Richard Woodville

M
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard Woodville was also known as Wydeville.
     1st Earl Rivers.

Children of Richard Woodville and Jacquetta of Luxembourg

Jacquetta of Luxembourg

F, b. circa 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Father*Peter I of Luxembourg b. 1390, d. 31 Aug 1433
Mother*Margaret de Baux b. 1394, d. 15 Nov 1469
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Woodville.
     Jacquetta of Luxembourg (1415/1416 – 30 May 1472) was the elder daughter of Peter I, Count of St Pol, Conversano and Brienne and his wife Margaret de Baux (Margherita del Balzo of Andria). She was the mother of Elizabeth Woodville, queen to King Edward IV of England.

Her father Peter I of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol was also the hereditary Count of Brienne from 1397 to his death in 1433.

Peter had succeeded his father John, Lord of Beauvoir and mother Marguerite of Enghien. They had co-reigned as Count and Countess of Brienne from 1394 to her death in 1397.

John was a fourth-generation descendant of Waleran I of Luxembourg, Lord of Ligny, second son of Henry V of Luxembourg and Margaret of Bar. This cadet line of the House of Luxembourg reigned in Ligny-en-Barrois.

Her mother Margaret de Baux was a daughter of Francois de Baux, Duke of Andria and Sueva Orsini. Sueva was a daughter of Nicola Orsini, Count of Nola (27 August 1331 – 14 February 1399) and Jeanne de Sabran.

Nicola Orsini was a son of Roberto Orsini, Count of Nola (1295-1345) and Sibilla del Balzo. Sibilla was a daughter of Hugh de Baux, Great Seneschal of the Kingdom of Naples.

Roberto Orsini was a son of Romano Orsini, Royal Vicar of Rome and Anastasia de Montfort. Anastasia was the oldest daughter and heiress of Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola and Margherita Aldobrandeschi.

Guy de Montfort was a son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was the youngest child of John of England and his Queen consort Isabella of Angoulême.

Jacquetta herself was an eighth-generation descendant of John and thus distantly related to the Kings of England descending from him.

On 22 April 1433 at 17 years of age, Jacquetta married John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford at Therouenne. The Duke was the third son of King Henry IV of England and Mary de Bohun.

Jacquetta was a cousin of Sigismund of Luxembourg, the reigning Holy Roman Emperor, and King of Bohemia and Hungary. The marriage was meant to strengthen the ties of the Kingdom of England with the Holy Roman Empire and to increase English influence in the affairs of Continental Europe.

The marriage was childless and the Duke died on 15 September 1435 at Rouen.

Sir Richard Woodville, son of Sir Richard Wydevill who had served as the late Duke's chamberlain, was commissioned by Henry VI of England to bring the young widow to England. During the journey, the couple fell in love and married in secret (before 23 March 1436/1437), without seeking the king's permission. Enraged, Henry VI refused to see them but was mollified by the payment of a fine. The marriage was long and very fruitful: Jacquetta and Richard had sixteen children, including the future Queen Elizabeth.

By the mid-1440s, the Woodvilles were in ascendancy. Jacquetta was related to both the King and Queen Margaret. Her sister, Isabelle de Saint Pol, married Queen Margaret's brother while Jacquetta was the widow of Henry VI's uncle. As royalty, she outranked all ladies at Court with the exception of the Queen. As a personal favourite and close relative of the Queen, she also enjoyed special privileges and influence at court. Margaret influenced Henry to create Richard Woodville Baron Rivers in 1448, and he was a prominent partisan of the House of Lancaster as the Wars of the Roses began.1

Children of Jacquetta of Luxembourg and Richard Woodville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacquetta_of_Luxembourg

Elizabeth Woodville

F, b. circa 1437, d. 8 June 1492
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Grey.
Name VariationElizabeth Woodville was also known as Wydeville.
Married NameHer married name was of Lancaster.
Married Name1 May 1464As of 1 May 1464,her married name was of England.
     Queen consort of Edward IV, King of England, from 1464 until his death in 1483.

Child of Elizabeth Woodville and King Edward IV of England

Sir John Grey of Groby

M, d. 1461

King Edward IV of England

M, b. 28 April 1442, d. 9 April 1483
Edward IV of England
Father*Richard of York b. 21 Sep 1411, d. 30 Dec 1460
Mother*Cecily Neville b. 1415, d. 1495

Child of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville

Richard of York

M, b. 21 September 1411, d. 30 December 1460
Father*Richard of England b. 1376, d. 5 Aug 1415
Mother*Anne Mortimer
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard of York was also known as Plantagenet.
     3rd Duke of York. Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (21 September, 1411 – 30 December, 1460) was a leading English magnate, descended from King Edward III. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's queen, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to claim the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death. Within a few weeks of securing this agreement, he died in battle.

Although Richard never became king, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III.

He was the second child of Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge and Anne Mortimer. Anne was the senior heiress of Lionel of Antwerp, the second surviving son of Edward III; this arguably gave her and her family a superior claim to the throne over that of the House of Lancaster. Anne died giving birth to Richard. He was a younger brother of Isabel Plantagenet.

His paternal grandparents were Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (the fourth son of Edward III to survive infancy) and Isabella of Castile. His maternal grandparents were Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March and Alianore Holland.

His father was executed for his part in the Southampton Plot against Henry V on 5 August, 1415, and attainted. Richard therefore inherited neither lands nor title from his father. However his paternal uncle Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, who was killed at the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October, 1415, was childless and Richard was his closest male relative.

After some hesitation Henry V allowed Richard to inherit the title and (at his majority) the lands of the Duchy of York. The lesser title and (in due course) greater estates of the Earldom of March also became his on the death of his maternal uncle Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, on 19 January, 1425. The reason for Henry's hesitation was that Edmund Mortimer had been proclaimed several times to have a stronger claim to the throne than Henry's father, Henry IV of England, by factions rebelling against him. However, during his lifetime, Mortimer remained a faithful supporter of the House of Lancaster.

Richard of York already had the Mortimer and Cambridge claims to the English throne; once he inherited the March, he also became the wealthiest and most powerful noble in England, second only to the King himself.

Within a few weeks of Richard of York's death, his eldest surviving son was acclaimed King Edward IV, and finally established the House of York on the throne following a decisive victory over the Lancastrians at the Battle of Towton. After an occasionally tumultuous reign, he died in 1483 and York's youngest son succeeded him as Richard III.

Richard of York's grandchildren included Edward V and Elizabeth of York. Elizabeth married Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty and became the mother of Henry VIII, Margaret Tudor and Mary Tudor. All subsequent English monarchs have been descendants of Elizabeth of York.1

Children of Richard of York and Cecily Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard,_3rd_Duke_of_York.

Cecily Neville

F, b. 1415, d. 1495
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of York.
     Cecily Neville, Duchess of York (3 May 1415 – 31 May 1495)[1] was the wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and the mother of two Kings of England: Edward IV and Richard III.

Cecily Neville was a daughter to Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland. Her maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine Swynford. John of Gaunt was the third son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault.

Cecily was called "the Rose of Raby" (because she was born at Raby Castle in Durham, Kingdom of England) and "Proud Cis" because of her pride and a temper that went with it. Historically she is also known for her piety. She herself signed her name "Cecylle".

In 1424, when Cecily was nine years old, she was betrothed by her father to his thirteen year old ward, Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. Ralph Neville died in October 1425, bequeathing the wardship of Richard to his widow, Joan Beaufort. Cecily and Richard were married by October 1429. Their daughter Anne was born in August 1439 in Northamptonshire. When Richard became a king's lieutenant and governor general of France in 1441 and moved to Rouen, Cecily moved with him. Their son Henry was born in February but died soon after.

The future Edward IV was born in Rouen on 28 April 1442 and immediately privately baptised in a small side chapel. He would later be accused of illegitimacy directly by his cousin, Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and by his own brother, George, Duke of Clarence; this was probably because George and Warwick were in dispute with Edward and seeking to overthrow him. The claims would later be dismissed. Some modern historians use Edward's date of birth as an evidence of illegitimacy: the Duke had been away in the calculated days of conception and the baby's baptism was a simple and private affair (unlike that of his younger brother, George, which was public and lavish). Although some historians suggest that the baby was prematurely born, there are no surviving records of this. Other historians point out that Cecily's husband could easily, by the military conventions of the time, have returned briefly to Rouen, where Cecily was living at the time. In any case, Richard acknowledged the baby as his own which establishes legal paternity.

Around 1454, when Richard began to resent the influence of Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, Cecily spoke with Queen consort Margaret of Anjou on his behalf. When Henry VI suffered a nervous breakdown later in the year, Richard of York established himself as a Protector.

After the outbreak of the Wars of the Roses, Cecily remained at their home, Ludlow Castle, even when Richard fled to Ireland and Continental Europe. At the same time she surreptitiously worked for the cause of the House of York. When a parliament began to debate the fate of the York and his supporters in November 1459, Cecily travelled to London to plead for her husband. One contemporary commentator stated that she had reputedly convinced the king to promise a pardon if the Duke would appear in the parliament in eight days. This failed and Richard's lands were confiscated, but Cecily managed to gain an annual grant of £600 to support her and her children.

After the Yorkist victory at the Battle of Northamptonin July 1460, Cecily moved to London with her children and lived with John Paston. She carried the royal arms before Richard in triumph in London in September. When the Duke of York and his heirs officially recognized as Henry VI's successors in the Act of Accord, Cecily became a queen-in-waiting and even received a copy of the English chronicle from the chronicler John Hardyng.

In the Battle of Wakefield (30 December 1460), the Lancastrians won a decisive victory. The Duke of York, his second son Edmund, Earl of Rutland and Cecily's brother Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury were among the casualties. Cecily sent her two youngest sons, George and Richard to the court of Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. This forced Philip to ally with the Yorkists.

Her eldest son Edward successfully continued the fight against the Lancastrians. When Cecily moved to Baynard's Castle in London, it became the Yorkist headquarters and when Edward defeated the Lancastrians, she became an effective Queen Mother.

During the beginning of the Edward's reign, Cecily appeared beside him and maintained her influence. In 1461 she revised her coat of arms to include the royal arms of England, hinting that her husband had been a rightful king. When Edward married Elizabeth Woodville, he built new queen's quarters for her and let his mother to remain in the queen's quarters in which she had been living.

In 1469, her nephew, the Earl of Warwick, father-in-law of her sons George and Richard, rebelled against Edward IV. Warwick also begun to spread rumours that the king was a bastard and that his true father was not the Duke of York but an archer named Blaybourne at Rouen, evidence of which has been assembled.[2]. By some interpretations, that would have meant that Clarence was the rightful king. Warwick had earlier made similar accusations against Margaret of Anjou. Cecily said little about the matter in public, despite the fact that she had been accused of adultery. She visited Sandwich, possibly trying to reconcile the parties. When the rebellion failed the first time, she invited Edward and George to London to reconcile them. Peace did not last long and in the forthcoming war she still tried to make peace between her sons.

Edward IV was briefly overthrown by Warwick and Margaret of Anjou, and for about six months (October 1470 - April 1471) Henry VI was restored to the throne. The breach between Edward and his brother George was apparently never really healed, for George was executed for treason in the Tower of London on 18 February 1478. Edward IV died suddenly on 9 April 1483. After several tumultuous weeks, Cecily's final son, Richard, was crowned Richard III on 6 July 1483, but his reign was brief, as he was defeated and killed on 22 August, 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth Field. Thus, by 1485 Cecily's husband and four sons had all died, although two of her daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret, still lived. On 18 January 1486, Cecily's granddaughter, Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV, married Henry VII and thus became queen. Cecily devoted herself to religious duties and her reputation for piety comes from this period.

Cecily Neville died in 31 May 1495 and was buried in the tomb with Richard and their son Edmund at Fotheringhay Church, Northamptonshire, with a papal indulgence. All future English monarchs, beginning with Henry VIII, are descendants of Elizabeth of York, and therefore of Cecily Neville.1

Children of Cecily Neville and Richard of York

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecily_Neville

Richard Neville

M, b. 22 November 1428, d. 14 April 1471
Father*Richard Neville b. 1400, d. 31 Dec 1460
Mother*Alice Montagu b. 1407, d. b 9 Dec 1462
     Richard Neville, jure uxoris 16th Earl of Warwick and suo jure 6th Earl of Salisbury[1] (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), known as Warwick the Kingmaker, was an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander. The son of Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, with political connections that went beyond the country's borders. One of the main protagonists in the Wars of the Roses, he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of "Kingmaker".

Through fortunes of marriage and inheritance, Warwick emerged in the 1450s at the centre of English politics. Originally a supporter of King Henry VI, a territorial dispute with the Duke of Somerset led him to collaborate with Richard, Duke of York, opposing the king. From this conflict he gained the strategically valuable post of Captain of Calais, a position that benefited him greatly in the years to come. The political conflict later turned into full-scale rebellion, and both York and Warwick's father, Salisbury, fell in battle. York's son, however, later triumphed with Warwick's assistance, and was crowned King Edward IV. Edward initially ruled with Warwick's support, but the two later fell out over foreign policy and the king's choice of partner in marriage. After a failed plot to crown Edward's brother, George, Duke of Clarence, Warwick instead restored Henry VI to the throne. The triumph was short-lived however: on 14 April 1471 Warwick was defeated by Edward at the Battle of Barnet, and killed.

Warwick had no sons. The eldest of his two daughters, Isabel, married George, Duke of Clarence. His youngest daughter Anne – after a short-lived marriage to King Henry's son Edward – married King Edward's younger brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who later became King Richard III.

Warwick's historical legacy has been a matter of much dispute. Historical opinion has alternated between seeing him as self-centred and rash, and regarding him as a victim of the whims of an ungrateful king. It is generally agreed, however, that in his own time he enjoyed great popularity in all layers of society, and that he was skilled at appealing to popular sentiments for political support.1 16th Earl of Warwick and 6th Earl of Salisbury.

Children of Richard Neville and Lady Anne de Beauchamp

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Neville,_Earl_of_Warwick.

Lady Anne de Beauchamp

F, b. 13 July 1426, d. 20 September 1492
Father*Richard de Beauchamp b. 23 Jan 1382, d. 30 Apr 1439
Mother*Isabel le Despenser b. 26 Jul 1400, d. 27 Dec 1439
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Neville.

Children of Lady Anne de Beauchamp and Richard Neville

Lady Eleanor Beauchamp

F, b. 1407, d. 6 March 1467
Father*Richard de Beauchamp b. 23 Jan 1382, d. 30 Apr 1439
Mother*Elizabeth de Berkeley b. 1386, d. 28 Dec 1422
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1427As of before 1427,her married name was De Ros.
Married Namebetween 1431 and 1435As of between 1431 and 1435,her married name was Beaufort.
Married Nameafter 1443As of after 1443,her married name was Rokesley.
     Lady Eleanor Beauchamp, Baroness de Ros and Duchess of Somerset (1407 – 6 March 1467) at Wedgenock, Warwickshire, England, was the second daughter of Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and Elizabeth de Berkeley.[1]

She was married to Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros.[2] They were parents of the following surviving issue:

Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros (September 9, 1427 - May 17, 1464).
Richard de Ros (March 8, 1429 - after 1492).
Margaret de Ros (1432 - December 10, 1488). Married first William Botreaux, 3rd Baron Bocastle, secondly Thomas Borough, 1st Baron Borough of Gainsborough.

Eleanor married Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset sometime between 1431 and 1435 in an unlicensed marriage, although this was pardoned on 7 March 1438. He was the son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Lady Margaret Holland.1

Child of Lady Eleanor Beauchamp and Thomas De Ros

Children of Lady Eleanor Beauchamp and Edmund Beaufort

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Eleanor_Beauchamp

Richard de Beauchamp

M, b. 23 January 1382, d. 30 April 1439
     13th Earl of Warwick. Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick (23 January 1382 – 30 April 1439) was an English medieval nobleman and military commander.

He was born at Salwarpe in Worcestershire, the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, and Margaret, daughter of the 3rd Lord Ferrers of Groby.

Soon after reaching his majority and taking responsibility for the Earldom in 1403, he had to defend against a Welsh rebellion led by Owain Glyndwr. In the summer of 1404 he rode into what is today Monmouthshire at the head of a force and engaged Welsh forces at the Battle of Mynydd Cwmdu, near Tretower Castle a few miles northwest of Crickhowell – nearly capturing Owain Glyndwr himself and capturing Owain's banner, forcing the Welsh to flee down the valley of the River Usk where the Welsh regrouped and turned the tables on the pursuing English force, attempting an ambush and chasing them in turn to the town walls of Monmouth after a skirmish at Craig-y-Dorth, a conical hill near Mitchel Troy.

He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1403 (or possibly later, in any case by 1416).

Warwick acquired quite a reputation for chivalry, and when in 1408 he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was challenged many times to fight in the sporting combat which was then popular. On the return trip he went through Russia and Eastern Europe, not returning to England until 1410.

Once back he was asked to serve in the retinue of the Prince of Wales, and in 1413 was Lord High Steward at the Prince's coronation as Henry V. The next year he helped put down the Lollard uprising, and then went to Normandy. He spent much of the next decade fighting the French in the Hundred Years' War. In 1419 he was created Count of Aumale, part of the King's policy of giving out Norman titles to his nobles.

Henry V's will gave Warwick the responsibility for the education of the infant Henry VI. This duty required him to travel back and forth between England and Normandy many times. In 1437 the Royal Council deemed his duty complete, and he was appointed lieutenant of France and Normandy. He remained in France for the remaining two years of his life.1

Children of Richard de Beauchamp and Elizabeth de Berkeley

Children of Richard de Beauchamp and Isabel le Despenser

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Beauchamp,_13th_Earl_of_Warwick.

Anne Neville

F, b. 11 June 1456, d. 16 March 1485
Father*Richard Neville b. 22 Nov 1428, d. 14 Apr 1471
Mother*Lady Anne de Beauchamp b. 13 Jul 1426, d. 20 Sep 1492
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.
Married Name1470As of 1470,her married name was of Westminster.
     Princess of Wales as spouse of Edward of Westminster and Queen of England as spouse of King Richard III.

King Richard III of England

M, b. 2 October 1452, d. 22 August 1485
Father*Richard of York b. 21 Sep 1411, d. 30 Dec 1460
Mother*Cecily Neville b. 1415, d. 1495
     Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at the Battle of Bosworth Field was the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses and is sometimes regarded as the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the central character of a well-known play by William Shakespeare.

When his brother Edward IV died in April 1483, Richard was named Lord protector of the realm for Edward's son and successor, the 12-year-old King Edward V. As the new king travelled to London from Ludlow, Richard met him and escorted him to London where he was lodged in the Tower. Edward V's brother Richard later joined him there.

A publicity campaign was mounted condemning Edward IV's marriage to the boys' mother, Elizabeth Woodville as invalid and making their children illegitimate and ineligible for the throne. On 25 June an assembly of lords and commoners endorsed these claims. The following day Richard III officially began his reign. He was crowned in July. The two young princes disappeared in August and there were a number of accusations that the boys were murdered by Richard.

There were two major rebellions against Richard. The first, in 1483, was led by staunch opponents of Edward IV and most notably Richard's ally, Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham. The revolt collapsed and Buckingham was executed at Salisbury near the Bull's Head Inn. In 1485 there was another rebellion against Richard, headed by Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond (later King Henry VII) and his uncle Jasper. The rebels landed troops, consprised mainly of mercenaries, and Richard fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last English king to die in battle.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_III_of_England

Edward of Westminster

M, b. 13 October 1453, d. 4 May 1471
Father*Henry VI of England b. 6 Dec 1421, d. 21 May 1471
Mother*Margaret of Anjou b. 23 Mar 1430, d. 25 Aug 1482
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdward of Westminster was also known as of Lancaster.
     Prince of Wales.

Henry VI of England

M, b. 6 December 1421, d. 21 May 1471
Father*King Henry V of England b. 1387, d. 31 Aug 1422
Mother*Catherine De Valois b. 27 Oct 1401, d. 3 Jan 1438
     King of England 1422–1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and controversial King of France from 1422 to 1453.

Child of Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou

F, b. 23 March 1430, d. 25 August 1482
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.

Child of Margaret of Anjou and Henry VI of England

Isabel Neville

F, b. 5 September 1451, d. 22 December 1476
Father*Richard Neville b. 22 Nov 1428, d. 14 Apr 1471
Mother*Lady Anne de Beauchamp b. 13 Jul 1426, d. 20 Sep 1492
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Plantagenet.
Name VariationIsabel Neville was also known as Isabella.

George Plantagenet

M, b. 21 October 1449, d. 18 February 1478
Father*Richard of York b. 21 Sep 1411, d. 30 Dec 1460
Mother*Cecily Neville b. 1415, d. 1495
     1st Duke of Clarence.

William de Warenne

M, b. 1256, d. 15 December 1286
Father*John de Warenne b. 1231, d. c 29 Sep 1304
Mother*Alice de Lusignan b. 1224, d. 9 Feb 1256
     William de Warenne (1256-1286), only son and heir apparent to John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey. His daughter Alice married Edmund FitzAlan, 2nd Earl of Arundel.1

Children of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Warenne

Joan de Vere

F
Father*Robert de Vere b. c 1240, d. 1296
Mother*Alice de Sanford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Warenne.

Children of Joan de Vere and William de Warenne

Alice de Lusignan

F, b. 1224, d. 9 February 1256
Father*Hugh X de Lusignan d. c 5 Jun 1249
Mother*Isabella of Angoulême b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1247As of 1247,her married name was de Warenne.
     Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey (born 1224[1]-9 February 1256) was a half-sister of King Henry III of England and the wife of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

Alice was born in Lusignan, Vienne, France in 1224. She was the second eldest daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan, "le brun", Seigneur de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Isabella of Angouleme, widowed Queen-Consort of King John of England. Her paternal grandparents were Hugh IX of Lusignan, Count of La Marche, and Mathilde Taillefer of Angouleme. Her maternal grandparents were Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angouleme and Alice de Courtenay.[2] She had five brothers and three sisters.

In 1247, a year after her mother's death, Alice, along with three of her brothers, William, Aymer and Guy, accompanied the new papal legate William of Modena, the Cardinal Bishop of Sabina, to England, which they had decided to make their home, and live at the expense of the Crown.[4]In August of that year, her half-brother, King Henry married her to John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey (August 1231-29 September 1304). The marriage caused some resentment amongst the English nobility, as they considered the King's Lusignan siblings to be parasites and a liability to the Kingdom. Many prestigious honours and titles were granted to the Lusignans.[5] Alice was also said to have been disdainful of all things English.[6] John was the son of William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and Maud Marshall. They had three children.1

Children of Alice de Lusignan and John de Warenne

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_le_Brun_de_Lusignan

William Montagu

M, b. 1301, d. 30 January 1344
Father*William de Montagu b. c 1285, d. Oct 1319
Mother*Elizabeth Montfort
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam Montagu was also known as Montacute.
Name VariationWilliam Montagu was also known as de Montagu.
     William Montagu (alias Montacute), 1st Earl of Salisbury and King of the Isle of Man (1301 – January 30, 1344) was an English nobleman and loyal servant of King Edward III. The son of William de Montagu, the second Baron Montagu, he entered the royal household at an early age, and became a close companion of the young Prince Edward. The relationship continued after Edward was crowned king following the deposition of Edward II in 1327. In 1330, Montagu was one of Edward's main accomplices in the coup against Roger Mortimer, who up until then had been acting as the king's protector.

In the following years Montagu served the king in various capacities, primarily in the Scottish Wars. He was richly rewarded, and among other things received the lordship of the Isle of Man. In 1337, he was created Earl of Salisbury, and given an annual income of 1000 marks to go with the title. He served on the Continent in the early years of the Hundred Years' War, but in 1340 he was captured by the French, and in return for his freedom had to promise never to fight in France again. Salisbury died of wounds suffered at a tournament early in 1344.

Legend has it that Montagu's wife Catherine was raped by Edward III, but this story is almost certainly French propaganda. William and Catherine had six children, most of whom married into the nobility. Modern historians have called William Montague Edward's "most intimate personal friend"[1] and "the chief influence behind the throne from Mortimer's downfall in 1330 until his own death in 1344."[2]

William was born in Cassington in Oxfordshire in 1301. His was the eldest son of William de Montagu, the second Baron Montagu, and Elizabeth Montfort, daughter of Peter de Montfort of Beaudesert, Warwickshire.[3] The Montagu family, a West Country family with roots going back to the Conquest, held extensive lands in Somerset, Dorset and Devon.[4] The father, William Montagu, distinguished himself in the Scottish Wars during the reign of Edward I, and served as steward of Edward II's household. Some members of the nobility, including Thomas of Lancaster, viewed Montagu with suspicion, as a member of a court party with undue influence on the king.[5] For this reason he was sent to Aquitaine, to serve as seneschal. Here he died in October 1319.[5] Even though he sat in parliament as a baron, the second lord Montagu never rose above a level of purely regional importance.[6]1 1st Earl of Salisbury.

Children of William Montagu and Catherine Grandison

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Montagu,_1st_Earl_of_Salisbury.

William de Montagu

M, b. circa 1285, d. October 1319
Father*Simon de Montacute d. 1316
     2nd Baron Montagu.

Child of William de Montagu and Elizabeth Montfort

Simon de Montacute

M, d. 1316
  • Simon de Montacute died in 1316.
     1st Baron Montacute.

Child of Simon de Montacute

Elizabeth Montfort

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Montagu.

Child of Elizabeth Montfort and William de Montagu

Catherine Grandison

F, b. circa 1304, d. 23 November 1349
Father*William de Grandison
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1320As of circa 1320,her married name was Montagu.
Married Namecirca 1320As of circa 1320,her married name was Montacute.
     Countess of Salisbury.

Children of Catherine Grandison and William Montagu

William de Grandison

M
     1st Baron Grandison.

Child of William de Grandison

Hugh le Despenser

M, b. 1308, d. 1349
Father*Hugh the Younger le Despenser b. 1286, d. 24 Nov 1326
Mother*Eleanor de Clare b. 1292, d. 30 Jun 1337
     Through his mother, Hugh was a great grandson of Edward I of England. 2nd Baron le Despencer.

Elizabeth Montagu

F, d. 1359
Father*William Montagu b. 1301, d. 30 Jan 1344
Mother*Catherine Grandison b. c 1304, d. 23 Nov 1349
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 27 April 1341As of before 27 April 1341,her married name was le Despenser.

William Montacute

M, b. 25 June 1328, d. 3 June 1397
Father*William Montagu b. 1301, d. 30 Jan 1344
Mother*Catherine Grandison b. c 1304, d. 23 Nov 1349
     William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (25 June 1328 – 3 June 1397) was an English nobleman and commander in the English army during King Edward III's French campaigns of the Hundred Years War.

He was born in Donyatt in Somerset, the eldest son of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandisson, and succeeded his father as earl in 1344. Montacute was contracted to marry Joan of Kent, and did so without knowing that she had already secretly married Thomas Holland. After several years of living together, her contract with Montacute was annulled by the Pope in 1349.

In 1350, he was one of the first Knights of the Garter. He was a commander of the English forces in France in many of the following years, serving as commander of the rear guard of the army of Edward the Black Prince's army in 1355, and again at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, and further serving in 1357, 1359 and 1360. Later in 1360 he was one of the commissioners that negotiated the Treaty of Brétigny.

During the quieter years that followed the treaty, Montacute served on the king's council. But in 1369 he returned the field, serving in John of Gaunt's expedition to northern France, and then in other raids and expeditions, and on some commissions that attempted to negotiate truces with the French. Montacute helped Richard II put down the rebellion of Wat Tyler. In 1385 he accompanied Richard on his Scottish expedition.

In 1392/3, he sold the Lordship of the Isle of Man to William le Scrope of Bolton. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John de Mohun, 9th Lord de Mohun of Dunster. The two lived at Bisham Manor in Berkshire and had a son and two daughters. The son, Sir William Montacute, married Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan, daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel, but was killed in a tournament in 1383, leaving no children. When the elder William Montacute died in 1397 the earldom was inherited by his nephew John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury. One of William's sisters, Philippa (d. January 5, 1382), married Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March.1 2nd Earl of Salisbury.

Children of William Montacute and Elizabeth de Mohun

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Montacute,_2nd_Earl_of_Salisbury.