Lambert II of Lens

M
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageLambert II of Lens married Adelaide of Normandy, daughter of Robert the Magnificent of Normandy and Herlette of Falaise.

Child of Lambert II of Lens and Adelaide of Normandy

Adelaide of Normandy

F, b. circa 1026, d. circa 1090
Father*Robert the Magnificent of Normandy b. 22 Jun 1000, d. 3 Jul 1035
Mother*Herlette of Falaise
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Lens.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAdelaide of Normandy married Lambert II of Lens.
Birthcirca 1026Adelaide of Normandy was born circa 1026.
She was the daughter of Robert the Magnificent of Normandy and Herlette of Falaise.
Deathcirca 1090Adelaide of Normandy died circa 1090.
  • Adelaide of Normandy (or Adeliza) (c. 1026 in Calvados, France[citation needed] - c. 1090) was the sister or half-sister of William the Conqueror.

    She was the daughter of Robert the Magnificent, Duke of Normandy. Different chroniclers writing in the Gesta Normannorum Ducum call her sister of William the Conqueror by the same mother, or daughter of Robert by a different mother. She is usually said to be daughter of Herleva.[1]

    Adelaide married three times; first Enguerrand II of Ponthieu (died 1053) by whom she had issue; second Lambert II, Count of Lens (died 1054); and third in 1060 Odo II of Champagne son of the Count of Troyes, (Odo IV of Troyes). By Lambert she had a daughter, Judith of Lens, who married Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria (executed 1076). Their daughter, Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, took for her second husband King David I of Scotland.

    She gained the title of Princess when William the Conqueror became King of England[verification needed]. She became Countess of Aumale when her husband Odo inherited the title of Count in 1069.1

Child of Adelaide of Normandy and Lambert II of Lens

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelaide_of_Normandy

Robert the Magnificent of Normandy

M, b. 22 June 1000, d. 3 July 1035
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRobert the Magnificent of Normandy married Herlette of Falaise.
Birth22 June 1000Robert the Magnificent of Normandy was born on 22 June 1000.
Death3 July 1035He died on 3 July 1035 at age 35.
  • Robert the Magnificent[1] (22 June 1000 – 3 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.

    When his father died, his elder brother Richard succeeded, whilst he became Count of Hiémois. When Richard died a year later, there were great suspicions that Robert had Richard murdered, hence his other nickname, Robert le diable ('the devil'). He is sometimes identified with the legendary Robert the Devil.

    Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin. He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported his cousin Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.

    By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of the future William I of England (1028-1087). He also had an illegitimate daughter, but the only chronicler to explicitly address the issue, Robert of Torigny, contradicts himself, once indicating that she had a distinct mother from William, elsewhere stating that they shared the same mother. This daughter, Adelaide of Normandy (1030-c. 1083), married three times: to Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu, Lambert II, Count of Lens, and Odo II of Champagne.

    After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

    According to the historian William of Malmesbury, around 1086 William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy.1

Children of Robert the Magnificent of Normandy and Herlette of Falaise

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Magnificent

Herlette of Falaise

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHerlette of Falaise was also known as Herleva.
Married NameHer married name was of Normandy.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHerlette of Falaise married Robert the Magnificent of Normandy.

Children of Herlette of Falaise and Robert the Magnificent of Normandy

William I of England

M, b. circa 1027, d. 9 September 1087
Father*Robert the Magnificent of Normandy b. 22 Jun 1000, d. 3 Jul 1035
Mother*Herlette of Falaise
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam I of England was also known as of Normandy.
Name VariationWilliam I of England was also known as William the Conqueror.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1027William I of England was born circa 1027.
He was the son of Robert the Magnificent of Normandy and Herlette of Falaise.
Marriage1053William I of England married Matilda of Flanders, daughter of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adèle of France, in 1053.
Death9 September 1087William I of England died on 9 September 1087.
  • William I (c. 1027 or 1028[1] – 9 September 1087), also known as William the Conqueror, was the King of England from Christmas, 1066 until his death. He was also William II, Duke of Normandy, from 3 July 1035 until his death. Before his conquest of England, he was known as "William the Bastard" (French: Guillaume le Bâtard) because of the illegitimacy of his birth. William was already known as "the Conqueror" before 1066 due to his military success in Brittany.

    To press his claim to the English crown, William invaded England in 1066, leading an army of Normans, Bretons, Flemish people, and Frenchmen (from Paris and Île-de-France) to victory over the English forces of King Harold Godwinson (who died in the conflict) at the Battle of Hastings, and suppressed subsequent English revolts in what has become known as the Norman Conquest.[2]

    His reign, which brought Norman-French culture to England, had an impact on the subsequent course of England in the Middle Ages. The details of that impact and the extent of the changes have been debated by scholars for over a century. In addition to the obvious change of ruler, his reign also saw a programme of building and fortification, changes to the English language, a shift in the upper levels of society and the church, and adoption of some aspects of continental church reform.

    William was born in Falaise, Normandy, the illegitimate and only son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy, who named him as heir to Normandy. His mother, Herleva (a name with several variant versions), who later married and bore two sons to Herluin de Conteville, was the daughter of Fulbert of Falaise. In addition to his two half-brothers, Odo of Bayeux and Robert, Count of Mortain, William had a sister, Adelaide of Normandy, another child of Robert. Later in his life, the enemies of William are reported to have called him alternately "William the Bastard", and deride him as the son of a tanner, and the residents of besieged Alençon hung animal skins from the city walls to taunt him.

    William is believed to have been born in either 1027 or 1028, and more likely in the autumn of the later year.[1][notes 1] He was born the grandnephew of the English Queen, Emma of Normandy, wife of King Ethelred the Unready and later, wife of King Canute the Great.[3]

    William's illegitimacy affected his early life and he was known to contemporaries as 'William the Bastard'. Nevertheless, when his father died, he was recognised as the heir.[4]1

Child of William I of England and Matilda of Flanders

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_the_Conqueror

Matilda of Flanders

F, b. circa 1031, d. 2 November 1083
Father*Baldwin V of Flanders d. 1 Sep 1067
Mother*Adèle of France b. 1009, d. 8 Jan 1079
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMatilda of Flanders was also known as Maud.
Married Name1053As of 1053,her married name was of England.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1031Matilda of Flanders was born circa 1031.
She was the daughter of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adèle of France.
Marriage1053Matilda of Flanders married William I of England, son of Robert the Magnificent of Normandy and Herlette of Falaise, in 1053.
Death2 November 1083Matilda of Flanders died on 2 November 1083.
  • Maud Le-Vieux crowned Matilda of Flanders (c. 1031 – 2 November 1083) was the wife of William the Conqueror and, as such, Queen consort of the Kingdom of England. She bore William eleven children, including two kings, William II and Henry I.

    Matilda, or "Maud", was the daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Adèle Capet, herself daughter of Robert II of France. According to legend, when William, Duke of Normandy (later known as William the Conqueror) sent his representative to ask for Maud's hand in marriage, she told the representative that she was far too high-born, being descended from King Alfred the Great, to consider marrying a bastard. After hearing this response, William rode from Normandy to Bruges, found Maud on her way to church, and dragged her off her horse by her long braids, threw her down in the street in front of her flabbergasted attendants, and rode off. Another version of the story states that William rode to Maud's father's house in Lille, threw her to the ground in her room (again, by the braids), and hit her (or violently shook her) before leaving. Naturally Baldwin took offense at this but, before they drew swords, Matilda settled the matter[1] by agreeing to marry him, and even a papal ban on the grounds of consanguinity did not dissuade her. They were married in 1053.

    There were rumors that Matilda had been in love with the English ambassador to Flanders, a Saxon named Brihtric, who declined her advances. Whatever the truth of the matter, years later when she was acting as Regent for William in England, she used her authority to confiscate Brihtric's lands and throw him into prison, where he died.

    When William was preparing to invade England, Matilda outfitted a ship, the Mora, out of her own money and gave it to him. For many years it was thought that she had some involvement in the creation of the Bayeux Tapestry (commonly called La Tapisserie de la Reine Mathilde in French), but historians no longer believe that; it seems to have been commissioned by William's half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, and made by English artists in Kent.

    Matilda bore William eleven children, and he was believed to have been faithful to her, at least up until the time their son Robert rebelled against his father and Matilda sided with Robert against William. After she died, in 1083 at the age of 51, William became tyrannical, and people blamed it on his having lost her.

    Contrary to the belief that she was buried at St. Stephen's, also called l'Abbaye-aux-Hommes in Caen, Normandy, where William was eventually buried, she is intombed at l'Abbaye aux Dames, which is the Sainte-Trinité church, also in Caen. Of particular interest is the 11th century slab, a sleek black stone decorated with her epitaph, marking her grave at the rear of the church. It is of special note since the grave marker for William was replaced as recently as the beginning of the 19th century.1

Child of Matilda of Flanders and William I of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_Flanders

Malcolm III of Scotland

M, b. 1031, d. 13 November 1093
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageMalcolm III of Scotland married Margaret Atheling, daughter of (?) Atheling and Agatha Von Brunswick.
Birth1031Malcolm III of Scotland was born in 1031.
Death13 November 1093He died on 13 November 1093.

Child of Malcolm III of Scotland

Child of Malcolm III of Scotland and Margaret Atheling

Baldwin V of Flanders

M, d. 1 September 1067
Life EventDateDescription
Marriage1028Baldwin V of Flanders married Adèle of France in 1028.
Death1 September 1067Baldwin V of Flanders died on 1 September 1067.

Child of Baldwin V of Flanders and Adèle of France

Adèle of France

F, b. 1009, d. 8 January 1079
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAdèle of France was also known as Adela.
Name VariationAdèle of France was also known as Capet.
Married Name1028As of 1028,her married name was of Flanders.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1009Adèle of France was born in 1009.
Marriage1028She married Baldwin V of Flanders in 1028.
Death8 January 1079Adèle of France died on 8 January 1079.
  • Adela Capet, Adèle of France or Adela of Flanders[1], known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (1009 – 8 January 1079, Messines) was the second daughter of Robert II (the Pious), and Constance of Arles. As dowry to her future husband, she received from her father the title of Countess of Corbie.

    She was a member of the House of Capet, the rulers of France. As the wife of Baldwin V, she was Countess of Flanders from 1036 to 1067.

    She married first 1027 Richard III Duke of Normandy (997 † 1027). They never had children. As a widow, she remarried in 1028 in Paris to Baldwin V of Flanders (1012 † 1067). Their children were:

    Baldwin VI of Flanders, (1030 † 1070)
    Matilda of Flanders (1032 † 1083). In 1053 she married William Duke of Normandy, the future king of England
    Robert I of Flanders, (1033-1093)
    Henry of Flanders (c. 1035)
    Sir Richard of Flanders (c. 1050-1105).1

Child of Adèle of France and Baldwin V of Flanders

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adela_of_France,_Countess_of_Flanders.

Haimo of Kent

M, d. circa 1100
Father*Haimo Denatus d. c 1047
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHaimo of Kent was also known as Hamo.
Name VariationHaimo of Kent was also known as Hamon.
Life EventDateDescription
Haimo of Kent was the son of Haimo Denatus.
Deathcirca 1100Haimo of Kent died circa 1100.
  • Haimo or Hamo (died around 1100) (sometimes Haimo Dapifer[1] or Hamo Dapifer[2]) was an Anglo-Norman royal official under both King William I of England and King William II of England. He held the office of dapifer, or seneschal, as well as the office of sheriff of Kent.

    Haimo was the son of Haimo Denatus, a Norman lord who held Torigny-sur-Vire near Manche in Normandy. The elder Haimo rebelled against Duke William, later King William I, and died about 1047.[3]

    Haimo was steward to both King William I and William II.[4] He was in the office of steward by 1069.[5] Haimo was appointed to the office of Sheriff of Kent in 1077, and held it until his death.[3] During William II's reign, Haimo was one of five known stewards, the others were Eudo, Eudo's brother Hubert of Ryes, Roger Bigod, and Ivo Taillebois.[6]

    The historian Emma Mason argues that Haimo, along with Ranulf Flambard, Urse d'Abetot, Robert Fitzhamon (Haimo's son), Roger Bigod, and Eudo Dapifer, were the first recognizable barons of the Exchequer, during King William II's reign.[7] These men were often associated in government together, witnessing documents and being used by William II as officials.[8] Haimo witnessed six of William II's writs.[9] Haimo's involvement in the higher levels of government dates especially from William II's absence from England in the late 1090s.[10] In 1099, when William was in Normandy, Haimo was one of the main assistants to Flambard, who was left in charge of England in the king's absence.[2]

    According to Domesday Book, Haimo held lands in Kent, Surrey, and Essex, with the estates in Essex being larger than the other two counties.[11]

    Haimo was still witnessing royal documents in September 1099,[12] and was one of the witnesses to the letter that King Henry I, William's brother and successor, wrote to Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, shortly after Henry's accession to the throne after William II's death in a hunting accident.[13] Haimo died at some point shortly after this. He had two sons, Haimo, who became sheriff after him, and Robert fitz Haimo.[3] Robert was probably the elder, as he received his father's lands in Normandy after Haimo's death. The younger Haimo received the English lands.[4]1

Children of Haimo of Kent

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haimo_(dapifer).

Mabel Fitz Robert

F, b. circa 1118
Father*Robert of Gloucester b. c 1090, d. 31 Oct 1147
Mother*Mabel Fitzhamon b. 1090, d. 29 Sep 1157
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1118Mabel Fitz Robert was born circa 1118.
She was the daughter of Robert of Gloucester and Mabel Fitzhamon.

Gilbert Crispin

M, b. 1000, d. 1040
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1000Gilbert Crispin was born in 1000.
Death1040He died in 1040.
  • Gilbert or Giselbert, (1000-1040) was a Norman noble, Count of Eu, and Count of Brionne in northern France.

    Gilbert was son of Geoffrey, Count of Eu (b. 962) who was an illegitimate child of Richard the Fearless.

    He inherited Brionne, becoming one of the most powerful landowners in Normandy. He married Gunnora d'Aunou in 1012. He had children by his wife and a mistress.

    Gilbert was a generous benefactor to Bec Abbey founded by his former knight Herluin in 1031.

    When Robert II, Duke of Normandy died in 1035 his illegitimate son William inherited his father's title. Several leading Normans, including Gilbert of Brionne, Osbern the Seneschal and Alan of Brittany, became William's guardians.

    A number of Norman barons including Raoul de Gacé would not accept an illegitimate son as their leader. In 1040 an attempt was made to kill William but the plot failed. Gilbert however was murdered while he was peaceably riding near Eschafour. It is believed two of his killers were Ralph of Wacy and Robert de Vitot. This appears to have been an act of vengeance for wrongs inflicted upon the orphan children of Giroie by Gilbert, and it is not clear what Raoul de Gacé had to do in the business. Fearing they might meet their father's fate, his sons Richard and his brother Baldwin were conveyed by their friends to the court of Baldwin, Count of Flanders.

    Gilbert was ancestor of the English house of de Clare, of the Barons Fitz Walter, and the Earls of Gloucester and Hertford.

    Sir Richard Fitz Gilbert (1030-1090), m. Rohese Giffard (1034-aft. 1113)
    Baldwin FitzGilbert (d. 1090).1

Child of Gilbert Crispin

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert,_Count_of_Brionne.

Gerard Flaitel

M

Child of Gerard Flaitel

Ranulf de Blondeville

M, b. 1172, d. 1232
Father*Hugh de Kevelioc b. 1147, d. 30 Jun 1181
Mother*Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1172Ranulf de Blondeville was born in 1172.
He was the son of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux.
Death1232Ranulf de Blondeville died in 1232.
  • Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester[1] (1172 – 1232), known in some references as the 4th Earl (in the second lineage of the title after the original family line was broken after the 2nd Earl) was one of the "old school" of Anglo-Norman barons whose loyalty to the Angevin dynasty was consistent but contingent on the receipt of lucrative favours. He was described as "almost the last relic of the great feudal aristocracy of the Conquest".[2]

    Ranulf, born in 1172,[1] was the son of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux. He was said to have been small in physical stature.

    He succeeded to the earldom of Chester (like his father before him) as a minor (aged nine) and attained his majority in 1187, which gave him control of his estates in England and Normandy.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranulph_de_Blondeville,_4th_Earl_of_Chester.

Hawise of Chester

F, b. 1180, d. 1242
Father*Hugh de Kevelioc b. 1147, d. 30 Jun 1181
Mother*Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHawise of Chester was also known as de Kevelioc.
Married NameHer married name was de Quincy.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageHawise of Chester married Robert de Quincy, son of Saer de Quincy and Margaret de Beaumont.
Birth1180Hawise of Chester was born in 1180.
She was the daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux.
Death1242Hawise of Chester died in 1242.
  • Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln (1180- 6 June 1241/3 May 1243[1]), was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy heiress. Her father was Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester. She was the sister and a co-heiress of Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester. She was created suo jure 1st Countess of Lincoln in 1232.[2] She was the wife of Robert de Quincy, by whom she had one daughter, Margaret, who became heiress to her title and estates. She was also known as Hawise of Kevelioc.

    Hawise was born in 1180 in Chester, Cheshire, England, the youngest child of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, a cousin of King Henry II of England. Hawise had four siblings, including Maud of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon, Mabel of Chester, Countess of Arundel, Agnes of Chester, Countess of Derby, and a brother Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester.[3] She also had an illegitimate half-sister, Amice of Chester who married Ralph de Mainwaring, Justice of Chester by whom she had children.

    Her paternal grandparents were Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester, and Maud of Gloucester, the granddaughter of King Henry I of England. Her maternal grandparents were Simon III de Montfort and Mahaut.

    In 1181, when Hawise was a year old, her father died. He had served in Henry II's Irish campaigns after his estates had been restored to him in 1177. They had been confiscated by the King as a result of his having taken part in the baronial Revolt of 1173–1174. Her only brother Ranulf suucceeded him as the 6th Earl of Chester.

    She inherited the castle and manor of Bolingbroke, and other large estates from her brother to whom she was co-heiress. Hawise became 1st Countess of Lincoln in April 1231, when her brother resigned the title in her favour.[4] He granted her the title by a formal charter under his seal which was confirmed by King Henry III. She was formally invested as suo jure 1st Countess of Lincoln on 27 October 1232 the day after her brother's death.

    Sometime before 1206, she married Robert de Quincy, son of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester and Margaret de Beaumont of Leicester. The marriage produced one daughter:

    Margaret de Quincy, suo jure, Countess of Lincoln (c.1206- March 1266), married firstly in 1221, John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln by whom she had two children, Edmund de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln, and Maud de Lacy; she married secondly on 6 January 1242 Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke.
    At her special request, Hawise's son-in-law was created Earl of Lincoln on 23 November 1232 by right of his marriage to Hawise's daughter and heiress, Margaret who herself became the suo jure Countess of Lincoln.

    Hawise's husband Robert died in 1217 in London. He had been accidentally poisoned through medicine prepared by a Cisterian monk.[5] Robert and his father had both been excommunicated in December 1215 as a result of the latter having been one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta six months before. Hawise died sometime between 6 June 1241 and 3 May 1243. She was more than sixty years of age.1

Child of Hawise of Chester and Robert de Quincy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawise_of_Chester,_Countess_of_Lincoln.

Robert de Quincy

M, d. 1217
Father*Saer de Quincy b. 1155, d. 3 Nov 1219
Mother*Margaret de Beaumont
Life EventDateDescription
Robert de Quincy was the son of Saer de Quincy and Margaret de Beaumont.
MarriageRobert de Quincy married Hawise of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux.
Death1217Robert de Quincy died in 1217.

Child of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester

Maud de Kevelioc

F, b. 1171, d. 6 January 1233
Father*Hugh de Kevelioc b. 1147, d. 30 Jun 1181
Mother*Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud de Kevelioc was also known as of Chester.
Married Name26 August 1190As of 26 August 1190,her married name was of Scotland.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1171Maud de Kevelioc was born in 1171.
She was the daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux.
Marriage26 August 1190Maud de Kevelioc married David of Scotland, son of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne, on 26 August 1190.
Death6 January 1233Maud de Kevelioc died on 6 January 1233.
  • Maud of Chester, Countess of Huntingdon (1171- 6 January 1233)[1], was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman, sometimes known as Matilda de Kevelioc. She was a daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester, and the wife of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon. Through her daughter, Isobel, she was an ancestress of Robert the Bruce.

    Lady Maud was born in 1171, the eldest child of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, a cousin of King Henry II of England. Her paternal grandparents were Ranulf de Gernon and Maud of Gloucester, the granddaughter of King Henry I of England. Her maternal grandparents were Simon III de Montfort and Mahaut. Lady Maud had four siblings including Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester, Mabel of Chester, Countess of Arundel, and Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln. She also had an illegitimate half-sister, Amice of Chester.

    Maud's father died in 1181 when she was ten years of age. He had served in King Henry's Irish campaigns after his estates had been restored to him in 1177. They had been confiscated by the King as a result of his taking part in the baronial Revolt of 1173–1174. His son Ranulf succeeded him as Earl of Chester, and Maud became a co-heiress of her brother.

    Dervorguilla of Galloway, a granddaughter of Maud of Chester[edit] Marriage and children
    On 26 August 1190, she married David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, a Scottish prince, son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, and a younger brother of Malcolm IV of Scotland and William I of Scotland. He was almost thirty years Maud's senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough.[2] David and Maud had seven children.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maud_of_Chester

David of Scotland

M, b. circa 1144, d. 17 June 1219
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1144David of Scotland was born circa 1144.
He was the son of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne.
Marriage26 August 1190David of Scotland married Maud de Kevelioc, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux, on 26 August 1190.
Death17 June 1219David of Scotland died on 17 June 1219.

Simon III de Montfort

M
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSimon III de Montfort married Amicia de Beaumont, daughter of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?).

Children of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia de Beaumont

Amicia de Beaumont

F
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. a 1120, d. 1190
Mother*Petronilla (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Montfort.
Life EventDateDescription
Amicia de Beaumont was the daughter of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?).
MarriageAmicia de Beaumont married Simon III de Montfort.

Children of Amicia de Beaumont and Simon III de Montfort

Robert de Beaumont

M, b. after 1120, d. 1190
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. 1104, d. 5 Apr 1168
Mother*Amica de Gael
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageRobert de Beaumont married Petronilla (?).
Birthafter 1120Robert de Beaumont was born after 1120.
He was the son of Robert de Beaumont and Amica de Gael.
Death1190Robert de Beaumont died in 1190.

Children of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?)

Petronilla (?)

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Beaumont.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriagePetronilla (?) married Robert de Beaumont, son of Robert de Beaumont and Amica de Gael.

Children of Petronilla (?) and Robert de Beaumont

Simon IV de Montfort

M, b. 1160, d. 25 June 1218
Father*Simon III de Montfort
Mother*Amicia de Beaumont
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageSimon IV de Montfort married Alix de Montmorency.
Birth1160Simon IV de Montfort was born in 1160.
He was the son of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia de Beaumont.
Death25 June 1218Simon IV de Montfort died on 25 June 1218.
  • Simon IV de Montfort, Seigneur de Montfort-l'Amaury, 5th Earl of Leicester (1160 – 25 June 1218), also known as Simon de Montfort the elder, was a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) and was a prominent leader of the Albigensian Crusade. He died at the siege of Toulouse in 1218.

    He was the son of Simon III de Montfort, lord of Montfort l'Amaury in France near Paris, and Amicia de Beaumont, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester - the de Montfort line itself descends from the Counts of Flanders. He succeeded his father as Baron de Montfort in 1181; in 1190 he married Alix de Montmorency, the daughter of Bouchard III de Montmorency. In 1191 his brother, Guy, left on the Third Crusade in the retinue of King Philip II of France.

    In 1199, while taking part in a tournament at Ecry-sur-Aisne, he heard Fulk of Neuilly preaching the crusade, and in the company of Count Thibaud de Champagne, he took the cross. The crusade soon fell under Venetian control, and was diverted to Zara on the Adriatic Sea. Pope Innocent III had specifically warned the Crusaders not to attack fellow Christians; Simon tried to reassure the citizens of Zara that there would be no attack, but nevertheless, the city was sacked in 1202. Simon did not participate in this action and was one of its most outspoken critics. He and his associates, including Abbot Guy of Vaux-de-Cernay, soon left the Crusade altogether from Zara and traveled to King Emico of Hungary's territory.[1] Afterwards, under Venetian guidance, the Crusaders sacked the city of Constantinople—the main trading rival to Venice.

    His mother was the eldest daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester. After the death of her brother Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester without children in 1204, she inherited half of his estates, and a claim to the Earldom of Leicester. The division of the estates was effected early in 1207, by which the rights to the earldom were assigned to Amicia and Simon. However, King John of England took possession of the lands himself in February 1207, and confiscated its revenues. Later, in 1215, the lands were passed into the hands of Simon's cousin, Ranulph de Meschines, 4th Earl of Chester.1

Children of Simon IV de Montfort and Alix de Montmorency

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_de_Montfort,_5th_Earl_of_Leicester.

Alix de Montmorency

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAlix de Montmorency was also known as Alice.
Married NameHer married name was de Montfort.
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageAlix de Montmorency married Simon IV de Montfort, son of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia de Beaumont.

Children of Alix de Montmorency and Simon IV de Montfort

Simon de Montfort

M, b. 23 May 1208, d. 4 August 1265
Father*Simon IV de Montfort b. 1160, d. 25 Jun 1218
Mother*Alix de Montmorency
Life EventDateDescription
Birth23 May 1208Simon de Montfort was born on 23 May 1208.
He was the son of Simon IV de Montfort and Alix de Montmorency.
MarriageJanuary 1238Simon de Montfort married Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of King John of England and Isabella of Angoulême, in January 1238.
Death4 August 1265Simon de Montfort died on 4 August 1265 at age 57.
  • Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (23 May 1208 – 4 August 1265), was a French-English nobleman, notable as the principal leader of the baronial opposition to King Henry III of England. After the rebellion of 1263 and 1264, de Montfort became de facto ruler of England and called the first directly elected parliament in medieval Europe. For this reason, de Montfort is regarded today as one of the progenitors of modern parliamentary democracy.

    He was the youngest son of Simon de Montfort, a French nobleman and crusader, and Alix de Montmorency. His paternal grandmother was Amicia de Beaumont, the senior co-heiress to the Earldom of Leicester and a large estate owned by her father Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester in England, but King John of England would not allow a French subject to take ownership of such an estate in England.

    As a boy, de Montfort accompanied his parents during his father's campaigns against the Cathars. He was with his mother at the siege of Toulouse in 1218, where his father was killed after being struck on the head by a stone pitched by a mangonel. On the death of their father, de Montfort's elder brother Amaury succeeded him. Another brother, Guy, was killed at the siege of Castelnaudary in 1220. As a young man, Montfort probably took part in the Albigensian Crusades of the early 1220s.

    In 1229 the two surviving brothers (Amaury and Simon) came to an arrangement whereby Simon gave up his rights in France and Amaury gave up his rights in England. Thus free from any allegiance to the King of France, de Montfort successfully petitioned for the English inheritance, which he received the next year, although he did not take full possession for several years, and was not formally recognised as earl.

    Simon was a distant cousin of King Henry III; his ancestor Simon I de Montfort was father of Bertrade de Montfort who herself was a paternal great-grandmother of King Henry II.

    In January 1238 de Montfort married Eleanor of England, daughter of King John and Isabella of Angouleme and sister of King Henry III. While this marriage took place with the king's approval, the act itself was performed secretly and without consulting the great barons, as a marriage of such importance warranted. Eleanor had previously been married to William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and she swore a vow of perpetual chastity upon his death, when she was sixteen, which she broke by marrying de Montfort. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Edmund Rich, condemned the marriage for this reason. The English nobles protested the marriage of the King's sister to a foreigner of modest rank; most notably, Eleanor's brother Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall rose up in revolt when he learned of the marriage. King Henry eventually bought off Richard with 6,000 marks and peace was restored.

    Relations between King Henry and de Montfort were cordial at first. Henry lent him his support when de Montfort embarked for Rome in March 1238 to seek papal approval for his marriage. When Simon and Eleanor's first son was born in November 1238 (despite rumours, more than nine months after the wedding), he was baptised by Henry in honour of his Royal uncle. In February 1239 de Montfort was finally invested with the Earldom of Leicester. He also acted as the King's counsellor and was one of the nine godfathers of Henry's eldest son, Prince Edward who would inherit the throne and become Edward I ("Longshanks").1

Child of Simon de Montfort and Eleanor Plantagenet

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_de_Montfort,_6th_Earl_of_Leicester.

Guy de Montfort

M, d. 31 January 1228
Father*Simon III de Montfort
Mother*Amicia de Beaumont
Life EventDateDescription
Guy de Montfort was the son of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia de Beaumont.
Death31 January 1228Guy de Montfort died on 31 January 1228.
  • Guy de Montfort (died 31 January 1228) was the younger son of Simon III de Montfort and Amicia, sister of Robert FitzPernel, Earl of Leicester.

    In 1189 he took part in the Third Crusade, and probably remained in the Holy Land until 1192, when Richard the Lionheart returned home. By 1200 or 1201 Guy was acting with his elder brother Simon. By 1202 he held the lordships of Ferté-Alais, Castres-en-Albigeois, and Brétencourt. In that year he and his brother Simon left on the Fourth Crusade, but they disagreed with the Siege of Zara (an attack on a Christian city), and refused to take part in the plan to restore Byzantine Emperor Isaac II Angelus in return for Byzantine money and troops.

    They deserted to Emeric, King of Hungary, and eventually the two continued on to Palestine. After arriving at Jaffa, they took part in King Amalric II of Jerusalem's expedition into Galilee. Amalric rewarded Guy's service by arranging his marriage to la dame de Saete (the lady of Sagette), Helvis of Ibelin, the widow of Reginald, Lord of Sidon (which the French called Saete/Sagette). He exercised the regency of Sidon on behalf of his minor stepson Balian until 1210, probably when Balian came of age. Guy then assisted at the coronation of John of Brienne as King of Jerusalem that year.

    Guy later returned home and took part in the Albigensian Crusade led by his brother, Simon IV de Montfort. In 1212 they led an unsuccessful siege against Montségur, and in 1213 they participated in the Battle of Muret. They also besieged Beaucaire in 1216. Simon was aiding Guy, who had been injured by a crossbow bolt, at the Siege of Toulouse on 25 June 1218 when he was struck in the head by a stone from a mangonel and killed. The death of Simon and the incompetence of his son Amaury VI of Montfort invigorated the Albigensian lords.

    In 1224 Amaury ceded all his territory to Louis VIII of France, who soon arrived to stake his claim. Guy assisted him at the Siege of Avignon, after which Louis died on the way home. Later in the Crusade Guy himself was killed in battle at Vareilles near Pamiers in 1228.[1] He was taken to the abbey of Haute-Bruyère for burial and the necrology there records a conte Gui de Sagette (count Guy of Sidon).

    By his first wife, Helvis of Ibelin he had;

    Philip, who stayed in the Holy Land and became Lord of Tyre.
    Pernelle, who became a nun at the abbey of Saint-Antoine des Champs in Paris.
    Sometime before 1224 Guy remarried to Briende de Beynes, the widow of Lambert de Thury, lord of Lombers.

    With Briende he had;

    Alicia, became a nun at Port-Royal
    Agnes, became a nun at Port-Royal
    Guy II of Montfort, died on crusade in 1254.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_de_Montfort,_Lord_of_Sidon.

Amaury VI de Montfort

M, b. 1195, d. 1241
Father*Simon IV de Montfort b. 1160, d. 25 Jun 1218
Mother*Alix de Montmorency
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1195Amaury VI de Montfort was born in 1195.
He was the son of Simon IV de Montfort and Alix de Montmorency.
Death1241Amaury VI de Montfort died in 1241.
  • Amaury VI de Montfort (1195 - 1241) was the son of the elder Simon de Montfort and Alice of Montmorency, and the brother of the younger Simon de Montfort.

    He participated in the Albigensian Crusade under his father's command. He inherited the County of Toulouse (that his father had taken from Raymond VI of Toulouse as a reward for his role in the Crusade) when his father died, he had to give up the territory to King Louis VIII in 1224. In 1230 Amaury became constable of France, an office previously held by his uncle Mathieu II of Montmorency. In 1239 he participated in the Sixth Crusade and was taken prisoner after the defeat at Gaza. He was imprisoned in Cairo and was freed in 1241, but died the same year in Calabria while on the journey home: his body was carried to Rome and interred in St Peters. His son was Jean I de Montfort.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amaury_VI_of_Montfort

Robert de Beaumont

M, d. circa 21 October 1204
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. a 1120, d. 1190
Mother*Petronilla (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRobert de Beaumont was also known as FitzPernel.
Life EventDateDescription
Robert de Beaumont was the son of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?).
Marriage1196Robert de Beaumont married Loretta de Braose, daughter of William de Braose and Matilda de St. Valery, in 1196.
Deathcirca 21 October 1204Robert de Beaumont died circa 21 October 1204.
  • Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester (died circa 21 October 1204) was an English nobleman, the last of the Beaumont earls of Leicester. He is sometimes known as Robert FitzPernel.

    Robert was the eldest surviving son of Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Petronilla, who was either a granddaughter or great-granddaughter of Hugh de Grandmesnil. As a young man, he accompanied King Richard I on the Third Crusade, and it was while the crusading forces rested at Messina, Sicily that Robert was invested with the Earldom of Leicester in early 1191. (His father had died on his way to the Holy Lands in 1190.)

    Robert's newly-gained estates included a large part of central Normandy. He held castles at Pacy, Pont-Saint-Pierre and Grandmesnil. Earl Robert also was lord of the vast honor of Breteuil, but the family castle there had been dismantled after the 1173-1174 War. On his return from the crusade, he turned his attentions to the defense of Normandy from the French. After defending Rouen from the advances of Philip II of France, he attempted to retake his castle of Pacy. He was captured by forces of the French king and remained imprisoned for 3 years. Later, King John would bestow the new fortress and lordship of Radepont (the land of Radepont was traded to King John by the seigneur du Neubourg for lands and revenues in the pays de Caux) upon the earl.

    Sometime after his release in 1196 he married Loretta de Braose, daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber. They had no children, and Robert's death in 1204 brought the end of the Beaumont male line.

    In the year of his death Normandy was lost to the French; Earl Robert attempted to come to an independent arrangement with King Philip of France, in which he would hold his land in Normandy as a liege-vassal of the Kings of France, and his lands in England as a liege-vassal of the Kings of England. In any event, Robert died that year, but his great English estates were divided between the heirs of his two sisters. The eldest sister, Amicia, had married the French baron Simon de Montfort, and their son, also named Simon de Montfort, inherited half the estate as well as the title of Earl of Leicester. The younger sister, Margaret, had married Saer de Quincy, and they inherited the other half. Three years later Saer was created Earl of Winchester.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Beaumont,_4th_Earl_of_Leicester.

Loretta de Braose

F
Father*William de Braose b. c 1144, d. 9 Aug 1211
Mother*Matilda de St. Valery b. 1155, d. 1210
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1196As of 1196,her married name was de Beaumont.
Life EventDateDescription
Loretta de Braose was the daughter of William de Braose and Matilda de St. Valery.
Marriage1196Loretta de Braose married Robert de Beaumont, son of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?), in 1196.

Margaret de Beaumont

F
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. a 1120, d. 1190
Mother*Petronilla (?)
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Quincy.
Life EventDateDescription
Margaret de Beaumont was the daughter of Robert de Beaumont and Petronilla (?).
MarriageMargaret de Beaumont married Saer de Quincy, son of Robert de Quincy and Orabilis of Leuchars.

Children of Margaret de Beaumont and Saer de Quincy