Isabella de Warenne

F, b. circa 1253, d. before 1292
Father*John de Warenne b. 1231, d. c 29 Sep 1304
Mother*Alice de Lusignan b. 1224, d. 9 Feb 1256
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 9 February 1281As of circa 9 February 1281,her married name was de Balliol.
Married Namecirca 9 February 1281As of circa 9 February 1281,her married name was Balliol.
     Isabella de Warenne (c.1253- before 1292) was Baroness of Bywell by her marriage to John Balliol; she did not however become his Queen consort.

Isabella was the second of three children born to John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and his wife Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey. Her elder sister Eleanor, married Henry Percy and became mother of Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy. Isabella's younger brother was William, and their mother died while giving birth to him. William was killed in a tournament after he had married Joan de Vere and sired two children.

Isabella's maternal grandparents were Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, widow of John of England and Dowager Queen of England. Isabella was daughter of Aymer of Angoulême and Alice of Courtenay, a granddaughter of Louis VI of France. Isabella de Warenne's paternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and his wife Maud Marshal.

On about 9 February 1281 Isabella married John Balliol, who had a claim to the Scottish throne. The marriage lasted about ten years. The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records the marriage[1].It has been established that the couple had at least one child:

Edward Balliol, Scottish pretender, (d.1364). Married to Marguerite de Taranto, daughter of Philip, prince of Taranto (d. 1332) - annulled or divorced with no issue.
However, other children have been linked to the couple as other possible issue:

Henry de Balliol. He was killed in the Battle of Annan on 16 December 1332, leaving no issue.[2]
Agnes (or Maud) de Balliol was married to Bryan FitzAlan, Lord FitzAlan, and feudal Baron of Bedale. They were parents to Agnes FitzAlan (b. 1298), who married Sir Gilbert Stapleton, Knt., of Bedale [3] (1291-1324). Gilbert is better known for his participation in the assassination of Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall.
It is believed that Isabella did not live to see her husband become King of Scotland, so it is likely that she died before 1292, when her husband ascended to the throne. However, some[4] are of the opinion that Isabella did survive long enough to see her husband succeed and then abdicate.1

Child of Isabella de Warenne and John de Balliol

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_de_Warenne

John de Balliol

M, b. circa 1249, d. circa 25 November 1314
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJohn de Balliol was also known as of Scotland.
Name VariationJohn de Balliol was also known as Balliol.
     John de Balliol (c. 1249 – c. 25 November 1314) was elected King of Scots from 1292 to 1296.

Little of John's early life is known. He was born between 1248 and 1250 at an unknown location, possibilities including Galloway, Picardy and Barnard Castle, County Durham.[1] He was the son of Dervorguilla of Galloway, daughter of Alan, Lord of Galloway and granddaughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, by her husband John, 5th Baron Balliol, Lord of Barnard Castle.[2] From his mother he inherited significant lands in Galloway and claim to Lordship over the Galwegians, as well as various English and Scottish estates of the Huntingdon inheritance; from his father he inherited large estates in England and France, such as Hitchin, in Hertfordshire.

Following the death of Margaret, Maid of Norway, in 1290, John Balliol was a competitor[2] for the Scottish crown in the so called 'Great Cause', as he was a great-great-great-grandson of King David I through his mother (and therefore one generation further than his main rival Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale, grandfather of the future Robert the Bruce), being senior in genealogical primogeniture but not in proximity of blood. He submitted his claim to the Scottish auditors with King Edward I of England as the arbitrator, at Berwick-upon-Tweed on 6 June 1291.[3] The Scottish auditors' decision in favour of Balliol was pronounced in the Great Hall of Berwick Castle on 17 November 1292[3], and he was inaugurated accordingly king of Scotland at Scone, 30 November 1292, St. Andrew's Day.[2]

Edward I, who had coerced recognition as Lord Paramount of Scotland, the feudal superior of the realm, steadily undermined John's authority. he demanded homage to be paid towards himself, legal authority over the Scottish King in any disputes brought against him by his own subjects, contribution towards the costs for the defense of England, and military support was expected in his war against France. He treated Scotland as a feudal vassal state, and repeatedly humiliated the new king, who became known as "Toom Tabard" [4] due to his lack of real authority. Tiring of their deeply compromised king, the direction of affairs was allegedly taken out of his hands by the leading men of the kingdom, who appointed a council of twelve—in practice, a new panel of Guardians—at Stirling in July 1295. These men were more likely a group of advisors to King John, and they went on to conclude a treaty of mutual assistance with France, which became known as the Auld Alliance.

In retaliation Edward I invaded, commencing the Wars of Scottish Independence. The Scots were defeated at Dunbar, and the English took Dunbar Castle on 27 April 1296.[3] John abdicated by a Deed signed in Stracathro near Montrose on 10 July 1296.[3] Here the arms of Scotland were formally torn from John's surcoat, giving him the abiding name of "Toom Tabard".

John was imprisoned in the Tower of London briefly at first, but eventually released in July 1299 and allowed to go to France. When his baggage was examined at Dover the Royal Golden Crown and Seal of the Kingdom of Scotland, with many vessels of gold and silver, and a considerable sum of money, were found in his chests. Edward I ordered that the Crown should be offered to St. Thomas the Martyr, and that the money should be returned to John for the expenses of his journey, but he kept the Seal himself.[5] John was released into the custody of Pope Boniface VIII on condition that he remain in a papal residence. He was later released around the summer of 1301 and lived the rest of his life on his family's ancestral estates at Hélicourt, Picardy.

However, as his abdication had been obtained under considerable duress, his supporters subsequently argued that he was still the rightful King of Scotland. When the Scots rose in rebellion in 1297 under William Wallace and Andrew de Moray, they claimed that they were acting on behalf of King John. Although rebellions in Scotland continued over the years, this claim looked increasingly tenuous as John's position under nominal house-arrest of the papacy meant that he could not campaign for his release and return to Scotland, despite the Scots' diplomatic attempts in Paris and Rome. After 1302, he made no further attempts to extend his personal support to the Scots. Effectively, Scotland was left without a monarch until the accession of Robert the Bruce in 1306.

John died around 25 November 1314 at his family's château at Hélicourt in France.[6] On 4 January 1315, King Edward II of England, writing to King Louis X of France, said that he had heard of the death of 'Sir John de Balliol'[7] and requested the fealty and homage of Edward Balliol to be given by proxy.

It is supposed that he was interred in the church of St. Waast at Bailleul-sur-Eaune[7], though this is another man by the name of Jean de Bailleul.

He was survived by his son Edward Balliol, who later revived his family's claim to the Scottish throne, received support from the English, and had some temporary successes.

John married, around 9 February 1281, Isabella de Warenne, daughter of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey[2] and Alice de Lusignan. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, widow of King John I of England. He was also the brother-in-law to John Comyn, whom was murdered by Robert the Bruce in February 1306, in Dumfries.1

Child of John de Balliol and Isabella de Warenne

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_Scotland

Edward Balliol

M, b. circa 1283, d. 1367
Father*John de Balliol b. c 1249, d. c 25 Nov 1314
Mother*Isabella de Warenne b. c 1253, d. b 1292
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdward Balliol was also known as de Balliol.
     Edward Balliol (c.1283 - 1367), (a.k.a. Edward de Baliol), was intermittently King of Scotland from 1332-1336.

He was the eldest son of John Balliol and Isabella de Warenne, daughter of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and Alice de Lusignan. Alice was daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, widow of King John of England.

Scotland was left weakened by the death of Robert the Bruce since it was left with a child king, his son David II of Scotland, and shortly after this Bruce's two most able lieutenants, the Black Douglas and Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, both died.

Taking advantage of this, Balliol, backed by Edward III of England, defeated the Regent, the Earl of Mar, at the Battle of Dupplin Moor in Perthshire. He was crowned at Scone in September 1332, but three months later he was forced to flee half-naked back to England, following a surprise attack by nobles loyal to David II.

On his retreat from Scotland, Balliol sought refuge with the Clifford family, land owners in Westmorland, and stayed in their castles at Appleby, Brougham, Brough, and Pendragon.[1]

He was restored by the English in 1333, following the Battle of Halidon Hill. Balliol then ceded the whole of the district formerly known as Lothian to Edward and paid homage to him as liege lord. With no serious support in Scotland, he was deposed again in 1334, and restored again in 1335, and finally deposed in 1336 when David II returned from France.

He returned to Scotland after the defeat of David II at Battle of Nevilles Cross in 1346, raising an insurrection in Galloway, and speedily penetrated to the central parts of the kingdom. However, he gained no permanent footing.

On 20 January 1356, Balliol surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III in exchange for an English pension. He spent the rest of his life living in obscurity. He died in 1367, at Wheatley, Doncaster, Yorkshire, England. The location of his grave is unknown.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_de_Balliol

Robert de Clifford

M
     Lord Clifford.

Child of Robert de Clifford

Henry de Percy

M, b. 1320
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford

Thomas de Percy

M
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford

Roger de Percy

M
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford

Eleanor de Percy

F
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was FitzWalter.

Lady Elizabeth Percy

F, b. circa 1390, d. 26 October 1437
Father*Sir Henry Percy b. 20 May 1364, d. 21 Jul 1403
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1404As of 1404,her married name was Clifford.
Married Name1426As of 1426,her married name was Neville.
     Lady Elizabeth Percy (about 1390 - October 26, 1437) was the daughter of Henry 'Hotspur' Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer[1]. She married John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford in 1404. They had the following children[2]:

Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford m. Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Lord Dacre of Gilsland.
Henry Clifford
Mary Clifford m. Philip Wentworth, Knight, of Nettlestead, Suffolk; Their great-granddaughter was Jane Seymour, third Queen consort of Henry VIII of England.
Blanche Clifford
After Clifford's death in 1422, she married Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland in 1426, with whom she had one son:

John Neville.1

Child of Lady Elizabeth Percy and Ralph Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Elizabeth_Percy

John Neville

M, d. 1420
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440

Child of John Neville

Ralph Neville

M, b. 1408, d. 3 November 1484
Father*John Neville d. 1420
     Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland (1408 – 3 November 1484) was an English peer.

The eldest son of John Neville, Lord Neville, he became heir apparent to his grandfather Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland upon his father's death in 1420. He succeeded to the earldom in 1425, although it was greatly impoverished by his grandfather's bequests to the children of his second marriage. Westmorland was knighted by King Henry VI in 1426. In that year, he married Lady Elizabeth Percy (d. 1437), daughter of Sir Henry Percy and widow of John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford. They had one son:

Sir John Neville (d. bef. 1451), married Anne Holland, daughter of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter and died without issue
In 1438, he was appointed a Commissioner of Array in the northern counties of England and Captain of the Scottish Marches.[1] During the 1440s, he was deeply involved in the inheritance dispute between his branch of the Neville family and his paternal half-uncles and their descendants, such as the Earl of Salisbury. That side of the family was predominantly Yorkist, while Westmorland and his relatives were Lancastrian.

As his second wife, he married Margaret, daughter of Sir Reginald, by whom he had one daughter, who died young.

Upon his death, he was succeeded by his nephew, Ralph Neville, 3rd Earl of Westmorland.

He was dramatised by William Shakespeare as a character in Henry VI, Part 3.1

Child of Ralph Neville and Lady Elizabeth Percy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Neville,_2nd_Earl_of_Westmorland.

John Neville

M, b. after 1426
Father*Ralph Neville b. 1408, d. 3 Nov 1484
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Percy b. c 1390, d. 26 Oct 1437

John Clifford

M, b. 1389, d. 13 March 1422
Father*Thomas de Clifford b. c 1363, d. 18 Aug 1391
Mother*Elizabeth De Ros b. c 1367, d. Mar 1424
     John Clifford (b. 1389, d. 13 March 1422 at the Siege of Meaux), Knight of the Garter, 7th Baron de Clifford, and hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland. He was the son of Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford, by Elizabeth de Ros[1], daughter of Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, by Beatrix de Stafford[2]. He married in about 1404 the Elizabeth De Percy , daughter of Henry "Hotspur" Percy[3] by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. They had two sons, Thomas (8th Lord Clifford) and Henry, and two daughters, Mary and Blanche (wife of Robert Waterton, Knight). The future queen consort of England, Jane Seymour, was a descendant of John Clifford through her mother's line.

From Douglas Richardson's Plantagenet Ancestry:

He was summoned to Parliament from September 21, 1412. He and Elizabeth received a papal indult for a portable altar in 1412. He took part in a great tournament at Carlisle between six English and six Scottish Knights, as also in the French War[4].

Present at the Siege of Harfleur and the Battle of Agincourt, he was indented to serve Henry V of England with 3 archers[5]. He had received the surrender of Cherbourg. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1421. He finally met his death at the Siege of Meaux in France 13 March 1422[6]. Elizabeth died 26 October 1436 and is buried at Staindrop, Durham.[7].1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Clifford,_7th_Baron_de_Clifford.

Thomas de Clifford

M, b. circa 1363, d. 18 August 1391
     Sir Thomas de Clifford, 6th Lord Clifford, (b. c. 1363 – August 18, 1391) was a Knight of The Chamber, hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, and Warden of the East Marches. He was summoned to Parliament by Writ from December 6, 1389.

He married before 1379 Elizabeth (d. March 1424), daughter of Thomas de Ros of Helmesley, by Beatrice, daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, K.G., by whom he had issue.

Lord Clifford is often styled in documents "King's kinsman". He died in Europe and his place of burial is unknown.

Children:
1) John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, married Lady Elizabeth Percy , daughter of Henry 'Hotspur' Percy by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March.1

Child of Thomas de Clifford and Elizabeth De Ros

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_de_Clifford,_6th_Baron_de_Clifford.

Sir Thomas De Ros

M
Father*Thomas De Ros b. 1337, d. 1384
Mother*Beatrice Stafford b. c 1340

John de Cobham

M

Child of John de Cobham

Robert Tiptoft

M, b. before 6 November 1341, d. 13 April 1372
Father*John Tiptoft b. 20 Jul 1313, d. 13 Apr 1367
Mother*Margaret De Badlesmere b. 1315
     3rd Baron Tibetot.

Child of Robert Tiptoft and Margaret Deincourt

Margaret Deincourt

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Tiptoft.

Child of Margaret Deincourt and Robert Tiptoft

Margaret le Despencer

F, b. circa 1397
Father*Sir Philip le Despencer b. 18 Oct 1342, d. 4 Aug 1401
Mother*Elizabeth de Tiptoft b. 1345, d. b 1 Aug 1401
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMargaret le Despencer was also known as Margery.
Married Namebefore 1421As of before 1421,her married name was De Ros.
Married Nameafter 1421As of after 1421,her married name was Wentworth.
     Margery (Margaret) Despencer was the Daughter and Heir of Philip le Despencer, 2nd Baron le Despencer. She was born about 1397 in Nettlestead, Gloucestershire, England, and Married John de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros. He died without heir, and she then married [2] Roger Wentworth, the son of John Wentworth. It was this family that generations later became Baron Wentworth.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margery_le_Despencer

Roger Wentworth

M
Father*John Wentworth

John Wentworth

M

Child of John Wentworth

John Tiptoft

M
Father*John Tiptoft b. 20 Jul 1313, d. 13 Apr 1367
Mother*Margaret De Badlesmere b. 1315

Pain Tiptoft

M, b. 1279, d. 1314
Father*Robert Tiptoft d. 1298
Mother*Eva (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationPain Tiptoft was also known as Payn.
     1st Baron Tibetot.

Child of Pain Tiptoft and Agnes de Ros

Agnes de Ros

F, b. circa 1285, d. circa 25 November 1328
Father*William De Ros b. 1255, d. 1317
Mother*Maud de Vaux b. 1275
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Tiptoft.

Child of Agnes de Ros and Pain Tiptoft

Elizabeth Aspall

F
Father*Sir Robert Aspall
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Tiptoft.

Child of Elizabeth Aspall and John Tiptoft

Sir Pain Tiptoft

M, b. circa 1350, d. circa 1413
Father*John Tiptoft b. 20 Jul 1313, d. 13 Apr 1367
Mother*Elizabeth Aspall
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationSir Pain Tiptoft was also known as de Tibetot.
Name VariationSir Pain Tiptoft was also known as Payn.

Child of Sir Pain Tiptoft and Agnes Wrothe

Sir Robert Aspall

M

Child of Sir Robert Aspall

Cecily Neville

F, b. 1424, d. 1450
Father*Richard Neville b. 1400, d. 31 Dec 1460
Mother*Alice Montagu b. 1407, d. b 9 Dec 1462
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1443As of before 1443,her married name was de Beauchamp.
Married Nameafter 1443As of after 1443,her married name was Tiptoft.

Child of Cecily Neville and Henry de Beauchamp

Henry de Beauchamp

M, b. 21 March 1425, d. 11 June 1446
Father*Richard de Beauchamp b. 23 Jan 1382, d. 30 Apr 1439
Mother*Isabel le Despenser b. 26 Jul 1400, d. 27 Dec 1439

Child of Henry de Beauchamp and Cecily Neville

Anne Beauchamp

F, b. 1443, d. 1449
Father*Henry de Beauchamp b. 21 Mar 1425, d. 11 Jun 1446
Mother*Cecily Neville b. 1424, d. 1450