Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Fitzroy.

Child of Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort and Charles Fitzroy

Isabella Fitzroy

F, b. 1726, d. 1782
Father*Charles Fitzroy b. 1683, d. 1757
Mother*Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Seymour.

Child of Isabella Fitzroy and Francis Seymour

Francis Seymour

M, b. 1718, d. 1794
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationFrancis Seymour was also known as Seymour-Conway.
     Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford KG, PC, PC (Ire) (5 July 1718 – 14 June 1794) was born in Chelsea, London, and died in Surrey, England.

He was a descendant of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset and his first wife Catharine Fillol. Their marriage was annulled and their children declared illegitimate. Their son Sir Edward Seymour (d. 6 May 1593) later served as a Sheriff of Devon.

The Sheriff of Devon was father to Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet, grandfather of Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet, great-grandfather of Sir Edward Seymour, 3rd Baronet and a fourth-generation ancestor of Sir Edward Seymour, 4th Baronet.

The 4th Baronet was father to Sir Edward Seymour, 5th Baronet and grandfather to Edward Seymour, 8th Duke of Somerset. His younger son was Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Lord Conway (1679–1732).

Lord Conway married Charlotte Shorter, a daughter of John Shorter of Bybrook. They were the parents of the Marquess. His father died when the younger Francis was about fourteen years old. The first few years after his father's death were spent in Italy and Paris. On his return to England he took his seat, as 2nd Baron Conway, among the Peers in November 1739. Henry Seymour Conway, politician and soldier, was his younger brother.

On 29 May 1741 he married Lady Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, and they became the parents of thirteen children.1 Earl of Hertford, 1st Marquess of Hertford.

Child of Francis Seymour and Isabella Fitzroy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Seymour-Conway

Admiral Hugh Seymour

M, b. 29 April 1759, d. 11 September 1801
Father*Francis Seymour b. 1718, d. 1794
Mother*Isabella Fitzroy b. 1726, d. 1782
     Vice-Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (29 April 1759 – 11 September 1801) was a senior British Royal Navy officer of the late eighteenth century who was the fifth son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford and became known for being both a prominent society figure and a highly competent naval officer. He served during the American Revolutionary and French Revolutionary Wars and later in his career performed a period of shore duty on the Admiralty board.

Seymour maintained a reputation as a courageous and innovative officer: he was awarded a commemorative medal for his actions at the battle of the Glorious First of June and is credited with introducing epaulettes to Royal Navy uniforms as a method of indicating rank to non-English speaking allies. In his youth he formed close personal friendships with fellow officer John Willett Payne and George, Prince of Wales, through association with whom he gained a reputation as a rake. His marriage in 1785, made at the insistence of his family as an antidote to his dissolution, was brought about through royal connections and proved very successful. During his lifetime he also held several seats as a Member of Parliament in the Parliament of Great Britain, although he did not pursue an active political career.

Hugh Seymour was born in 1759 into one of the wealthiest families in England, as the fifth son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford and his wife Isabella Fitzroy (Hugh retained the surname "Seymour-Conway" until his father's death in 1794, at which point he shortened it to Seymour). He was initially educated at Bracken's Academy in Greenwich, where he met lifelong friend John Willett Payne, before joining the Navy at age 11 at his own insistence. Seymour became a captain's servant on the yacht William & Mary,[1] and two years later moved to HMS Pearl under his relation Captain John Leveson Gower, stationed off Newfoundland. After several short commissions, including service in the West Indies under George Rodney, Seymour was attached to HMS Alarm as a midshipman in the Mediterranean.[2] Apart from a brief spell in HMS Trident, Seymour remained on her for several years, becoming a lieutenant in 1776. By 1776 the American Revolutionary War was underway, and Seymour continued in Alarm until he was made a commander in 1778, taking command of the xebec HMS Minorca.[2]

In 1779, Seymour was promoted once more, making post captain in HMS Porcupine and serving in command of HMS Diana, HMS Ambuscade and HMS Latona, all in the Channel Fleet. The only major operation in which he participated during the period was the conclusion of the Great Siege of Gibraltar, when Latona was attached to Lord Howe's fleet that relieved the fortress.[2] During this service, Seymour was repeatedly engaged in scouting the Franco-Spanish fleet in Algeciras, a task made difficult by bad weather and the erratic movements of the enemy. During much of the operation, Captain Roger Curtis was stationed aboard Latona in order to facilitate communicate between Howe and the Governor of Gibraltar. The effort to relieve and resupply the fortress was a complete success and Latona was sent back to Britain with dispatches, although Seymour remained in Gibraltar.[3]

Following the Peace of Paris in 1783, Seymour took a house in London with his brother Lord George Seymour and John Willett Payne. The three men became notorious socialites, joining the Prince of Wales on many of his drinking exploits across London: Seymour remained close friends with Prince George for the rest of his life. Seymour, already known for his good looks, good manners, height and martial bearing, rapidly gained a reputation for dissolution.[2] In 1785 however, Seymour married Lady Anne Horatia Waldegrave, daughter of Earl Waldegrave and Maria Walpole (later Duchess of Gloucester) at the insistence of his family in a successful attempt to curtail his social activities.[2] It was at this time that Seymour made his first foray into politics, becoming MP for Newport on the Isle of Wight before relinquishing the post two years later. In 1788 he became MP for Tregony, but in 1790 he switched to become MP for Wendover. Seymour remained in this position until 1796 when he changed his seat to Portsmouth, in which he remained until his death. He did not serve as an active politician in any of these positions, preferring his navy career to his political one.[2]1

Children of Admiral Hugh Seymour and Anne Horatia Waldegrave

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Hugh_Seymour

Anne Horatia Waldegrave

F, b. 1762, d. 1801
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Seymour.

Children of Anne Horatia Waldegrave and Admiral Hugh Seymour

Horace Beaucamp Seymour

M, b. 22 November 1791, d. 23 November 1851
Father*Admiral Hugh Seymour b. 29 Apr 1759, d. 11 Sep 1801
Mother*Anne Horatia Waldegrave b. 1762, d. 1801
     Colonel Sir Horace Beauchamp Seymour (22 November 1791 - 23 November 1851) was a Peelite Member of Parliament for Lisburn, Antrim, Oxford, Bodmin and Midhurst.

Colonel Sir Horace was the son of Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford) and Lady Anne Horatia Waldegrave. He married, firstly, Elizabeth Malet Palk, daughter of Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt., on 15 May 1818. He married, secondly, Frances Selina Isabella Poyntz, daughter of William Stephen Poyntz and Hon. Elizabeth Mary Browne, in July 1835.

He was invested as a Knight Commander, Hanoverian Order (K.C.H.) and gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the British Army.

By his first wife he had three children;

Lt.-Col. Charles Francis Seymour (13 Sep 1819 - 5 Nov 1854), killed at the Battle of Inkerman
Frederick Beauchamp Paget Seymour, 1st Baron Alcester (12 Apr 1821 - 30 Mar 1895)
Adelaide Horatia Elizabeth Seymour (27 Jan 1825 - 29 Oct 1877), who married Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer and was an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales.1

Child of Horace Beaucamp Seymour and Elizabeth Malet Palk

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horace_Beauchamp_Seymour

Elizabeth Malet Palk

F, b. 1793, d. 1827
Father*Sir Lawrence Palk
Mother*Dorothy Vaughan
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name15 May 1818As of 15 May 1818,her married name was Seymour.

Child of Elizabeth Malet Palk and Horace Beaucamp Seymour

Adelaide Horatia Seymour

F, b. 1825, d. 1877
Father*Horace Beaucamp Seymour b. 22 Nov 1791, d. 23 Nov 1851
Mother*Elizabeth Malet Palk b. 1793, d. 1827
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name9 August 1854As of 9 August 1854,her married name was Spencer.

Child of Adelaide Horatia Seymour and Frederick Spencer

Frederick Spencer

M, b. 14 April 1798, d. 27 December 1857
Father*George John Spencer b. 1758, d. 1834
Mother*Lavinia of Lucan
     Vice-Admiral Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer KG CB PC (14 April 1798 – 27 December 1857) was a British peer, the son of George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer and the younger brother and successor of John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer.

Spencer was born in 1798, at the Admiralty Building, London and was baptised in St Martin-in-the-Fields. He was educated at Eton College from 1808 to 1811, then joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman. He eventually rose to the rank of Captain in 1822 and was awarded several honours from various European countries for fighting in the Napoleonic Wars in the Mediterranean between 1811 and 1815. These were: Knight of the Order of St Louis of France (1828), the Order of St Anne of Russia (1828) and the Order of the Redeemer of Greece (1828).

He then retired from naval life and became Whig MP for Worcestershire (1831–1832) and Midhurst (1832–1834 & 1837–1841). He was later an equerry in the household of the Duchess of Kent (Queen Victoria's mother) from 1840 to 1845.

On 23 February 1830, he married his cousin, Georgiana Poyntz (1799–1851) and they had three children:

Lady Georgina Frances Spencer (1832–1852), died unmarried.
John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (1835–1910)
Lady Sarah Isabella Spencer (1838–1919), died unmarried.
On 9 August 1854, he married secondly, Adelaide Seymour (1825–1877), daughter of Sir Horace Seymour and a great-granddaughter of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford. They had two children:

Lady Victoria Alexandrina Spencer (1855–1906), married William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst and had issue.
Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer (1857–1922)
Thanks to the efforts of Spencer's father, George John, Althorp had one of the finest collections of printed books in Europe. George John was also noteworthy for co-founding and serving as the first president of the Roxburghe Club, widely-regarded as the world's first book club.[citation needed]1

Child of Frederick Spencer and Adelaide Horatia Seymour

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Spencer,_4th_Earl_Spencer.

Charles Robert Spencer

M, b. 30 October 1857, d. 26 September 1922
Father*Frederick Spencer b. 14 Apr 1798, d. 27 Dec 1857
Mother*Adelaide Horatia Seymour b. 1825, d. 1877
     Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer, KG, GCVO, PC, VRD (30 October 1857 – 26 September 1922) was a British Liberal Party politician.

Spencer was born in 1857 in the parish of St. James's, Westminster[1], the son of the 4th Earl Spencer and his second wife Adelaide, daughter of Horace Beauchamp Seymour and granddaughter of Admiral Hugh Seymour. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.[2] On 23 July 1887, he married Margaret Baring (14 December 1868 – 4 July 1906), a daughter of the 1st Baron Revelstoke at St James's Church, Piccadilly. They had six children:

Lady Adelaide Margaret Delia Spencer (1889–1981), married Sir Sidney Peel, 1st Baronet and had issue.
Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975), the grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.
Lt.-Cdr. Hon. Cecil Edward Robert Spencer RN DSC Croix de guerre (1894–1928), died unmarried in a riding accident.
Lady Lavinia Emily Spencer (1899–1955), married the 4th Baron Annaly and had issue.
Captain Hon. George Charles Spencer (1903–1982), married (1) Barbara Blumenthal and had issue, married (2) Kathleen Henderson; no issue.
Lady (Alexandra) Margaret Elizabeth Spencer (1906–1996), married Hon. Henry Douglas-Home (son of the 13th Earl of Home) and had issue. She was the author of "A Spencer Childhood", published in 1994.[3]
Spencer represented the constituency of North Northamptonshire from 1880 to 1885 and Mid Northamptonshire from 1885 to 1895 and again from 1900 to 1905. In 1898 he contested Hertford.[4] He was a Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria between February and June 1886, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household from 1892 to 1895 and a Privy Councillor from 1892.[5] Between 1900 and 1905 he was a Liberal whip.[6] On 19 December 1905, he was created 1st Viscount Althorp so as to allow him to become Lord Chamberlain (his older brother was still Earl Spencer at that time). From 1908 he was Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire.[5]

On 13 August 1910, he succeeded to his childless brother's titles, and died 12 years later at his home in St James Place, London. He had been ill for four months after contracting a 'chill' at a public event in his home county of Northamptonshire.[7]

He held a large number of foreign decorations: the Grand Cross of Order of the Dannebrog of Denmark, Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav, Order of the Polar Star of Sweden, Order of the Rising Sun of Japan, the White Eagle of Serbia, Order of the Red Eagle of Prussia, Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III and Order of Philippe le Bon of France. He was also an honorary major in[6] and later honorary colonel of the 4th Volunteer Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment.[5]1

Child of Charles Robert Spencer and Margaret Baring

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Spencer,_6th_Earl_Spencer.

Margaret Baring

F, b. 14 December 1868, d. 4 July 1906
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Spencer.

Child of Margaret Baring and Charles Robert Spencer

Albert Edward John Spencer

M, b. 1892, d. 1975
Father*Charles Robert Spencer b. 30 Oct 1857, d. 26 Sep 1922
Mother*Margaret Baring b. 14 Dec 1868, d. 4 Jul 1906
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAlbert Edward John Spencer was also known as Jack.
     Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (23 May 1892 – 9 June 1975), known formally as The Hon Albert Spencer until 1910 and from then until 1922 as Viscount Althorp, and less formally as "Jack" Spencer, was a British peer. He was the paternal grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Lord Spencer was born in London, the son of Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer and his wife, the former Margaret Baring, second daughter of Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke.[1] His godparents included King Edward VII.[2]

After his education at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge[3], Spencer served in the First World War as a Captain in the First Life Guards[4], and was active in the local politics of Northamptonshire as a Conservative councillor. He opened his ancestral home, Althorp, to the public and was a well-known art connoisseur, being a trustee of the Wallace Collection and chairman of the Royal School of Needlework.[5] He was a Fellow of both the Society of Antiquaries of London and the Royal Society of Arts, and for eight years in the 1960s he was Chair of the Advisory Council of the Victoria and Albert Museum. Spencer was active in the Territorial Army for 43 years from 1924.[3] He was Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire from 1952 to 1967, and Chairman of the Governors at Wellingborough School from 1946 to 1972..

Lord Spencer married Lady Cynthia Hamilton, second daughter of the 3rd Duke of Abercorn in 1919 and they had two children.

Lord Spencer died at St Matthews Nursing Home, Northampton after a short illness[6], and was succeeded as Earl by his son, John, the father of Diana, Princess of Wales.1

Child of Albert Edward John Spencer and Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spencer,_7th_Earl_Spencer.

Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn

F, b. 1897, d. 1972
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1919As of 1919,her married name was Spencer.

Child of Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn and Albert Edward John Spencer

Edward John Spencer

M, b. 1924, d. 1992
Father*Albert Edward John Spencer b. 1892, d. 1975
Mother*Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn b. 1897, d. 1972
     Edward John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer, MVO (24 January 1924–29 March 1992) was the son of Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer and Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton, the daughter of James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn, and the father of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Lord Spencer was educated in Eton College, in the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, and in the Royal Agricultural College. A Captain in the Royal Scots Greys, Lord Spencer fought in the Second World War from 1944 to 1945. From 1947 to 1950, Lord Spencer served as Aide-de-Camp to then-Governor of South Australia, Willoughby Norrie. [1]

Lord Spencer held the offices of County Councillor for Northamptonshire (1952), High Sheriff of Northamptonshire (1959) and Justice of the Peace for Norfolk (1970).[1] He served as Equerry to King George VI (1950-52) and to Queen Elizabeth II (1952-54),[2] and was invested as a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (M.V.O.) in 1954.[1]

On 1 June 1954, Lord Althorp and the Hon. Frances Ruth Roche, the younger daughter of the 4th Baron Fermoy, were married in Westminster Abbey by Percy Herbert, Bishop of Norwich. They had five children:

1955: Elizabeth Sarah Lavinia Spencer (Lady Sarah McCorquodale)
1957: Cynthia Jane Spencer (Jane Fellowes, Baroness Fellowes)
1960-1960: John Spencer, who died within 10 hours of his birth
1961-1997: Diana Frances Spencer (Diana, Princess of Wales)
1964: Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
Lord and Lady Althorp were divorced in April 1969. Lord Spencer later won a bitter custody battle for his children. On 14 July 1976, Lord Spencer married Raine, Countess of Dartmouth, the former wife of the 9th Earl of Dartmouth, and the only daughter of the romantic novelist Barbara Cartland and Alexander McCorquodale.

Lord Spencer died on 29 March 1992 at The Wellington Hospital, London, and was succeeded as Earl by his son, Charles, the younger brother of Diana, Princess of Wales.1

Child of Edward John Spencer and Frances Ruth Roche

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Spencer,_8th_Earl_Spencer.

Frances Ruth Roche

F, b. 20 January 1936, d. 3 June 2004
Father*Edmund Maurice Burke Roche b. 15 May 1885, d. 8 Jul 1955
Mother*Ruth Sylvia Gill b. 2 Oct 1908, d. 6 Jul 1993
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Spencer.
     Frances Ruth Shand Kydd (née Roche, formerly Viscountess Althorp) (20 January 1936 – 3 June 2004) was the first wife of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer and the mother of Diana, Princess of Wales. After two failed marriages and the deaths of two children, she devoted her later years to Roman Catholic charity work.

Frances Ruth Roche was born in Park House, on the royal estate at Sandringham, Norfolk.[1] Her father was Edmund Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy, a friend of King George VI and the elder son of the American heiress Frances Work and her first husband, the 3rd Baron Fermoy. Her mother Ruth, Lady Fermoy DCVO was a confidante and lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother).1

Child of Frances Ruth Roche and Edward John Spencer

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Shand_Kydd

Edmund Maurice Burke Roche

M, b. 15 May 1885, d. 8 July 1955
Father*James Boothby Burke Roche b. 28 Jul 1852, d. 30 Oct 1920
Mother*Frances Ellen Work b. 27 Oct 1857, d. 26 Jan 1947
     Edmund Maurice Burke Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy (15 May 1885 – 8 July 1955) was a British peer, Conservative Party politician and the maternal grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Roche was born in Chelsea, London[1], the elder of twin sons of the Hon. James Roche (later Baron Fermoy) and his wife, Frances Work. He was educated at Harvard University, but returned to England on succeeding to his father's title in 1920. He rented Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk from the Royal Family and at the 1924 general election, he contested and won the local parliamentary constituency, King's Lynn, holding the seat until he stood down at the 1935 general election[2][3] (having also been elected the town's mayor in 1931[4]).

On 17 September 1931, Lord Fermoy married Ruth Sylvia Gill (the youngest daughter of Col. William Gill) at St. Devenick’s, Bieldside, Aberdeenshire[1] and they had three children:

Hon. Mary Cynthia (b. 1934), married (1) Hon. Sir Anthony Berry (divorced 1966), (2) Denis Geoghegan (divorced 1980), (3) Michael Gunningham (divorced 1989)
Hon. Frances Ruth (b. 1936), married (1) Edward Spencer, Viscount Althorp (divorced 1969), (2) Peter Shand Kydd
Hon. Edmund James Burke (b. 1939), later the 5th Baron Fermoy.
Lord Fermoy joined the Royal Air Force in 1939 at the start of World War II but when the incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) for King’s Lynn was killed on active service in 1943, he resigned his commission and stood for re-election. He retired from politics when Parliament was dissolved for the 1945 general election.[2]

Lord Fermoy collapsed in a shop at King’s Lynn, Norfolk in June 1955 and died three weeks later.[2] He was succeeded by his only son.1

Child of Edmund Maurice Burke Roche and Ruth Sylvia Gill

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Roche,_4th_Baron_Fermoy.

Diana Frances Spencer

F, b. 1 July 1961, d. 31 August 1997
Diana, Princess of Wales
Father*Edward John Spencer b. 1924, d. 1992
Mother*Frances Ruth Roche b. 20 Jan 1936, d. 3 Jun 2004
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1981As of 1981,her married name was Windsor.
     Diana, Princess of Wales, (Diana Frances;[1] née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. Her sons, Princes William and Harry[2], are second and third in line to the throne of the United Kingdom and fifteen other Commonwealth Realms.

A public figure from the announcement of her engagement to Prince Charles, Diana remained the focus of near-constant media scrutiny in the United Kingdom and around the world before, during and after her marriage, even in the years following her sudden death in a car crash, which was followed by a spontaneous and prolonged show of public mourning. Contemporary responses to Diana's life and legacy were mixed but a popular fascination with the Princess endures. The long-awaited Coroner's Inquest reported its conclusion on 7 April 2008 that Diana and her companion Dodi Fayed were unlawfully killed by the negligent driving of the following vehicles and also the driver Henri Paul of the vehicle in which she was travelling.[3]

Diana was the youngest daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp (later the 8th Earl Spencer) and Frances Spencer, Viscountess Althorp (formerly the Honourable Frances Burke Roche, and later Frances Shand Kydd). She was born at Park House, Sandringham in Norfolk, England on 1 July 1961, and was baptised on 30 August 1961 at St. Mary Magdalene Church by the Rt. Rev. Percy Herbert (rector of the church and former Bishop of Norwich and Blackburn), with godparents that included John Floyd (the chairman of Christie's). She was the fourth child to the couple, with older sisters Sarah (born 19 March 1955) and Jane (born 11 February 1957), as well as an infant brother, The Honourable John Spencer (born and died on 12 January 1960). The heir to the Spencer titles and estates, her younger brother, Charles, was born three years after her on 20 May 1964.

Following her parents' acrimonious divorce in 1969 (over Lady Althorp's affair with wallpaper heir Peter Shand Kydd), Diana's mother took her and her younger brother to live in an apartment in London's Knightsbridge, where Diana attended a local day school. At Christmas the children returned to Norfolk with their mother, and Lord Althorp subsequently refused to allow them to return to London. Lady Althorp sued for custody, but her mother's testimony during the trial against her contributed to the court awarding custody of Diana and her brother to their father. On 14 July 1976, Lord Spencer married Raine, Countess of Dartmouth, the only daughter of romantic novelist Barbara Cartland and Alexander McCorquodale, after he was named as the "other party" in the Dartmouths' divorce. During this time Diana travelled between her parents' homes. Her father inherited the earldom and Spencer seat in Althorp, Northamptonshire on 9 June 1975, and her mother moved to the Island of Seil on the west coast of Scotland. Diana, like her siblings, did not get along with her stepmother.

On her father's side, she was a descendant of King Charles II of England through four illegitimate sons:

Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Grafton, son by Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox, son by Louise de Kérouaille
Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, son by Nell Gwyn
James Crofts-Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, leader of a famous rebellion, son by Lucy Walter
She was also a descendant of King James II of England through an illegitimate daughter, Henrietta FitzJames, by his mistress Arabella Churchill. On her mother's side, Diana was Irish and Scottish, as well as a descendant of American heiress Frances Work, her mother's grandmother and namesake, from whom the considerable Roche fortune was derived.[citation needed]

The Spencers had been close to the British Royal Family for centuries, rising in royal favour during the 1600s. Diana's maternal grandmother, Ruth, Lady Fermoy, was a long-time friend and a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Her father had served as an equerry to King George VI and to Queen Elizabeth II.

In August 2009, the New England Historic Genealogical Society published Richard K. Evans's The Ancestry of Diana, Princess of Wales, for Twelve Generations.

From her marriage in 1981 to her divorce in 1996 she was styled Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales. She was generally called Princess Diana by the media despite having no right to that particular honorific, as it is reserved for a princess by birthright rather than marriage. Though she was noted for her pioneering charity work, the Princess's philanthropic endeavours were overshadowed by a scandal-plagued marriage. Her bitter accusations of adultery, mental cruelty and emotional distress visited upon her by her husband entertained many people, spawning biographies, magazine articles and television movies.

From the time of her engagement to the Prince of Wales in 1981 until her death in a car accident in 1997, Diana was arguably the most famous woman in the world, the pre-eminent female celebrity of her generation: a fashion icon, an ideal of feminine beauty, admired and emulated for her high-profile involvement in AIDS issues and the international campaign against landmines. During her lifetime, she was often referred to as the most photographed person in the world. To her admirers, Diana, Princess of Wales was a role model - after her death, there were even calls for her to be nominated for sainthood - while her detractors saw her life as a cautionary tale of how an obsession with publicity can ultimately destroy an individual.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana,_Princess_of_Wales.

Philip Mountbatten

M, b. 10 June 1921
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationPhilip Mountbatten was also known as Prince Philippos of Greece.
  • Philip Mountbatten was born on 10 June 1921.
     The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark; born 10 June 1921)[N 2] is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II.

He was born into the Greek and Danish royal families, but his family was exiled from Greece when he was a child. He was educated in Germany and Scotland at schools run by the German Jewish educator Kurt Hahn. At the age of 18, he joined Britain's Royal Navy, in which he served during World War II, even though two of his German brothers-in-law fought on the opposing side. After the war, in March 1947, he renounced his titles, adopted the surname of his British maternal grandparents, and used the style "Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten". Later that year, he married Princess Elizabeth, the heir to the British throne. On his marriage, he was granted the style of His Royal Highness and the title of Duke of Edinburgh by his father-in-law King George VI. When Elizabeth became Queen in 1952, Philip left his naval career to act as her consort. His wife made him a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957. He is Britain's longest-serving consort and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning monarch.[2]

George John Spencer

M, b. 1758, d. 1834
Father*John Spencer b. 1734, d. 1783
Mother*Margaret Georgiana Poyntz b. 1737, d. 1814
     George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer KG PC FRS FSA (1 September 1758–10 November 1834), known as Viscount Althorp from 1765 to 1783, was a British Whig politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents. Lord Spencer was an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales and her son, HRH William.

Lord Spencer was born at Wimbledon Park, London, the son of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer and his wife Margaret Georgiana, daughter of Stephen Poyntz, and was baptised there on the 16 October 1758. His godparents were King George II, the Earl Cowper (his grandmother's second husband) and his great-aunt the Dowager Viscountess Bateman. His sister Lady Georgiana married the Duke of Devonshire and became a famed Whig hostess. He was educated at Harrow School from 1770 to 1775 and he won the school's Silver Arrow (an archery prize) in 1771. He then attended Trinity College, Cambridge from 1776 to 1778 and graduated with a Master of Arts.[1] He acceded to the earldom upon the death of his father in 1783.

Lord Spencer was Whig Member of Parliament for Northampton from 1780 to 1782 and Whig MP for Surrey from 1782 to 1783. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1794 and served under William Pitt the Younger as Lord Privy Seal in 1794 and as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1794 to 1801. He was later Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 under Lord Grenville in the Ministry of All the Talents.

Lord Spencer was also High Steward of St Albans from 1783 to 1807, Mayor of St Albans in 1790, President of the Royal Institution from 1813 to 1825 and Commissioner of the Public Records in 1831. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1790 and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1799.

Lord Spencer married Lady Lavinia Bingham (1762–1831), daughter of Charles Bingham, 1st Earl of Lucan, on 6 March 1781. They had nine children.1

Child of George John Spencer and Lavinia of Lucan

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Spencer,_2nd_Earl_Spencer.

Lavinia of Lucan

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Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Spencer.

Child of Lavinia of Lucan and George John Spencer

John Spencer

M, b. 1734, d. 1783
     John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer (19 December 1734 – 31 October 1783) was a British peer and politician.

Spencer was born in 1734, at his family home, Althorp. He was the son of Hon. John Spencer and Georgiana Carolina Carteret (1716-1780), and a grandson of the 3rd Earl of Sunderland. On 20 December 1755, Spencer privately married Margaret Poyntz (1737-1814), daughter of Stephen Poyntz, in his mother's dressing room at Althorp. They had five children:

Lady Georgiana Spencer (1757–1806), married William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire and had issue.
George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758–1834)
Lady Henrietta Frances Spencer (1761–1821), married Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough and had issue.
Lady Charlotte Spencer (1765–1766), died in infancy.
Lady Louisa Spencer (b. & d. 1769), died in infancy.
Spencer was MP (Whig) for Warwick from 1756 to 1761. He was also High Steward of St Albans in 1772 and Mayor of St Albans in 1779. On 3 April 1761, he was created Baron Spencer of Althorp and Viscount Spencer by George III, and on 1 November 1765, he was created Viscount Althorp and Earl Spencer. Spencer died in 1783, aged 48 in Bath, and was buried in the family vault at St Mary's Church, Great Brington, Northamptonshire.1

Child of John Spencer and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Spencer,_1st_Earl_Spencer.

Margaret Georgiana Poyntz

F, b. 1737, d. 1814
Father*Stephen Poyntz
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name20 December 1755As of 20 December 1755,her married name was Spencer.
  • Margaret Georgiana Poyntz was born in 1737.
  • She was the daughter of Stephen Poyntz.
  • Margaret Georgiana Poyntz married John Spencer on 20 December 1755.
  • Margaret Georgiana Poyntz died in 1814.

Child of Margaret Georgiana Poyntz and John Spencer

Admiral George Seymour

M
Father*Admiral Hugh Seymour b. 29 Apr 1759, d. 11 Sep 1801
Mother*Anne Horatia Waldegrave b. 1762, d. 1801

Charles Beauclerk

M
Father*King Charles II Stewart b. 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
     1st Duke of St Albans.

James Crofts-Scott

M
Father*King Charles II Stewart b. 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
     1st Duke of Monmouth.

James II of England

M, b. 14 October 1633, d. 16 September 1701
Father*King Charles I Stewart b. 19 Nov 1600, d. 30 Jan 1649
Mother*Henrietta Maria of France b. 25 Nov 1609, d. 10 Sep 1669
     James II & VII (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701)[2] was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII,[1] from 6 February 1685. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Increasingly Britain's political and religious leaders opposed him as too pro-French, too pro-Catholic, and too much of an absolute monarch. When he produced a Catholic heir, the tension exploded and the leaders called on William III of Orange (his son-in-law and nephew) to land an invasion army from the Netherlands. James fled England (and thus abdicated) in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.[3] He was replaced by William of Orange who became king as William III, ruling jointly with his wife (James's daughter) Mary II. Thus William and Mary, both Protestants, became joint rulers in 1689. James made one serious attempt to recover his crowns, when he landed in Ireland in 1689 but, after the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamite forces at the Battle of the Boyne in the summer of 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life as a pretender at a court sponsored by his cousin and ally, King Louis XIV.

James is best known for his belief in absolute monarchy and his attempts to create religious liberty for his subjects. Both of these went against the wishes of the English Parliament and of most of his subjects. Parliament, opposed to the growth of absolutism that was occurring in other European countries, as well as to the loss of legal supremacy for the Church of England, saw their opposition as a way to preserve what they regarded as traditional English liberties. This tension made James's four-year reign a struggle for supremacy between the English Parliament and the Crown, resulting in his deposition, the passage of the English Bill of Rights, and the Hanoverian succession.1

Child of James II of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_II_of_England

Henrietta Maria of France

F, b. 25 November 1609, d. 10 September 1669
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1625As of 1625,her married name was Stewart.
     Henrietta Maria of France (French: Henriette Marie de France); (25 November[1] 1609 – 10 September 1669) was the Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the wife of King Charles I.

She was the mother of two kings, Charles II and James II, and was grandmother to Mary II, William III, and Anne of Great Britain.

Like her elder sister Elisabeth, Henrietta Maria was known to be quite attractive in her youth. Henrietta Maria was the daughter of King Henry IV of France (Henry III of Navarre) and his second wife, Marie de' Medici. She was born at the Palais du Louvre on 25 November 1609, but some historians give her a birthdate of 26 November. In England, where the Julian calendar was still in use, her date of birth is often recorded as 16 November. Henrietta Maria was brought up as a Roman Catholic. As the daughter of the Bourbon king of France, she was a Fille de France and a member of the House of Bourbon. She was the youngest sister of the future King Louis XIII of France. Her father was assassinated on 14 May 1610, in Paris, before she was a year old; her mother was banished from the royal court in 1617.

After her older sister Christine Marie married Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, in 1619, Henriette Marie took on the highly prestigious style of Madame Royale; this style was used by the most senior royal princess at the French court.1

Children of Henrietta Maria of France and King Charles I Stewart

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrietta_Maria_of_France

Henrietta FitzJames

F
Father*James II of England b. 14 Oct 1633, d. 16 Sep 1701

Eleanor Strongbow

F, b. 1318, d. 1355
Father*King Edward II of England b. 25 Apr 1284, d. 21 Sep 1327
Mother*Isabella de France b. 1292, d. 1358
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stradling.

Child of Eleanor Strongbow and (?) Stradling

(?) Stradling

M

Child of (?) Stradling and Eleanor Strongbow