Theodore Parker

M, b. 24 August 1810, d. 1860
Father*John Parker b. 7 Dec 1761
Mother*Hannah Stearns b. 1766
Life EventDateDescription
Birth24 August 1810Theodore Parker was born on 24 August 1810.
He was the son of John Parker and Hannah Stearns.
Death1860Theodore Parker died in 1860.
  • American preacher and social reformer, was born at Lexington, Massachusetts, on the 24th of August 1810, the youngest of eleven children. His father, John Parker, a small farmer and skilful mechanic, was a typical New England yeoman. His mother took great pains with the religious education of her children, “caring, however, but little for doctrines,” and making religion to consist of love and good works. His paternal grand-father, Captain John Parker (1729-1775), was the leader of the Lexington minute-men in the skirmish at Lexington. Theodore obtained the elements of knowledge in the schools of the district, which were open during the winter months only. During the rest of the year he worked on his father's farm. At the age of seventeen he became himself a winter schoolmaster, and in his twentieth year he entered himself at Harvard, working on the farm as usual (until 1831) while he followed his studies and going over to Cambridge for the examinations only. For the theological course he took up in 1834 his residence in the college, meeting his expenses by a small sum amassed by school-keeping and by help from a poor students' fund, and graduating in 1836. At the close of his college career he began his translation (published in 1843) of Wilhelm M. L. De Wette's Beiträge zur Einleitung in das Alte Testament. His journal and letters show that he had made acquaintance with a large number of languages, including Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopic, as well as the classical and the principal modern European languages. When he entered the divinity school he was an orthodox Unitarian; when he left it, he entertained strong doubts about the infallibility of the Bible, the possibility of miracles, and the exclusive claims of Christianity and the Church. Emerson's transcendentalism greatly influenced him, and Strauss's Leben Jesu left its mark upon his thought. His first ministerial charge was over a small village parish, West Roxbury, a few miles from Boston; here he was ordained as a Unitarian clergyman in June 1837 and here he preached until January 1846. His views were slowly assuming the form which subsequently found such strong expression in his writing; but the progress was slow, and the cautious reserve of his first rationalistic utterances was in striking contrast with his subsequent rashness. But on the 19th of May 1841 he preached at Boston a sermon on “the transient and permanent in Christianity,” which presented in embryo the main principles and ideas of his final theological position, and the preaching of which determined his subsequent relations to the churches with which he was connected and to the whole ecclesiastical world. The Boston Unitarian clergy denounced the preacher, and declared that the “young man must be silenced.” No Unitarian publisher could be found for his sermon, and nearly all the pulpits of the city were closed against him. A number of gentlemen in Boston, however, invited him to give a series of lectures there. The result was that he delivered in the Masonic Hall, in the winter of 1841-1842, as lectures, substantially the volume afterwards published as the Discourse of Matters pertaining to Religion. The lectures in their published form made his name famous throughout America and Europe, and confirmed the stricter Unitarians in America in their attitude towards him and his supporters. His friends, however, resolved that he should be heard in Boston, and there, beginning with 1845, he preached regularly for fourteen years. Previous to his removal from West Roxbury to Boston Parker spent a year in Europe, calling in Germany upon Paulus, Gervinus, De Wette and Ewald, and preaching in Liverpool in the pulpits of James Martineau and J. H. Thom. After January 1846 he devoted himself exclusively to his work in Boston. In addition to his Sunday labours he lectured throughout the States, and prosecuted his wide studies, collecting particularly the materials for an opus magnum on the development of religion in mankind. Above all he took up the question of the emancipation of the slaves, and fearlessly advocated in Boston and elsewhere, from the platform and through the press, the cause of the negroes. He made his influence felt also by correspondence with political leaders and by able political speeches, one of which, delivered in 1858, contained the sentence, “Democracy is direct self-government, over all the people, by all the people, for all the people,” which probably suggested Abraham Lincoln's oft-quoted variant. Parker assisted actively in the escape of fugitive slaves, and for trying to prevent the rendition of perhaps the most famous of them, Anthony Burns, was indicted, but the indictment was quashed. He also gave his aid to John Brown (q.v.). By his voice, his pen, and his utterly fearless action in social and political matters he became a great power in Boston and America generally. But his days were numbered. His mother had suffered from phthisis; and he himself now fell a victim to the same disease. In January 1859 he suffered a violent haemorrhage of the lungs, and sought relief by retreating first to the West Indies and afterwards to Europe. He died at Florence on the 10th of May 1860.

Lydia Moore

F, b. 18 January 1731
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name25 May 1755As of 25 May 1755,her married name was Parker.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth18 January 1731Lydia Moore was born on 18 January 1731.
Marriage25 May 1755She married John Riley Parker, son of Josiah Parker and Anne Stone, on 25 May 1755.

Child of Lydia Moore and John Riley Parker

Hannah Stearns

F, b. 1766
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name17 February 1784As of 17 February 1784,her married name was Parker.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1766Hannah Stearns was born in 1766.
Marriage17 February 1784She married John Parker, son of John Riley Parker and Lydia Moore, on 17 February 1784.

Child of Hannah Stearns and John Parker

Hananiah Parker

M, b. 1638
Father*Deacon Thomas Parker d. Aug 1683
Mother*Amy (?) d. 15 Jan 1690
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1638Hananiah Parker was born in 1638.
He was the son of Deacon Thomas Parker and Amy (?).
Marriage30 September 1663Hananiah Parker married Elizabeth Browne on 30 September 1663.

Child of Hananiah Parker and Elizabeth Browne

Elizabeth Browne

F, b. 10 December 1647, d. 27 February 1697
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name30 September 1663As of 30 September 1663,her married name was Parker.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth10 December 1647Elizabeth Browne was born on 10 December 1647.
Marriage30 September 1663She married Hananiah Parker, son of Deacon Thomas Parker and Amy (?), on 30 September 1663.
Death27 February 1697Elizabeth Browne died on 27 February 1697 at age 49.

Child of Elizabeth Browne and Hananiah Parker

Deacon Thomas Parker

M, d. August 1683
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageDeacon Thomas Parker married Amy (?).
DeathAugust 1683Deacon Thomas Parker died in August 1683.

Child of Deacon Thomas Parker and Amy (?)

Amy (?)

F, d. 15 January 1690
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Parker.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAmy (?) married Deacon Thomas Parker.
Death15 January 1690Amy (?) died on 15 January 1690.

Child of Amy (?) and Deacon Thomas Parker

Hannah Dodge

F, b. 1671, d. 1757
Father*John Dodge
Mother*Sarah Proctor b. 1646, d. 1706
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Woodbury.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHannah Dodge married (?) Woodbury.
Birth1671Hannah Dodge was born in 1671.
She was the daughter of John Dodge and Sarah Proctor.
Death1757Hannah Dodge died in 1757.

Child of Hannah Dodge and (?) Woodbury

(?) Woodbury

M
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Woodbury married Hannah Dodge, daughter of John Dodge and Sarah Proctor.

Child of (?) Woodbury and Hannah Dodge

Hannah Woodbury

F, b. 1691, d. 1727
Father*(?) Woodbury
Mother*Hannah Dodge b. 1671, d. 1757
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Perkins.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHannah Woodbury married (?) Perkins.
Birth1691Hannah Woodbury was born in 1691.
She was the daughter of (?) Woodbury and Hannah Dodge.
Death1727Hannah Woodbury died in 1727.

Child of Hannah Woodbury and (?) Perkins

(?) Perkins

M
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Perkins married Hannah Woodbury, daughter of (?) Woodbury and Hannah Dodge.

Child of (?) Perkins and Hannah Woodbury

Elizabeth Perkins

F, b. 1720, d. 1791
Father*(?) Perkins
Mother*Hannah Woodbury b. 1691, d. 1727
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stevens.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageElizabeth Perkins married (?) Stevens.
Birth1720Elizabeth Perkins was born in 1720.
She was the daughter of (?) Perkins and Hannah Woodbury.
Death1791Elizabeth Perkins died in 1791.

Child of Elizabeth Perkins and (?) Stevens

(?) Stevens

M
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Stevens married Elizabeth Perkins, daughter of (?) Perkins and Hannah Woodbury.

Child of (?) Stevens and Elizabeth Perkins

Nehemiah Stevens

M, b. 1752, d. 1822
Father*(?) Stevens
Mother*Elizabeth Perkins b. 1720, d. 1791
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1752Nehemiah Stevens was born in 1752.
He was the son of (?) Stevens and Elizabeth Perkins.
Death1822Nehemiah Stevens died in 1822.

Child of Nehemiah Stevens

Rebecca Stevens

F, b. 1782, d. 1856
Father*Nehemiah Stevens b. 1752, d. 1822
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bennett.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRebecca Stevens married (?) Bennett.
Birth1782Rebecca Stevens was born in 1782.
She was the daughter of Nehemiah Stevens.
Death1856Rebecca Stevens died in 1856.

Child of Rebecca Stevens and (?) Bennett

(?) Bennett

M
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Bennett married Rebecca Stevens, daughter of Nehemiah Stevens.

Child of (?) Bennett and Rebecca Stevens

Nathan Murray Bennett

M, b. 1806
Father*(?) Bennett
Mother*Rebecca Stevens b. 1782, d. 1856
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1806Nathan Murray Bennett was born in 1806.
He was the son of (?) Bennett and Rebecca Stevens.

Child of Nathan Murray Bennett

William Proctor

M, b. 1506
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1506William Proctor was born in 1506.

Child of William Proctor

Ne Graye

F, b. 1561
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Proctor.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageNe Graye married John Proctor, son of William Proctor.
Birth1561Ne Graye was born in 1561.

Child of Ne Graye and John Proctor

John Lonsdale

M, b. before 29 June 1620
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 29 June 1620John Lonsdale was born before 29 June 1620 at England.
Marriage2 May 1643He married Elizabeth Proctor, daughter of Johanness Proctor and Elizabeth Turner, on 2 May 1643.

Child of John Lonsdale and Elizabeth Proctor

Grace Lonsdale

F, b. before 7 September 1656
Father*John Lonsdale b. b 29 Jun 1620
Mother*Elizabeth Proctor b. 11 Jun 1620
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 7 September 1656Grace Lonsdale was born before 7 September 1656 at Burnley, Lancashire, England.
She was the daughter of John Lonsdale and Elizabeth Proctor.

John Turner

M, b. September 1560
Father*Robert Turner
Life EventDateDescription
BirthSeptember 1560John Turner was born in September 1560 at Manchester, Lancashire, England.
He was the son of Robert Turner.
Marriage25 August 1577John Turner married Katherine Whitehead on 25 August 1577.

Child of John Turner and Katherine Whitehead

Katherine Whitehead

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name25 August 1577As of 25 August 1577,her married name was Turner.
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage25 August 1577Katherine Whitehead married John Turner, son of Robert Turner, on 25 August 1577.

Child of Katherine Whitehead and John Turner

Robert Turner

M

Child of Robert Turner

Ann Kirke

F, d. before 1743
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1724As of circa 1724,her married name was Haydon.
Life EventDateDescription
Marriagecirca 1724Ann Kirke married Thomas Haydon Jr., son of Thomas Haydon Sr. and Ann Lewis, circa 1724.
Deathbefore 1743Ann Kirke died before 1743.

Child of Ann Kirke and Thomas Haydon Jr.

Sarah (?)

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1743As of circa 1743,her married name was Haydon.
Life EventDateDescription
Marriagecirca 1743Sarah (?) married Thomas Haydon Jr., son of Thomas Haydon Sr. and Ann Lewis, circa 1743.

Ann Denny

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1711As of circa 1711,her married name was Haydon.
Life EventDateDescription
Marriagecirca 1711Ann Denny married Thomas Haydon Sr. circa 1711.

John Lewis

M, d. 1694
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJohn Lewis married Frances Mutoone.
Death1694John Lewis died in 1694.

Child of John Lewis and Frances Mutoone

Frances Mutoone

F, b. circa 1650
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Lewis.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageFrances Mutoone married John Lewis.
Birthcirca 1650Frances Mutoone was born circa 1650.

Child of Frances Mutoone and John Lewis

Joan de Echingham

F, b. circa 1395
Father*Sir William de Echingham b. c 1340, d. 20 Mar 1413
Mother*Joan Fitzalan b. c 1360, d. 1 Sep 1404
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Baynton.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1395Joan de Echingham was born circa 1395 at England.
She was the daughter of Sir William de Echingham and Joan Fitzalan.