Bertred Mainwaring

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Audley.

Child of Bertred Mainwaring and Henry De Audley

Henry de Percy

M, b. 1299, d. 1352
Father*Henry de Percy b. 25 Mar 1273, d. 1314
Mother*Eleanor Fitzalan b. c 1284, d. c 1328
     Henry de Percy, 9th Baron Percy and 2nd Baron of Alnwick, (1299-1352), was the son of Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick, and Eleanor Fitzalan, daughter of John Fitzalan III.

Henry was sixteen when his father died, so the Barony was placed in the custody of John de Felton.[1]

In 1316 he was granted the lands of Patrick IV, Earl of March, in Northumberland, by Edward II.[2] In 1322, was made governor of Pickering Castle and of the town and castle of Scarborough and was later knighted at York.[3] Henry joined with other barons to remove the Despensers, who were favorites of Edward II.

Following a disastrous war with the Scots, Henry was empowered along with William Zouche to negotiate the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton.[4] This was an unpopular treaty and peace between England and Scotland lasted only five years.

Was appointed to Edward III's Kings Council in 1327 and was given the manor and castle of Skipton. Was granted, by Edward III, the castle and barony of Warkwroth in 1328. He was at the siege of Dunbar and the battle of Halidon Hill and was subsequently appointed constable of Berwick. In 1346, Henry commanded the right wing of the English, at the Battle of Neville's Cross.[5]

Married Idonia, daughter of Robert Lord Clifford,[6] and had five children;

Henry, b.1320, succeeded his father as 3rd Baron Percy of Alnwick
Thomas
Roger
Maud Percy
Eleanor Percy, married John FitzWalter
In 1329, he founded a chantry, to celebrate divine service for his soul.[7]1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_de_Percy,_2nd_Baron_Percy.

Idoine de Clifford

F
Father*Robert de Clifford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Percy.

Children of Idoine de Clifford and Henry de Percy

Eleanor Fitzalan

F, b. circa 1284, d. circa 1328
Father*Richard Fitzalan b. 1266, d. 9 Mar 1302
Mother*Alasia de Saluzzo d. 25 Sep 1292
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1294As of circa 1294,her married name was de Percy.

Children of Eleanor Fitzalan and Henry de Percy

Henry de Percy

M, b. 25 March 1273, d. 1314
Father*Henry de Percy d. c Aug 1272
Mother*Eleanor de Warenne
     Henry de Percy, 8th Baron Percy (1st creation) and 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick, (1273-1314), was the son of Henry de Percy, 7th Baron Percy and Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Earl Warenne and Alice de Lusignan, half sister of Henry III.[1]

He fought under King Edward I in Wales and Scotland and was granted extensive estates in Scotland, which were later retaken by the Scots under Robert Bruce. He added Alnwick to the family estates in England, founding a dynasty of northern warlords. He rebelled against King Edward II over the issue of Piers Gaveston and was imprisoned for a few months. After his release he declined to fight under Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn, remaining at Alnwick, where he died a few months later aged forty one. He married Eleanor, daughter of the Earl of Arundel and was succeeded by his son Henry.

Henry was born at Petworth on 25 March 1273, seven months after his father's death, saving the family line from extinction, as two older brothers had died in infancy, and all six uncles had died without leaving any legitimate heir. He was fortunate in having the powerful Earl Warenne as his maternal grandfather.1

Children of Henry de Percy and Eleanor Fitzalan

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_de_Percy,_1st_Baron_Percy.

William de Percy

M, d. 1355
Father*Henry de Percy b. 25 Mar 1273, d. 1314
Mother*Eleanor Fitzalan b. c 1284, d. c 1328

Hugh X de Lusignan

M, d. circa 5 June 1249
Father*Hugh IX de Lusignan
     Hugh X of Lusignan, Hugh V of La Marche or Hugh I of Angoulême or Hugues X & V & I de Lusignan (c. 1183[1] or c. 1195 – c. 5 June 1249, Angoulême) succeeded his father Hugh IX as Seigneur de Lusignan and Count of La Marche in November, 1219 and was Count of Angoulême by marriage.

It is unclear whether it was Hugh IX or Hugh X who was betrothed to Isabella of Angoulême when, in 1200, King John of England took her for his Queen, an action which resulted in the entire de Lusignan family rebelling against the English king.

Following John's death, Isabella returned to France. By his marriage to Isabelle d'Angoulême (1186 – Fontrevault Abbey, France, 31 May 1246 and buried there) in 10 March - 22 May 1220, Hugh X also became Count of Angoulême, until her death in 1246. Together they founded the abbey of Valence. They had nine children:

Hugues XI & III & II de Lusignan, Seigneur de Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême (1221–1250)
Aymer de Lusignan, Bishop of Winchester c. 1250 (c. 1222 – Paris, 5 December 1260 and buried there)
Agnés/Agathe de Lusignan (c. 1223 – aft. 7 April 1269), married Guillaume II de Chauvigny, Seigneur de Chateauroux (1224 – Palermo, 3 January 1271)
Alice le Brun de Lusignan (1224 – at childbirth 9 February 1256), married 1247 John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey
Guy de Lusignan (d. 1264), Seigneur de Couhe, de Cognac et d'Archiac in 1249, killed at the Battle of Lewes. (Tufton Beamish maintains that he escaped to France after the Battle of Lewes and died there in 1269)
Geoffroi de Lusignan (d. 1274), Seigneur de Jarnac, married secondly in 1259 Jeanne de Châtellerault, Viscountess of Châtellerault (d. 16 May 1315) and had issue:
Eustachie de Lusignan (d. Carthage, Tunisia, 1270), married 1257 Dreux III de Mello (d. 1310)
William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke (d. 1296)
Marguerite de Lusignan (c. 1226/1228 – 1288), married firstly 1240/1241 Raymond VII of Toulouse (1197 – 1249), married secondly c. 1246 Aimery IX de Thouars, Viscount of Thouars (d. 1256), and married thirdly Geoffrey V de Chateaubriant, Seigneur de Chateubriant
Isabelle de Lusignan (1234 – 14 January 1299), Dame de Beauvoir-sur-Mer et de Mercillac, married firstly Geoffrey de Rancon, Seigneur de Taillebourg, and married secondly c. 1255 Maurice IV de Craon (1224/1239 – soon before 27 May 1250/1277)
Hugh X was succeeded by his eldest son, Hugh XI of Lusignan.

He was buried at Angoulême.1

Children of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angoulême

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_X_of_Lusignan

Isabella of Angoulême

F, b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246
Father*Aymer Taillefer
Mother*Alice de Courtenay
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Lusignan.
Married Name1200As of 1200,her married name was of England.
     Isabella of Angoulême (French: Isabelle d'Angoulême; 1188[1] – 31 May 1246) was Countess of Angoulême and queen consort of England.

She was the only daughter and heir of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by Alice de Courtenay. Her paternal grandparents were William IV of Angoulême, Count of Angouleme and Marguerite de Turenne. Her maternal grandparents were Pierre de Courtenay and Elizabeth de Courtenay. Her maternal great-grandfather was King Louis VI of France. She became Countess of Angoulême in her own right in 1202, by which time she was already queen of England. Her marriage to King John took place on 24 August 1200, at Bordeaux, a year after he annulled his first marriage to Isabel of Gloucester. Isabella was originally betrothed to Hugh le Brun, Count of Lusignan[2], son of the then Count of La Marche. As a result of John's temerity in taking her as his second wife, King Philip II of France confiscated all of their French lands, and armed conflict ensued.

At the time of her marriage to John, the 12-year-old Isabella was already renowned for her beauty and has sometimes been called the Helen of the Middle Ages by historians. However, her marriage to John cannot be said to have been successful, in part because she was much younger than her husband and had a fiery character to match his.

When John died in 1216, Isabella was still in her twenties. She returned to France and in 1220, proceeded to marry Hugh X of Lusignan Count of La Marche. It is unclear whether it had been Hugh X or his father to whom Isabella had been betrothed before her marriage to King John. By Hugh X, Isabella had nine more children. Their eldest son Hugh XI of Lusignan succeeded his father as Count of La Marche and Count of Angouleme in 1249.

Isabella was accused of plotting against King Louis IX of France in 1244; she fled to Fontevrault Abbey, where she died on 31 May 1246, and was buried there. At her own insistence, she was first buried in the churchyard, as an act of repentance for her many misdeeds. On a visit to Fontevrault, her son King Henry III of England was shocked to find her buried outside the Abbey and ordered her immediately moved inside. She was finally placed beside Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Afterwards, most of her many children, having few prospects in France, set sail for England and the court of Henry, their half-brother.1

Children of Isabella of Angoulême and King John of England

Children of Isabella of Angoulême and Hugh X de Lusignan

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_Angoul%C3%AAme

King John of England

M, b. 24 December 1166, d. 19 October 1216
Father*King Henry II of England b. 5 Mar 1133, d. 6 Jul 1189
Mother*Eleanor of Aquitaine b. 1122, d. 1 Apr 1204
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing John of England was also known as Plantagenet.
     John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216[1]) was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death. He acceded to the throne as the younger brother of King Richard I, who died without issue. John was the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine, and was their second surviving son to ascend the throne; thus, he continued the line of Plantagenet or Angevin kings of England. Prior to his coronation, he was Earl of Cornwall and Gloucester, but this title reverted to the Crown once he became King. John's oldest surviving brother, Richard, became king upon the death of their father in 1189, and John was made Count of Mortain (France). When Richard refused to honour their father's wishes and surrender Aquitaine to him as well, John staged a rebellion. The rebellion failed, and John lost all potential claims to lands in France.

During his lifetime John acquired two epithets. One was "Lackland" (French: Sans Terre), because, as his father's youngest son, he did not inherit land out of his family's holdings, and because as King he lost significant territory to France.[2] The other was "Softsword" signifying his supposed lack of prowess in battle.[3]

Apart from entering popular legend as the enemy of Robin Hood, he is perhaps best-known for having acquiesced – to the barons of English nobility – to seal Magna Carta, a document which limited kingly power in England and which is popularly thought as an early step in the evolution of limited government.1 The marriage of King John of England and Isabel of Gloucester was annulled in 1199.

Child of King John of England and Adela de Warenne

Child of King John of England and Agatha de Ferrers

Children of King John of England and Isabella of Angoulême

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_England

Eleanor de Warenne

F
Father*John de Warenne b. 1231, d. c 29 Sep 1304
Mother*Alice de Lusignan b. 1224, d. 9 Feb 1256
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Percy.
Name VariationEleanor de Warenne was also known as Plantagenet.

Child of Eleanor de Warenne and Henry de Percy

Henry de Percy

M, d. circa August 1272
     7th Baron Percy.

Child of Henry de Percy and Eleanor de Warenne

Thomas Naunton

M, b. circa 1480, d. 1506
  • Thomas Naunton married Emma Taye.
  • Thomas Naunton was born circa 1480.
  • He died in 1506.

Child of Thomas Naunton and Emma Taye

Emma Taye

F, b. circa 1485
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Naunton.

Child of Emma Taye and Thomas Naunton

Anthony Gosnold

M, d. 1609
Father*Robert Gosnold II b. 1512, d. 1559
Mother*Mary Vesey b. 1516, d. 1559

Children of Anthony Gosnold and Dorothy Bacon

Dorothy Bacon

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Gosnold.

Children of Dorothy Bacon and Anthony Gosnold

Bartholomew Gosnold

M, b. 1572, d. 22 August 1607
Father*Anthony Gosnold d. 1609
Mother*Dorothy Bacon
  • Bartholomew Gosnold married Mary Golding.
  • Bartholomew Gosnold was born in 1572 at England.
  • He was the son of Anthony Gosnold and Dorothy Bacon.
  • Bartholomew Gosnold died on 22 August 1607 at Jamestown, Virginia.
     Bartholomew was an early explorer and settler of the "New World". He is credited with the naming of Cape Cod, in Massachusetts, which he visited in 1602 and was on the Council of the Jamestown colony, the first permanent colonial settlement in North America.

Bartholomew was trained as a lawyer, attending Cambridge University and studied law at Middle Temple where there is a record of him in 1592. This life did excite him, apparently, and he became entranced with the idea of exploring the New World. Bartholomew's first trip to the New World was an unsuccessful attempt to found a colony in Virginia, with Sir Walter Raleigh.

Upon his return to England, however, he began an effort to start a colony further north, in what later became known as New England. Funded by Sir Walter Raleigh and the Earl of Southampton, Bartholomew sailed from Falmouth on 26 March 1602 in command of the Concord. His group consisted only of the one ship and a total of twenty colonists and twelve sailors. The Concord sailed to the Azores, and from there took a direct westerly route, unusual for the time when it was more common to sail much further south. The ship made the crossing in about seven weeks, sighting land at Cape Elizabeth in Maine (lat 43 degrees). Batholomew sailed south in search of a suitable settlement and anchored just east of York Harbour on 14 May 1602. The next day he sailed further south and discovered the promontory which he named Cape Cod, rather prosaically, after the large number of cod they caught in the area. Batholomew and four others went ashore there, becoming the first Englishmen to set foot in New England.

Gosnold at Smoking Rocks, painted by William Allen Wall in 1842, depicts Bartholomew Gosnold landing at Smoking Rocks in 1602. Smoking Rocks was located on the New Bedford coast opposite Palmer Island, Sailing south around the cape, they found "many fair islands", naming one that was abundant in grapes and other fruit Martha's Vineyard (after his daughter?) and another Elizabeth's Island after the Queen. This island is now called Cuttyhunk Island. The colonists remained on the island for three weeks, going so far as to build a fort. Gosnold's first impressions were good, but the group became disillusioned by the hostility of the Indians and a scarcity of provisions, and numbering as few as twelve by some accounts, they abandoned the colony, stocked up the ship with cargo of "sassafras, cedar, furs, skins, and other commodities as were thought convenient" and returned to England, arriving in Exmouth on 23 July 1602. The small town of Gosnold in the Elizabeth Islands of Massachustess is named for Batholomew, and a 70 foot high monument to the explorer stands on the beach.

Bartholomew still had the colonist spirit, however, and spent the next few years promoting a larger colonist expedition. In 1606, the Virginia Company was formed with funding from merchants both in London and the west of England. The London merchants, with Sir Thomas Smythe front and center, were tasked with a colony south of the Hudson, while the westerners were to colonize north of the Hudson (then known as Northern Virginia). A charter to settle Virginia was obtained from King James I on 10 April 1606, the affairs of the colony to be governed by a council whose names were sealed, to be opened only on arrival in Virginia, so as to preserve naval command during the voyage. Christopher Newport was in overall command of the three colony ships, while Bartholomew captained one of them, the God Speed, and was overall second-in-command. Other leaders of the expedition were Edward Maria Wingfield, Capt. John Smith, and Captain John Ratcliffe who commanded the third ship.

In all, one hundred and five settlers set sail on 19 December 1606. Of the ninety-three whose names are known, fifty-nine were listed as "gentlemen", which explains why the colony initially had difficulty getting any work done! The voyage took much longer than usual - a storm held them up just off the coast of Kent for nearly six weeks, and then they took the southern route, more familiar to Christopher Newport, with stops at the Canaries, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Nevis, the Virgin Islands (Tortola) and Mona (near Puerto Rico).

Finally, on 26 April 1607, the fleet reached the Chesapeake Bay and the mouth of a river they named the James after the king. The settlers chose a spot about fifty miles up the river and formed the settlement of Jamestown. There they opened the council list, on which Bartholomew's name was found, and elected Edward Maria Wingfield as their president. As an aside, Bartholomew's uncle had married Ursula Naunton, whose mother was Elizabeth Wingfield - Edward Wingfield's great-aunt!

Gosnold was popular in the colony, and before returning to England, Captain Newport asked President Wingfield "how he thought himself settled in government" to which Wingfield answered "that no disturbance could endanger him or the colony, but it must be wrought either by Captain Gosnold, or Master Archer; for the one was strong with friends and followers, and could if he would; and the other was troubled with an ambitious spirit, and would if he could"

After completing some brief explorations, (and failing to find the gold he was hoping for) Newport loaded his ships with wood as cargo and returned to England on 22 June. The colonists had not prepared well and depended largely on corn obtained by trade with the Indians This supply dried up in the summer (prior to the corn harvest), provisions fell short which combined with the swampy island the colonists had settled on, led to a deadly sickness breaking out. Of the 105 colonists, fifty died by the end of the first summer. Among these was Bartholomew, who died 22 August 1607. At his burial all the ordinance in the fort was fired in his honour "with many volleys of small shot" being recorded by another colonist, George Percy. The most famous Gosnold is Bartholomew (1552-1607) who was captain of the HMS Concord. He explored the eastern seaboard of the United States in 1602 and named some of the famous landmarks including Martha’s Vineyard and Cape Cod. His intention was to found a colony there. He built the first house and the first fort in what was later to become the United States. He sailed back to England and extoled the virutes of this new land.

He returned in 1607 with, among others, his relative, his cousin Edward Maria Wingfield, to found the Jamestown Colony. Of the 105 original colonist who first settled Jamestown 50 died by the end of the first summer of a "sickness" and Bartholomew was one of these. Bartholomew Gosnold (1572–August 22, 1607) was an English lawyer, explorer, and privateer, instrumental in founding the Virginia Company of London, and Jamestown, Virginia. He is considered by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) to be the "prime mover of the colonization of Virginia." Gosnold also led the first recorded European expedition to visit Cape Cod, on May 15, 1602.

He was born in Grundisburgh in Suffolk, England in 1572, and his family seat was at Otley, Suffolk. His parents were Anthony Gosnold and Dorothy Bacon. He graduated from the University of Cambridge and studied law at Middle Temple.[1]

Gosnold was a friend of Richard Hakluyt and sailed with Walter Raleigh. He obtained backing to attempt a colony in the New World and in 1602 he sailed from Falmouth in a small Dartmouth bark, the Concord, with thirty-two on board. They intended to establish a colony in New England, which was then known as Northern Virginia.

Bartholomew Gosnold pioneered a direct sailing route due west from the Azores to New England, arriving in May 1602 at Cape Elizabeth in Maine (Lat 43 degrees). He skirted the coastline for several days before anchoring in York Harbor, Maine, on May 14, 1602.

The next day, he sailed into Provincetown Harbor, where he is credited with naming Cape Cod.[2] Following the coastline for several days, he discovered Martha's Vineyard and named it after his daughter, Martha . He established a small post on Elizabeth's Island, which is now called Cuttyhunk Island and is part of the town of Gosnold. The post was abandoned when intending settlers decided to return on the ship to England since they had insufficient provisions to overwinter.

A notable account of the voyage, written by John Brereton, one of the gentlemen adventurers, was published in 1602, and this helped in popularising subsequent voyages of exploration and colonisation of the northeast seaboard of America. A second account by Gabriel Archer was not published until over 20 years later, after Gosnold's death.

Gosnold spent several years after his return to England promoting a more ambitious attempt; he obtained from King James I an exclusive charter for a Virginia Company to settle Virginia. To form the core of what would become the Virginia Colony at Jamestown, he recruited his cousin-by-marriage Edward Maria Wingfield, as well as John Smith, his brother and a cousin, in addition to members of his 1602 expedition. Gosnold himself served as vice-admiral of the expedition, and captain of the Godspeed (one of the three ships of the expedition; the other two being the Susan Constant, under Captain Christoper Newport, and the Discovery, under Captain John Ratcliffe [3]).

Gosnold also solicited the support of Matthew Scrivener, cousin of Edward Maria Wingfield. Scrivener became Acting Governor of the new Colony, but drowned in a tragic accident in 1609 along with Anthony Gosnold, Bartholomew's brother, while trying to cross to Hog Island in a storm. (Ironically, Scrivener's brother Nicholas had also drowned while a student at Eton.)

Gosnold was popular among the colonists and opposed the location of the colony at Jamestown Island; he also helped design the fort that held the initial colony. He died of dysentery and scurvy[citation needed]only four months after they landed, on August 22, 1607.1

Children of Bartholomew Gosnold and Mary Golding

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartholomew_Gosnold

Mary Golding

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Gosnold.

Children of Mary Golding and Bartholomew Gosnold

Paul Gosnold

M, b. 1605
Father*Bartholomew Gosnold b. 1572, d. 22 Aug 1607
Mother*Mary Golding

Martha Gosnold

F, b. 1597, d. 1598
Father*Bartholomew Gosnold b. 1572, d. 22 Aug 1607
Mother*Mary Golding

Susan Gosnold

F, b. 1602
Father*Bartholomew Gosnold b. 1572, d. 22 Aug 1607
Mother*Mary Golding

Frances Gosnold

M, b. 1604
Father*Bartholomew Gosnold b. 1572, d. 22 Aug 1607
Mother*Mary Golding

Bartholomew Gosnold

M, b. 1603
Father*Bartholomew Gosnold b. 1572, d. 22 Aug 1607
Mother*Mary Golding

Martha Gosnold

F, b. 1606
Father*Bartholomew Gosnold b. 1572, d. 22 Aug 1607
Mother*Mary Golding

Keen Field

M
Father*Captain Abraham Field b. 1699, d. 1774
Mother*Elizabeth Withers b. 23 Dec 1701, d. 1798

Anthony Gosnold

M, d. 1609
Father*Anthony Gosnold d. 1609
Mother*Dorothy Bacon

John Gosnold

M, d. 1554
Father*Robert Gosnold I b. 1490, d. 1572
Mother*Agnes Hill
     John Gosnold, an eminent Member of Parliament in the reign of Edward VI, and Solicitor General for a term. In this capacity, John had had a hand in the plan to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne on the death of young King Edward. John died without leaving an heir.

Katherine Gosnold

F
Father*Robert Gosnold I b. 1490, d. 1572
Mother*Agnes Hill
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Golding.

Joan Gosnold

F
Father*Robert Gosnold I b. 1490, d. 1572
Mother*Agnes Hill
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan Gosnold was also known as Johan.
Name VariationJoan Gosnold was also known as Jane.
Married NameHer married name was Golding.

(?) Golding

M

Child of (?) Golding

Jonathon Golding

M
Father*(?) Golding

Children of Jonathon Golding