Alexander Austin

M, b. 24 December 1870, d. 8 August 1940
Father*Jefferson Crawford Austin b. 28 Mar 1830, d. 21 Jan 1921
Mother*Catherine Childress b. 10 Mar 1841, d. 17 Sep 1902
Life EventDateDescription
Birth24 December 1870Alexander Austin was born on 24 December 1870 at Illinois.
He was the son of Jefferson Crawford Austin and Catherine Childress.
Marriage12 November 1902Alexander Austin married Sarah Frances Smith, daughter of Richard Morris Smith and Martha Loretta Crotchett, on 12 November 1902 at Kansas at Richard Smiths by Rev R.M. Cullison of Madison, KS.
Marriage12 November 1902Alexander Austin married Sarah Frances Smith, daughter of Richard Morris Smith and Martha Loretta Crotchett, on 12 November 1902 at at the home of her parents, Burlington, Kansas.
Death8 August 1940Alexander Austin died on 8 August 1940 at age 69.
Census DateLocationDescription
16 June 1880Elmendaro, Lyon, KansasAlexander Austin was listed as a son in Jefferson Crawford Austin's household on the 1880 Census at Elmendaro, Lyon, Kansas.1
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaAlexander Austin was listed as the head of a family on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaHe was listed as the head of a family on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.3

Children of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith

Citations

  1. [S246] U.S. Federal Census 1880 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, NA Film Number T9-0387. Page 339B. ED114. Dwelling 125.
  2. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  3. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

Vada Loretta Austin

F, b. 17 March 1905, d. 25 July 1998
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name7 June 1929As of 7 June 1929,her married name was McBride.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth17 March 1905Vada Loretta Austin was born on 17 March 1905 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
She was the daughter of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Marriage7 June 1929Vada Loretta Austin married Thomas Benton McBride on 7 June 1929 at Enid, Oklahoma.
Death25 July 1998Vada Loretta Austin died on 25 July 1998 at age 93.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaVada Loretta Austin was listed as a daughter in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaVada Loretta Austin was listed as a daughter in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2
  • Vada Loretta Austin obtained US Social Security Card at Kansas; last residence Alpine, San Diego, California.

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

Richard Alexander Austin

M, b. 4 October 1906
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Life EventDateDescription
Birth4 October 1906Richard Alexander Austin was born on 4 October 1906 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Marriage20 February 1927Richard Alexander Austin married Ruby LaRue Ridgley, daughter of (?) Jet, on 20 February 1927 at Buffalo, Oklahoma.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaRichard Alexander Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
3 April 1930Supply, Woodward, OklahomaRichard Alexander Austin was listed as the head of a family on the 1930 Census at Supply, Woodward, Oklahoma.2

Child of Richard Alexander Austin and Ruby LaRue Ridgley

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED77-15. Dwelling 21.

Elva Fern Austin

F, b. 6 May 1908
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name2 October 1932As of 2 October 1932,her married name was Price.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth6 May 1908Elva Fern Austin was born on 6 May 1908 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
She was the daughter of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaElva Fern Austin was listed as a daughter in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaElva Fern Austin was listed as a daughter in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2
  • Elva Fern Austin had zero children.

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

George Riley Austin

M, b. 16 September 1910
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Life EventDateDescription
Birth16 September 1910George Riley Austin was born on 16 September 1910 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaGeorge Riley Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaGeorge Riley Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

baby girl Austin

F, b. 25 October 1912, d. 25 October 1912
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Life EventDateDescription
Death25 October 1912Baby girl Austin died on 25 October 1912 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma, died at birth.
Birth25 October 1912She was born on 25 October 1912 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
She was the daughter of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.

Lee Wright Austin

M, b. 29 November 1913
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Life EventDateDescription
Birth29 November 1913Lee Wright Austin was born on 29 November 1913 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaLee Wright Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaLee Wright Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2

Child of Lee Wright Austin

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

Owen Kenneth Austin

M, b. 14 October 1916
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Life EventDateDescription
Birth14 October 1916Owen Kenneth Austin was born on 14 October 1916 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaOwen Kenneth Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaOwen Kenneth Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

Marion Ellis Austin

M, b. 8 July 1921, d. 29 May 1950
Father*Alexander Austin b. 24 Dec 1870, d. 8 Aug 1940
Mother*Sarah Frances Smith b. 17 Apr 1882, d. 8 Dec 1958
Life EventDateDescription
Birth8 July 1921Marion Ellis Austin was born on 8 July 1921 at near Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith.
Death29 May 1950Marion Ellis Austin died on 29 May 1950 at age 28.
Census DateLocationDescription
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaMarion Ellis Austin was listed as a son in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

Jefferson Crawford Austin

M, b. 28 March 1830, d. 21 January 1921
Life EventDateDescription
MarriageJefferson Crawford Austin married Catherine Childress, daughter of (?) Childress and Amanda (?).
Birth28 March 1830Jefferson Crawford Austin was born on 28 March 1830 at Grant, Wisconsin, also reported as Minnesota.
Death21 January 1921He died on 21 January 1921 at age 90.
Census DateLocationDescription
16 June 1880Elmendaro, Lyon, KansasJefferson Crawford Austin was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Elmendaro, Lyon, Kansas.1
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaHe was listed as father in Alexander Austin's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2

Children of Jefferson Crawford Austin and Catherine Childress

Citations

  1. [S246] U.S. Federal Census 1880 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, NA Film Number T9-0387. Page 339B. ED114. Dwelling 125.
  2. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Dwelling 36.

Thomas Benton McBride

M, b. circa 1903
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1903Thomas Benton McBride was born circa 1903 at Oklahoma.
Marriage7 June 1929He married Vada Loretta Austin, daughter of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith, on 7 June 1929 at Enid, Oklahoma.
Census DateLocationDescription
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaThomas Benton McBride was listed as a son-in-law in Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 2.

Ruby LaRue Ridgley

F, b. 10 June 1908, d. 4 April 1995
Mother*(?) Jet
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name20 February 1927As of 20 February 1927,her married name was Austin.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth10 June 1908Ruby LaRue Ridgley was born on 10 June 1908 at Washington.
She was the daughter of (?) Jet.
Marriage20 February 1927Ruby LaRue Ridgley married Richard Alexander Austin, son of Alexander Austin and Sarah Frances Smith, on 20 February 1927 at Buffalo, Oklahoma.
Death4 April 1995Ruby LaRue Ridgley died on 4 April 1995 at Sacramento, California, at age 86.1
Census DateLocationDescription
3 April 1930Supply, Woodward, OklahomaRuby LaRue Ridgley was listed as wife in Richard Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Supply, Woodward, Oklahoma.2
  • Ruby LaRue Ridgley obtained US Social Security Card at California; last residence Folsom, Sacramento, California.

Child of Ruby LaRue Ridgley and Richard Alexander Austin

Citations

  1. [S204] California Death Records (published).
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED77-15. Dwelling 21.

Richard Oris Austin

M, b. 14 February 1929, d. 2 May 1995
Father*Richard Alexander Austin b. 4 Oct 1906
Mother*Ruby LaRue Ridgley b. 10 Jun 1908, d. 4 Apr 1995
Life EventDateDescription
Birth14 February 1929Richard Oris Austin was born on 14 February 1929 at Woodward, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Richard Alexander Austin and Ruby LaRue Ridgley.
Death2 May 1995Richard Oris Austin died on 2 May 1995 at Sacramento, California, at age 66.1
Census DateLocationDescription
3 April 1930Supply, Woodward, OklahomaRichard Oris Austin was listed as a son in Richard Alexander Austin's household on the 1930 Census at Supply, Woodward, Oklahoma.2
  • Richard Oris Austin obtained US Social Security Card at California; last residence Folsom, Sacramento, California.

Citations

  1. [S204] California Death Records (published).
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED77-15. Dwelling 21.

Junior Lee Austin

M, b. 30 August 1936, d. 2 October 1939
Father*Lee Wright Austin b. 29 Nov 1913
Life EventDateDescription
Birth30 August 1936Junior Lee Austin was born on 30 August 1936 at Laverne, Oklahoma.
He was the son of Lee Wright Austin.
Death2 October 1939Junior Lee Austin died on 2 October 1939 at age 3.

Leta Irene Cockrell

F, b. 11 November 1895, d. August 1982
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name24 December 1913As of 24 December 1913,her married name was Smith.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth11 November 1895Leta Irene Cockrell was born on 11 November 1895 at Kansas.
Marriage24 December 1913She married Thomas Washington Smith, son of Richard Morris Smith and Martha Loretta Crotchett, on 24 December 1913 at Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma.
DeathAugust 1982Leta Irene Cockrell died in August 1982 at Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma, at age 86.
Census DateLocationDescription
7 April 1930Buffalo, Harper, OklahomaLeta Irene Cockrell was listed as wife in Thomas Washington Smith's household on the 1930 Census at Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma.1
  • Leta Irene Cockrell obtained US Social Security Card at Oklahoma; last residence Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma.

Child of Leta Irene Cockrell and Thomas Washington Smith

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-3. Dwelling 43.

Evelyn Cockrell Smith

F, b. 27 June 1916
Father*Thomas Washington Smith b. 17 Dec 1886, d. 16 Sep 1966
Mother*Leta Irene Cockrell b. 11 Nov 1895, d. Aug 1982
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name11 March 1933As of 11 March 1933,her married name was Fleming.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth27 June 1916Evelyn Cockrell Smith was born on 27 June 1916 at Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma.
She was the daughter of Thomas Washington Smith and Leta Irene Cockrell.
Census DateLocationDescription
7 April 1930Buffalo, Harper, OklahomaEvelyn Cockrell Smith was listed as a daughter in Thomas Washington Smith's household on the 1930 Census at Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma.1

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-3. Dwelling 43.

William J. Lawson

M, b. circa 1896
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam J. Lawson was also known as W. J.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1896William J. Lawson was born circa 1896 at Missouri.
Marriage19 August 1917He married Martha Ellen Jane Smith, daughter of Richard Morris Smith and Martha Loretta Crotchett, on 19 August 1917 at Buffalo, Harper, Oklahoma.
Census DateLocationDescription
13 January 1920Otter, Harper, OklahomaWilliam J. Lawson was listed as a son-in-law in Richard Morris Smith's household on the 1920 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.1
15 April 1930Otter, Harper, OklahomaWilliam J. Lawson was listed as the head of a family on the 1930 Census at Otter, Harper, Oklahoma.2

Child of William J. Lawson and Martha Ellen Jane Smith

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED115. Sheet 2B. Dwelling 38.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED30-14. Dwelling 3.

Eloise Jewell Lawson

F, b. 15 March 1920, d. 16 March 1920
Father*William J. Lawson b. c 1896
Mother*Martha Ellen Jane Smith b. 5 Dec 1897, d. 16 Oct 1993
Life EventDateDescription
Birth15 March 1920Eloise Jewell Lawson was born on 15 March 1920 at Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
Death16 March 1920She died on 16 March 1920 at Laverne, Harper, Oklahoma.
She was the daughter of William J. Lawson and Martha Ellen Jane Smith.

Verne Leroy Smith

M, b. 25 April 1928, d. 12 September 1976
Father*Henry Harry Smith b. c 1896
Mother*Enid Glenda Leeper b. 24 Jan 1893
Life EventDateDescription
Birth25 April 1928Verne Leroy Smith was born on 25 April 1928 at Seaside, Clatsop, Oregon.
He was the son of Henry Harry Smith and Enid Glenda Leeper.
Death12 September 1976Verne Leroy Smith died on 12 September 1976 at age 48.
Census DateLocationDescription
1930Columbia, OregonVerne Leroy Smith was listed as a son in Henry Harry Smith's household on the 1930 Census at Columbia, Oregon.1
1940St Helens, Columbia, OregonVerne Leroy Smith was listed as a son in Henry Harry Smith's household on the 1940 Census at St Helens, Columbia, Oregon.2
  • Verne Leroy Smith obtained US Social Security Card at Oregon; last residence not specified.

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com.
  2. [S373] U.S. Federal Census 1940 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, Year: 1940; Census Place: St Helens, Columbia, Oregon; Roll: T627_3357; Page: 7B; Enumeration District: 5-30.

Horace James McGorray

M, b. circa 1902
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1902Horace James McGorray was born circa 1902 at California.
Marriage15 September 1925He married Mary Delilah Leeper, daughter of William S. Leeper and Margaret Mable Crotchett, on 15 September 1925 at Fresno, California.
Census DateLocationDescription
4 April 1930Contina Precint, Township 66, Fresno, CaliforniaHorace James McGorray was listed as the head of a family on the 1930 Census at Contina Precint, Township 66, Fresno, California.1

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED1-10-81. Dwelling 10.

Eugene E. Mears

M, b. 18 February 1927, d. 29 September 2011
Father*Thomas Edward Mears b. 5 Jul 1880, d. 22 Apr 1965
Mother*Stella Martha Mears b. 21 Jun 1890, d. 20 Dec 1932
Life EventDateDescription
Birth18 February 1927Eugene E. Mears was born on 18 February 1927 at Wisconsin.
He was the son of Thomas Edward Mears and Stella Martha Mears.
Death29 September 2011Eugene E. Mears died on 29 September 2011 at age 84 Eugene E. Mears, age 84, passed away peacefully on Thursday, September 29, 2011 at his home. Eugene was born February 18, 1927 the son of Thomas and Stella Mears in Sauk City. A Mass of Christian Burial will be held at 11:00 am on Wednesday, October 5, 2011 at OUR LADY QUEEN OF PEACE CATHOLIC CHURCH, 401 S. Owen Dr., Madison, WI 53711, with visitation from 10:00 am until the time of Mass.
Madison Sunday State Journal October 2, 2011 - Eugene E Mears obituary
Census DateLocationDescription
10 April 1930Spring Green Village, Sauk, WisconsinEugene E. Mears was listed as a son in Thomas Edward Mears's household on the 1930 Census at Spring Green Village, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
1940Baraboo, Sauk, WisconsinEugene E. Mears was listed as a son in Thomas Edward Mears's household on the 1940 Census at Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin.2

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-35. Dwelling 118. Sheet 5B.
  2. [S373] U.S. Federal Census 1940 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, Year: 1940; Census Place: Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin; Roll: T627_4523; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 56-6.

Charles M. Mears

M, b. 9 December 1927, d. 23 July 2012
Father*Thomas Edward Mears b. 5 Jul 1880, d. 22 Apr 1965
Mother*Stella Martha Mears b. 21 Jun 1890, d. 20 Dec 1932
Charles M Mears 1927 - 2012
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCharles M. Mears was also known as Charlie.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth9 December 1927Charles M. Mears was born on 9 December 1927 at Wisconsin.
He was the son of Thomas Edward Mears and Stella Martha Mears.
Marriage13 June 1964Charles M. Mears married Virginia R. Meisner on 13 June 1964 at Wisconsin Virginia Meisner and Charles Mears marriage announcement.
Madison Wisconsin State Journal June 14, 1964 - Virginia Meisner and Charles Mears marriage announcement
Madison Wisconsin State Journal June 14, 1964 - Mrs Charles Mears (Virginia Meisner) 1964
Death23 July 2012Charles M. Mears died on 23 July 2012 at age 84 Charles M. "Charlie" Mears, age 84 died peacefully on Monday, July 23, 2012 at St. Mary's Hospital after a long battle with heart disease and kidney failure.
Charlie was born December 9, 1927, in Hillpoint, WI, the son of Thomas and Stella Mears. He was preceded in death by his loving wife, Virginia "Ginny" Mears, of nearly 48 years, both parents, and his seven brothers and sisters: Irene (Haas), Anna (Slauson), Stella (Apker), Jack, Tom, Michael, and Eugene.
He leaves behind his three sons, Mark (DeDe) of Verona, WI, Todd (Angie) of Belleville, MI, and Cory (Brenda) of Oregon, WI; along with his five grandchildren: Marissa, Alena, Davis, Parker, and Cooper.
Charlie enlisted in the United States Army during World War II serving in occupied Germany. It was there that he was asked to join the army band and played trumpet, among other instruments, for the remainder of his military service.
Charlie worked as a Sheet Metal Worker for the University of Wisconsin-Madison for 39 years and repaired the roofs of every building on campus by the time of his retirement in 1990. He was also an advocate for the handicapped, volunteering his time with the Happy Hours handicap club and serving on the board of the Easter Seals of Dane County. He was very active with his church, the former St. Joseph's Catholic Church on the West Beltline Hwy, where he served on the church council, taught catechism classes, was a lector at mass, and loved participating in the choir.
His real passion, however, was his music and entertaining. He performed with the Zor Shrine Band, the VFW Band (where he was the last of the original members), and the Francis McMahan band, which entertained in nursing care facilities all over Dane County. He serenaded U.S. Presidents as well as American and foreign dignitaries. He also performed with his own musical groups under names like the Goldendaires, The Strollers, and the Charlie Mears Band. He especially enjoyed leading his most recent band, the Avenue Sizzlers, which was a fixture at the Avenue Bar for seventeen years.
The family would like to extend their sincere gratitude to all the doctors, nurses, caregivers, and medical technicians who cared for Charlie during the past several years at St. Mary's Hospital, Dean Clinic, and in his home. We were truly blessed to have you in his life.
A Mass of CHRISTIAN BURIAL will be held at 11:00 a.m. on Friday, July 27, 2012, at GOOD SHEPHERD CATHOLIC PARISH AT ST. JOSEPH CHURCH, 1905 W. Beltline Hwy, Madison, with Msgr. Tom Baxter presiding. A visitation will precede the mass at 10:00 a.m. Family and friends may call from 5 p.m. until 7 p.m. on Thursday, July 26, 2012, at CRESS FUNERAL HOME, 3610 Speedway Road.
Madison Wisconsin State Journal July 25, 2012 - Charles M Mears obituary
Census DateLocationDescription
10 April 1930Spring Green Village, Sauk, WisconsinCharles M. Mears was listed as a son in Thomas Edward Mears's household on the 1930 Census at Spring Green Village, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
1940Baraboo, Sauk, WisconsinCharles M. Mears was listed as a son in Thomas Edward Mears's household on the 1940 Census at Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin.2

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-35. Dwelling 118. Sheet 5B.
  2. [S373] U.S. Federal Census 1940 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, Year: 1940; Census Place: Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin; Roll: T627_4523; Page: 14A; Enumeration District: 56-6.

Mary Agnes Mullaley

F, b. 8 December 1926, d. 13 March 2008
Father*Arthur Thomas Mullaley b. 28 Oct 1890, d. 18 Jul 1969
Mother*Johanna A. Mears b. 29 Dec 1890, d. 22 Dec 1967
Mary Mullaley 1945 senior portrait Reedsburg High School, Reedsburg, Sauk, WI
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMary Agnes Mullaley was also known as Agnes Mullaley.
Married Name1 December 1945As of 1 December 1945,her married name was Drescher.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth8 December 1926Mary Agnes Mullaley was born on 8 December 1926 at Wisconsin.
She was the daughter of Arthur Thomas Mullaley and Johanna A. Mears.
Marriage1 December 1945Mary Agnes Mullaley married Leonard P. Drescher on 1 December 1945.
Death13 March 2008Mary Agnes Mullaley died on 13 March 2008 at age 81 Mary Agnes (Mullaley) Drescher, 81, of Oakwood Villa nursing home, Altoona, entered eternal peace on Thursday, March 13, 2008.
Mary was born Dec. 8, 1926, in Hillpoint, Wis., to Arthur and Johanna Mullaley. She graduated in 1945 from Reedsburg High School, and on Dec. 1, 1945, she married Leonard P. Drescher. They lived in Baraboo, Wisconsin Dells, Madison and Milwaukee before moving to Altoona in September 1962. Mary worked since she was 16 years old, and was employed as a bookkeeper at Wissota Sand and Gravel for almost 30 years before she retired. She was a very busy woman working and raising her two children, Linda (Robert) Gabriel and Leonard A. (Charlene Swoboda) Drescher. A few years after Mary and Leonard were married, they became foster parents to two girls, Ruth and Barbara Quam. In the mid-1950s, Ruth moved back to live with them and their family until Ruth graduated from high school.
Mass of Christian burial will be at noon Wednesday March 19, at St. Mary's Catholic Church, 1812 Lynn Ave., Altoona. The Revs. Edmund Klimek and Norbert Wilger will officiate. Burial will be in Sacred Heart Catholic Cemetery in Eau Claire immediately following the service.
Friends may visit from 4 to 7:30 p.m. Tuesday, March 18, at Fuller-Speckien-Hulke Funeral Home. A rosary service will begin at 7:30 p.m. to conclude the evening. Visitation will continue from 11 a.m. until the time of service Wednesday at the church.
Mary was very active in the Disabled American Veterans, as she and Leonard were life members in chapters in Madison, Milwaukee and Eau Claire, and Mary recently with Chippewa Falls. They traveled extensively for the organization, as both Leonard and Mary held most offices at local chapters and some at the state levels. They were active with the Altoona Lions Club. Mary also was a member of the Moose Club in Eau Claire for a few years. She served on Altoona's Elderly Housing Authority for many years before her stroke in August 2004.
Mary was a faithful member of St. Mary's Catholic Church since moving to Altoona in 1962, and she was very involved in the parish. She belonged to the ladies' group, was active in the parish school PTA, served on many committees for the fall festivals, and assisted her daughter, Linda, with the Youth Group from 1992 until 2004.
She was first lady of Altoona when Leonard was mayor from 1979 to 1984. She also was very supportive of his political years on Altoona's City Council. Mary said goodbye to Leonard on Feb. 5, 1985, but now is reunited with him in God's kingdom. They met at a dance hall called Dreamland and loved to dance. Mary loved music, and polkas were her favorite. Mary always put her family first and was very supportive and very proud of them. She was a "cool" grandma and never seemed to act her age. She had that twinkle in her eye and smile on her face all the time. She was one independent, sassy lady.
Red was her favorite color, and she enjoyed doing all kinds of crafts work. She always had some project going - sewing, needlework, ceramics, woodwork, beadwork or something else - and she enjoyed decorating her home for all the holidays with many of her creations. Baking also was a favorite pastime of hers, and family and friends enjoyed plenty of baked goods all year round.
Mary and Leonard loved to travel, and went south most winters. After Leonard passed, she continued to travel and visited all 50 states in the U.S., and even traveled to Norway and Sweden. She loved her winters in Arizona for many years, but her summers were spent at her favorite place, the cottage on Island Lake, from 1974 until she could no longer travel there. She greatly enjoyed watching and listening to the beautiful loons. There wasn't anything she wouldn't try to do herself, whether it was driving the pontoon, painting the cottage or rewiring a lamp. She was a hard worker all her life.
Mary was especially close to her grandchildren, and felt so blessed to live close and be able to watch them grow up. She attended many of their sporting and music events. Grandchildren are Daniel Drescher (Rachel Birch) of Altoona, Eileen (Gabriel) Van Den Heuvel (Kevin) of Barneveld, Kate (Drescher) Flores (Mario) of St. Louis, and Mary Gabriel of West St. Paul, Minn. Great-grandchildren are Eva Van Den Heuvel of Barneveld, Carter Drescher of Altoona and Baby Flores of St. Louis (expected in August 2008). Mary's two foster daughters, Ruth Livingston of Waukesha and Barbara Hochschild of Milwaukee, have stayed in touch all these years. They each had six children and many grandchildren of their own. Some considered Mary their grandmother as well.
Mary is survived by her children; grandchildren; great-grandchildren; sister, Dorothy Faber of Baraboo; a niece; nephews; cousins; and many special friends. After Leonard passed away, Mary was fortunate to have the companionship of Frank Dahl (deceased), Walter Brzeski (deceased) and Norman Kuhl.
She was preceded in death by her parents; her husband; her brother, Donald; all her brothers- and sisters-in-law, Josephine Mullaley, Vincent Faber, Leon and Lorraine Chute, Bill and LaVetta Hurley, Jack and Gertrude Drescher; a niece, LaVonne Hurley; a nephew, Bill Chute; and a foster grandchild, Teri Livingston.
Census DateLocationDescription
10 April 1930Franklin, Sauk, WisconsinMary Agnes Mullaley was listed as a daughter in Arthur Thomas Mullaley's household on the 1930 Census at Franklin, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
  • Mary Agnes Mullaley graduated in 1945 at Reedsburg High School, Reedsburg, Sauk, Wisconsin.

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-13. Dwelling 38.

Leona M. Bindl

F, b. 8 January 1923, d. October 2013
Father*Thomas H. Bindl b. 20 Dec 1881, d. Oct 1962
Mother*Veronica Pauline Dischler b. 2 Jun 1885, d. 2 Mar 1964
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationLeona M. Bindl was also known as Leone.
Married Name1941As of 1941,her married name was Meudt.
Married Nameafter 1968As of after 1968,her married name was Jacobson.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth8 January 1923Leona M. Bindl was born on 8 January 1923 at Wisconsin.
She was the daughter of Thomas H. Bindl and Veronica Pauline Dischler.
Marriage1941Leona M. Bindl married Charles J. Meudt, son of Frederick L. Meudt and Mary A. Adams, in 1941 at first marriage for her.
Marriageafter 1968Leona M. Bindl married Aubrey Earl Jacobson, son of Glen J. Jacobson and Edith L. Hughbanks, after 1968 at second marriage for her.
DeathOctober 2013Leona M. Bindl died in October 2013 at age 90.
Burial10 May 2014She was buried on 10 May 2014 at Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Cemetery (aka Pleasant Ridge), Pleasant Ridge, Iowa, Wisconsin, We are planning a burial and grave site service for our mother, Leona, who passed away in October, 2013. Here are the specifics: Saturday, May 10, 2014 at 11 am, Mass for mom, St Joseph's, 405 S Dacotah St, Dodgeville. Followed by Saints Peter and Paul's Cemetary. Followed by gathering at Pleasant View Store Bar, just down the road from the original Meudt homestead.
Charles J and Leona M Meudt tombstone
Census DateLocationDescription
21 April 1930Franklin, Sauk, WisconsinLeona M. Bindl was listed as a daughter in Thomas H. Bindl's household on the 1930 Census at Franklin, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
12 April 1940Plain, Sauk, WisconsinLeona M. Bindl was listed as a daughter in Thomas H. Bindl's household on the 1940 Census at Plain, Sauk, Wisconsin.2
  • Leona M. Bindl lived in September 2011 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Citations

  1. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-13. Sheet 5A. Dwelling 74.
  2. [S373] U.S. Federal Census 1940 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, Year: 1940; Census Place: Plain, Sauk, Wisconsin; Roll: T627_4523; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 56-28.

Catherine Meyer

F, b. January 1858, d. after May 1930
Father*George Meyer b. c 1824, d. b 1905
Mother*Maria (?) b. c 1840
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCatherine Meyer was also known as Katrina.
Name VariationCatherine Meyer was also known as Kathleen.
Name VariationCatherine Meyer was also known as Katherine.
Married Name1876As of 1876,her married name was Steckelberg.
Life EventDateDescription
BirthJanuary 1858Catherine Meyer was born in January 1858 at Germany.
She was the daughter of George Meyer and Maria (?).
Marriage1876Catherine Meyer married Henry Steckelberg, son of Johann Jurgen Steckelberg and Marie Doroth Lichte, in 1876.
Deathafter May 1930Catherine Meyer died after May 1930.
Census DateLocationDescription
9 June 1880Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinCatherine Meyer was listed as wife in Henry Steckelberg's household on the 1880 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
14 June 1900Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinCatherine Meyer was listed as wife in Henry Steckelberg's household on the 1900 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.2
1 June 1905Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinCatherine Meyer is listed as wife on the census of 1 June 1905 in the household of Henry Steckelberg at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.3
16 April 1910Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinCatherine Meyer was listed as wife in Henry Steckelberg's household on the 1910 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.4
5 January 1920Loganville, Sauk, WisconsinCatherine Meyer was listed as wife in Henry Steckelberg's household on the 1920 Census at Loganville, Sauk, Wisconsin.5
5 May 1930Loganville, Sauk, WisconsinCatherine Meyer was listed as mother-in-law in Gustave Reinhold Schrank's household on the 1930 Census at Loganville, Sauk, Wisconsin.6
  • Catherine Meyer immigrated in 1872.
  • She had 6 with 4 living in 1900 children.
  • She had 6 with 3 living in 1910 children.

Children of Catherine Meyer and Henry Steckelberg

Citations

  1. [S246] U.S. Federal Census 1880 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED265. Page 13. Dwelling 112.
  2. [S245] U.S. Federal Census 1900 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED149. Dwelling 111.
  3. [S364] Wisconsin State Census Wisconsin State Censuses, 1895 and 1905, by Ancestry.com, Dwelling 103.
  4. [S244] U.S. Federal Census 1910 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED130. Dwelling 38.
  5. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED171. Dwelling 48.
  6. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-22. Sheet 1A. Dwelling 11.

Henry Steckelberg

M, b. 2 November 1850, d. 25 February 1923
Father*Johann Jurgen Steckelberg b. 10 Aug 1815, d. 14 Mar 1884
Mother*Marie Doroth Lichte d. 1858
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHenry Steckelberg was also known as Johann Heinrich Wilhelm.
Name VariationHenry Steckelberg was also known as Heinrich.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth2 November 1850Henry Steckelberg was born on 2 November 1850 at Hanover, Germany.
He was the son of Johann Jurgen Steckelberg and Marie Doroth Lichte.
Baptism10 November 1850Henry Steckelberg was baptized on 10 November 1850 at Evangelische Kirche Kirchweyhe, Ülzen, Hanover, Germany.1
Marriage1876He married Catherine Meyer, daughter of George Meyer and Maria (?), in 1876.
Death25 February 1923Henry Steckelberg died on 25 February 1923 at Sauk, Wisconsin, at age 72.
Census DateLocationDescription
9 June 1880Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinHenry Steckelberg was listed as the head of a family on the 1880 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.2
14 June 1900Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinHe was listed as the head of a family on the 1900 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.3
1 June 1905Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinHe appeared on the census of 1 June 1905 at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.4
16 April 1910Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinHe was listed as the head of a family on the 1910 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.5
5 January 1920Loganville, Sauk, WisconsinHe was listed as the head of a family on the 1920 Census at Loganville, Sauk, Wisconsin.6
  • HENRY STECKELBERG has been more than a prosperous farmer in Westfield Township and has carried some of the heavier responsibilities in connection with public affairs in the community. For the past twentyfive years he has been chairman of the town board, and that has made his influence and prosperity a means of general advancement. Mr. Steckelberg was born in Hanover, Germany, in 1850, but has lived in Sauk County since early manhood. His parents were George and Mary (Leicht) Steckelberg, his mother passing away in the old country in 1858. George Steckelberg brought his family to America and to Sauk County in 1868 and lived here until his death in 1905. There were the following children: William, Elizabeth and Henry. William
    married Etta Loving. Elizabeth became the wife of Henry Schultz. Mr. Henry Steckelberg was educated in the old country and since coming to Sauk County nearly fifty years ago has been steadily improving his opportunities and his interests as a practical farmer, and is now owner of 240 acres of well cultivated land in Westfield Township. He is a republican in politics and a member of the Lutheran Church, in which he was reared. In 1876 he married Kathleen Meyer, daughter of George Meyer, who also came from Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Steckelberg have had the following children: Henry, who married Anna Schuette; Ida, wife of Herman Leicht; Emma, wife of Gus Schranke; and Rosella, Ernst and
    William, deceased.
  • Henry Steckelberg immigrated in 1868.

Children of Henry Steckelberg and Catherine Meyer

Citations

  1. [S392] Lutheran Church, German Lutheran Church Records 1875-1940.
  2. [S246] U.S. Federal Census 1880 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED265. Page 13. Dwelling 112.
  3. [S245] U.S. Federal Census 1900 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED149. Dwelling 111.
  4. [S364] Wisconsin State Census Wisconsin State Censuses, 1895 and 1905, by Ancestry.com, Dwelling 103.
  5. [S244] U.S. Federal Census 1910 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED130. Dwelling 38.
  6. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED171. Dwelling 48.

Lydia A. Hasz

F, b. 1910, d. 1996
Father*August W. Hasz b. May 1885, d. 21 Nov 1964
Mother*Emilie Johanna Thieding b. 1890, d. 1978
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Dresen.
Married NameHer married name was Dresan.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth1910Lydia A. Hasz was born in 1910 at Wisconsin.
She was the daughter of August W. Hasz and Emilie Johanna Thieding.
Death1996Lydia A. Hasz died in 1996.
Census DateLocationDescription
17 January 1920Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinLydia A. Hasz was listed as a daughter in August W. Hasz's household on the 1920 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
7 May 1930Loganville, Sauk, WisconsinLydia A. Hasz was listed as a daughter in August W. Hasz's household on the 1930 Census at Loganville, Sauk, Wisconsin.2
  • On 5 November 1939 at Mr and Mrs Albert Hasz 25th wedding anniversary.

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED171. Dwelling 139.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-22. Dwelling 65.

Frieda Hasz

F, b. circa 1915
Father*August W. Hasz b. May 1885, d. 21 Nov 1964
Mother*Emilie Johanna Thieding b. 1890, d. 1978
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Austin.
Life EventDateDescription
Birthcirca 1915Frieda Hasz was born circa 1915 at Wisconsin.
She was the daughter of August W. Hasz and Emilie Johanna Thieding.
Census DateLocationDescription
17 January 1920Westfield, Sauk, WisconsinFrieda Hasz was listed as a daughter in August W. Hasz's household on the 1920 Census at Westfield, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
7 May 1930Loganville, Sauk, WisconsinFrieda Hasz was listed as a daughter in August W. Hasz's household on the 1930 Census at Loganville, Sauk, Wisconsin.2

Citations

  1. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED171. Dwelling 139.
  2. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-22. Dwelling 65.

Ted Merritt Grosinske

M, b. 30 December 1905, d. 17 April 1988
Father*Albert C. Grosinske b. Apr 1873, d. 1927
Mother*Hattie A. Knapp b. May 1877, d. 1954
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationTed Merritt Grosinske was also known as Theodore.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth30 December 1905Ted Merritt Grosinske was born on 30 December 1905 at Wisconsin.
He was the son of Albert C. Grosinske and Hattie A. Knapp.
Marriage17 October 1928Ted Merritt Grosinske married Edna C. Golding, daughter of Roy Raymond Golding and Clara E. (?), on 17 October 1928.
Death17 April 1988Ted Merritt Grosinske died on 17 April 1988 at Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin, at age 82 Ted Merritt Grosinske obituary.
Madison Wisconsin State Journal April 19, 1988 - Ted Merritt Grosinske obituary
Census DateLocationDescription
10 May 1910Freedom, Sauk, WisconsinTed Merritt Grosinske was listed as a son in Albert C. Grosinske's household on the 1910 Census at Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
10 February 1920Freedom, Sauk, WisconsinTed Merritt Grosinske was listed as a son in Albert C. Grosinske's household on the 1920 Census at Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin.2
7 April 1930Freedom, Sauk, WisconsinTed Merritt Grosinske was listed as the head of a family on the 1930 Census at Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin.3
1940Freedom, Sauk, WisconsinHe was listed as the head of a family on the 1940 Census at Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin.4
  • Ted Merritt Grosinske obtained US Social Security Card at Wisconsin; last residence Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin.

Children of Ted Merritt Grosinske and Edna C. Golding

Citations

  1. [S244] U.S. Federal Census 1910 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED116. Dwelling 303.
  2. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED211. Dwelling 84.
  3. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-14. Dwelling 24.
  4. [S373] U.S. Federal Census 1940 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, Year: 1940; Census Place: Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin; Roll: T627_4523; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 56-15.

Edna C. Golding

F, b. 13 March 1908, d. 7 May 1991
Father*Roy Raymond Golding b. 22 Dec 1886, d. Jan 1966
Mother*Clara E. (?) b. c 1888
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name17 October 1928As of 17 October 1928,her married name was Grosinske.
Life EventDateDescription
Birth13 March 1908Edna C. Golding was born on 13 March 1908 at Wisconsin.
She was the daughter of Roy Raymond Golding and Clara E. (?).
Marriage17 October 1928Edna C. Golding married Ted Merritt Grosinske, son of Albert C. Grosinske and Hattie A. Knapp, on 17 October 1928.
Death7 May 1991Edna C. Golding died on 7 May 1991 at Baraboo, Sauk, Wisconsin, at age 83.
Census DateLocationDescription
6 May 1910Excelsior, Sauk, WisconsinEdna C. Golding was listed as a daughter in Roy Raymond Golding's household on the 1910 Census at Excelsior, Sauk, Wisconsin.1
3 January 1920Baraboo Ward 2, Sauk, WisconsinEdna C. Golding was listed as a daughter in Roy Raymond Golding's household on the 1920 Census at Baraboo Ward 2, Sauk, Wisconsin.2
7 April 1930Freedom, Sauk, WisconsinEdna C. Golding was listed as wife in Ted Merritt Grosinske's household on the 1930 Census at Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin.3
1940Freedom, Sauk, WisconsinEdna C. Golding was listed as wife in Ted Merritt Grosinske's household on the 1940 Census at Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin.4
  • Edna C. Golding obtained US Social Security Card at Wisconsin; last residence not specified.

Children of Edna C. Golding and Ted Merritt Grosinske

Citations

  1. [S244] U.S. Federal Census 1910 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED113. Dwelling 130.
  2. [S243] U.S. Federal Census 1920 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED156. Dwelling 59.
  3. [S250] U.S. Federal Census 1930 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, ED56-14. Dwelling 24.
  4. [S373] U.S. Federal Census 1940 U.S. Federal Census, by Ancestry.com, Year: 1940; Census Place: Freedom, Sauk, Wisconsin; Roll: T627_4523; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 56-15.