Adèle of France

F, b. 1009, d. 8 January 1079
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAdèle of France was also known as Adela.
Name VariationAdèle of France was also known as Capet.
Married Name1028As of 1028,her married name was of Flanders.
  • Adèle of France was born in 1009.
  • She married Baldwin V of Flanders in 1028.
  • Adèle of France died on 8 January 1079.
     Adela Capet, Adèle of France or Adela of Flanders[1], known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (1009 – 8 January 1079, Messines) was the second daughter of Robert II (the Pious), and Constance of Arles. As dowry to her future husband, she received from her father the title of Countess of Corbie.

She was a member of the House of Capet, the rulers of France. As the wife of Baldwin V, she was Countess of Flanders from 1036 to 1067.

She married first 1027 Richard III Duke of Normandy (997 † 1027). They never had children. As a widow, she remarried in 1028 in Paris to Baldwin V of Flanders (1012 † 1067). Their children were:

Baldwin VI of Flanders, (1030 † 1070)
Matilda of Flanders (1032 † 1083). In 1053 she married William Duke of Normandy, the future king of England
Robert I of Flanders, (1033-1093)
Henry of Flanders (c. 1035)
Sir Richard of Flanders (c. 1050-1105).1

Child of Adèle of France and Baldwin V of Flanders


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Countess_of_Flanders.

Haimo of Kent

M, d. circa 1100
Father*Haimo Denatus d. c 1047
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHaimo of Kent was also known as Hamo.
Name VariationHaimo of Kent was also known as Hamon.
  • Haimo of Kent was the son of Haimo Denatus.
  • Haimo of Kent died circa 1100.
     Haimo or Hamo (died around 1100) (sometimes Haimo Dapifer[1] or Hamo Dapifer[2]) was an Anglo-Norman royal official under both King William I of England and King William II of England. He held the office of dapifer, or seneschal, as well as the office of sheriff of Kent.

Haimo was the son of Haimo Denatus, a Norman lord who held Torigny-sur-Vire near Manche in Normandy. The elder Haimo rebelled against Duke William, later King William I, and died about 1047.[3]

Haimo was steward to both King William I and William II.[4] He was in the office of steward by 1069.[5] Haimo was appointed to the office of Sheriff of Kent in 1077, and held it until his death.[3] During William II's reign, Haimo was one of five known stewards, the others were Eudo, Eudo's brother Hubert of Ryes, Roger Bigod, and Ivo Taillebois.[6]

The historian Emma Mason argues that Haimo, along with Ranulf Flambard, Urse d'Abetot, Robert Fitzhamon (Haimo's son), Roger Bigod, and Eudo Dapifer, were the first recognizable barons of the Exchequer, during King William II's reign.[7] These men were often associated in government together, witnessing documents and being used by William II as officials.[8] Haimo witnessed six of William II's writs.[9] Haimo's involvement in the higher levels of government dates especially from William II's absence from England in the late 1090s.[10] In 1099, when William was in Normandy, Haimo was one of the main assistants to Flambard, who was left in charge of England in the king's absence.[2]

According to Domesday Book, Haimo held lands in Kent, Surrey, and Essex, with the estates in Essex being larger than the other two counties.[11]

Haimo was still witnessing royal documents in September 1099,[12] and was one of the witnesses to the letter that King Henry I, William's brother and successor, wrote to Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, shortly after Henry's accession to the throne after William II's death in a hunting accident.[13] Haimo died at some point shortly after this. He had two sons, Haimo, who became sheriff after him, and Robert fitz Haimo.[3] Robert was probably the elder, as he received his father's lands in Normandy after Haimo's death. The younger Haimo received the English lands.[4]1

Children of Haimo of Kent


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Mabel Fitz Robert

F, b. circa 1118
Father*Robert of Gloucester b. c 1090, d. 31 Oct 1147
Mother*Mabel Fitzhamon b. 1090, d. 29 Sep 1157
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.

Gilbert Crispin

M, b. 1000, d. 1040
  • Gilbert Crispin was born in 1000.
  • He died in 1040.
     Gilbert or Giselbert, (1000-1040) was a Norman noble, Count of Eu, and Count of Brionne in northern France.

Gilbert was son of Geoffrey, Count of Eu (b. 962) who was an illegitimate child of Richard the Fearless.

He inherited Brionne, becoming one of the most powerful landowners in Normandy. He married Gunnora d'Aunou in 1012. He had children by his wife and a mistress.

Gilbert was a generous benefactor to Bec Abbey founded by his former knight Herluin in 1031.

When Robert II, Duke of Normandy died in 1035 his illegitimate son William inherited his father's title. Several leading Normans, including Gilbert of Brionne, Osbern the Seneschal and Alan of Brittany, became William's guardians.

A number of Norman barons including Raoul de Gacé would not accept an illegitimate son as their leader. In 1040 an attempt was made to kill William but the plot failed. Gilbert however was murdered while he was peaceably riding near Eschafour. It is believed two of his killers were Ralph of Wacy and Robert de Vitot. This appears to have been an act of vengeance for wrongs inflicted upon the orphan children of Giroie by Gilbert, and it is not clear what Raoul de Gacé had to do in the business. Fearing they might meet their father's fate, his sons Richard and his brother Baldwin were conveyed by their friends to the court of Baldwin, Count of Flanders.

Gilbert was ancestor of the English house of de Clare, of the Barons Fitz Walter, and the Earls of Gloucester and Hertford.

Sir Richard Fitz Gilbert (1030-1090), m. Rohese Giffard (1034-aft. 1113)
Baldwin FitzGilbert (d. 1090).1

Child of Gilbert Crispin


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Count_of_Brionne.

Gerard Flaitel


Child of Gerard Flaitel

Ranulf de Blondeville

M, b. 1172, d. 1232
Father*Hugh de Kevelioc b. 1147, d. 30 Jun 1181
Mother*Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux
     Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester[1] (1172 – 1232), known in some references as the 4th Earl (in the second lineage of the title after the original family line was broken after the 2nd Earl) was one of the "old school" of Anglo-Norman barons whose loyalty to the Angevin dynasty was consistent but contingent on the receipt of lucrative favours. He was described as "almost the last relic of the great feudal aristocracy of the Conquest".[2]

Ranulf, born in 1172,[1] was the son of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux. He was said to have been small in physical stature.

He succeeded to the earldom of Chester (like his father before him) as a minor (aged nine) and attained his majority in 1187, which gave him control of his estates in England and Normandy.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_4th_Earl_of_Chester.

Hawise of Chester

F, b. 1180, d. 1242
Father*Hugh de Kevelioc b. 1147, d. 30 Jun 1181
Mother*Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHawise of Chester was also known as de Kevelioc.
Married NameHer married name was de Quincy.
     Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln (1180- 6 June 1241/3 May 1243[1]), was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy heiress. Her father was Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester. She was the sister and a co-heiress of Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester. She was created suo jure 1st Countess of Lincoln in 1232.[2] She was the wife of Robert de Quincy, by whom she had one daughter, Margaret, who became heiress to her title and estates. She was also known as Hawise of Kevelioc.

Hawise was born in 1180 in Chester, Cheshire, England, the youngest child of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, a cousin of King Henry II of England. Hawise had four siblings, including Maud of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon, Mabel of Chester, Countess of Arundel, Agnes of Chester, Countess of Derby, and a brother Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester.[3] She also had an illegitimate half-sister, Amice of Chester who married Ralph de Mainwaring, Justice of Chester by whom she had children.

Her paternal grandparents were Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester, and Maud of Gloucester, the granddaughter of King Henry I of England. Her maternal grandparents were Simon III de Montfort and Mahaut.

In 1181, when Hawise was a year old, her father died. He had served in Henry II's Irish campaigns after his estates had been restored to him in 1177. They had been confiscated by the King as a result of his having taken part in the baronial Revolt of 1173–1174. Her only brother Ranulf suucceeded him as the 6th Earl of Chester.

She inherited the castle and manor of Bolingbroke, and other large estates from her brother to whom she was co-heiress. Hawise became 1st Countess of Lincoln in April 1231, when her brother resigned the title in her favour.[4] He granted her the title by a formal charter under his seal which was confirmed by King Henry III. She was formally invested as suo jure 1st Countess of Lincoln on 27 October 1232 the day after her brother's death.

Sometime before 1206, she married Robert de Quincy, son of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester and Margaret de Beaumont of Leicester. The marriage produced one daughter:

Margaret de Quincy, suo jure, Countess of Lincoln (c.1206- March 1266), married firstly in 1221, John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln by whom she had two children, Edmund de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln, and Maud de Lacy; she married secondly on 6 January 1242 Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke.
At her special request, Hawise's son-in-law was created Earl of Lincoln on 23 November 1232 by right of his marriage to Hawise's daughter and heiress, Margaret who herself became the suo jure Countess of Lincoln.

Hawise's husband Robert died in 1217 in London. He had been accidentally poisoned through medicine prepared by a Cisterian monk.[5] Robert and his father had both been excommunicated in December 1215 as a result of the latter having been one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta six months before. Hawise died sometime between 6 June 1241 and 3 May 1243. She was more than sixty years of age.1

Child of Hawise of Chester and Robert de Quincy


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Countess_of_Lincoln.

Robert de Quincy

M, d. 1217
Father*Saer de Quincy b. 1155, d. 3 Nov 1219
Mother*Margaret de Beaumont

Child of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester

Maud de Kevelioc

F, b. 1171, d. 6 January 1233
Father*Hugh de Kevelioc b. 1147, d. 30 Jun 1181
Mother*Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud de Kevelioc was also known as of Chester.
Married Name26 August 1190As of 26 August 1190,her married name was of Scotland.
     Maud of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon (1171- 6 January 1233)[1], was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman, sometimes known as Matilda de Kevelioc. She was a daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester, and the wife of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon. Through her daughter, Isobel, she was an ancestress of Robert the Bruce.

Lady Maud was born in 1171, the eldest child of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, a cousin of King Henry II of England. Her paternal grandparents were Ranulf de Gernon and Maud of Gloucester, the granddaughter of King Henry I of England. Her maternal grandparents were Simon III de Montfort and Mahaut. Lady Maud had four siblings including Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester, Mabel of Chester, Countess of Arundel, and Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln. She also had an illegitimate half-sister, Amice of Chester.

Maud's father died in 1181 when she was ten years of age. He had served in King Henry's Irish campaigns after his estates had been restored to him in 1177. They had been confiscated by the King as a result of his taking part in the baronial Revolt of 1173–1174. His son Ranulf succeeded him as Earl of Chester, and Maud became a co-heiress of her brother.

Dervorguilla of Galloway, a granddaughter of Maud of Chester[edit] Marriage and children
On 26 August 1190, she married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, a Scottish prince, son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, and a younger brother of Malcolm IV of Scotland and William I of Scotland. He was almost thirty years Maud's senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough.[2] David and Maud had seven children.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

David of Scotland

M, b. circa 1144, d. 17 June 1219
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178

Simon III de Montfort


Children of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia de Beaumont

Amicia de Beaumont

Father*Robert de Beaumont b. a 1120, d. 1190
Mother*Petronilla (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Montfort.

Children of Amicia de Beaumont and Simon III de Montfort

Robert de Beaumont

M, b. after 1120, d. 1190
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. 1104, d. 5 Apr 1168
Mother*Amica de Gael

Children of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?)

Petronilla (?)

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Beaumont.

Children of Petronilla (?) and Robert de Beaumont

Simon IV de Montfort

M, b. 1160, d. 25 June 1218
Father*Simon III de Montfort
Mother*Amicia de Beaumont
     Simon IV de Montfort, Seigneur de Montfort-l'Amaury, 5th Earl of Leicester (1160 – 25 June 1218), also known as Simon de Montfort the elder, was a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He died at the siege of Toulouse in 1218.

He was the son of Simon III de Montfort, lord of Montfort l'Amaury in France near Paris, and Amicia de Beaumont, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester - the de Montfort line itself descends from the Counts of Flanders. He succeeded his father as Baron de Montfort in 1181; in 1190 he married Alix de Montmorency, the daughter of Bouchard III de Montmorency. In 1191 his brother, Guy, left on the Third Crusade in the retinue of King Philip II of France.

In 1199, while taking part in a tournament at Ecry-sur-Aisne, he heard Fulk of Neuilly preaching the crusade, and in the company of Count Thibaud de Champagne, he took the cross. The crusade soon fell under Venetian control, and was diverted to Zara on the Adriatic Sea. Pope Innocent III had specifically warned the Crusaders not to attack fellow Christians; Simon tried to reassure the citizens of Zara that there would be no attack, but nevertheless, the city was sacked in 1202. Simon did not participate in this action and was one of its most outspoken critics. He and his associates, including Abbot Guy of Vaux-de-Cernay, soon left the Crusade altogether from Zara and traveled to King Emico of Hungary's territory.[1] Afterwards, under Venetian guidance, the Crusaders sacked the city of Constantinople—the main trading rival to Venice.

His mother was the eldest daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester. After the death of her brother Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester without children in 1204, she inherited half of his estates, and a claim to the Earldom of Leicester. The division of the estates was effected early in 1207, by which the rights to the earldom were assigned to Amicia and Simon. However, King John of England took possession of the lands himself in February 1207, and confiscated its revenues. Later, in 1215, the lands were passed into the hands of Simon's cousin, Ranulph de Meschines, 4th Earl of Chester.1

Children of Simon IV de Montfort and Alix de Montmorency


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_5th_Earl_of_Leicester.

Alix de Montmorency

Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAlix de Montmorency was also known as Alice.
Married NameHer married name was de Montfort.

Children of Alix de Montmorency and Simon IV de Montfort

Simon de Montfort

M, b. 23 May 1208, d. 4 August 1265
Father*Simon IV de Montfort b. 1160, d. 25 Jun 1218
Mother*Alix de Montmorency
     Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (23 May 1208 – 4 August 1265), was a French-English nobleman, notable as the principal leader of the baronial opposition to King Henry III of England. After the rebellion of 1263 and 1264, de Montfort became de facto ruler of England and called the first directly elected parliament in medieval Europe. For this reason, de Montfort is regarded today as one of the progenitors of modern parliamentary democracy.

He was the youngest son of Simon de Montfort, a French nobleman and crusader, and Alix de Montmorency. His paternal grandmother was Amicia de Beaumont, the senior co-heiress to the Earldom of Leicester and a large estate owned by her father Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester in England, but King John of England would not allow a French subject to take ownership of such an estate in England.

As a boy, de Montfort accompanied his parents during his father's campaigns against the Cathars. He was with his mother at the siege of Toulouse in 1218, where his father was killed after being struck on the head by a stone pitched by a mangonel. On the death of their father, de Montfort's elder brother Amaury succeeded him. Another brother, Guy, was killed at the siege of Castelnaudary in 1220. As a young man, Montfort probably took part in the Albigensian Crusades of the early 1220s.

In 1229 the two surviving brothers (Amaury and Simon) came to an arrangement whereby Simon gave up his rights in France and Amaury gave up his rights in England. Thus free from any allegiance to the King of France, de Montfort successfully petitioned for the English inheritance, which he received the next year, although he did not take full possession for several years, and was not formally recognised as earl.

Simon was a distant cousin of King Henry III; his ancestor Simon I de Montfort was father of Bertrade de Montfort who herself was a paternal great-grandmother of King Henry II.

In January 1238 de Montfort married Eleanor of England, daughter of King John and Isabella of Angouleme and sister of King Henry III. While this marriage took place with the king's approval, the act itself was performed secretly and without consulting the great barons, as a marriage of such importance warranted. Eleanor had previously been married to William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and she swore a vow of perpetual chastity upon his death, when she was sixteen, which she broke by marrying de Montfort. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Edmund Rich, condemned the marriage for this reason. The English nobles protested the marriage of the King's sister to a foreigner of modest rank; most notably, Eleanor's brother Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall rose up in revolt when he learned of the marriage. King Henry eventually bought off Richard with 6,000 marks and peace was restored.

Relations between King Henry and de Montfort were cordial at first. Henry lent him his support when de Montfort embarked for Rome in March 1238 to seek papal approval for his marriage. When Simon and Eleanor's first son was born in November 1238 (despite rumours, more than nine months after the wedding), he was baptised by Henry in honour of his Royal uncle. In February 1239 de Montfort was finally invested with the Earldom of Leicester. He also acted as the King's counsellor and was one of the nine godfathers of Henry's eldest son, Prince Edward who would inherit the throne and become Edward I ("Longshanks").1

Child of Simon de Montfort and Eleanor Plantagenet


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_6th_Earl_of_Leicester.

Guy de Montfort

M, d. 31 January 1228
Father*Simon III de Montfort
Mother*Amicia de Beaumont
     Guy de Montfort (died 31 January 1228) was the younger son of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia, sister of Robert FitzPernel, Earl of Leicester.

In 1189 he took part in the Third Crusade, and probably remained in the Holy Land until 1192, when Richard the Lionheart returned home. By 1200 or 1201 Guy was acting with his elder brother Simon. By 1202 he held the lordships of Ferté-Alais, Castres-en-Albigeois, and Brétencourt. In that year he and his brother Simon left on the Fourth Crusade, but they disagreed with the Siege of Zara (an attack on a Christian city), and refused to take part in the plan to restore Byzantine Emperor Isaac II Angelus in return for Byzantine money and troops.

They deserted to Emeric, King of Hungary, and eventually the two continued on to Palestine. After arriving at Jaffa, they took part in King Amalric II of Jerusalem's expedition into Galilee. Amalric rewarded Guy's service by arranging his marriage to la dame de Saete (the lady of Sagette), Helvis of Ibelin, the widow of Reginald, Lord of Sidon (which the French called Saete/Sagette). He exercised the regency of Sidon on behalf of his minor stepson Balian until 1210, probably when Balian came of age. Guy then assisted at the coronation of John of Brienne as King of Jerusalem that year.

Guy later returned home and took part in the Albigensian Crusade led by his brother, Simon IV de Montfort. In 1212 they led an unsuccessful siege against Montségur, and in 1213 they participated in the Battle of Muret. They also besieged Beaucaire in 1216. Simon was aiding Guy, who had been injured by a crossbow bolt, at the Siege of Toulouse on 25 June 1218 when he was struck in the head by a stone from a mangonel and killed. The death of Simon and the incompetence of his son Amaury VI of Montfort invigorated the Albigensian lords.

In 1224 Amaury ceded all his territory to Louis VIII of France, who soon arrived to stake his claim. Guy assisted him at the Siege of Avignon, after which Louis died on the way home. Later in the Crusade Guy himself was killed in battle at Vareilles near Pamiers in 1228.[1] He was taken to the abbey of Haute-Bruyère for burial and the necrology there records a conte Gui de Sagette (count Guy of Sidon).

By his first wife, Helvis of Ibelin he had;

Philip, who stayed in the Holy Land and became Lord of Tyre.
Pernelle, who became a nun at the abbey of Saint-Antoine des Champs in Paris.
Sometime before 1224 Guy remarried to Briende de Beynes, the widow of Lambert de Thury, lord of Lombers.

With Briende he had;

Alicia, became a nun at Port-Royal
Agnes, became a nun at Port-Royal
Guy II of Montfort, died on crusade in 1254.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Lord_of_Sidon.

Amaury VI de Montfort

M, b. 1195, d. 1241
Father*Simon IV de Montfort b. 1160, d. 25 Jun 1218
Mother*Alix de Montmorency
     Amaury VI de Montfort (1195 - 1241) was the son of the elder Simon de Montfort and Alice of Montmorency, and the brother of the younger Simon de Montfort.

He participated in the Albigensian Crusade under his father's command. He inherited the County of Toulouse (that his father had taken from Raymond VI of Toulouse as a reward for his role in the Crusade) when his father died, he had to give up the territory to King Louis VIII in 1224. In 1230 Amaury became constable of France, an office previously held by his uncle Mathieu II of Montmorency. In 1239 he participated in the Sixth Crusade and was taken prisoner after the defeat at Gaza. He was imprisoned in Cairo and was freed in 1241, but died the same year in Calabria while on the journey home: his body was carried to Rome and interred in St Peters. His son was Jean I de Montfort.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Robert de Beaumont

M, d. circa 21 October 1204
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. a 1120, d. 1190
Mother*Petronilla (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRobert de Beaumont was also known as FitzPernel.
     Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester (died circa 21 October 1204) was an English nobleman, the last of the Beaumont earls of Leicester. He is sometimes known as Robert FitzPernel.

Robert was the eldest surviving son of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Petronilla, who was either a granddaughter or great-granddaughter of Hugh de Grandmesnil. As a young man, he accompanied King Richard I on the Third Crusade, and it was while the crusading forces rested at Messina, Sicily that Robert was invested with the Earldom of Leicester in early 1191. (His father had died on his way to the Holy Lands in 1190.)

Robert's newly-gained estates included a large part of central Normandy. He held castles at Pacy, Pont-Saint-Pierre and Grandmesnil. Earl Robert also was lord of the vast honor of Breteuil, but the family castle there had been dismantled after the 1173-1174 War. On his return from the crusade, he turned his attentions to the defense of Normandy from the French. After defending Rouen from the advances of Philip II of France, he attempted to retake his castle of Pacy. He was captured by forces of the French king and remained imprisoned for 3 years. Later, King John would bestow the new fortress and lordship of Radepont (the land of Radepont was traded to King John by the seigneur du Neubourg for lands and revenues in the pays de Caux) upon the earl.

Sometime after his release in 1196 he married Loretta de Braose, daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber. They had no children, and Robert's death in 1204 brought the end of the Beaumont male line.

In the year of his death Normandy was lost to the French; Earl Robert attempted to come to an independent arrangement with King Philip of France, in which he would hold his land in Normandy as a liege-vassal of the Kings of France, and his lands in England as a liege-vassal of the Kings of England. In any event, Robert died that year, but his great English estates were divided between the heirs of his two sisters. The eldest sister, Amicia, had married the French baron Simon de Montfort, and their son, also named Simon de Montfort, inherited half the estate as well as the title of Earl of Leicester. The younger sister, Margaret, had married Saer de Quincy, and they inherited the other half. Three years later Saer was created Earl of Winchester.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_4th_Earl_of_Leicester.

Loretta de Braose

Father*William de Braose b. c 1144, d. 9 Aug 1211
Mother*Matilda de St. Valery b. 1155, d. 1210
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1196As of 1196,her married name was de Beaumont.

Margaret de Beaumont

Father*Robert de Beaumont b. a 1120, d. 1190
Mother*Petronilla (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Quincy.

Children of Margaret de Beaumont and Saer de Quincy

Saer de Quincy

M, b. 1155, d. 3 November 1219
Father*Robert de Quincy
Mother*Orabilis of Leuchars
     Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester (1155 – 3rd November 1219) was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England, and a major figure in both Scotland and England in the decades around the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

Saer de Quincy's immediate background was in the Scottish kingdom: his father was a knight in the service of king William the Lion, and his mother was the heiress of the lordship of Leuchars in Fife (see below). His rise to prominence in England came through his marriage to Margaret, the younger sister of Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester: but it is probably no coincidence that her other brother was the de Quincys' powerful Fife neighbour, Roger de Beaumont, Bishop of St Andrews. In 1204, Earl Robert died, leaving Margaret as co-heiress of the vast earldom along with her elder sister. The estate was split in half, and after the final division was ratified in 1207, de Quincy was made Earl of Winchester.

Following his marriage, de Quincy became a prominent military and diplomatic figure in England. There is no evidence of any close alliance with King John, however, and his rise to importance was probably due to his newly-acquired magnate status and the family connections that underpinned it.

One man with whom he does seem to have developed a close personal relationship is his cousin, Robert Fitzwalter. They are first found together in 1203, as co-commanders of the garrison at the major fortress of Vaudreuil in Normandy; they were responsible for surrendering the castle without a fight to Philip II of France, fatally weakening the English position in northern France, but although popular opinion seems to have blamed them for the capitulation, a royal writ is extant stating that the castle was surrendered at King John's command, and both Saer and Fitzwalter had to endure personal humiliation and heavy ransoms at the hands of the French.

In Scotland, he was perhaps more successful. In 1211-12, the Earl of Winchester commanded an imposing retinue of a hundred knights and a hundred serjeants in William the Lion's campaign against the Mac William rebels, a force which some historians have suggested may have been the mercenary force from Brabant lent to the campaign by John.

In 1215, when the baronial rebellion broke out, Robert Fitzwalter became the military commander, and the Earl of Winchester joined him, acting as one of the chief negotiators with John; both cousins were among the 25 guarantors of the Magna Carta. De Quincy fought against John in the troubles that followed the signing of the Charter, and, again with Fitzwalter, travelled to France to invite Prince Louis of France to take the English throne. He and Fitzwalter were subsequently among the most committed and prominent supporters of Louis' candidature for the kingship, against both John and the infant Henry III.

When military defeat cleared the way for Henry III to take the throne, de Quincy went on crusade, perhaps in fulfillment of an earlier vow, and in 1219 he left to join the Fifth Crusade, then besieging Damietta. While in the east, he fell sick and died. He was buried in Acre, the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, rather than in Egypt, and his heart was brought back and interred at Garendon Abbey near Loughborough, a house endowed by his wife's family.

The family of de Quincy had arrived in England after the Norman Conquest, and took their name from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune; the personal name "Saer" was used by them over several generations. Both names are variously spelled in primary sources and older modern works, the first name being sometimes rendered Saher or Seer, and the surname as Quency or Quenci.

The first recorded Saer de Quincy (known to historians as "Saer I") was lord of the manor of Long Buckby in Northamptonshire in the earlier twelfth century, and second husband of Matilda of St Liz, stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland by Maud of Northumbria. This marriage produced two sons, Saer II and Robert de Quincy. It was Robert, the younger son, who was the father of the Saer de Quincy who eventually became Earl of Winchester. By her first husband Robert Fitz Richard, Matilda was also the paternal grandmother of Earl Saer's close ally, Robert Fitzwalter.

Robert de Quincy seems to have inherited no English lands from his father, and pursued a knightly career in Scotland, where he is recorded from around 1160 as a close companion of his cousin, King William the Lion. By 1170 he had married Orabilis, heiress of the Scottish lordship of Leuchars and, through her, he became lord of an extensive complex of estates north of the border which included lands in Fife, Strathearn and Lothian.

Saer de Quincy, the son of Robert de Quincy and Orabilis of Leuchars, was raised largely in Scotland. His absence from English records for the first decades of his life has led some modern historians and genealogists to confuse him with his uncle, Saer II, who took part in the rebellion of Henry the Young King in 1173, when the future Earl of Winchester can have been no more than a toddler. Saer II's line ended without direct heirs, and his nephew and namesake would eventually inherit his estate, uniting his primary Scottish holdings with the family's Northamptonshire patrimony, and possibly some lands in France.

By his wife Margaret de Beaumont, Saer de Quincy had three sons and three daughters:

Lorette who married Sir William de Valognes
Arabella who married Sir Richard Harcourt
Robert (d. 1217), before 1206 he married Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln, sister and co-heiress of Ranulf de Blundeville, Earl of Chester.
Roger, who succeeded his father as earl of Winchester (though he did not take formal possession of the earldom until after his mother's death);
Robert de Quincy (second son of that name; d. 1257) who married Helen, daughter of the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great;
Hawise, who married Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford.1

Children of Saer de Quincy and Margaret de Beaumont


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Winchester.

Robert de Quincy

Father*Saer I de Quincy
Mother*Matilda of St Liz

Child of Robert de Quincy and Orabilis of Leuchars

Orabilis of Leuchars

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Quincy.

Child of Orabilis of Leuchars and Robert de Quincy

Hawise de Quincy

Father*Saer de Quincy b. 1155, d. 3 Nov 1219
Mother*Margaret de Beaumont
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.

Child of Hawise de Quincy and Hugh de Vere

Hugh de Vere

M, b. circa 1210, d. December 1263
Father*Robert de Vere d. 1221
Mother*Isabel de Bolebec b. 1165, d. 3 Feb 1245
     Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford (c. 1210–December, 1263) was the only child and heir of Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford, born circa 1208. When his father died in 1221, his mother Isabel de Bolebec paid for wardship of her son and heir. Hugh did homage for his earldom in 1231. He was knighted around the same time.

He supposedly took part in the Seventh Crusade in 1248–1254. He purchased the right to hold a market at the town on his primary estate, Castle Hedingham in Essex, and founded a nunnery there as well. Hugh married Hawise de Quincy, daughter of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester, and his wife, Margaret de Beaumont. When he died in 1263, he was succeeded by his son Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford.1

Child of Hugh de Vere and Hawise de Quincy


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_4th_Earl_of_Oxford.

Robert de Vere

M, d. 1221
Father*Aubrey III de Vere b. c 1115, d. Dec 1194
Mother*Agnes of Essex b. c 1151, d. c 1212
     Robert de Vere (died 1221) was the second surviving son of Aubrey de Vere III, first earl of Oxford, and Agnes of Essex. Almost nothing of his life is known until he married in 1207 the widow Isabel de Bolebec, the aunt and co-heiress of his deceased sister-in-law. The couple had one child, a son, Hugh, later 4th earl of Oxford. When Robert's brother Aubrey de Vere IV, 2nd earl of Oxford died in Oct. 1214, Robert succeeded to his brother's title, estates, castles, and hereditary office of master chamberlain of England (later Lord Great Chamberlain). He swiftly joined the disaffected barons in opposition to King John; many among the rebels were his kinsmen. He was elected one of the twenty-five barons who were to ensure the king's adherence to the terms of Magna Carta, and as such was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III in 1215.

King John besieged and took Castle Hedingham, Essex, from Robert in March 1216 and gave his lands to a loyal baron. While this prompted Robert to swear loyalty to the king soon thereafter, he nonetheless did homage to Prince Louis when the French prince arrived in Rochester later that year. He remained in the rebel camp until Oct. 1217, when he did homage to the boy-king Henry III, but he was not fully restored in his offices and lands until Feb. 1218.[1]

At this time, aristocratic marriages were routinely contracted after negotiations over dowry and dower. In most cases, dower lands were assigned from the estates held by the groom at the time of the marriage. If specific dower lands were not named, on the death of the husband the widow was entitled to one-third of his estate. When Robert's brother Earl Aubrey married a second time, he did not name a dower for his wife Alice, for Robert determined the division of his estate by having lots drawn. For each manor his sister-in-law drew, he drew two. This is the sole known case of assigning dower lands in this manner.

Robert served as a king's justice in 1220-21, and died in Oct. 1221. He was buried at Hatfield Regis Priory, where his son Earl Hugh or grandson Earl Robert later had an effigy erected. Earl Robert is depicted in chain mail, cross-legged, pulling his sword from its scabbard and holding a shield with the arms of the Veres. [2]1

Child of Robert de Vere and Isabel de Bolebec


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_3rd_Earl_of_Oxford.

Agnes of Essex

F, b. circa 1151, d. circa 1212
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.
     Agnes of Essex, countess of Oxford (c. 1151 – c. 1212) was the daughter of Henry of Essex and his second wife. She was betrothed at age three to Geoffrey de Vere, brother of the first earl of Oxford, and turned over to the Veres soon thereafter. Agnes later rejected the match with Geoffrey and by 1163 had married his brother Aubrey de Vere III, the earl (died 1194), as his third wife.

After her father's disgrace and forfeiture of lands and offices in that year, the earl sought to have his marriage annulled. Agnes fought the action. On May 9, 1166, she appealed her case from the court of the bishop of London to the pope (the archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, being in exile at the time). While the case was pending in Rome, the earl kept Agnes confined in one of his three castles, for which the bishop of London Gilbert Foliot reprimanded Aubrey. Pope Alexander III ruled in her favor, thus establishing the right and requirement of consent by females in betrothal and the sacrament of marriage.

The couple may have co-operated in the founding of a Benedictine nunnery near their castle at Castle Hedingham, Essex. Countess Agnes survived her husband and paid the crown for the right to remain unmarried in 1198. She died sometime in or after 1212 and was buried in the Vere mausoleum, Colne Priory, Essex.

Many have followed the mistake of antiquarians in believing the third wife of earl Aubrey to have been named Lucia. A woman of this name was prioress at Castle Hedingham Priory. On Lucia's death, a mortuary or roll was carried to many religious houses in the region requesting prayers, and in the preface of that document Lucia is called the foundress of the priory. As the countess presumably cooperated with her husband in the founding of the house, the erroneous assumption was made that the prioress was in fact the earl's widow.[1]

Agnes bore her husband four sons and a daughter, including two future earls of Oxford: Aubrey IV and Robert I. Her daughter Alice married 1) Ernulf de Kemesech, 2) John, constable of Chester. Their son Henry may have become chancellor of Hereford Cathedral in the bishopric of his uncle, William de Vere, and later a royal clerk under King John of England.[2]1

Children of Agnes of Essex and Aubrey III de Vere


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Geoffrey de Vere

Father*Aubrey II de Vere b. c 1080, d. 1141
Mother*Alice de Clare b. c 1077, d. 1163