Walkelin de Ferrers

M, d. 1201
Father*Henry de Ferrers
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWalkelin de Ferrers was also known as de Ferrieres.
Name VariationWalkelin de Ferrers was also known as Walchelin.
  • Walkelin de Ferrers was the son of Henry de Ferrers.
  • Walkelin de Ferrers died in 1201.
     Walchelin de Ferrieres (or Walkelin de Ferrers) (died 1201) was a Norman baron and principal captain of Richard I of England.

The Ferriers family hailed from the southern marches of Normandy and had previously protected the duchy from the hostility of the counts of Maine and Anjou. With the union of the domains of Anjou and Normandy in 1144, and the investment of Geoffrey V Plantagenet as duke of Normandy, most of this land lost its strategic importance.

Walchelin was the son of Henry de Ferrieres, a nephew of Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby. Like his father, Walchelin held the castles of Ferrières-Saint-Hilaire and Chambray for the service of 5 knights. He had 42 and 3/4 in his service, enfeoffed in his lands. In England, Walchelin held the manors of Oakham in Rutland and Lechlade in Gloucestershire. He is known to have held this land since at least 1172.

During the Third Crusade, he and his son and heir, Henry, served in the force of Richard I of England. A John de Ferrieres, believed to be a nephew, was also present. Walchelin had stayed with the King in Sicily. It is apparent that Walchelin was close in the counsel of the king. He and his knights arrived at Saint-Jean d'Acre sometime in April or June of 1191. Some months previously, a distant relative, William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby had been killed at the siege.

After the conclusion of the siege, Richard of England and Hugh III of Burgundy marched their forces south to the city of Jaffa. Along the road, several skirmishes broke out between the marching crusaders and the Saracen army marching parallel under Saladin. On 7 September 1191, the great battle of Arsuf was fought. Richard had made Walchelin a commander of one of the elite bodies of knights according to the chronicle attributed to Geoffrey de Vinsauf.

Later, in 1194, Richard was imprisoned in Germany. Walchelin brought the treasure of Normandy to Speyer and gave himself as a hostage (along with many others) to the Western Emperor Henry VI. He was freed from captivity around 1197. His sons Henry and Hugh managed his estates during the years he spent in prison. Sometime prior to his death, the younger son, Hugh was granted lordship of the manor of Lechlade.

Walchelin died in 1201 and was succeeded by his son, Henry. Henry sided with John of England over King Philip II of France until December 1203 when John left Normandy, never to return. At this point, Henry did Philip homage for his Norman lands. Hugh had left England and the care of Lechlade and Oakham went to their sister, Isabella, who was married to Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore. After her death, the land was escheated to the crown as Terra Normanorum.1

Children of Walkelin de Ferrers

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walchelin_de_Ferriers

Marared ferch Llywelyn

F, b. circa 1198, d. after 1263
Father*Prince Llywelyn the Great ab Iorwerth b. c 1173, d. 11 Apr 1240
Mother*Joan Plantagenet b. c 1191, d. 2 Feb 1237
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMarared ferch Llywelyn was also known as Margaret.
Name VariationMarared ferch Llywelyn was also known as ap Llewellyn.
Married Name1219As of 1219,her married name was de Braose.

Child of Marared ferch Llywelyn and John de Braose

Joan Plantagenet

F, b. circa 1191, d. 2 February 1237
Father*King John of England b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
Mother*Agatha de Ferrers
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1204As of circa 1204,her married name was ab Iorwerth.
     Joan, Princess of Wales and Lady of Snowdon, (c. 1191 – 2 February 1237) was the wife of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales and Gwynedd and effective ruler of most of Wales.

Joan was a natural daughter of King John of England and Agatha de Ferrers. She should not be confused with her half-sister Joan, Queen Consort of Scotland.

Little is known about her early life. Her mother's name is known only from Joan's obituary in the Tewkesbury Annals, where she is called "Regina Clementina" (Queen Clemence). Joan seems to have spent part of her childhood in France, as King John had her brought to the Kingdom of England from Normandy in December 1203 in preparation for her wedding to prince Llywelyn ab Iorwerth.

Joan married Llywelyn the Great between December 1203 and October 1204. She and Llywelyn had at least two children together:

Elen ferch Llywelyn (Helen or Ellen) (1207-1253), married (1) John the Scot, Earl of Chester and (2) Robert II de Quincy
Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c. 1215-1246) married Isabella de Braose, died at Garth Celyn, Aber Garth Celyn, (Aber).
Some of Llywelyn's other recorded children may also have been Joan's:

Gwladus Ddu (1206-1251), married (1) Reginald de Braose and (2) Ralph de Mortimer.
Susanna, who was sent to England as a hostage in 1228.
Margaret, who married Sir John de Braose, the grandson of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber and had issue.
In April 1226 Joan obtained a papal decree from Pope Honorius III, declaring her legitimate on the basis that her parents had not been married to others at the time of her birth, but without giving her a claim to the English throne.1 In 1230 Adultery. At Easter 1230, William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny, who was Llywelyn's prisoner at the time, was discovered with Joan in Llywelyn's bedchamber. William de Braose was hanged at Aber Garth Celyn on 2 May 1230; the place was known as 'Gwern y Grog' and the incident remembered down the generations by the local community. A recent suggestion that the execution might have taken place at Crogen near Bala rests on the suggestion that 'Crogen' and 'Crokein' are one and the same: there is however no further eveidence in the area to lend this substance.

Joan was placed under house arrest for twelve months after the incident. She was then, according to the Chronicle of Chester, forgiven by Llywelyn, and restored to favour. She may have given birth to a daughter early in 1231.

Children of Joan Plantagenet and Prince Llywelyn the Great ab Iorwerth

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan,_Lady_of_Wales.

Agatha de Ferrers

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAgatha de Ferrers was also known as Clemence.

Child of Agatha de Ferrers and King John of England

Robert De Ros

M, b. after 1330
Father*James De Ros b. 1303, d. 30 Sep 1362
Mother*Maud Bernake b. 1310

Child of Robert De Ros

Robert De Ros

M, b. after 1350
Father*Robert De Ros b. a 1330
  • Robert De Ros was born after 1350.
  • He was the son of Robert De Ros.

Child of Robert De Ros

Nicholas De Ros

M, b. 1340, d. 1397
Father*James De Ros b. 1303, d. 30 Sep 1362
Mother*Maud Bernake b. 1310

Eleanor De Ros

F, b. 23 June 1432, d. May 1509
Father*Robert De Ros b. 1390, d. 1441
Mother*Joan de Tilliol b. 1399, d. 1438
  • Eleanor De Ros was born on 23 June 1432.
  • She was the daughter of Robert De Ros and Joan de Tilliol.
  • Eleanor De Ros died in May 1509 at age 76.

Sir Geoffrey de Tilliol

M, b. 1360, d. 1400
  • Sir Geoffrey de Tilliol was born in 1360.
  • He married Alice de Ireby in 1395.
  • Sir Geoffrey de Tilliol died in 1400.

Children of Sir Geoffrey de Tilliol and Alice de Ireby

Alice de Ireby

F, b. 1376
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1395As of 1395,her married name was de Tilliol.

Children of Alice de Ireby and Sir Geoffrey de Tilliol

Katherine de Tilliol

F, b. 1397, d. after 1 September 1456
Father*Sir Geoffrey de Tilliol b. 1360, d. 1400
Mother*Alice de Ireby b. 1376

Sir Philip le Despencer

M, b. 18 October 1342, d. 4 August 1401
Father*Sir Philip le Despencer b. 6 Apr 1313, d. 23 Aug 1349
Mother*Joan de Cobham b. 1319, d. May 1357

Children of Sir Philip le Despencer and Elizabeth de Tiptoft

Elizabeth de Tiptoft

F, b. 1345, d. before 1 August 1401
Father*Robert Tiptoft b. b 6 Nov 1341, d. 13 Apr 1372
Mother*Margaret Deincourt
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1363As of 1363,her married name was le Despencer.

Children of Elizabeth de Tiptoft and Sir Philip le Despencer

Sir Philip le Despencer

M, b. 6 April 1313, d. 23 August 1349
Father*Sir Philip le Despencer b. 1288, d. 24 Sep 1313
Mother*Margaret de Goushill b. 12 May 1294, d. 29 Jul 1349

Child of Sir Philip le Despencer and Joan de Cobham

Joan de Cobham

F, b. 1319, d. May 1357
Father*John de Cobham
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan de Cobham was also known as Margaret.
Married Name1341As of 1341,her married name was le Despencer.

Child of Joan de Cobham and Sir Philip le Despencer

Sir Philip le Despencer

M, b. 1288, d. 24 September 1313
Father*Hugh the Elder le Despenser b. 1262, d. 27 Oct 1326
Mother*Isabella de Beauchamp d. 1306

Child of Sir Philip le Despencer and Margaret de Goushill

Margaret de Goushill

F, b. 12 May 1294, d. 29 July 1349
Father*Ralph de Goushill
Mother*Hawise Fitzwarine
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMargaret de Goushill was also known as Goushill.
Married Name1312As of 1312,her married name was le Despencer.

Child of Margaret de Goushill and Sir Philip le Despencer

Ralph de Goushill

M

Child of Ralph de Goushill and Hawise Fitzwarine

Hawise Fitzwarine

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Goushill.

Child of Hawise Fitzwarine and Ralph de Goushill

Alan Basset

M, b. circa 1155
Father*Thomas Basset b. 1099
Mother*Alice de Dunstanville b. c 1118

Child of Alan Basset and Alice Gray

Alice Gray

F, b. circa 1159
Father*Stephen Gray
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAlice Gray was also known as Aline.
Married Namecirca 1180As of circa 1180,her married name was Basset.

Child of Alice Gray and Alan Basset

Stephen Gray

M

Child of Stephen Gray

Margery Basset

F
Father*Philip Basset b. c 1185, d. 19 Oct 1271
Mother*Hawise de Gray

Hawise de Gray

F
Father*John de Gray
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Basset.

Children of Hawise de Gray and Philip Basset

John de Gray

M

Children of John de Gray

Walter de Gray

M, d. 1 May 1255
Father*John de Gray
  • Walter de Gray was the son of John de Gray.
  • Walter de Gray died on 1 May 1255.
     Walter de Gray (died 1 May 1255) was an English prelate and statesman who rose to be Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor.

He was the son of John de Gray the Elder of Eaton in Norfolk and nephew of John de Gray (the Younger), Bishop of Norwich.[1] His sister, Hawise, married the Justiciar of England, Philip Basset.[citation needed] He was educated at the University of Oxford, where he heard the lectures of Edmund of Abingdon.[2]

Walter owed his early and rapid preferment in church and state to the favor of King John, becoming the king's chancellor in 1205,[3] having paid John 5000 marks for the office.[2] He was chosen bishop of Lichfield in 1210.[4] He was, however, not allowed to keep this bishopric, but he became bishop of Worcester on 20 January 1214,[5] resigning his office as chancellor in October of 1214.[3] His consecration as bishop of Worcester took place on 5 October 1214.[5] Gray was with John when the king signed the Magna Carta in June of 1215; soon after this event he left England on the king's business, and it was during his absence that he was forced into the archbishopric of York, owing his election on 10 November 1215[6] to the good offices of John and of Pope Innocent III. John had wanted Walter, but, the canons of York felt that Walter was uneducated, and selected Simon Langton, brother of Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury instead. John objected, and wrote to Pope Innocent III complaining of the election of the brother of one of his staunchest enemies, and Innocent agreed.[7] However, Walter in the end paid more than £10,000 to the pope in various fees to get his election confirmed.[8] Walter attended the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215.[9]

He took a leading part in public affairs during the minority of Henry III, and was regarded with much favour by this king, who employed him on important errands to foreign potentates, and left him as guardian of England when he went to France in 1242.[2] In 1252, Walter hosted King Henry and King Alexander III of Scotland for the Christmas feasts at York, which event cost the archbishop £2500.[10] Afterwards the archbishop seems to have been less favorably disposed towards Henry, and for a time he absented himself from public business. Gray was always anxious to assert his archiepiscopal authority over Scotland, and to maintain it against the archbishop of Canterbury, but in neither case was he very successful. He built the south transept of York Minster and bought for his see the village, afterwards called Bishopthorpe, which is still the residence of the archbishop of York.[2] He was also generous to the church at Ripon.[11]

He held a series of councils in his diocese from 1241 to 1255 which endeavored to enforce clerical celibacy, keep benefices from being inherited, and improve the education and morals of the clergy. He gave generously to his cathedral and other churches, as well as working to endown vicarages. He visited many of the monasteries of his diocese and helped those that were in financial difficulties. He also oversaw the translation of Saint Wilfrid's remains to a new shrine at Ripon.[2]

in 1255, he visited London to attend a meeting of parliament, and died at Fulham on the 1 May 1255.[5][1] He was buried on 15 May 1255 at York Minster.[2]

His three nephews were William Langton (or Rotherfield) who was Dean of York and was elected archbishop of York but never consecrated, and Walter le Breton and Walter de Grey, who were canons of York.[1]1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_de_Gray

Thomas Basset

M, b. 1099

Child of Thomas Basset and Alice de Dunstanville

Alice de Dunstanville

F, b. circa 1118
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1139As of circa 1139,her married name was Basset.
  • Alice de Dunstanville was born circa 1118.
  • She married Thomas Basset circa 1139.

Child of Alice de Dunstanville and Thomas Basset

William Marshal

M, b. 1190, d. 6 April 1231
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220

Eleanor Plantagenet

F, b. 1215, d. 13 April 1275
Father*King John of England b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
Mother*Isabella of Angoulême b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1224As of 1224,her married name was Marshal.
Married NameJanuary 1238As of January 1238,her married name was de Montfort.
     Eleanor of England (also called Eleanor Plantagenet [1] and Eleanor of Leicester) (1215 – 13 April 1275) was the youngest child of King John of England and Isabelle of Angouleme.

At the time of Eleanor's birth, King John's London was conquered and Queen Isabella was in shame. He had been forced to sign the Magna Carta. Eleanor would never meet her father, as he died at Newark Castle when she was barely a year old. The French, led by Philip II of France, were marching through the south. The only lands loyal to her brother, Henry III, were in the middle and southwest. The barons ruled the north, but they united with the royalists under William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, who protected the young king, and Philip was defeated.

William Marshal died in 1219 and Eleanor was promised to his son, also named William. They were married on 23 April 1224 at New Temple Church in London. The younger William was 34 and Eleanor only nine. He died in London on 6 April 1231, days before their 7th anniversary. There were no children of this marriage. The widowed Eleanor swore a holy oath of chastity in the presence of Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Seven years later, she met Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester. According to Matthew Paris, Simon was attracted to Eleanor's beauty and elegance as well as her wealth and high birth. They fell in love and married secretly on 7 January 1238 at the King's chapel at Westminster Palace. Her brother King Henry later alleged that he only allowed the marriage because Simon had seduced Eleanor. The marriage was controversial because of the oath Eleanor had sworn several years before to remain chaste. Because of this, Simon made a pilgrimage to Rome seeking papal approval for their union. Simon and Eleanor would have seven children:

Henry de Montfort (November 1238-1265)
Simon the younger de Montfort (April 1240-1271)
Amaury de Montfort, Canon of York (1242/1243-1300)
Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola (1244-1288)
A daughter, born and died in Bordeaux between 1248 and 1251.
Richard de Montfort (1252-1266)
Eleanor de Montfort (1258-1282)
Simon de Montfort had the real power behind the throne, but when he tried to take the throne, he was defeated with his son at the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265. Eleanor fled to exile in France where she became a nun at Montargis Abbey, a nunnery founded by her deceased husband's sister Amicia. She died and was buried there on 13 April 1275. Elizabeth Woodville, Queen -Consort of King Edward IV was her direct descendant.1

Child of Eleanor Plantagenet and Simon de Montfort

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Leicester