Frances Ruth Roche

F, b. 20 January 1936, d. 3 June 2004
Father*Edmund Maurice Burke Roche b. 15 May 1885, d. 8 Jul 1955
Mother*Ruth Sylvia Gill b. 2 Oct 1908, d. 6 Jul 1993
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Spencer.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageFrances Ruth Roche married Edward John Spencer, son of Albert Edward John Spencer and Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn.
Birth20 January 1936Frances Ruth Roche was born on 20 January 1936.
She was the daughter of Edmund Maurice Burke Roche and Ruth Sylvia Gill.
Death3 June 2004Frances Ruth Roche died on 3 June 2004 at age 68.
  • Frances Ruth Shand Kydd (née Roche, formerly Viscountess Althorp) (20 January 1936 – 3 June 2004) was the first wife of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer and the mother of Diana, Princess of Wales. After two failed marriages and the deaths of two children, she devoted her later years to Roman Catholic charity work.

    Frances Ruth Roche was born in Park House, on the royal estate at Sandringham, Norfolk.[1] Her father was Edmund Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy, a friend of King George VI and the elder son of the American heiress Frances Work and her first husband, the 3rd Baron Fermoy. Her mother Ruth, Lady Fermoy DCVO was a confidante and lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother).1

Child of Frances Ruth Roche and Edward John Spencer


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Edmund Maurice Burke Roche

M, b. 15 May 1885, d. 8 July 1955
Father*James Boothby Burke Roche b. 28 Jul 1852, d. 30 Oct 1920
Mother*Frances Ellen Work b. 27 Oct 1857, d. 26 Jan 1947
Life EventDateDescription
Birth15 May 1885Edmund Maurice Burke Roche was born on 15 May 1885.
He was the son of James Boothby Burke Roche and Frances Ellen Work.
Marriage17 September 1931Edmund Maurice Burke Roche married Ruth Sylvia Gill on 17 September 1931.
Death8 July 1955Edmund Maurice Burke Roche died on 8 July 1955 at age 70.
  • Edmund Maurice Burke Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy (15 May 1885 – 8 July 1955) was a British peer, Conservative Party politician and the maternal grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.

    Roche was born in Chelsea, London[1], the elder of twin sons of the Hon. James Roche (later Baron Fermoy) and his wife, Frances Work. He was educated at Harvard University, but returned to England on succeeding to his father's title in 1920. He rented Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk from the Royal Family and at the 1924 general election, he contested and won the local parliamentary constituency, King's Lynn, holding the seat until he stood down at the 1935 general election[2][3] (having also been elected the town's mayor in 1931[4]).

    On 17 September 1931, Lord Fermoy married Ruth Sylvia Gill (the youngest daughter of Col. William Gill) at St. Devenick’s, Bieldside, Aberdeenshire[1] and they had three children:

    Hon. Mary Cynthia (b. 1934), married (1) Hon. Sir Anthony Berry (divorced 1966), (2) Denis Geoghegan (divorced 1980), (3) Michael Gunningham (divorced 1989)
    Hon. Frances Ruth (b. 1936), married (1) Edward Spencer, Viscount Althorp (divorced 1969), (2) Peter Shand Kydd
    Hon. Edmund James Burke (b. 1939), later the 5th Baron Fermoy.
    Lord Fermoy joined the Royal Air Force in 1939 at the start of World War II but when the incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) for King’s Lynn was killed on active service in 1943, he resigned his commission and stood for re-election. He retired from politics when Parliament was dissolved for the 1945 general election.[2]

    Lord Fermoy collapsed in a shop at King’s Lynn, Norfolk in June 1955 and died three weeks later.[2] He was succeeded by his only son.1

Child of Edmund Maurice Burke Roche and Ruth Sylvia Gill


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_4th_Baron_Fermoy.

Diana Frances Spencer

F, b. 1 July 1961, d. 31 August 1997
Father*Edward John Spencer b. 1924, d. 1992
Mother*Frances Ruth Roche b. 20 Jan 1936, d. 3 Jun 2004
Diana, Princess of Wales
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1981As of 1981,her married name was Windsor.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1 July 1961Diana Frances Spencer was born on 1 July 1961.
She was the daughter of Edward John Spencer and Frances Ruth Roche.
Death31 August 1997Diana Frances Spencer died on 31 August 1997 at age 36.
  • Diana, Princess of Wales, (Diana Frances;[1] née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. Her sons, Princes William and Harry[2], are second and third in line to the throne of the United Kingdom and fifteen other Commonwealth Realms.

    A public figure from the announcement of her engagement to Prince Charles, Diana remained the focus of near-constant media scrutiny in the United Kingdom and around the world before, during and after her marriage, even in the years following her sudden death in a car crash, which was followed by a spontaneous and prolonged show of public mourning. Contemporary responses to Diana's life and legacy were mixed but a popular fascination with the Princess endures. The long-awaited Coroner's Inquest reported its conclusion on 7 April 2008 that Diana and her companion Dodi Fayed were unlawfully killed by the negligent driving of the following vehicles and also the driver Henri Paul of the vehicle in which she was travelling.[3]

    Diana was the youngest daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp (later the 8th Earl Spencer) and Frances Spencer, Viscountess Althorp (formerly the Honourable Frances Burke Roche, and later Frances Shand Kydd). She was born at Park House, Sandringham in Norfolk, England on 1 July 1961, and was baptised on 30 August 1961 at St. Mary Magdalene Church by the Rt. Rev. Percy Herbert (rector of the church and former Bishop of Norwich and Blackburn), with godparents that included John Floyd (the chairman of Christie's). She was the fourth child to the couple, with older sisters Sarah (born 19 March 1955) and Jane (born 11 February 1957), as well as an infant brother, The Honourable John Spencer (born and died on 12 January 1960). The heir to the Spencer titles and estates, her younger brother, Charles, was born three years after her on 20 May 1964.

    Following her parents' acrimonious divorce in 1969 (over Lady Althorp's affair with wallpaper heir Peter Shand Kydd), Diana's mother took her and her younger brother to live in an apartment in London's Knightsbridge, where Diana attended a local day school. At Christmas the children returned to Norfolk with their mother, and Lord Althorp subsequently refused to allow them to return to London. Lady Althorp sued for custody, but her mother's testimony during the trial against her contributed to the court awarding custody of Diana and her brother to their father. On 14 July 1976, Lord Spencer married Raine, Countess of Dartmouth, the only daughter of romantic novelist Barbara Cartland and Alexander McCorquodale, after he was named as the "other party" in the Dartmouths' divorce. During this time Diana travelled between her parents' homes. Her father inherited the earldom and Spencer seat in Althorp, Northamptonshire on 9 June 1975, and her mother moved to the Island of Seil on the west coast of Scotland. Diana, like her siblings, did not get along with her stepmother.

    On her father's side, she was a descendant of King Charles II of England through four illegitimate sons:

    Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Grafton, son by Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
    Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox, son by Louise de Kérouaille
    Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, son by Nell Gwyn
    James Crofts-Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, leader of a famous rebellion, son by Lucy Walter
    She was also a descendant of King James II of England through an illegitimate daughter, Henrietta FitzJames, by his mistress Arabella Churchill. On her mother's side, Diana was Irish and Scottish, as well as a descendant of American heiress Frances Work, her mother's grandmother and namesake, from whom the considerable Roche fortune was derived.[citation needed]

    The Spencers had been close to the British Royal Family for centuries, rising in royal favour during the 1600s. Diana's maternal grandmother, Ruth, Lady Fermoy, was a long-time friend and a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Her father had served as an equerry to King George VI and to Queen Elizabeth II.

    In August 2009, the New England Historic Genealogical Society published Richard K. Evans's The Ancestry of Diana, Princess of Wales, for Twelve Generations.

    From her marriage in 1981 to her divorce in 1996 she was styled Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales. She was generally called Princess Diana by the media despite having no right to that particular honorific, as it is reserved for a princess by birthright rather than marriage. Though she was noted for her pioneering charity work, the Princess's philanthropic endeavours were overshadowed by a scandal-plagued marriage. Her bitter accusations of adultery, mental cruelty and emotional distress visited upon her by her husband entertained many people, spawning biographies, magazine articles and television movies.

    From the time of her engagement to the Prince of Wales in 1981 until her death in a car accident in 1997, Diana was arguably the most famous woman in the world, the pre-eminent female celebrity of her generation: a fashion icon, an ideal of feminine beauty, admired and emulated for her high-profile involvement in AIDS issues and the international campaign against landmines. During her lifetime, she was often referred to as the most photographed person in the world. To her admirers, Diana, Princess of Wales was a role model - after her death, there were even calls for her to be nominated for sainthood - while her detractors saw her life as a cautionary tale of how an obsession with publicity can ultimately destroy an individual.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Princess_of_Wales.

Philip Mountbatten

M, b. 10 June 1921
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationPhilip Mountbatten was also known as Prince Philippos of Greece.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth10 June 1921Philip Mountbatten was born on 10 June 1921.
  • The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark; born 10 June 1921)[N 2] is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II.

    He was born into the Greek and Danish royal families, but his family was exiled from Greece when he was a child. He was educated in Germany and Scotland at schools run by the German Jewish educator Kurt Hahn. At the age of 18, he joined Britain's Royal Navy, in which he served during World War II, even though two of his German brothers-in-law fought on the opposing side. After the war, in March 1947, he renounced his titles, adopted the surname of his British maternal grandparents, and used the style "Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten". Later that year, he married Princess Elizabeth, the heir to the British throne. On his marriage, he was granted the style of His Royal Highness and the title of Duke of Edinburgh by his father-in-law King George VI. When Elizabeth became Queen in 1952, Philip left his naval career to act as her consort. His wife made him a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957. He is Britain's longest-serving consort and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning monarch.[2]

George John Spencer

M, b. 1758, d. 1834
Father*John Spencer b. 1734, d. 1783
Mother*Margaret Georgiana Poyntz b. 1737, d. 1814
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageGeorge John Spencer married Lavinia of Lucan.
Birth1758George John Spencer was born in 1758.
He was the son of John Spencer and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz.
Death1834George John Spencer died in 1834.
  • George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer KG PC FRS FSA (1 September 1758–10 November 1834), known as Viscount Althorp from 1765 to 1783, was a British Whig politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents. Lord Spencer was an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales and her son, HRH William.

    Lord Spencer was born at Wimbledon Park, London, the son of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer and his wife Margaret Georgiana, daughter of Stephen Poyntz, and was baptised there on the 16 October 1758. His godparents were King George II, the Earl Cowper (his grandmother's second husband) and his great-aunt the Dowager Viscountess Bateman. His sister Lady Georgiana married the Duke of Devonshire and became a famed Whig hostess. He was educated at Harrow School from 1770 to 1775 and he won the school's Silver Arrow (an archery prize) in 1771. He then attended Trinity College, Cambridge from 1776 to 1778 and graduated with a Master of Arts.[1] He acceded to the earldom upon the death of his father in 1783.

    Lord Spencer was Whig Member of Parliament for Northampton from 1780 to 1782 and Whig MP for Surrey from 1782 to 1783. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1794 and served under William Pitt the Younger as Lord Privy Seal in 1794 and as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1794 to 1801. He was later Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 under Lord Grenville in the Ministry of All the Talents.

    Lord Spencer was also High Steward of St Albans from 1783 to 1807, Mayor of St Albans in 1790, President of the Royal Institution from 1813 to 1825 and Commissioner of the Public Records in 1831. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1790 and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1799.

    Lord Spencer married Lady Lavinia Bingham (1762–1831), daughter of Charles Bingham, 1st Earl of Lucan, on 6 March 1781. They had nine children.1

Child of George John Spencer and Lavinia of Lucan


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_2nd_Earl_Spencer.

Lavinia of Lucan

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Spencer.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageLavinia of Lucan married George John Spencer, son of John Spencer and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz.

Child of Lavinia of Lucan and George John Spencer

John Spencer

M, b. 1734, d. 1783
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1734John Spencer was born in 1734.
Marriage20 December 1755He married Margaret Georgiana Poyntz, daughter of Stephen Poyntz, on 20 December 1755.
Death1783John Spencer died in 1783.
  • John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer (19 December 1734 – 31 October 1783) was a British peer and politician.

    Spencer was born in 1734, at his family home, Althorp. He was the son of Hon. John Spencer and Georgiana Carolina Carteret (1716-1780), and a grandson of the 3rd Earl of Sunderland. On 20 December 1755, Spencer privately married Margaret Poyntz (1737-1814), daughter of Stephen Poyntz, in his mother's dressing room at Althorp. They had five children:

    Lady Georgiana Spencer (1757–1806), married William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire and had issue.
    George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758–1834)
    Lady Henrietta Frances Spencer (1761–1821), married Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough and had issue.
    Lady Charlotte Spencer (1765–1766), died in infancy.
    Lady Louisa Spencer (b. & d. 1769), died in infancy.
    Spencer was MP (Whig) for Warwick from 1756 to 1761. He was also High Steward of St Albans in 1772 and Mayor of St Albans in 1779. On 3 April 1761, he was created Baron Spencer of Althorp and Viscount Spencer by George III, and on 1 November 1765, he was created Viscount Althorp and Earl Spencer. Spencer died in 1783, aged 48 in Bath, and was buried in the family vault at St Mary's Church, Great Brington, Northamptonshire.1

Child of John Spencer and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_Spencer.

Margaret Georgiana Poyntz

F, b. 1737, d. 1814
Father*Stephen Poyntz
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name20 December 1755As of 20 December 1755,her married name was Spencer.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1737Margaret Georgiana Poyntz was born in 1737.
She was the daughter of Stephen Poyntz.
Marriage20 December 1755Margaret Georgiana Poyntz married John Spencer on 20 December 1755.
Death1814Margaret Georgiana Poyntz died in 1814.

Child of Margaret Georgiana Poyntz and John Spencer

Admiral George Seymour

Father*Admiral Hugh Seymour b. 29 Apr 1759, d. 11 Sep 1801
Mother*Anne Horatia Waldegrave b. 1762, d. 1801
Life EventDateDescription
Admiral George Seymour was the son of Admiral Hugh Seymour and Anne Horatia Waldegrave.

Charles Beauclerk

Father*King Charles II Stewart b. 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
Life EventDateDescription
Charles Beauclerk was the son of King Charles II Stewart.
  • 1st Duke of St Albans.

James Crofts-Scott

Father*King Charles II Stewart b. 1630, d. 6 Feb 1685
Life EventDateDescription
James Crofts-Scott was the son of King Charles II Stewart.
  • 1st Duke of Monmouth.

James II of England

M, b. 14 October 1633, d. 16 September 1701
Father*King Charles I Stewart b. 19 Nov 1600, d. 30 Jan 1649
Mother*Henrietta Maria of France b. 25 Nov 1609, d. 10 Sep 1669
Life EventDateDescription
Birth14 October 1633James II of England was born on 14 October 1633.
He was the son of King Charles I Stewart and Henrietta Maria of France.
Death16 September 1701James II of England died on 16 September 1701 at age 67.
  • James II & VII (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701)[2] was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII,[1] from 6 February 1685. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Increasingly Britain's political and religious leaders opposed him as too pro-French, too pro-Catholic, and too much of an absolute monarch. When he produced a Catholic heir, the tension exploded and the leaders called on William III of Orange (his son-in-law and nephew) to land an invasion army from the Netherlands. James fled England (and thus abdicated) in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.[3] He was replaced by William of Orange who became king as William III, ruling jointly with his wife (James's daughter) Mary II. Thus William and Mary, both Protestants, became joint rulers in 1689. James made one serious attempt to recover his crowns, when he landed in Ireland in 1689 but, after the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamite forces at the Battle of the Boyne in the summer of 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life as a pretender at a court sponsored by his cousin and ally, King Louis XIV.

    James is best known for his belief in absolute monarchy and his attempts to create religious liberty for his subjects. Both of these went against the wishes of the English Parliament and of most of his subjects. Parliament, opposed to the growth of absolutism that was occurring in other European countries, as well as to the loss of legal supremacy for the Church of England, saw their opposition as a way to preserve what they regarded as traditional English liberties. This tension made James's four-year reign a struggle for supremacy between the English Parliament and the Crown, resulting in his deposition, the passage of the English Bill of Rights, and the Hanoverian succession.1

Child of James II of England


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Henrietta Maria of France

F, b. 25 November 1609, d. 10 September 1669
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1625As of 1625,her married name was Stewart.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth25 November 1609Henrietta Maria of France was born on 25 November 1609.
Marriage1625She married King Charles I Stewart, son of King James I of England and Anne of Denmark, in 1625.
Death10 September 1669Henrietta Maria of France died on 10 September 1669 at age 59.
  • Henrietta Maria of France (French: Henriette Marie de France); (25 November[1] 1609 – 10 September 1669) was the Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the wife of King Charles I.

    She was the mother of two kings, Charles II and James II, and was grandmother to Mary II, William III, and Anne of Great Britain.

    Like her elder sister Elisabeth, Henrietta Maria was known to be quite attractive in her youth. Henrietta Maria was the daughter of King Henry IV of France (Henry III of Navarre) and his second wife, Marie de' Medici. She was born at the Palais du Louvre on 25 November 1609, but some historians give her a birthdate of 26 November. In England, where the Julian calendar was still in use, her date of birth is often recorded as 16 November. Henrietta Maria was brought up as a Roman Catholic. As the daughter of the Bourbon king of France, she was a Fille de France and a member of the House of Bourbon. She was the youngest sister of the future King Louis XIII of France. Her father was assassinated on 14 May 1610, in Paris, before she was a year old; her mother was banished from the royal court in 1617.

    After her older sister Christine Marie married Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, in 1619, Henriette Marie took on the highly prestigious style of Madame Royale; this style was used by the most senior royal princess at the French court.1

Children of Henrietta Maria of France and King Charles I Stewart


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Henrietta FitzJames

Father*James II of England b. 14 Oct 1633, d. 16 Sep 1701
Life EventDateDescription
Henrietta FitzJames was the daughter of James II of England.

Eleanor Strongbow

F, b. 1318, d. 1355
Father*King Edward II of England b. 25 Apr 1284, d. 21 Sep 1327
Mother*Isabella de France b. 1292, d. 1358
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stradling.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageEleanor Strongbow married (?) Stradling.
Birth1318Eleanor Strongbow was born in 1318.
She was the daughter of King Edward II of England and Isabella de France.
Death1355Eleanor Strongbow died in 1355.

Child of Eleanor Strongbow and (?) Stradling

(?) Stradling

Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Stradling married Eleanor Strongbow, daughter of King Edward II of England and Isabella de France.

Child of (?) Stradling and Eleanor Strongbow

Edward Stradling

M, b. 1345, d. 1367
Father*(?) Stradling
Mother*Eleanor Strongbow b. 1318, d. 1355
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1345Edward Stradling was born in 1345.
He was the son of (?) Stradling and Eleanor Strongbow.
Death1367Edward Stradling died in 1367.

Child of Edward Stradling

William Stradling

M, b. 1375, d. 1412
Father*Edward Stradling b. 1345, d. 1367
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1375William Stradling was born in 1375.
He was the son of Edward Stradling.
Death1412William Stradling died in 1412.

Agnes Capet

F, b. 1260, d. 1327
Father*Louis IX de France b. 25 Apr 1214, d. 25 Aug 1270
Mother*Marguerite de Provence b. 1221, d. 1295
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Bourgogne.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAgnes Capet married (?) De Bourgogne.
Birth1260Agnes Capet was born in 1260.
She was the daughter of Louis IX de France and Marguerite de Provence.
Death1327Agnes Capet died in 1327.

Child of Agnes Capet and (?) De Bourgogne

(?) De Bourgogne

Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) De Bourgogne married Agnes Capet, daughter of Louis IX de France and Marguerite de Provence.

Child of (?) De Bourgogne and Agnes Capet

Jeanne De Bourgogne

F, b. 1293, d. 1338
Father*(?) De Bourgogne
Mother*Agnes Capet b. 1260, d. 1327
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Zahringen.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJeanne De Bourgogne married (?) Zahringen.
Birth1293Jeanne De Bourgogne was born in 1293.
She was the daughter of (?) De Bourgogne and Agnes Capet.
Death1338Jeanne De Bourgogne died in 1338.

Child of Jeanne De Bourgogne and (?) Zahringen

(?) Zahringen

Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Zahringen married Jeanne De Bourgogne, daughter of (?) De Bourgogne and Agnes Capet.

Child of (?) Zahringen and Jeanne De Bourgogne

Adelheid Zahringen

Father*(?) Zahringen
Mother*Jeanne De Bourgogne b. 1293, d. 1338
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Von Tierstein.
Life EventDateDescription
Adelheid Zahringen was the daughter of (?) Zahringen and Jeanne De Bourgogne.
MarriageAdelheid Zahringen married (?) Von Tierstein.

Child of Adelheid Zahringen and (?) Von Tierstein

(?) Von Tierstein

Life EventDateDescription
Marriage(?) Von Tierstein married Adelheid Zahringen, daughter of (?) Zahringen and Jeanne De Bourgogne.

Child of (?) Von Tierstein and Adelheid Zahringen

Bernhard Von Tierstein

M, b. 1370, d. 1437
Father*(?) Von Tierstein
Mother*Adelheid Zahringen
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1370Bernhard Von Tierstein was born in 1370.
He was the son of (?) Von Tierstein and Adelheid Zahringen.
Death1437Bernhard Von Tierstein died in 1437.

James I of Aragon

M, b. 2 February 1208, d. 27 July 1276
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJames I of Aragon was also known as James I the Conqueror.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth2 February 1208James I of Aragon was born on 2 February 1208.
Marriage1235He married Yolanda of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary and Yolande de Courtenay, in 1235.
Death27 July 1276James I of Aragon died on 27 July 1276 at age 68.
  • James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. His long reign saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon on all sides: into Valencia to the south, Languedoc to the north, and the Balearic Islands to the east. By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the county of Barcelona from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. His part in the Reconquista was similar in Mediterranean Spain to that of his contemporary Ferdinand III of Castile in Andalusia.

    As a legislator and organiser, he occupies a significant place among the Spanish kings. James compiled the Libre del Consulat de Mar,[1] which governed maritime trade and helped establish Aragonese supremacy in the western Mediterranean. He was an important figure in the development of Catalan, sponsoring Catalan literature and writing a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels fets.1

Child of James I of Aragon and Yolanda of Hungary


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Yolanda of Hungary

F, b. circa 1216, d. 1253
Father*Andrew II of Hungary b. c 1177, d. 21 Sep 1235
Mother*Yolande de Courtenay b. c 1200, d. 1233
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationYolanda of Hungary was also known as Violant.
Married Name1235As of 1235,her married name was of Aragon.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1216Yolanda of Hungary was born circa 1216.
She was the daughter of Andrew II of Hungary and Yolande de Courtenay.
Marriage1235Yolanda of Hungary married James I of Aragon in 1235.
Death1253Yolanda of Hungary died in 1253.
  • Violant of Hungary (Esztergom, Kingdom of Hungary, c. 1216 – 1253) was Queen consort of James I of Aragon. She is also called Jolánta in Hungarian, Iolanda or Violant d'Hongria in Catalan and Yolanda or Violante de Hungría in Spanish.

    Violant was a daughter of Andrew II of Hungary and Violant of Courtenay. Her paternal grandparents were Béla III of Hungary and his first wife Agnes of Antioch. Her maternal grandparents were Peter II of Courtenay and his second wife Yolanda of Flanders.

    Violant was a half-sister of Anne Marie, Empress of Bulgaria, Béla IV of Hungary, Saint Elisabeth of Hungary and Coloman of Lodomeria.

    Violant's mother died in 1233, when Violant was seventeen years old. Her father remarried, to Beatrice d'Este, they had a son called Stephen.

    Violant married James I in 1235, being his second wife. By the marriage, Violant became Queen Consort of Aragon. James already had one son, Alfonso by his first marriage to Eleanor of Castile. James however divorced Eleanor and decided to remarry, he chose Violant.[1][2]

    James and Violant had ten children.1

Child of Yolanda of Hungary and James I of Aragon


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Maria of Brabant

F, b. 13 May 1254, d. 10 January 1321
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name21 August 1274As of 21 August 1274,her married name was de France.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth13 May 1254Maria of Brabant was born on 13 May 1254.
Marriage21 August 1274She married Philip The Bold de France, son of Louis IX de France and Marguerite de Provence, on 21 August 1274.
Death10 January 1321Maria of Brabant died on 10 January 1321 at age 66.
  • Marie of Brabant (French: Marie de Brabant; 13 May 1254 – 10 January 1321) was Queen consort of France.

    Marie was born in Leuven, Brabant. She was a daughter of Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy, daughter of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.

    Marie's paternal grandparents were Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and his wife Marie of Hohenstaufen. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, and his first wife Yolande of Dreux. Marie's siblings included Henry IV, Duke of Brabant, and John I, Duke of Brabant.

    Marie married on 24 June 1275, to Philip III of France. This was Philip's second marriage, after the death of his first wife, Isabella of Aragon. Isabella had already given birth to three surviving sons: Louis, Philip and Charles.

    Philip was under the strong influence of his mother, the dowager Queen of France, Margaret of Provence and his minion, surgeon and chamberlain (Chambellan) Pierre de La Broce (or Pierre de Brosse). Not being French, Marie stood out at the French court.

    In 1276, Philip's son and heir, Louis died, under suspicious circumstances. Marie was suspected of ordering him to be poisoned. La Brosse, who was also suspected, was imprisoned and later executed for the murder. Margaret suspected Marie of ordering the death of Louis and Philip did seem to agree more with his mother than his wife.

    After the death of Philip III in 1285, Marie lost her political influence, and dedicated her life to her three children. Her stepson, Philip was crowned king of France, as Philip IV, on 6 January 1286 in Reims. Marie lived right through Philip IV's reign and she had outlived all three children.1

Child of Maria of Brabant and Philip The Bold de France


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Andrew II of Hungary

M, b. circa 1177, d. 21 September 1235
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAndrew II of Hungary married Yolande de Courtenay.
Birthcirca 1177Andrew II of Hungary was born circa 1177.
Death21 September 1235He died on 21 September 1235.

Child of Andrew II of Hungary and Yolande de Courtenay

Yolande de Courtenay

F, b. circa 1200, d. 1233
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Hungary.
Name VariationYolande de Courtenay was also known as Violant.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageYolande de Courtenay married Andrew II of Hungary.
Birthcirca 1200Yolande de Courtenay was born circa 1200.
Death1233She died in 1233.

Child of Yolande de Courtenay and Andrew II of Hungary