Elizabeth Dacre

F
Father*Thomas Dacre
Mother*Elizabeth Leyburne
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Howard.

Children of Elizabeth Dacre and Lord William Howard

Thomas Dacre

M

Child of Thomas Dacre and Elizabeth Leyburne

Elizabeth Leyburne

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Dacre.

Child of Elizabeth Leyburne and Thomas Dacre

Katherine Knyvet

F, b. 1564, d. circa 1633
Father*Sir Henry Knyvet
Mother*Elizabeth Stumpe
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Howard.
     Catherine Knyvet (1564 - 1633?) was born in Charlton, Wiltshire.

She was the daughter of Sir Henry Knyvet of Charlton and Elizabeth Stumpe. Her half-brother was Sir Thomas Knyvet who foiled the gunpowder plot.

She married Richard son of Robert Rich, 2nd Baron Rich, and grandson of Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich and then Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk.

In 1619 she suffered from smallpox "which spoiled that good face of hers, which had brought to other much misery and to herself greatness which ended with much unhappiness."

She had thirteen children.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Knyvet

Sir Henry Knyvet

M

Child of Sir Henry Knyvet and Anne Pickering

Child of Sir Henry Knyvet and Elizabeth Stumpe

Elizabeth Stumpe

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Knyvet.

Child of Elizabeth Stumpe and Sir Henry Knyvet

Anne Pickering

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Knyvet.

Child of Anne Pickering and Sir Henry Knyvet

Thomas James Knyvet

M, b. 1558, d. 27 July 1622
Father*Sir Henry Knyvet
Mother*Anne Pickering
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationThomas James Knyvet was also known as Knevitt.
Name VariationThomas James Knyvet was also known as Knevett.
Name VariationThomas James Knyvet was also known as Knevytt.
Name VariationThomas James Knyvet was also known as Knyvett.
     Thomas James Knyvet (or Knevytt, Knyvett, Knevett, Knevitt; 1558 – 27 July 1622) was the second son of Sir Henry Knyvet of Charlton, Wiltshire and Anne Pickering, daughter of Sir Christopher Pickering of Killington, Westmoreland. His half-sister Catherine Knyvet was married to Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk.

He attended Jesus College, Cambridge.[1] He was a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Queen Elizabeth I, and in 1592, he was made Master at Arms; and Member of Parliament for Thetford in 1601. In 1603, King James I gave him the manor of Stanwell, Middlesex.

On 21 July 1597 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Roland Hayward and widow of Richard Warren of Essex. He was knighted in either 1603 or 1604. After foiling the Gunpowder Plot, he was appointed a Privy Councillor, Member of the Council to Queen Anne, and Warden of the Mint, and was granted the manor of Stanwell and later (in 1613) the manor of Staines. He was given charge of the education of Princess Mary. He sat in Parliament as Baron Knyvet of Escrick, Yorkshire in 1607.

Lord Knyvet was also famous for a long running feud with Edward de Vere, the seventeenth Earl of Oxford, whom some theorists claim to be the true identity of William Shakespeare. Knyvet's niece was Anne Vavasour, the mistress of the Earl of Oxford who bore him a child. On numerous occasions, servants on either side were killed. On one occasion, Knyvet injured Oxford, apparently in the leg.

Lord Knyvet was the first domestic resident of the site of 10 Downing Street, the modern-day residence of the British Prime Minister, in a building called Knyvett House. It was first leased to him by Queen Elizabeth I. This house later passed to his niece, Elizabeth Hampden, whose nephew was Oliver Cromwell. After the lease expired in 1682, George Downing developed the site.

When Lord Knyvet died in July 1622 his will provided for the foundation of a free-school in Stanwell, and the Lord Knyvet School was founded in 1624. There is an effigy of him and his wife in the chancel of Stanwell parish church.1 1st Baron Knyvet.

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Knyvet,_1st_Baron_Knyvet.

Elizabeth Hayward

F
Father*Sir Roland Hayward
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name21 July 1597As of 21 July 1597,her married name was Knyvet.

Sir Roland Hayward

M

Child of Sir Roland Hayward

William Bourchier

M, b. 1386, d. 28 May 1420
Father*Sir William Bourchier
Mother*Alianore de Lovayne b. 27 Mar 1345, d. 5 Oct 1397
     William Bourchier (1386 — Troyes, 28 May 1420), founder of the fortunes of the Bourchier family, was Count of Eu, in Normandy.

He was the son of Sir William Bourchier and Alianore de Lovayne (27 March 1345- 5 October 1397). He married Anne Plantagenet, Countess of Stafford, the daughter of the Plantagenet prince, Thomas of Woodstock and Eleanor de Bohun.

Children:
Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex. (1404 – 4 April 1483)
Eleanor Bourchier, (c. 1417 – November, 1474) she became Duchess of Norfolk, as wife to John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
William Bourchier, 1st Baron FitzWarin.
Thomas Bourchier, (c. 1404 – 30 March 1486) later cardinal
John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners (1415 – 16 May 1474).1

Children of William Bourchier and Anne of Woodstock

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Bourchier,_Count_of_Eu.

Anne of Woodstock

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bourchier.

Children of Anne of Woodstock and William Bourchier

Henry Bourchier

M, b. 1404, d. 4 April 1483
Father*William Bourchier b. 1386, d. 28 May 1420
Mother*Anne of Woodstock
     1st Earl of Essex.

Child of Henry Bourchier and Isabel Plantagenet

William Bourchier

M
Father*William Bourchier b. 1386, d. 28 May 1420
Mother*Anne of Woodstock
     Baron FitzWarine.

John Bourchier

M, b. 1467, d. 1533
Father*Sir Humphrey Bourchier d. 1471
Mother*Elizabeth Tilney b. b 1445, d. 4 Apr 1497
     John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners (1467 – 1533) was a statesman and translator, born at Sherfield, Hertfordshire, England, and educated at Oxford University. He held various Offices of State, including that of Chancellor of the Exchequer to King Henry VIII, and Lieutenant of Calais.

He translated, at the King's desire, Froissart's Chronicles (1523-1525), in such a manner as to make distinct advance in English historical writing, and the Golden Book of Marcus Aurelius (1534); also The History of Arthur of Lytell Brytaine (Brittany), and the romance of Huon of Bordeaux.[1]

He died at Calais in 1533.

His illegitimate daughter Ursula married William Sharington.[2]1

Child of John Bourchier

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bourchier,_2nd_Baron_Berners.

Jane Bourchier

F, d. 1562
Father*John Bourchier b. 1467, d. 1533
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Knyvett.

Child of Jane Bourchier and Edmund Knyvett

Edmund Knyvett

M

Child of Edmund Knyvett and Jane Bourchier

John Knyvett

M, d. 1524
Father*Edmund Knyvett
Mother*Jane Bourchier d. 1562

Child of John Knyvett and Agnes Harcourt

Agnes Harcourt

F
Father*Sir John Harcourt
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Knyvett.

Child of Agnes Harcourt and John Knyvett

Sir John Harcourt

M

Child of Sir John Harcourt

Sir Thomas Knyvett

M, b. 1539, d. 1616
Father*John Knyvett d. 1524
Mother*Agnes Harcourt
     Sir Thomas Knyvett (1539-1616?) was the High Sheriff of the English county of Norfolk in 1579.

Thomas was the first son of John Knyvett (d. 1524) and Agnes the daughter of Sir John Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire. Knyvett was a native of Ashwellthorpe in Norfolk, and married Muriel Parry, the daughter of Sir Thomas Parry. He was knighted in 1578 and inherited the Ashwellthorpe estates from Jane Bourchier, who was his grandmother. He was buried at Ashwellthorp on February 9th, 1617/1618. It is stated that he unsuccessfully claimed the title of Lord Berners.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Knyvett,_4th_Baron_Berners.

King Charles I Stewart

M, b. 19 November 1600, d. 30 January 1649
Father*King James I of England b. 1566, d. 1625
Mother*Anne of Denmark b. 1574, d. 1619
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing Charles I Stewart was also known as of Great Britain.
     King of Great Britain. Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649), the second son of James VI of Scots and I of England, was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution.[1] Charles engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England, attempting to obtain royal revenue whilst Parliament sought to curb his Royal prerogative which Charles believed was divinely ordained. Many of his English subjects opposed his actions, in particular his interference in the English and Scottish Churches, and the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent grew to be seen as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch.[2]

Religious conflicts permeated Charles' reign. His failure to successfully aid Protestant forces during the Thirty Years War, coupled with such actions as marrying a Catholic princess,[3][4] generated deep mistrust concerning the king's dogma. Charles further allied himself with controversial religious figures, such as the ecclesiastic Richard Montagu, and William Laud, whom Charles appointed Archbishop of Canterbury. Many of Charles's subjects felt this brought the Church of England too close to the Catholic Church. Charles's later attempts to force religious reforms upon Scotland led to the Bishops' Wars that weakened England's government and helped precipitate his downfall.

His last years were marked by the English Civil War, in which he fought the forces of the English and Scottish Parliaments, which challenged the king's attempts to overrule and negate Parliamentary authority, whilst simultaneously using his position as head of the English Church to pursue religious policies which generated the antipathy of reformed groups such as the Puritans. Charles was defeated in the First Civil War (1642–45), after which Parliament expected him to accept its demands for a constitutional monarchy. He instead remained defiant by attempting to forge an alliance with Scotland and escaping to the Isle of Wight. This provoked the Second Civil War (1648–49) and a second defeat for Charles, who was subsequently captured, tried, convicted, and executed for high treason. The monarchy was then abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England, also referred to as the Cromwellian Interregnum, was declared. Charles's son, Charles II, became king after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.[2] In that same year, Charles I was canonized as "St. Charles Stuart" by the Church of England.[5]1

Children of King Charles I Stewart and Henrietta Maria of France

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England

King Charles II Stewart

M, b. 1630, d. 6 February 1685
Father*King Charles I Stewart b. 19 Nov 1600, d. 30 Jan 1649
Mother*Henrietta Maria of France b. 25 Nov 1609, d. 10 Sep 1669
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing Charles II Stewart was also known as of Great Britain.
     King of Great Britain. Charles II (29 May 1630 OS – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Charles II's father King Charles I was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. The English Parliament did not proclaim Charles II as king, and instead passed a statute that made any such proclamation unlawful. England entered the period known to history as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. The Parliament of Scotland, however, proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649 in Edinburgh. He was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on 1 January 1651. Following his defeat by Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, Charles fled to mainland Europe and spent the next nine years in exile in France, the United Provinces and the Spanish Netherlands.

A political crisis following the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in Charles being invited to return and assume the throne in what became known as the Restoration. Charles II arrived on English soil on 27 May 1660 and entered London on his 30th birthday, 29 May 1660. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if Charles had succeeded his father in 1649. Charles was crowned King of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey on 23 April 1661.

Charles's English parliament enacted anti-Puritan laws known as the Clarendon Code, designed to shore up the position of the re-established Church of England. Charles acquiesced to the Clarendon Code even though he himself favoured a policy of religious tolerance. The major foreign policy issue of Charles's early reign was the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In 1670, Charles entered into the secret treaty of Dover, an alliance with his first cousin King Louis XIV of France under the terms of which Louis agreed to aid Charles in the Third Anglo-Dutch War and pay Charles a pension, and Charles promised to convert to Roman Catholicism at an unspecified future date. Charles attempted to introduce religious freedom for Catholics and Protestant dissenters with his 1672 Royal Declaration of Indulgence, but the English Parliament forced him to withdraw it. In 1679, Titus Oates's revelations of a supposed "Popish Plot" sparked the Exclusion Crisis when it was revealed that Charles's brother and heir (James, Duke of York) was a Roman Catholic. This crisis saw the birth of the pro-exclusion Whig and anti-exclusion Tory parties. Charles sided with the Tories, and, following the discovery of the Rye House Plot to murder Charles and James in 1683, some Whig leaders were killed or forced into exile. Charles dissolved the English Parliament in 1681, and ruled alone until his death on 6 February 1685. He converted to Roman Catholicism on his deathbed.

Charles was popularly known as the Merrie Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans. Charles's wife, Catherine of Braganza, bore no children, but Charles acknowledged at least 12 illegitimate children by various mistresses.1

Child of King Charles II Stewart

Child of King Charles II Stewart

Child of King Charles II Stewart

Child of King Charles II Stewart and Barbara Villiers

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_II_of_England

Henry Fitzroy

M, b. 1663, d. 1690
Father*King Charles II Stewart b. 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
Mother*Barbara Villiers b. 1641, d. 1709
     1st Duke of Grafton. Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton KG (28 September 1663 – 9 October 1690) was the illegitimate son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine.

In August 1672 he was married to Isabella, the daughter and heiress of Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington. They were parents to Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton. Diana, Princess of Wales was his descendant.

At the time of his marriage, Henry was created Baron Sudbury, Viscount Ipswich, and Earl of Euston; in 1675 he was created Duke of Grafton. Charles II made him a Knight of the Garter in 1680. He was made a colonel of the Grenadier Guards in 1681.

He was brought up as a sailor, and saw military service at the siege of Luxembourg in 1684. In that year, he received a warrant to supersede Sir Robert Holmes as Governor of the Isle of Wight, when the latter was charged with making false musters. However, Holmes was acquitted by court-martial and retained the governorship.

At King James II's coronation Grafton was Lord High Constable. In the rebellion of the Duke of Monmouth he commanded the royal troops in Somerset; but later he acted with John Churchill, and joined William of Orange to overthrow the King in the Revolution of 1688.

He died of a wound received at the storming of Cork, while leading William's forces. He was 27.1

Child of Henry Fitzroy and Isabella Bennet

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_FitzRoy,_1st_Duke_of_Grafton.

Charles Lennox

M
Father*King Charles II Stewart b. 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
     Duke of Richmond (England) and Duke of Lennox (Scotland).

Barbara Villiers

F, b. 1641, d. 1709
  • Barbara Villiers was born in 1641.
  • She died in 1709.

Child of Barbara Villiers and King Charles II Stewart

Isabella Bennet

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Fitzroy.

Child of Isabella Bennet and Henry Fitzroy

Charles Fitzroy

M, b. 1683, d. 1757
Father*Henry Fitzroy b. 1663, d. 1690
Mother*Isabella Bennet
     Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton PC (25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was an Irish and English politician.

He was born the only child of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton and Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington. His father was an illegitimate son of Charles II of England and Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland.

Fitzroy inherited his father's peerages on 9 October 1690. He was Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation. He became a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724 and Lord Chamberlain from 1724 until his death. In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. In 1739 he supported the creation of what was to become one of London's most notable charities, the Foundling Hospital. He sat on that charity's original Court of Governors with such fellow Governors as the Duke of Bedford, the Lord Vere and the Lord Mayor of London.

He married Lady Henrietta Somerset, daughter of Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester and Rebecca Child; they had seven children:

Charles Henry FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (13 April 1714 - 18 December 1715).
George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (24 August 1715 - 7 July 1747). He was married 10 October 1741 to Lady Dorothy Boyle (14 May 1724 - 2 May 1742) elder daughter of Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his wife Lady Dorothy Savile, daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. The Earl was notorious for mistreating his wife, who died seven months after their marriage, and died childless.[1]
Lord Augustus FitzRoy (16 October 1716 - 24 May 1741). He was married to Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Colonel William Cosby who served as a colonial Governor of New York. They were parents to two sons, who founded branches still extant today.
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton and
Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton.
Lord Charles FitzRoy (23 April 1718 - 29 July 1739).
Lady Caroline Fitzroy (8 April 1722 - 26 June 1784). She married William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington. They were parents to Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington and other six children.
Lady Harriet FitzRoy (8 June 1723 - August 1735).
Lady Isabella FitzRoy (1726 - 10 November 1782). She married Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford. They were parents to Francis Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford and other eleven children. They were ancestors of Diana, Princess of Wales.
The Duke also fathered an illegitimate son, Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore.1 2nd Duke of Grafton, Earl of Arlington.

Child of Charles Fitzroy and Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_FitzRoy,_2nd_Duke_of_Grafton.

Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Fitzroy.

Child of Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort and Charles Fitzroy

Isabella Fitzroy

F, b. 1726, d. 1782
Father*Charles Fitzroy b. 1683, d. 1757
Mother*Henrietta Somerset of Beaufort
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Seymour.

Child of Isabella Fitzroy and Francis Seymour