John FitzGilbert the Marshal

M, b. circa 1105, d. 1165
Father*Gilbert Giffard
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1105John FitzGilbert the Marshal was born circa 1105.
He was the son of Gilbert Giffard.
Marriagebefore 1141John FitzGilbert the Marshal married Aline Pipard before 1141.
Marriage1141John FitzGilbert the Marshal married Sibyl of Salisbury, daughter of Walter of Salisbury and Sibilla de Chaworth, in 1141.
Death1165John FitzGilbert the Marshal died in 1165.
  • John FitzGilbert the Marshal (Marechal) (c. 1105 – 1165) was a minor Anglo-Norman nobleman during the reign of King Stephen, and fought in the 12th century civil war on the side of the Empress Matilda. Since at least 1130 and probably earlier, he had been the royal marshal to King Henry I. When Henry died, John FitzGilbert swore for Stephen and was granted the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall, Wiltshire during this time. Along with Hamstead Marshal, this gave him control of the valley of the River Kennet in Wiltshire. Around 1139, John changed sides and swore for the Empress Matilda. In September 1141, Matilda fled the siege of Winchester and took refuge in the Marshal's castle at Ludgershall. While covering her retreat from Winchester, John Marshal was forced to take refuge at Wherwell Abbey. The attackers set fire to the building, and John lost an eye to dripping lead from the melting roof.

    In 1152, John had a legendary confrontation with King Stephen, who had besieged him at Newbury Castle. After John had broken an agreement to surrender, Stephen threatened to kill his son, whom John had given as a hostage. John refused, saying he could make more sons, but Stephen apparently took pity on the young boy and did not kill him. The boy grew up to be William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, a legendary figure in medieval lore, and one of the most powerful men in England.

    The office of Lord Marshal, which originally related to the keeping of the King's horses, and later, the head of his household troops, was won as a hereditary title by John, and was passed to his eldest son, and later claimed by William. John also had a daughter, Margaret Marshal, married Ralph de Somery, son of John de Somery and Hawise de Paynell.

    John was the son of Gilbert Giffard (Royal Serjeant and Marshal to Henry I). In 1141, John arranged an annullment of his marriage to Aline Pipard in order to marry Sibyl of Salisbury, the sister of Patrick of Salisbury, who had been a local rival of his, and a supporter of King Stephen, up to that point. John had two sons by Aline - Gilbert and Walter. Walter predeceased his father and Gilbert died shortly after inheriting his father's lands.

    John's eldest son by Sybilla of Salisbury, also called John Marshal (died 1194), inherited the title of Marshal, which he held until his death. The title was then granted by King Richard the Lionheart to his second son by Sybilla, William, who made the name and title famous. Though he had started out as a younger son without inheritance, by the time he actually inherited the title his reputation as a soldier and statesman was unmatched across Western Europe. John Marshal had four sons in total by his second wife. As well as John and William, there was Henry, who went on to become Bishop of Exeter, and Ancel, who served as a knight in the household of his kinsman, Rotrou, Count of Perche.1
  • The marriage of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Aline Pipard was annulled in 1141.

Children of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Aline Pipard

Children of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Sibyl of Salisbury

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Marshal_(Earl_Marshal).

Sibyl of Salisbury

F
Father*Walter of Salisbury
Mother*Sibilla de Chaworth
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationSibyl of Salisbury was also known as Sybilla.
Married Name1141As of 1141,her married name was Marshal.
Life EventDateDescription
Sibyl of Salisbury was the daughter of Walter of Salisbury and Sibilla de Chaworth.
Marriage1141Sibyl of Salisbury married John FitzGilbert the Marshal, son of Gilbert Giffard, in 1141.

Children of Sibyl of Salisbury and John FitzGilbert the Marshal

John Marshal

M, b. before 1146, d. 1194
Father*John FitzGilbert the Marshal b. c 1105, d. 1165
Mother*Sibyl of Salisbury
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 1146John Marshal was born before 1146.
He was the son of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Sibyl of Salisbury.
Death1194John Marshal died in 1194.

Gilbert Giffard

M

Child of Gilbert Giffard

Aline Pipard

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1141As of before 1141,her married name was Marshal.
Life EventDateDescription
Marriagebefore 1141Aline Pipard married John FitzGilbert the Marshal, son of Gilbert Giffard, before 1141.

Children of Aline Pipard and John FitzGilbert the Marshal

Gilbert Marshal

M, b. before 1141
Father*John FitzGilbert the Marshal b. c 1105, d. 1165
Mother*Aline Pipard
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 1141Gilbert Marshal was born before 1141.
He was the son of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Aline Pipard.

Walter Marshal

M, b. before 1141
Father*John FitzGilbert the Marshal b. c 1105, d. 1165
Mother*Aline Pipard
Life EventDateDescription
Birthbefore 1141Walter Marshal was born before 1141.
He was the son of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Aline Pipard.

Henry Marshal

M, b. after 1146
Father*John FitzGilbert the Marshal b. c 1105, d. 1165
Mother*Sibyl of Salisbury
Life EventDateDescription
Birthafter 1146Henry Marshal was born after 1146.
He was the son of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Sibyl of Salisbury.

Ancel Marshal

M, b. after 1146
Father*John FitzGilbert the Marshal b. c 1105, d. 1165
Mother*Sibyl of Salisbury
Life EventDateDescription
Birthafter 1146Ancel Marshal was born after 1146.
He was the son of John FitzGilbert the Marshal and Sibyl of Salisbury.

Walter of Salisbury

M
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageWalter of Salisbury married Sibilla de Chaworth.

Children of Walter of Salisbury and Sibilla de Chaworth

Sibilla de Chaworth

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Salisbury.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSibilla de Chaworth married Walter of Salisbury.

Children of Sibilla de Chaworth and Walter of Salisbury

Patrick of Salisbury

M, b. circa 1122, d. 1168
Father*Walter of Salisbury
Mother*Sibilla de Chaworth
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1122Patrick of Salisbury was born circa 1122.
He was the son of Walter of Salisbury and Sibilla de Chaworth.
Death1168Patrick of Salisbury died in 1168.
  • Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury (c. 1122 - 1168) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman, and the uncle of the famous William Marshal.

    His parents were Walter of Salisbury and Sibilla de Chaworth.[1] Before 1141, Patrick was constable of Salisbury, a powerful local official but not a nobleman. That year, Patrick married his sister to John fitzGilbert the Marshal, who had been a local rival of his, and transferred his allegiance from King Stephen to the Empress Matilda. This political move gained him his earldom, and the friendship of John the Marshal, who was to send his younger son William to stay with him. It was in his household where the famous Marshal first learned about knighthood.

    The Earl of Salisbury also minted his own coins, struck in the county town of Salisbury during the so called "baronial issues" of 1135-1153. Only four examples have survived, three of which are in the Conte collection.

    Patrick married twice,[2] his second wife being Ela, daughter of William III Talvas, Duke of Alençon and Ponthieu, whom he married in 1149. They had a son, William in about 1150[1] and three others, including Walter and Philip.[2]

    He was killed at Poitiers, France on March 27, 1168 in an ambush by forces of Guy of Lusignan.[1]1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_of_Salisbury,_1st_Earl_of_Salisbury.

Hugh IX de Lusignan

M
Father*Hugh VIII de Lusignan b. c 1141, d. 1169
Mother*Orengarde (?)
Life EventDateDescription
Hugh IX de Lusignan was the son of Hugh VIII de Lusignan and Orengarde (?).
  • Hugh IX the Brown of Lusignan (1163 or 1168 – 5 November 1219)[1] was the grandson of Hugh VIII. His father, also Hugh (b. c. 1141), was the co-seigneur of Lusignan from 1164, marrying a woman named Orengarde before 1162 or about 1167 and dying in 1169. Hugh IX became seigneur of Lusignan in 1172, seigneur of Couhe and Chateau-Larcher in the 1190s, and Count of La Marche (as Hugh IV) by marriage in 1203. Hugh IX died on the Fifth Crusade at Damietta on 5 November 1219.

    Hugh IX is mentioned under the pseudonym Maracdes ("Emerald") in two poems by the troubadour Gaucelm Faidit, according to the Occitan razós to these poems.

    His first wife was Agathe de Preuilly, daughter of Peter (Pierre) II de Preuilly and Aenor de Mauleon. Their marriage was annulled in 1189. His second wife, married c. 1189, was Mathilde of Angoulême (1181 – 1233), daughter of Wulgrim III, Count of Angouleme and Count of La Marche (brother of count Aymer/Adhemar Taillifer). He had two known children:

    Hugh X of Lusignan. Although traditionally given as son of Matilde, he married Isabella of Angoulême, her first cousin. Since such a marriage would have been within prohibited degrees, it has been deduced that he was son of Agathe.
    Agathe of Lusignan, married c. 1220 Geoffroi V Seigneur de Pons.1

Child of Hugh IX de Lusignan

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_IX_of_Lusignan

Hugh VIII de Lusignan

M, b. circa 1141, d. 1169
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1141Hugh VIII de Lusignan was born circa 1141.
Marriagecirca 1162He married Orengarde (?) circa 1162.
Death1169Hugh VIII de Lusignan died in 1169.

Children of Hugh VIII de Lusignan and Orengarde (?)

Orengarde (?)

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1162As of circa 1162,her married name was de Lusignan.
Life EventDateDescription
Marriagecirca 1162Orengarde (?) married Hugh VIII de Lusignan circa 1162.

Alice De Bohun

F
Father*Humphrey IV De Bohun b. c 1208, d. 24 Sep 1275
Mother*Maud de Lusignan b. 1210, d. 14 Aug 1241
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Toeni.
Life EventDateDescription
Alice De Bohun was the daughter of Humphrey IV De Bohun and Maud de Lusignan.
MarriageAlice De Bohun married Roger V de Toeni.

Child of Alice De Bohun and Roger V de Toeni

Roger V de Toeni

M
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRoger V de Toeni married Alice De Bohun, daughter of Humphrey IV De Bohun and Maud de Lusignan.

Child of Roger V de Toeni and Alice De Bohun

Walter Marshal

M, b. 1196, d. 24 November 1245
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1196Walter Marshal was born in 1196.
He was the son of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare.
Marriage6 January 1242Walter Marshal married Margaret de Quincy, daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester, on 6 January 1242.
Death24 November 1245Walter Marshal died on 24 November 1245.
  • Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke (1196 – 24 November 1245), was the fourth son of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke who succeeded his childless brother Gilbert as the 5th Earl of Pembroke and Earl Marshal of England in 1242 a year after the latter's death. He also held the titles of Lord of Striguil and Lord of Leinster.

    Walter was born in 1196, the fourth son and one of the ten children of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke suo jure. His mother was the only surviving legitimate child of Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known to history as "Strongbow" and Aoife of Leinster, therefore she was one of the wealthiest heiresses in the kingdom when she married Walter's father. Upon William Marshal's death in 1219, the earldom passed in succession to Walter's three elder brothers, William, Richard, and Gilbert, all of whom died childless. The latter was killed at a tournament on 27 June 1241[1] when his horse threw him and his foot caught in the stirrups. He was dragged for some distance and died of his injuries.[2]Walter was present at the tournament, therefore had witnessed his brother's death.[3] As Gilbert had just one illegitimate daughter Isabel by an unknown mistress, Walter became the next earl of Pembroke. He did not succeed to his titles until 1242 due to King Henry III's anger towards Walter for having disobeyed royal orders which had forbidden tournaments on the grounds that he did not want any of his subjects killing one another in sport.[4] Walter who had attended the tournament which had killed Gilbert shared in his brother's guilt, so had to wait a year before he was invested with the earldom and hereditary post of Earl Marshal. That same year he accompanied King Henry to Gascony.

    On 6 January 1242 Walter married Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln suo jure, the wealthy widow of John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln and the mother of two children. Margaret did not bear Walter any children, and when he died suddenly at Goodrich Castle on 24 November 1245, the earldom passed to his younger brother, Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke, who followed him to the grave a month later. Like his four elder brothers, Anselm was also childless. Walter's widow, Margaret received a dower third from the Pembroke earldom and lordships, and as such she controlled most of the extensive Pembroke estates as her third outweighed the individual holdings of the 13 different co-heirs of his five sisters.

    Walter Marshal was buried at Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Marshal,_5th_Earl_of_Pembroke.

Ralph VII de Toeni

M, b. 1255, d. 1295
Father*Roger V de Toeni
Mother*Alice De Bohun
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRalph VII de Toeni married Mary (?).
Birth1255Ralph VII de Toeni was born in 1255.
He was the son of Roger V de Toeni and Alice De Bohun.
Death1295Ralph VII de Toeni died in 1295.

Children of Ralph VII de Toeni and Mary (?)

Mary (?)

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Toeni.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMary (?) married Ralph VII de Toeni, son of Roger V de Toeni and Alice De Bohun.

Children of Mary (?) and Ralph VII de Toeni

Robert de Toeni

M, b. 4 April 1276, d. 1309
Father*Ralph VII de Toeni b. 1255, d. 1295
Mother*Mary (?)
Life EventDateDescription
Birth4 April 1276Robert de Toeni was born on 4 April 1276.
He was the son of Ralph VII de Toeni and Mary (?).
Death1309Robert de Toeni died in 1309.

Thomas Leybourne

M, d. May 1307
Father*Sir William Leybourne
Life EventDateDescription
Thomas Leybourne was the son of Sir William Leybourne.
Marriage1300Thomas Leybourne married Alice de Toeni, daughter of Ralph VII de Toeni and Mary (?), in 1300.
DeathMay 1307Thomas Leybourne died in May 1307.

Sir William Leybourne

M

Child of Sir William Leybourne

Isabel De Clare

F, b. 10 March 1262, d. 1333
Father*Gilbert De Clare b. 2 Sep 1243, d. 7 Dec 1295
Mother*Alice de Lusignan b. a Oct 1236, d. May 1290
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1310As of before 1310,her married name was de Beauchamp.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth10 March 1262Isabel De Clare was born on 10 March 1262.
She was the daughter of Gilbert De Clare and Alice de Lusignan.
Marriagebefore 1310Isabel De Clare married Guy de Beauchamp, son of William de Beauchamp and Maud FitzJohn, before 1310.
Death1333Isabel De Clare died in 1333.

Hugh XI de Lusignan

M, b. 1221, d. 6 April 1250
Father*Hugh X de Lusignan d. c 5 Jun 1249
Mother*Isabella of Angoulême b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1221Hugh XI de Lusignan was born in 1221.
He was the son of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angoulême.
MarriageJanuary 1236Hugh XI de Lusignan married Yolande de Dreux in January 1236.
Death6 April 1250Hugh XI de Lusignan died on 6 April 1250.

Child of Hugh XI de Lusignan and Yolande de Dreux

Yolande de Dreux

F, b. 1218, d. 10 October 1272
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameJanuary 1236As of January 1236,her married name was de Lusignan.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1218Yolande de Dreux was born in 1218.
MarriageJanuary 1236She married Hugh XI de Lusignan, son of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angoulême, in January 1236.
Death10 October 1272Yolande de Dreux died on 10 October 1272.

Child of Yolande de Dreux and Hugh XI de Lusignan

Thomas de Stafford

M, b. circa 1368, d. 4 July 1392
Father*Sir Hugh Stafford
Mother*Philippa de Beauchamp b. b 1344, d. 6 Apr 1386
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1368Thomas de Stafford was born circa 1368.
He was the son of Sir Hugh Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp.
Marriagecirca 1390Thomas de Stafford married Anne of Gloucester, daughter of Thomas of Woodstock and Eleanor De Bohun, circa 1390.
Death4 July 1392Thomas de Stafford died on 4 July 1392.

Sir William Bourchier

M
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSir William Bourchier married Alianore de Lovayne.

Child of Sir William Bourchier and Alianore de Lovayne

Alianore de Lovayne

F, b. 27 March 1345, d. 5 October 1397
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bourchier.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAlianore de Lovayne married Sir William Bourchier.
Birth27 March 1345Alianore de Lovayne was born on 27 March 1345.
Death5 October 1397She died on 5 October 1397 at age 52.

Child of Alianore de Lovayne and Sir William Bourchier

Thomas Bourchier

M, b. circa 1404, d. 30 March 1486
Father*William Bourchier b. 1386, d. 28 May 1420
Mother*Anne of Woodstock
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1404Thomas Bourchier was born circa 1404.
He was the son of William Bourchier and Anne of Woodstock.
Death30 March 1486Thomas Bourchier died on 30 March 1486.