet.
Marriagebefore 1414Richard le Despencer married Lady Eleanor Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, before 1414.
Death1414Richard le Despencer died in 1414.
  • 4th Baron Burghersh.
  • Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh (1396-1414) was the son and heir of Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1373 -1400), by Constance. Constance was a daughter of Edward Duke of York, fourth surviving son of Edward III, and Isabella of Castile, a daughter of Peter of Castile. He was married to his 2nd cousin Lady Eleanor Neville (a grand-daughter of John of Gaunt, a brother of Edward of York), but died young without leaving issue. His heir was his younger sister Isabel, who married successively Earl of Worcester, and then his cousin, Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick.

    His widow Eleanor, Lady Burghersh remarried to Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_le_Despenser,_4th_Baron_Burghersh.

Mary Ferrers

F, b. 1394, d. 25 January 1458
Father*Sir Robert Ferrers b. c 1373, d. b 29 Nov 1396
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Neville.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMary Ferrers married Ralph Neville, son of Sir Ralph Neville and Margaret De Stafford.
Birth1394Mary Ferrers was born in 1394.
She was the daughter of Sir Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort.
Death25 January 1458Mary Ferrers died on 25 January 1458.

Child of Mary Ferrers and Ralph Neville

Sir Robert Ferrers

M, b. circa 1373, d. before 29 November 1396
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1373Sir Robert Ferrers was born circa 1373.
Marriage1391He married Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt and Katherine De Roet, in 1391.
Deathbefore 29 November 1396Sir Robert Ferrers died before 29 November 1396.

Children of Sir Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort

Elizabeth Ferrers

F, b. 1393, d. 1434
Father*Sir Robert Ferrers b. c 1373, d. b 29 Nov 1396
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 October 1407As of 28 October 1407,her married name was de Greystoke.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1393Elizabeth Ferrers was born in 1393.
She was the daughter of Sir Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort.
Marriage28 October 1407Elizabeth Ferrers married John de Greystoke on 28 October 1407.
Death1434Elizabeth Ferrers died in 1434.

John de Greystoke

M, b. 1389, d. 1436
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1389John de Greystoke was born in 1389.
Marriage28 October 1407He married Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Sir Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort, on 28 October 1407.
Death1436John de Greystoke died in 1436.
  • 4th Baron Greystoke.

Henry Percy

M, b. 3 February 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Father*Sir Henry Percy b. 20 May 1364, d. 21 Jul 1403
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
Life EventDateDescription
Birth3 February 1394Henry Percy was born on 3 February 1394.
He was the son of Sir Henry Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer.
Marriagebefore 1421Henry Percy married Lady Eleanor Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, before 1421.
Death22 May 1455Henry Percy died on 22 May 1455 at age 61.
  • Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (3 February 1394 – 22 May 1455) was an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. Father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1405 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland.

    In the following years, Northumberland occasionally served with the king in France, but his main occupation was the protection of the borders to Scotland. At the same time, a feud with the Neville family was developing, particularly with Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury. This feud became entangled with the conflict between the Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset over control of national government. The conflict culminated in the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, at St Albans, where both Somerset and Northumberland were killed.

    Henry Percy was the son of another Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur", and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer. Elizabeth was the daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March and Philippa, granddaughter of Edward III. Hotspur's father – the young Henry's grandfather – was also called Henry Percy, and was created the first Percy earl of Northumberland in 1377.[2] Both Hotspur and his father were early and active supporters of Henry Bolingbroke, who usurped the throne from Richard II in 1399, and became King Henry IV. They were initially richly rewarded, but soon grew disillusioned with the new regime. Hotspur rose up in rebellion, and was killed at Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403.[3]

    Earl Henry was not present at the battle, but there is little doubt that he participated in the rebellion.[2] After a short imprisonment, he was pardoned, and presented his grandson to the king at Doncaster in June 1404.[1] By May 1405, however, the earl was involved in further rebellion. His plans failed, and he was forced to flee to Scotland, taking his grandson with him. The following years were marked by an itinerant life and further plotting, while the young Henry remained in the custody of the duke of Albany.[2] On 19 February 1405, the first earl of Northumberland was killed in the Battle of Bramham Moor, leaving the young Henry Percy as heir apparent to the earldom.[4] Henry remained in Scotland until the accession of Henry V in 1413, when he tried to claim his grandfather's title. His cause was aided by the king's aunt, Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, who arranged his marriage to her daughter Eleanor.[5] It was in Henry V's interest to reconcile with the Percys, with their vast network in the north of England; in 1416 Henry Percy was created earl of Northumberland.[6]1

Children of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Percy,_2nd_Earl_of_Northumberland.

Lady Katherine Neville

F, b. circa 1397, d. after 1483
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Beaumont.
Name VariationLady Katherine Neville was also known as Catherine de Neville.
Married Namebefore 1415As of before 1415,her married name was Mowbray.
Married Nameafter 1415As of after 1415,her married name was Strangeways.
Married NameJanuary 1465As of January 1465,her married name was Woodville.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageLady Katherine Neville married John Beaumont at her third marriage.
Birthcirca 1397Lady Katherine Neville was born circa 1397.
She was the daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Marriagebefore 1415Lady Katherine Neville married John Mowbray before 1415.
Marriageafter 1415Lady Katherine Neville married Thomas Strangeways after 1415.
MarriageJanuary 1465Lady Katherine Neville married John Woodville, son of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, in January 1465 at her fourth marriage.
Deathafter 1483Lady Katherine Neville died after 1483.
  • Katherine Neville or Catherine de Neville (born c. 1397 – died after 1483[1]) was the eldest daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (1364 -1425) and Joan Beaufort (c. 1379-1440), daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster by his mistress (later, 3rd wife) Catherine de Roet[2]. Katherine was married firstly to John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392-1432). Their only known child was John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1415-1461). Katherine married secondly, Thomas Strangeways (c. 1395-before 1442) - they had 2 daughters. She married thirdly John, Viscount Beaumont, who was killed in 1460. Her fourth and last marriage was infamous, and known by contemporaries as the 'diabolical marriage'[1] - she married John Woodville, brother of Elizabeth Woodville, Edward IV's queen. He would have been barely twenty at the time of their marriage - she in her mid to late sixties. Yet she survived even him as he was executed in 1469 during the brief period of time that her nephew - Richard, Earl of Warwick (The 'Kingmaker') had usurped the authority of the crown. She was still alive in 1483, having survived all the descendents of her first marriage.[1]1

Child of Lady Katherine Neville and John Mowbray

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Katherine_Neville

John Mowbray

M, b. 1392, d. 1432
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1392John Mowbray was born in 1392.
Marriagebefore 1415He married Lady Katherine Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, before 1415.
Death1432John Mowbray died in 1432.
  • 2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Child of John Mowbray and Lady Katherine Neville

John de Mowbray

M, b. 1415, d. 1461
Father*John Mowbray b. 1392, d. 1432
Mother*Lady Katherine Neville b. c 1397, d. a 1483
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJohn de Mowbray married Eleanor Bourchier, daughter of William Bourchier and Anne of Woodstock.
Birth1415John de Mowbray was born in 1415.
He was the son of John Mowbray and Lady Katherine Neville.
Death1461John de Mowbray died in 1461.
  • John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (12 September 1415 – 6 November 1461) was an important player in the Wars of the Roses.

    He was the son of John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Lady Katherine Neville. He held the office of Earl Marshal from 1432, when he inherited the title of 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

    At the beginning of the War of the Roses in 1450 he supported Richard, Duke of York, the leader of the Yorkist faction. However, in 1459, he swore allegiance to the Lancastrian Henry VI. He then quickly changed sides back to the Yorkists. This sort of treachery was by no means unusual during the Wars of the Roses.

    In February 1461 he fought for the defeated Yorkists in the Second Battle of St Albans. In March 1461 (Richard, Duke of York now being dead) he was one of those who asked the Duke’s son the Earl of March to become Edward IV and later that month his intervention at the Battle of Towton was decisive. The battle took place in a snow storm between 80,000 men. Neither side could get an advantage until about midday Norfolk entered the battle on the Yorkist’s right flank. The Lancastrians then began to slowly fall back. As Earl Marshal Mowbray then officiated at Edward IV’s coronation.

    He married Eleanor Bourchier, daughter of William Bourchier, Count of Eu and Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Buckingham. She was the sister of his successor as Justice in Eyre, Henry Bourchier. They had one child, John Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk.1
  • 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Mowbray,_3rd_Duke_of_Norfolk.

Thomas Strangeways

M, b. circa 1395, d. before 1442
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1395Thomas Strangeways was born circa 1395.
Marriageafter 1415He married Lady Katherine Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, after 1415.
Deathbefore 1442Thomas Strangeways died before 1442.

John Beaumont

M, d. 1460
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJohn Beaumont married Lady Katherine Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, at her third marriage.
Death1460John Beaumont died in 1460.
  • Viscount Beaumont.

John Woodville

M, b. circa 1444, d. 12 August 1469
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1444John Woodville was born circa 1444.
He was the son of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.
MarriageJanuary 1465John Woodville married Lady Katherine Neville, daughter of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, in January 1465 at her fourth marriage.
Death12 August 1469John Woodville died on 12 August 1469.
  • John Woodville (1444? – August 12, 1469) was the second son, and fourth child, of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.

    In January 1465, John's sister Elizabeth, Queen Consort to Edward IV, procured his marriage to Catherine Neville, Dowager Duchess of Norfolk, who was aunt to the powerful Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. As the Duchess was about 68 years of age at the time and John was only 20, the marriage was seen by all, particularly Warwick, as an indecent grasp for money and power by the Woodville family.

    In 1469, John and his father accompanied King Edward on a march north, to put down what was thought to be a minor rebellion supporting Edward's brother the Duke of Clarence as the legitimate king. Before they met the rebels both Clarence and Warwick had announced their support for the rebellion; by the time Edward met the rebels, the rebel force was far stronger than his. In a parley, the rebels told Edward that they had no fight with Edward but advised him to distance himself from the Woodvilles. In no position to argue, Edward sent the Woodville party away.

    John and Rivers went first to the Rivers' house at Grafton and from there made their way westwards towards Wales. They were captured by Warwick's men on the western bank of the Severn and taken to Warwick in Coventry.

    Before leaving Calais to support the uprising, Warwick had published a manifesto citing the Woodvilles in general, and the Earl and John specifically, as his reason for supporting Clarence against the king. The publication of this manifesto was deemed, by Warwick, to justify the execution of Rivers and his son. They were beheaded on August 12, and their heads placed on spikes above the gates of Coventry.

    Unsurprisingly, there was no issue from the marriage of John Woodville and the Catherine Neville.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Woodville

Henry Percy

M, b. 25 July 1421, d. 29 March 1461
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
Life EventDateDescription
Birth25 July 1421Henry Percy was born on 25 July 1421.
He was the son of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville.
Death29 March 1461Henry Percy died on 29 March 1461 at age 39.
  • 3rd Earl of Northumberland.

Lady Katherine Percy

F, b. 1423, d. 1499
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationLady Katherine Percy was also known as Catherine.
Married NameHer married name was Grey.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageLady Katherine Percy married Edmund Grey.
Birth1423Lady Katherine Percy was born in 1423.
She was the daughter of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville.
Death1499Lady Katherine Percy died in 1499.

Child of Lady Katherine Percy and Edmund Grey

Edmund Grey

M
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageEdmund Grey married Lady Katherine Percy, daughter of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville.
  • 1st Earl of Kent.

Child of Edmund Grey and Lady Katherine Percy

Thomas Percy

M, b. 29 November 1422, d. 10 July 1460
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
Life EventDateDescription
Birth29 November 1422Thomas Percy was born on 29 November 1422.
He was the son of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville.
Death10 July 1460Thomas Percy died on 10 July 1460 at age 37.
  • 1st Baron Egremont.

Sir Ralph Percy

M, d. 25 April 1464
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
Life EventDateDescription
Sir Ralph Percy was the son of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville.
Death25 April 1464Sir Ralph Percy died on 25 April 1464.

Robert Neville

M, b. 1408, d. 1457
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1408Robert Neville was born in 1408.
He was the son of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Death1457Robert Neville died in 1457.
  • Bishop of Durham.
  • Robert Neville (1408–1457) was a Bishop of Salisbury and a Bishop of Durham. He was also a Provost of Beverley. He was born at Raby Castle. His father was Ralph Neville and his mother was Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt. He was thus a highly-placed member of the English aristocracy

    He was nominated Bishop of Salisbury on 9 July 1427, and consecrated on 26 October 1427. He was then translated to Durham on 27 January 1438.[1]

    He died on 8 July 1457.[2]

    Later in the century, George Neville, of the same great northern house of Neville, brother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, the "Kingmaker" was archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor of England.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Neville

William Neville

M, b. circa 1410, d. 1463
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Neville was also known as Lord Fauconberge.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1410William Neville was born circa 1410.
He was the son of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort.
Marriagebefore 1422William Neville married Joan Fauconberg before 1422.
Death1463William Neville died in 1463.
  • William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent KG (c. 1410–1463) and jure uxoris 6th Baron Fauconberg, was an English nobleman and soldier.

    Born circa 1410, he was the second son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and his second wife, Joan Beaufort.

    His mother was the legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third surviving son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. William was therefore a great-grandson of Edward III. However, the terms of the legitimisation of the Beaufort family specifically excluded them or their descendants from succession to the throne.

    William was one of a number of the Neville sons to make a good match, marrying the Fauconberg heiress and taking the title Lord Fauconberg — just as his nephew Richard Neville (Warwick the Kingmaker) married the Warwick heiress and became Earl of Warwick. William's marriage took place at some point before 1422. His wife Joan was 4 years older than him, and was described as an idiot from birth. The Fauconberg estates were in North Yorkshire, a centre of power for other members of the Neville family.

    He seemingly had a conventional military career during the earlier part of Henry VI's reign. Knighted in May 1426, he was serving on the Scottish Borders in 1435. In 1436 he was serving with Richard, Duke of York, in France — his first contact with a man who was later to receive his allegiance. By 1439 he was a field commander in France, with Lords Talbot and Scales. In 1440 he was made a Knight of the Garter.

    By 1443 he was back in England, and on the 7 March he took custody of Roxburgh castle. He was granted £1,000 per annum (around £1,000,000 at 2005 prices) during peace, twice this if at war with Scotland, and until 1448, satisfactory payment was made. However, in 1449 he returned to France as part of a diplomatic mission, and in May 1449 he was captured at Pont l'Arche in Normandy. While in captivity in France, he spent 2 years of his own income supporting the upkeep of the castle. In spite of a grant from Parliament in 1449, by 1451 he was owed £4,109. He was forced to settle for less.

    In 1453 he was ransomed (for 8,000 French ecus) and freed from captivity. He still had the custody of Roxburgh castle, but was impoverished by maintaining this and by his captivity in France. By now he was owed £1,000 by the government. He settled this by accepting a grant of 1,000 marks from the customs at Newcastle. Not only was this only worth about two-thirds of the original amount, there was no guarantee that he would ever get the money. As Griffths says

    "What is so remarkable about his tale is that the Lancastrian crown could command [his] loyalty"

    Until this point, he can be seen as a loyal member of the supporters of the House of Lancaster. However, at some time during the next two years, his allegiance began to change. He was a member of Richard, Duke of York's council during Henry VI's second period of madness. Although he was with the Lancastrian nobility at the first battle of St Albans (1455), after the battle he was appointed by York to be joint Constable of Windsor Castle.

    We cannot know why he changed sides. Did York (short of support among the nobility) try to gain Fauconberg's allegiance? As a member of the Neville clan, Fauconberg had good family reasons for siding with York, who was after all, his brother-in-law. Warwick (Fauconberg's nephew) begins his rise to fame after 1455, and Fauconberg would be associated with Warwick for the next five years. His treatment over the custody of Roxburgh Castle must have rankled.

    In the years 1455–1460, Fauconberg consolidated his position as a member of the Yorkist camp, and strengthened his position as an ally of Warwick. In 1457 he joined Warwick (appointed Captain of Calais) as his deputy. Warwick used Calais as a base for what was essentially piracy, and Fauconberg seems to have been happy to assist. He was in England in 1458, and in May he was briefly imprisoned in London — but he was bailed by Warwick and returned to Calais.

    After the Yorkist disaster at Ludford, he helped Warwick regain control of Calais. In June 1460 he provided the springboard for the Yorkist invasion of England by capturing and holding Sandwich. This port was to be used as a bridgehead, and on 26 June he was joined there by Edward of March (eldest son of Richard of York, and the future Edward IV of England), Salisbury (his elder brother) and Warwick. By early July they were in London, and on 3 July the Yorkist forces, led by Fauconberg and numbering as many as 10,000 men, headed north, meeting Henry VI's army at Northampton on the 10th. As was traditional, the Yorkist army split into 3 “battles,” commanded by Fauconberg, Edward of March and Warwick. Fauconberg led the van (the leading army) and formed the right wing during the attack. Both his bravery and small stature were recorded in a Yorkist ballad — “little Lord Fauconberg, a knight of great reverence”.

    After the victory at Northampton, and with Warwick remaining in England, Fauconberg returned to Calais as Lieutenant, thus missing the Yorkist disasters at Wakefield and the second battle of St Albans. Early in 1461 he returned to England, joining the newly crowned Edward IV in London. On 11 March he led the vanguard of the Yorkist army north, and as at Northampton was in the van at the battle of Towton on the 29th. Victory there established the Yorkist supremacy.

    The rewards of victory followed. He was made a member of the King's Council, and appointed Lieutenant of the North. On the 1st November he was created Earl of Kent, and appointed Steward of the Royal Household. In July 1462 he was appointed Lord Admiral, and in August that year he was granted 46 manors in the west country.

    Edward IV relied on him for both land and naval warfare. Following the victory at Towton, he took part in the gradual establishment of royal control in Northumberland, heading a garrison of 120 men at Newcastle in the summer of 1461, and taking part in the siege of Alnwick in November 1462. Between these dates he was back in Calais, raiding the Breton coast in August 1462, then burning le Conquet near Brest, and raiding the Ile de Re.

    He died on 9 January 1463, and was buried at Guisborough Priory, in the heart of his Fauconberg lands. He was survived by his wife, who died in 1490 at the age of 84 (thus living through the reigns of all the kings of the 15th century). He had 3 daughters from his marriage, and one acknowledged illegitimate son, Thomas Neville. Known as the Bastard of Fauconberg, he was to lead a revolt later in Edward IV's reign.

    William Nevill is an under-rated figure in the rise to power of the Yorkist regime. More successful as a military leader than the more famous Warwick, his reputation is summed up in Goodman's words:

    "No other veteran of the Anglo-French Wars won such distinction in the Wars of the Roses."1
  • 1st Earl of Kent.

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Neville,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan Fauconberg

F, b. circa 1406
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan Fauconberg was also known as Baroness Fauconberge.
Married Namebefore 1422As of before 1422,her married name was Neville.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1406Joan Fauconberg was born circa 1406.
Marriagebefore 1422She married William Neville, son of Sir Ralph Neville and Joan Beaufort, before 1422.

Richard of England

M, b. 1376, d. 5 August 1415
Father*Prince Edward of England b. 5 Jun 1341, d. 1 Aug 1402
Mother*Infanta Isabella of Castille b. c 1355, d. 23 Dec 1392
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard of England was also known as Plantagenet.
Name VariationRichard of England was also known as of Conisburgh.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRichard of England married Anne Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer and Alianore Holland.
Birth1376Richard of England was born in 1376.
He was the son of Prince Edward of England and Infanta Isabella of Castille.
Death5 August 1415Richard of England died on 5 August 1415.
  • 3rd Earl of Cambridge.

Children of Richard of England and Anne Mortimer

Anne Mortimer

F
Father*Roger Mortimer b. 11 Apr 1374, d. 20 Jul 1398
Mother*Alianore Holland
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.
Life EventDateDescription
Anne Mortimer was the daughter of Roger Mortimer and Alianore Holland.
MarriageAnne Mortimer married Richard of England, son of Prince Edward of England and Infanta Isabella of Castille.

Children of Anne Mortimer and Richard of England

Roger Mortimer

M, b. 11 April 1374, d. 20 July 1398
Father*Edmund de Mortimer b. c 1351, d. 27 Dec 1381
Mother*Philippa Plantagenet b. 16 Aug 1355, d. 5 Jan 1382
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRoger Mortimer married Alianore Holland.
Birth11 April 1374Roger Mortimer was born on 11 April 1374.
He was the son of Edmund de Mortimer and Philippa Plantagenet.
Death20 July 1398Roger Mortimer died on 20 July 1398 at age 24.
  • 4th Earl of March.

Child of Roger Mortimer and Alianore Holland