Sir Philip le Despencer

M, b. 6 April 1313, d. 23 August 1349
Father*Sir Philip le Despencer b. 1288, d. 24 Sep 1313
Mother*Margaret de Goushill b. 12 May 1294, d. 29 Jul 1349

Child of Sir Philip le Despencer and Joan de Cobham

Joan de Cobham

F, b. 1319, d. May 1357
Father*John de Cobham
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan de Cobham was also known as Margaret.
Married Name1341As of 1341,her married name was le Despencer.

Child of Joan de Cobham and Sir Philip le Despencer

Sir Philip le Despencer

M, b. 1288, d. 24 September 1313
Father*Hugh the Elder le Despenser b. 1262, d. 27 Oct 1326
Mother*Isabella de Beauchamp d. 1306

Child of Sir Philip le Despencer and Margaret de Goushill

Margaret de Goushill

F, b. 12 May 1294, d. 29 July 1349
Father*Ralph de Goushill
Mother*Hawise Fitzwarine
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMargaret de Goushill was also known as Goushill.
Married Name1312As of 1312,her married name was le Despencer.

Child of Margaret de Goushill and Sir Philip le Despencer

Ralph de Goushill

M

Child of Ralph de Goushill and Hawise Fitzwarine

Hawise Fitzwarine

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Goushill.

Child of Hawise Fitzwarine and Ralph de Goushill

Alan Basset

M, b. circa 1155
Father*Thomas Basset b. 1099
Mother*Alice de Dunstanville b. c 1118

Child of Alan Basset and Alice Gray

Alice Gray

F, b. circa 1159
Father*Stephen Gray
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAlice Gray was also known as Aline.
Married Namecirca 1180As of circa 1180,her married name was Basset.

Child of Alice Gray and Alan Basset

Stephen Gray

M

Child of Stephen Gray

Margery Basset

F
Father*Philip Basset b. c 1185, d. 19 Oct 1271
Mother*Hawise de Gray

Hawise de Gray

F
Father*John de Gray
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Basset.

Children of Hawise de Gray and Philip Basset

John de Gray

M

Children of John de Gray

Walter de Gray

M, d. 1 May 1255
Father*John de Gray
  • Walter de Gray was the son of John de Gray.
  • Walter de Gray died on 1 May 1255.
     Walter de Gray (died 1 May 1255) was an English prelate and statesman who rose to be Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor.

He was the son of John de Gray the Elder of Eaton in Norfolk and nephew of John de Gray (the Younger), Bishop of Norwich.[1] His sister, Hawise, married the Justiciar of England, Philip Basset.[citation needed] He was educated at the University of Oxford, where he heard the lectures of Edmund of Abingdon.[2]

Walter owed his early and rapid preferment in church and state to the favor of King John, becoming the king's chancellor in 1205,[3] having paid John 5000 marks for the office.[2] He was chosen bishop of Lichfield in 1210.[4] He was, however, not allowed to keep this bishopric, but he became bishop of Worcester on 20 January 1214,[5] resigning his office as chancellor in October of 1214.[3] His consecration as bishop of Worcester took place on 5 October 1214.[5] Gray was with John when the king signed the Magna Carta in June of 1215; soon after this event he left England on the king's business, and it was during his absence that he was forced into the archbishopric of York, owing his election on 10 November 1215[6] to the good offices of John and of Pope Innocent III. John had wanted Walter, but, the canons of York felt that Walter was uneducated, and selected Simon Langton, brother of Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury instead. John objected, and wrote to Pope Innocent III complaining of the election of the brother of one of his staunchest enemies, and Innocent agreed.[7] However, Walter in the end paid more than £10,000 to the pope in various fees to get his election confirmed.[8] Walter attended the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215.[9]

He took a leading part in public affairs during the minority of Henry III, and was regarded with much favour by this king, who employed him on important errands to foreign potentates, and left him as guardian of England when he went to France in 1242.[2] In 1252, Walter hosted King Henry and King Alexander III of Scotland for the Christmas feasts at York, which event cost the archbishop £2500.[10] Afterwards the archbishop seems to have been less favorably disposed towards Henry, and for a time he absented himself from public business. Gray was always anxious to assert his archiepiscopal authority over Scotland, and to maintain it against the archbishop of Canterbury, but in neither case was he very successful. He built the south transept of York Minster and bought for his see the village, afterwards called Bishopthorpe, which is still the residence of the archbishop of York.[2] He was also generous to the church at Ripon.[11]

He held a series of councils in his diocese from 1241 to 1255 which endeavored to enforce clerical celibacy, keep benefices from being inherited, and improve the education and morals of the clergy. He gave generously to his cathedral and other churches, as well as working to endown vicarages. He visited many of the monasteries of his diocese and helped those that were in financial difficulties. He also oversaw the translation of Saint Wilfrid's remains to a new shrine at Ripon.[2]

in 1255, he visited London to attend a meeting of parliament, and died at Fulham on the 1 May 1255.[5][1] He was buried on 15 May 1255 at York Minster.[2]

His three nephews were William Langton (or Rotherfield) who was Dean of York and was elected archbishop of York but never consecrated, and Walter le Breton and Walter de Grey, who were canons of York.[1]1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_de_Gray

Thomas Basset

M, b. 1099

Child of Thomas Basset and Alice de Dunstanville

Alice de Dunstanville

F, b. circa 1118
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1139As of circa 1139,her married name was Basset.
  • Alice de Dunstanville was born circa 1118.
  • She married Thomas Basset circa 1139.

Child of Alice de Dunstanville and Thomas Basset

William Marshal

M, b. 1190, d. 6 April 1231
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220

Eleanor Plantagenet

F, b. 1215, d. 13 April 1275
Father*King John of England b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
Mother*Isabella of Angoulême b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1224As of 1224,her married name was Marshal.
Married NameJanuary 1238As of January 1238,her married name was de Montfort.
     Eleanor of England (also called Eleanor Plantagenet [1] and Eleanor of Leicester) (1215 – 13 April 1275) was the youngest child of King John of England and Isabelle of Angouleme.

At the time of Eleanor's birth, King John's London was conquered and Queen Isabella was in shame. He had been forced to sign the Magna Carta. Eleanor would never meet her father, as he died at Newark Castle when she was barely a year old. The French, led by Philip II of France, were marching through the south. The only lands loyal to her brother, Henry III, were in the middle and southwest. The barons ruled the north, but they united with the royalists under William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, who protected the young king, and Philip was defeated.

William Marshal died in 1219 and Eleanor was promised to his son, also named William. They were married on 23 April 1224 at New Temple Church in London. The younger William was 34 and Eleanor only nine. He died in London on 6 April 1231, days before their 7th anniversary. There were no children of this marriage. The widowed Eleanor swore a holy oath of chastity in the presence of Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Seven years later, she met Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester. According to Matthew Paris, Simon was attracted to Eleanor's beauty and elegance as well as her wealth and high birth. They fell in love and married secretly on 7 January 1238 at the King's chapel at Westminster Palace. Her brother King Henry later alleged that he only allowed the marriage because Simon had seduced Eleanor. The marriage was controversial because of the oath Eleanor had sworn several years before to remain chaste. Because of this, Simon made a pilgrimage to Rome seeking papal approval for their union. Simon and Eleanor would have seven children:

Henry de Montfort (November 1238-1265)
Simon the younger de Montfort (April 1240-1271)
Amaury de Montfort, Canon of York (1242/1243-1300)
Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola (1244-1288)
A daughter, born and died in Bordeaux between 1248 and 1251.
Richard de Montfort (1252-1266)
Eleanor de Montfort (1258-1282)
Simon de Montfort had the real power behind the throne, but when he tried to take the throne, he was defeated with his son at the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265. Eleanor fled to exile in France where she became a nun at Montargis Abbey, a nunnery founded by her deceased husband's sister Amicia. She died and was buried there on 13 April 1275. Elizabeth Woodville, Queen -Consort of King Edward IV was her direct descendant.1

Child of Eleanor Plantagenet and Simon de Montfort

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Leicester

Walter de Dunstanville

M

Joan Marshal

F, b. 1202, d. 1234
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Munchensi.

Waleran de Beaumont

M, b. 1104, d. 9 April 1166
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. 1049, d. 5 Jun 1118
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
     Waleran de Beaumont, Count of Meulan, 1st Earl of Worcester (1104 – 9 April 1166, Preaux), was the son of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth de Vermandois, and the twin brother of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester. He is not referred to by any surname in a contemporary document other than 'Waleran son of Count Robert'.

Waleran was born in 1104, the eldest of twin sons of Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan, who was also to become earl of Leicester in 1107. On their father's death in June 1118, the boys came into the wardship of King Henry I of England. They remained in his care till late in 1120 when they were declared adult and allowed to succeed to their father's lands by a division already arranged between the king and their father before his death. By the arrangement, Waleran succeeded to the county of Meulan upriver on the Seine from the Norman border, and the principal family Norman honors of Beaumont and Pont Audemer. His great possessions included the forest of Brotonne, which was centred on his castle of Vatteville on the left bank of the Seine. As part of the family arrangement, Waleran also received a large estate in Dorset centred on the manor of Sturminster Marshall.1

Child of Waleran de Beaumont and Agnes de Montfort

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waleran_de_Beaumont,_1st_Earl_of_Worcester.

Agnes de Montfort

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1141As of circa 1141,her married name was de Beaumont.

Child of Agnes de Montfort and Waleran de Beaumont

Sir Robert de Beaumont

M, b. circa 1142, d. 1204
Father*Waleran de Beaumont b. 1104, d. 9 Apr 1166
Mother*Agnes de Montfort
     Robert de Beaumont, Count of Meulan (c. 1142 – 1204[1], Poitiers, France), was the son of Waleran IV de Beaumont and Agnes de Montfort.

Around 1165 he married Maud FitzRoy, daughter of Reginald de Dunstanville, 1st Earl of Cornwall and Beatrice FitzRichard, and had children:

Mabile de Beaumont, married William de Redvers, 5th Earl of Devon.
Galeran V de Beaumont, Count of Meulan.
Pierre of Meulan
Henri of Meulan
Agnes of Meulan
Dame Jeanne of Meulan, married Robert II d'Harcourt.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Beaumont,_Count_of_Meulan.

Maud FitzRoy de Dunstanville of Cornwall

F, b. 1143
Father*Reginald de Dunstanville b. c 1110, d. 1 Jul 1175
Mother*Mabel FitzRichard
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1165As of 1165,her married name was de Beaumont.

Reginald de Dunstanville

M, b. circa 1110, d. 1 July 1175
Father*Henry I of England b. c 1068, d. 1 Dec 1135
Mother*Lady Sybilla Corbet
     Reginald de Dunstanville (Reginald FitzRoy, Rainald ), 1st Earl of Cornwall (French: Renaud de Donstanville or de Dénestanville ) (c. 1110, Dunstanville, Kent, England – 1 July 1175, Chertsey, Surrey, England), Sheriff of Devon, Earl of Cornwall, was an illegitimate son of Henry I of England and Lady Sybilla Corbet.

Reginald had been invested with the Earldom of Cornwall by King Stephen of England, but having afterwards taken up the cause of the Empress Matilda, his sister, he forfeited his lands and honours. Around 1173 he granted a charter to his free bugesses of Triueru, and he addressed his meetings at Truro to All men both Cornish and English suggesting a continuing differentiation.

He was buried in Reading Abbey.

He married Mabel FitzRichard, daughter of William FitzRichard (who held a number of fiefs in Cornwall) and had the following children:

Nicholas de Dunstanville (1136–1175).
Hawyse (or Denise) de Dunstanville (1138–21 April 1162). Married Richard de Redvers, 2nd Earl of Devon (Richard de Reviers).
Maud FitzRoy de Dunstanville of Cornwall (b. 1143, Dunstanville, Kent, England). Married Sir Robert de Beaumont, Count of Meulan.
Ursula de Dunstanville (b. 1145). Married Walter de Dunstanville Lord Castlecomb.
Sarah de Dunstanville (b. 1147). Married Ademar V, viscount of Limoges.
Reginald de Dunstanville (b. c. 1152).
Joan FitzRoy (b. c. 1150). Married Ralph de Valletort, Lord of Trematon.
He also had illegitimate children by Beatrice de Vaux, who was later married to William Brewer (justice).

Henry FitzCount, Sheriff of Cornwall, Earl of Cornwall (d. 1222).
William FitzCount.1

Child of Reginald de Dunstanville and Mabel FitzRichard

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_de_Dunstanville,_1st_Earl_of_Cornwall.

Mabel FitzRichard

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Dunstanville.

Lady Sybilla Corbet

F
Father*Robert Corbet
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationLady Sybilla Corbet was also known as Sybil.

Children of Lady Sybilla Corbet and Henry I of England

Empress Matilda of England

F, b. circa 7 February 1102, d. 10 September 1167
Father*Henry I of England b. c 1068, d. 1 Dec 1135
Mother*Princess Matilda of Scotland b. c 1080, d. 1 May 1118
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name7 January 1114As of 7 January 1114,her married name was of Germany.
Married Name17 June 1128As of 17 June 1128,her married name was of Anjou.
     Empress Matilda, also known as Matilda of England or Maude (c. 7 February 1102 – 10 September 1167) was the daughter and heir of King Henry I of England. Matilda and her younger brother, William Adelin, were the only legitimate children of King Henry to survive to adulthood. Her brother died in the White ship disaster, making Matilda the last heir from the paternal line of her grandfather William the Conqueror.

As a child, Matilda was betrothed to and later married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, acquiring the title Empress. The couple had no known children. When widowed, she was married to Geoffrey of Anjou, with whom she had three sons, the eldest of whom became King Henry II of England.

Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England. However, the length of her effective rule was brief — a few months in 1141. She was never crowned and failed to consolidate her rule (legally and politically). For this reason, she is normally excluded from lists of English monarchs, and her rival (and cousin) Stephen of Blois is listed as monarch for the period 1135-1154. Their rivalry for the throne led to years of unrest and civil war in England that have been called The Anarchy. She did secure her inheritance of the Duchy of Normandy — through the military feats of her husband, Geoffrey —and campaigned unstintingly for her oldest son's inheritance, living to see him ascend the throne in 1154.

Matilda was the first of two children born to Henry I of England and his wife Matilda of Scotland (also known as Edith).

Her maternal grandparents were Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Margaret was daughter of Edward the Exile and granddaughter of Edmund II of England. (Most historians believe Matilda was born at Winchester, but one, John Fletcher (1990), argues for the possibility of the royal palace at Sutton Courtenay in Oxfordshire.).1

Child of Empress Matilda of England and Geoffrey V of Anjou

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empress_Matilda

Princess Matilda of Scotland

F, b. circa 1080, d. 1 May 1118
Father*Malcolm III of Scotland b. 1031, d. 13 Nov 1093
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationPrincess Matilda of Scotland was also known as Edith.
Married Name11 November 1100As of 11 November 1100,her married name was of England.

Children of Princess Matilda of Scotland and Henry I of England

William Adelin

M, b. 1103
Father*Henry I of England b. c 1068, d. 1 Dec 1135
Mother*Princess Matilda of Scotland b. c 1080, d. 1 May 1118
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Adelin was also known as of England.

Henry V of Germany

M, b. 8 November 1086, d. 23 May 1125
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHenry V of Germany was also known as Holy Roman Emperor.
     Henry V (8 November 1086 – 23 May 1125) was King of Germany (from 1098 - 1125) and Holy Roman Emperor (from 1106 - 1125), the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty. Henry's reign coincided with the final phase of the great Investiture Controversy, which had pitted pope against emperor. By the settlement of the Concordat of Worms, he surrendered to the demands of the second generation of Gregorian reformers.

He was a son of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Bertha of Savoy. His maternal grandparents were Otto of Savoy and Adelaide of Susa.

On 6 January 1099, his father Henry IV had him crowned King of Germany at Aachen in place of his older brother, the rebel Conrad. He promised to take no part in the business of the Empire during his father's lifetime, but was induced by his father's enemies to revolt in 1104, and some of the princes did homage to him at Mainz in January 1105. Despite the initial setbacks of the rebels, Henry IV was forced to abdicate and died soon after. Order was soon restored in Germany, the citizens of Cologne were punished with a fine, and an expedition against Robert II, Count of Flanders, brought this rebel to his knees.

In 1107, Henry undertook a campaign to restore Borivoi II in Bohemia, which was only partially successful. Henry summoned Svatopluk the Lion, who was had captured Duke Borivoi. Borivoi was released at the emperor's command and made godfather to Svatopluk's new son. Nevertheless, on Svatopluk's return to Bohemia, he assumed the throne. In 1108, Henry went to war with Coloman of Hungary on behalf of Prince Álmos. An attack by Boleslaus III of Poland and Borivoi on Svatopluk forced Henry to give up his campaign. Instead, he invaded Poland to compel them to renew their accustomed tribute, but was defeated at the Battles of Glogów and the Hundsfeld. In 1110, he succeeded in securing the dukedom of Bohemia for Ladislaus I.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_V,_Holy_Roman_Emperor.