Walter Marshal

M, b. 1196, d. 24 November 1245
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220
     Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke (1196 – 24 November 1245), was the fourth son of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke who succeeded his childless brother Gilbert as the 5th Earl of Pembroke and Earl Marshal of England in 1242 a year after the latter's death. He also held the titles of Lord of Striguil and Lord of Leinster.

Walter was born in 1196, the fourth son and one of the ten children of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke suo jure. His mother was the only surviving legitimate child of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known to history as "Strongbow" and Aoife of Leinster, therefore she was one of the wealthiest heiresses in the kingdom when she married Walter's father. Upon William Marshal's death in 1219, the earldom passed in succession to Walter's three elder brothers, William, Richard, and Gilbert, all of whom died childless. The latter was killed at a tournament on 27 June 1241[1] when his horse threw him and his foot caught in the stirrups. He was dragged for some distance and died of his injuries.[2]Walter was present at the tournament, therefore had witnessed his brother's death.[3] As Gilbert had just one illegitimate daughter Isabel by an unknown mistress, Walter became the next earl of Pembroke. He did not succeed to his titles until 1242 due to King Henry III's anger towards Walter for having disobeyed royal orders which had forbidden tournaments on the grounds that he did not want any of his subjects killing one another in sport.[4] Walter who had attended the tournament which had killed Gilbert shared in his brother's guilt, so had to wait a year before he was invested with the earldom and hereditary post of Earl Marshal. That same year he accompanied King Henry to Gascony.

On 6 January 1242 Walter married Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln suo jure, the wealthy widow of John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln and the mother of two children. Margaret did not bear Walter any children, and when he died suddenly at Goodrich Castle on 24 November 1245, the earldom passed to his younger brother, Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke, who followed him to the grave a month later. Like his four elder brothers, Anselm was also childless. Walter's widow, Margaret received a dower third from the Pembroke earldom and lordships, and as such she controlled most of the extensive Pembroke estates as her third outweighed the individual holdings of the 13 different co-heirs of his five sisters.

Walter Marshal was buried at Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_5th_Earl_of_Pembroke.

Ralph VII de Toeni

M, b. 1255, d. 1295
Father*Roger V de Toeni
Mother*Alice De Bohun

Children of Ralph VII de Toeni and Mary (?)

Mary (?)

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Toeni.

Children of Mary (?) and Ralph VII de Toeni

Robert de Toeni

M, b. 4 April 1276, d. 1309
Father*Ralph VII de Toeni b. 1255, d. 1295
Mother*Mary (?)

Thomas Leybourne

M, d. May 1307
Father*Sir William Leybourne

Sir William Leybourne


Child of Sir William Leybourne

Isabel De Clare

F, b. 10 March 1262, d. 1333
Father*Gilbert De Clare b. 2 Sep 1243, d. 7 Dec 1295
Mother*Alice de Lusignan b. a Oct 1236, d. May 1290
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1310As of before 1310,her married name was de Beauchamp.

Hugh XI de Lusignan

M, b. 1221, d. 6 April 1250
Father*Hugh X de Lusignan d. c 5 Jun 1249
Mother*Isabella of Angoulême b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246

Child of Hugh XI de Lusignan and Yolande de Dreux

Yolande de Dreux

F, b. 1218, d. 10 October 1272
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameJanuary 1236As of January 1236,her married name was de Lusignan.

Child of Yolande de Dreux and Hugh XI de Lusignan

Thomas de Stafford

M, b. circa 1368, d. 4 July 1392
Father*Sir Hugh Stafford
Mother*Philippa de Beauchamp b. b 1344, d. 6 Apr 1386

Sir William Bourchier


Child of Sir William Bourchier and Alianore de Lovayne

Alianore de Lovayne

F, b. 27 March 1345, d. 5 October 1397
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bourchier.
  • Alianore de Lovayne married Sir William Bourchier.
  • Alianore de Lovayne was born on 27 March 1345.
  • She died on 5 October 1397 at age 52.

Child of Alianore de Lovayne and Sir William Bourchier

Thomas Bourchier

M, b. circa 1404, d. 30 March 1486
Father*William Bourchier b. 1386, d. 28 May 1420
Mother*Anne of Woodstock

Eleanor Bourchier

F, b. circa 1417, d. November 1474
Father*William Bourchier b. 1386, d. 28 May 1420
Mother*Anne of Woodstock
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Mowbray.

Isabel Plantagenet

F, b. 1409, d. 2 October 1484
Father*Richard of England b. 1376, d. 5 Aug 1415
Mother*Anne Mortimer
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabel Plantagenet was also known as of York.
Married Namebefore 1426As of before 1426,her married name was Bourchier.

Child of Isabel Plantagenet and Henry Bourchier

Anne Woodville

F, b. circa 1438, d. 30 July 1489
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 15 August 1467As of before 15 August 1467,her married name was Bourchier.

Child of Anne Woodville and William Bourchier

William Bourchier

Father*Henry Bourchier b. 1404, d. 4 Apr 1483
Mother*Isabel Plantagenet b. 1409, d. 2 Oct 1484

Child of William Bourchier and Anne Woodville

Henry Bourchier

M, d. 13 March 1540
Father*William Bourchier
Mother*Anne Woodville b. c 1438, d. 30 Jul 1489
     Henry Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Essex KG PC (died 13 March 1540) was an English peer at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII. He married Mary Say, and his daughter was Anne Bourchier, Countess of Essex.

Bourchier was the son of William Bourchier, Viscount Bourchier and Anne Woodville. Through his mother, he was the nephew of Elizabeth Woodville, queen consort to Edward IV and in 1483, due to the death of his grandfather Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex, he inherited the earldom.

Bourchier was a member of Henry VII's privy council and when Henry VIII became king, he was made captain of the new bodyguard, and in 1513 was lieutenant-general of the spears in Therouanne and Tournai. In 1540, he broke his neck after falling from his horse and died. His barony was inherited by his daughter, who was separated from her husband, William Parr, brother of Katherine Parr, who was later created earl of Essex.[1]1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_2nd_Earl_of_Essex.

Adelisa de Savona

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Toeni.
Married NameHer married name was de Tosny.

Child of Adelisa de Savona and Robert de Toeni

Roger II de Tosny

Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRoger II de Tosny was also known as of Tosny.

Children of Roger II de Tosny

Raoul II of Tosny

M, d. 1102
Father*Roger II de Tosny
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRaoul II of Tosny was also known as de Tosny.

Child of Raoul II of Tosny

Raoul III of Tosny

M, d. circa 1126
Father*Raoul II of Tosny d. 1102

Adelise of Northumbria

Father*Waltheof of Northumbria b. 1050, d. 31 May 1076
Mother*Judith of Lens b. c 1055, d. a 1086
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Tosny.

Lambert II of Lens


Child of Lambert II of Lens and Adelaide of Normandy

Adelaide of Normandy

F, b. circa 1026, d. circa 1090
Father*Robert the Magnificent of Normandy b. 22 Jun 1000, d. 3 Jul 1035
Mother*Herlette of Falaise
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Lens.
     Adelaide of Normandy (or Adeliza) (c. 1026 in Calvados, France[citation needed] - c. 1090) was the sister or half-sister of William the Conqueror.

She was the daughter of Robert the Magnificent, Duke of Normandy. Different chroniclers writing in the Gesta Normannorum Ducum call her sister of William the Conqueror by the same mother, or daughter of Robert by a different mother. She is usually said to be daughter of Herleva.[1]

Adelaide married three times; first Enguerrand II of Ponthieu (died 1053) by whom she had issue; second Lambert II, Count of Lens (died 1054); and third in 1060 Odo II of Champagne son of the Count of Troyes, (Odo IV of Troyes). By Lambert she had a daughter, Judith of Lens, who married Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria (executed 1076). Their daughter, Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, took for her second husband King David I of Scotland.

She gained the title of Princess when William the Conqueror became King of England[verification needed]. She became Countess of Aumale when her husband Odo inherited the title of Count in 1069.1

Child of Adelaide of Normandy and Lambert II of Lens


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Robert the Magnificent of Normandy

M, b. 22 June 1000, d. 3 July 1035
  • Robert the Magnificent of Normandy married Herlette of Falaise.
  • Robert the Magnificent of Normandy was born on 22 June 1000.
  • He died on 3 July 1035 at age 35.
     Robert the Magnificent[1] (22 June 1000 – 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.

When his father died, his elder brother Richard succeeded, whilst he became Count of Hiémois. When Richard died a year later, there were great suspicions that Robert had Richard murdered, hence his other nickname, Robert le diable ('the devil'). He is sometimes identified with the legendary Robert the Devil.

Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin. He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported his cousin Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.

By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028-1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (1030-c. 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.

After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

According to the historian William of Malmesbury, around 1086 William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy.1

Children of Robert the Magnificent of Normandy and Herlette of Falaise


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Herlette of Falaise

Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHerlette of Falaise was also known as Herleva.
Married NameHer married name was of Normandy.

Children of Herlette of Falaise and Robert the Magnificent of Normandy

William I of England

M, b. circa 1027, d. 9 September 1087
Father*Robert the Magnificent of Normandy b. 22 Jun 1000, d. 3 Jul 1035
Mother*Herlette of Falaise
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam I of England was also known as of Normandy.
Name VariationWilliam I of England was also known as William the Conqueror.
     William I (c. 1027 or 1028[1] – 9 September 1087), also known as William the Conqueror, was the King of England from Christmas, 1066 until his death. He was also William II, Duke of Normandy, from 3 July 1035 until his death. Before his conquest of England, he was known as "William the Bastard" (French: Guillaume le Bâtard) because of the illegitimacy of his birth. William was already known as "the Conqueror" before 1066 due to his military success in Brittany.

To press his claim to the English crown, William invaded England in 1066, leading an army of Normans, Bretons, Flemish people, and Frenchmen (from Paris and Île-de-France) to victory over the English forces of King Harold Godwinson (who died in the conflict) at the Battle of Hastings, and suppressed subsequent English revolts in what has become known as the Norman Conquest.[2]

His reign, which brought Norman-French culture to England, had an impact on the subsequent course of England in the Middle Ages. The details of that impact and the extent of the changes have been debated by scholars for over a century. In addition to the obvious change of ruler, his reign also saw a programme of building and fortification, changes to the English language, a shift in the upper levels of society and the church, and adoption of some aspects of continental church reform.

William was born in Falaise, Normandy, the illegitimate and only son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy, who named him as heir to Normandy. His mother, Herleva (a name with several variant versions), who later married and bore two sons to Herluin de Conteville, was the daughter of Fulbert of Falaise. In addition to his two half-brothers, Odo of Bayeux and Robert, Count of Mortain, William had a sister, Adelaide of Normandy, another child of Robert. Later in his life, the enemies of William are reported to have called him alternately "William the Bastard", and deride him as the son of a tanner, and the residents of besieged Alençon hung animal skins from the city walls to taunt him.

William is believed to have been born in either 1027 or 1028, and more likely in the autumn of the later year.[1][notes 1] He was born the grandnephew of the English Queen, Emma of Normandy, wife of King Ethelred the Unready and later, wife of King Canute the Great.[3]

William's illegitimacy affected his early life and he was known to contemporaries as 'William the Bastard'. Nevertheless, when his father died, he was recognised as the heir.[4]1

Child of William I of England and Matilda of Flanders


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Matilda of Flanders

F, b. circa 1031, d. 2 November 1083
Father*Baldwin V of Flanders d. 1 Sep 1067
Mother*Adèle of France b. 1009, d. 8 Jan 1079
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMatilda of Flanders was also known as Maud.
Married Name1053As of 1053,her married name was of England.
     Maud Le-Vieux crowned Matilda of Flanders (c. 1031 – 2 November 1083) was the wife of William the Conqueror and, as such, Queen consort of the Kingdom of England. She bore William eleven children, including two kings, William II and Henry I.

Matilda, or "Maud", was the daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Adèle Capet, herself daughter of Robert II of France. According to legend, when William, Duke of Normandy (later known as William the Conqueror) sent his representative to ask for Maud's hand in marriage, she told the representative that she was far too high-born, being descended from King Alfred the Great, to consider marrying a bastard. After hearing this response, William rode from Normandy to Bruges, found Maud on her way to church, and dragged her off her horse by her long braids, threw her down in the street in front of her flabbergasted attendants, and rode off. Another version of the story states that William rode to Maud's father's house in Lille, threw her to the ground in her room (again, by the braids), and hit her (or violently shook her) before leaving. Naturally Baldwin took offense at this but, before they drew swords, Matilda settled the matter[1] by agreeing to marry him, and even a papal ban on the grounds of consanguinity did not dissuade her. They were married in 1053.

There were rumors that Matilda had been in love with the English ambassador to Flanders, a Saxon named Brihtric, who declined her advances. Whatever the truth of the matter, years later when she was acting as Regent for William in England, she used her authority to confiscate Brihtric's lands and throw him into prison, where he died.

When William was preparing to invade England, Matilda outfitted a ship, the Mora, out of her own money and gave it to him. For many years it was thought that she had some involvement in the creation of the Bayeux Tapestry (commonly called La Tapisserie de la Reine Mathilde in French), but historians no longer believe that; it seems to have been commissioned by William's half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, and made by English artists in Kent.

Matilda bore William eleven children, and he was believed to have been faithful to her, at least up until the time their son Robert rebelled against his father and Matilda sided with Robert against William. After she died, in 1083 at the age of 51, William became tyrannical, and people blamed it on his having lost her.

Contrary to the belief that she was buried at St. Stephen's, also called l'Abbaye-aux-Hommes in Caen, Normandy, where William was eventually buried, she is intombed at l'Abbaye aux Dames, which is the Sainte-Trinité church, also in Caen. Of particular interest is the 11th century slab, a sleek black stone decorated with her epitaph, marking her grave at the rear of the church. It is of special note since the grave marker for William was replaced as recently as the beginning of the 19th century.1

Child of Matilda of Flanders and William I of England


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Malcolm III of Scotland

M, b. 1031, d. 13 November 1093

Child of Malcolm III of Scotland

Child of Malcolm III of Scotland and Margaret Atheling