Jeanne De Savoy

F, b. 1392, d. 1460
Father*Amédée VII Comte de Savoie b. 1360, d. 1391
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Mar De Montferrat.

Child of Jeanne De Savoy and (?) Mar De Montferrat

(?) Mar De Montferrat

M

Child of (?) Mar De Montferrat and Jeanne De Savoy

Bonifacio Mar De Montferrat

M, b. 1424, d. 1494
Father*(?) Mar De Montferrat
Mother*Jeanne De Savoy b. 1392, d. 1460

Child of Bonifacio Mar De Montferrat

Adelheid Von Montferrat

F
Father*Bonifacio Mar De Montferrat b. 1424, d. 1494

Edmund Plantagenet

M, b. 1301, d. 1330
Father*King Edward I of England b. 17 Jun 1239, d. 7 Jul 1307
Mother*Margaret of France b. 1279, d. 14 Feb 1318
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdmund Plantagenet was also known as Edmund of Woodstock.
     Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (5 August 1301 – 19 March 1330) was a member of the English Royal Family.

He was born at Woodstock in Oxfordshire, the son of Edward I Longshanks, King of England and his second wife, Margaret of France. He was 62 years younger than his father, who died when Edmund of Woodstock was only seven. Reportedly, he enjoyed his father's favour. He was summoned to Parliament by writ of summons on 5 August 1320, by which he is held to have become Baron Woodstock. On 28 July 1321 he was created Earl of Kent.

Kent was married to Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell, daughter of John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell by Joan de Fiennes, sometime between October and December in 1325 at Blisworth in Northamptonshire.

In 1327, after the execution and forfeiture of the Earl of Arundel, Kent held the castle and honour (land) of Arundel, although he was never formally invested with the titles appropriate to this barony. He was the father of Joan of Kent, through whom the earldom eventually passed into the Holland family.

Kent was sentenced to death by Sir Robert de Hauville for treason, having supported his half-brother, the deposed King Edward II, by order of the Regents the Earl of March and Queen Isabella, before the outer walls of Winchester Castle. It was said that he believed Edward II to be still alive and had conspired to rescue him from prison. Such was public hostility to the execution that "he had to wait five hours for an executioner, because nobody wanted to do it", until a convicted murderer offered to do the deed in exchange for a pardon.

He was buried on 31 March at the Church of the Dominican Friars in Winchester.

Kent's execution was the beginning of the end for March's regency. Thereafter, in October 1330, King Edward III assumed the full powers of King with the support of Kent's cousin, the powerful Earl of Lancaster. March was executed that same year for, inter alia, having assumed the royal powers. The children and widow of the Earl of Kent were treated as members of Edward III's Royal Household.1

Children of Edmund Plantagenet and Margaret Wake

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_of_Woodstock,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent

F, b. 29 September 1328, d. 7 August 1385
Father*Edmund Plantagenet b. 1301, d. 1330
Mother*Margaret Wake b. c 1297, d. 29 Sep 1349
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoan, The Fair Maid of Kent was also known as Joan Plantagenet.
Married Name1340As of 1340,her married name was De Holand.
Married Name1340As of 1340,her married name was Holland.
Married Name10 October 1361As of 10 October 1361,her married name was of England.
     Joan, Countess of Kent (29 September 1328 – 7 August 1385), known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, was the first Princess of Wales. The French chronicler Froissart called her "the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving." The "fair maid of Kent" appellation does not appear to be contemporary.[1]

Joan was daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell. Her paternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France[2]. Her maternal grandparents were John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell and Joan de Fiennes.

Her father, Edmund, was a younger half-brother of Edward II of England. Edmund's support of the King placed him in conflict with the Queen, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. Edmund was executed after Edward II's deposition, and Joan, her mother and her siblings were placed under house-arrest in Arundel Castle when Joan was only two years old.

The Earl’s widow, Margaret Wake, was left with four children. Joan's first cousin, the new King Edward III, took on the responsibility for the family, and looked after them well. His wife, Queen Philippa (who was also Joan's second cousin), was well known for her tender-heartedness[citation needed], and Joan grew up at court, where she became friendly with her cousins, including Edward, the Black Prince.

At the age of twelve (1340), Joan entered into a clandestine marriage with Thomas Holland of Broughton,[3] without first gaining the royal consent necessary for couples of their rank. The following winter (1340 or 1341), while Holland was overseas, her family forced her into a marriage with William Montacute, son and heir of the 1st Earl of Salisbury. Joan later claimed she was afraid that disclosing her previous marriage would lead to Thomas's execution for treason on his return, and so did not disclose it. She may also have become convinced that the earlier marriage was invalid.[4]

Joan is often identified as the countess of Salisbury who, legend says, inspired Edward III's founding of the Order of the Garter.[1] It is equally possible, however, that the woman in the case was her mother-in-law Catherine Montacute, Countess of Salisbury.

Several years later, Thomas Holland returned from the Crusades, having made his fortune, and the full story of his earlier relationship with Joan came out. Thomas appealed to the Pope for the return of his wife and confessed the secret marriage to the king. When the Earl of Salisbury discovered that Joan supported Holland’s case, he kept her a prisoner in her own home.[5]

In 1349, Pope Clement VI annulled Joan’s marriage to the Earl and sent her back to Thomas Holland, with whom she lived for the next eleven years. They had four known children (though some sources list five), before Holland died in 1360. Their children were:

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
Joan Holland, who married John V, Duke of Brittany (1356-1384)
Maud Holland, married Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny (1359 - 1391)
Additional children also listed:

Edmund (c. 1354) died young
In the meantime, when the last of Joan's siblings died in 1352, she became Countess of Kent and Lady Wake of Liddell.

Evidence of the affection of Edward, the Black Prince (who was her first cousin once removed) for Joan may be found in the record of his presenting her with a silver cup, part of the booty from one of his early military campaigns. Edward's parents did not, however, favour a marriage between their son and their former ward. Queen Philippa had made a favourite of Joan at first, but both she and the king seem to have been concerned about Joan's reputation. English law was such that Joan's living ex-husband, Salisbury, might have claimed any children of her subsequent marriages as his own. In addition, Edward and Joan were within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity.

The secret marriage they are said to have contracted in 1361[6] would have been invalid because of the consanguinity prohibition. At the King's request, the Pope granted a dispensation allowing the two to be legally married. The official ceremony occurred on 10 October 1361, at Windsor Castle with the King and Queen in attendance. The Archbishop of Canterbury presided.

In 1362 the Black Prince was invested as Prince of Aquitaine, a region of France which belonged to the English Crown since the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry II. He and Joan moved to Bordeaux, the capital of the principality, where they spent the next nine years. Two sons were born in France to the royal couple. The elder son, named Edward (27 January 1365 - 1372) after his father and grandfather, died at the age of six.

Around the time of the birth of their younger son, Richard, the Prince was lured into a war on behalf of King Peter of Castile. The ensuing battle was one of the Black Prince’s greatest victories, but King Pedro was later killed, and there was no money to pay the troops. In the meantime, the Princess was forced to raise another army, because the Prince’s enemies were threatening Aquitaine in his absence.1

Children of Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent and Thomas Holland

Children of Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent and Edward, the Black Prince of England

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_Kent

Thomas Holland

M, b. circa 1314, d. 26 December 1360
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationThomas Holland was also known as De Holand.
     Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (c. 1314 – 26 December 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.

He was from a gentry family in Holland, Lancashire. He was a son of Robert Holland and Maud la Zouche.

In his early military career, he fought in Flanders. He was engaged, in 1340, in the English expedition into Flanders and sent, two years later, with Sir John D'Artevelle to Bayonne, to defend the Gascon frontier against the French. In 1343, he was again on service in France; and, in the following year, had the honour of being chosen one of the founders of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. In 1346, he attended King Edward III into Normandy in the immediate retinue of the Earl of Warwick; and, at the taking of Caen, the Count of Eu and Guînes, Constable of France, and the Count De Tancarville surrendered themselves to him as prisoners. At the Battle of Crécy, he was one of the principal commanders in the van under the Prince of Wales and he, afterwards, served at the Siege of Calais in 1346-7.

Around the same time as, or before, his first expedition, he secretly married the 12-year-old Joan of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake, granddaughter of Edward I and Marguerite of France. However, during his absence on foreign service, Joan, under pressure from her family, contracted another marriage with William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (of whose household Holland had been seneschal). This second marriage was annulled in 1349, when Joan's previous marriage with Holland was proved to the satisfaction of the papal commissioners. Joan was ordered by the Pope to return to her husband and live with him as his lawful wife; this she did, thus producing 4 children by him.

Between 1353 and 1356 he was summoned to Parliament as Baron de Holland.

In 1354 Holland was the king's lieutenant in Brittany during the minority of the Duke of Brittany, and in 1359 co-captain-general for all the English continental possessions.

His brother-in-law John, Earl of Kent, died in 1352, and Holland became Earl of Kent in right of his wife.

He was succeeded as baron by his son Thomas, the earldom still being held by his wife (though the son later became Earl in his own right). Another son, John became Earl of Huntingdon and Duke of Exeter.

Thomas and Joan of Kent had four children:

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
Joan Holland, who married John V, Duke of Brittany
Maud Holland, married Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny.1

Children of Thomas Holland and Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Holland,_1st_Earl_of_Kent.

Joan De Holand

F, b. 1380, d. 1434
Father*Thomas Holland b. 1350, d. 25 Apr 1397
Mother*Alice Fitzalan b. 1350, d. 1416
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Bromflete.

Child of Joan De Holand and (?) Bromflete

(?) Bromflete

M

Child of (?) Bromflete and Joan De Holand

Margaret Bromflete

F, b. 1396, d. 1493
Father*(?) Bromflete
Mother*Joan De Holand b. 1380, d. 1434
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Threlkeld.

Child of Margaret Bromflete and (?) Threlkeld

(?) Threlkeld

M

Child of (?) Threlkeld and Margaret Bromflete

Lancelot Threlkeld

M, b. 1435, d. 1493
Father*(?) Threlkeld
Mother*Margaret Bromflete b. 1396, d. 1493

Margaret Capet

F, b. 1279, d. 1317
Father*Philip The Bold de France b. 30 Apr 1245, d. 5 Oct 1285
Mother*Maria of Brabant b. 13 May 1254, d. 10 Jan 1321
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMargaret Capet was also known as De France.

Blanche Capet

F, b. 1253, d. 1320
Father*Louis IX de France b. 25 Apr 1214, d. 25 Aug 1270
Mother*Marguerite de Provence b. 1221, d. 1295
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationBlanche Capet was also known as de France.

Jeanne De Bourbon

F, b. 3 February 1338, d. 4 February 1378
Father*Peter I De Bourbon d. 1356
Mother*Isabelle De Valois b. 1313, d. 1383
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJeanne De Bourbon was also known as Joan.
Name VariationJeanne De Bourbon was also known as Joanna.
Married Name8 April 1350As of 8 April 1350,her married name was De Valois.
Married Name8 April 1350As of 8 April 1350,her married name was de France.
     Joan of Bourbon (French: Jeanne de Bourbon; Vincennes, 3 February 1338 – Paris, 6 February 1378) was consort to Charles V of France. Joanna was a daughter of Peter I, Duke of Bourbon and Isabella of Valois, a half-sister of Philip VI of France as the daughter of Charles of Valois and his third wife Mahaut of Chatillon.

Coronation of JoannaJoan gave birth to nine children but only Charles and Louis survived. Five of her children: Joan, John, Marie, Isabella and Catherine survived infancy but died in childhood. Her maternal aunts were Blanche of Valois and Marie of Valois, Blanche married Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and was the mother of Katharine of Bohemia. Marie married Charles, Duke of Calabria and was the mother of Joan I of Naples.

Joan's father, Peter was killed while at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, her mother, Isabella died in 1388, she had outlived Joan by ten years.

Her father, grandfather, and brother were all somewhat mentally unstable, and Joan seems to have inherited this family ailment. She suffered a complete nervous breakdown after the birth of her seventh child. Her eldest surviving son, Charles VI, was famous for his insanity. From her marriage to Charles V of France (1350, Tain-en-Viennois) were born nine children:

Joan (1357–1360)
John (1359–1364)
Bonne (1360)
John (1366)
Charles VI of France (1368–1422) King of France
Marie (1370–1377)
Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans (1372–1407) Duke of Orleans
Isabelle (1373–1378)
Catherine (1378–1388) married John of Berry.1

Child of Jeanne De Bourbon and Charles V de France

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joanna_of_Bourbon

Charles V de France

M, b. 21 January 1338, d. 16 September 1380
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCharles V de France was also known as of France.
     Charles V (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380), called the Wise, was King of France from 1364 to his death and a member of the House of Valois. His reign marked a high point for France during the Hundred Years' War, with his armies recovering much of the territory ceded to England at the Treaty of Brétigny.

Charles was born in Vincennes, Île-de-France, France, the son of John II of France and Bonne of Luxembourg. Upon his father's succession to the throne in 1350, Charles became Dauphin of France. He was the first French heir to use the title, which is named for the region of Dauphiné, acquired by Charles' grandfather.1

Child of Charles V de France and Jeanne De Bourbon

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_V_of_France

Charles VI de France

M, b. 3 December 1368, d. 21 October 1422
Father*Charles V de France b. 21 Jan 1338, d. 16 Sep 1380
Mother*Jeanne De Bourbon b. 3 Feb 1338, d. 4 Feb 1378
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCharles VI de France was also known as De Valois.
Name VariationCharles VI de France was also known as of France.
     Charles VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called the Well-loved (French: le Bien-Aimé) and the Mad (French: le Fol or le Fou), was the King of France from 1380 to 1422, as a member of the House of Valois.

The crowning of Charles VIHe was born in Paris, the son of King Charles V and Joan of Bourbon. At the age of eleven, he was crowned King of France in 1380 in the cathedral at Reims. He married Isabeau of Bavaria in 1385. Until he took complete charge as king in 1388, France was ruled primarily by his uncle, Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.

Charles VI was known both as Charles the Well-loved and later as Charles the Mad, since, beginning in his mid-twenties, he experienced bouts of psychosis. These fits of madness would recur for the rest of his life. Based on his symptoms, he probably suffered from schizophrenia.1

Child of Charles VI de France and Isabeau of Bavaria

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_VI_of_France

Catherine De Valois

F, b. 27 October 1401, d. 3 January 1438
Father*Charles VI de France b. 3 Dec 1368, d. 21 Oct 1422
Mother*Isabeau of Bavaria b. c 1371, d. 24 Sep 1435
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1420As of 1420,her married name was of England.

Child of Catherine De Valois and King Henry V of England

Blanche D Artois

F, b. 1248, d. 2 May 1302
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationBlanche D Artois was also known as of Artois.
Married NameHer married name was Navarre.
Married Name1276As of 1276,her married name was of England.

Child of Blanche D Artois and Enrique I Navarre

Child of Blanche D Artois and Edmund Crouchback of England

Enrique I Navarre

M, b. circa 1244, d. 22 July 1274
  • Enrique I Navarre married Blanche D Artois.
  • Enrique I Navarre was born circa 1244.
  • He died on 22 July 1274.

Child of Enrique I Navarre and Blanche D Artois

King Henry III of England

M, b. 1 October 1207, d. 16 November 1272
Father*King John of England b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
Mother*Isabella of Angoulême b. 1188, d. 31 May 1246
     Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was the son and successor of John as King of England, reigning for fifty-six years from 1216 to his death. His contemporaries knew him as Henry of Winchester. He was the first child king in England since the reign of Æthelred the Unready. England prospered during his reign and his greatest monument is Westminster, which he made the seat of his government and where he expanded the abbey as a shrine to Edward the Confessor.

He assumed the crown under the regency of the popular William Marshal, but the England he inherited had undergone several drastic changes in the reign of his father. He spent much of his reign fighting the barons over the Magna Carta[citation needed] and the royal rights, and was eventually forced to call the first "parliament" in 1264. He was also unsuccessful on the Continent, where he endeavoured to re-establish English control over Normandy, Anjou, and Aquitaine.

Henry III was born in 1207 at Winchester Castle. He was the son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême. The coronation was a simple affair, attended by only a handful of noblemen and three bishops. In the absence of a crown (the crown had recently been lost with all the rest of his father's treasure in a wreck in East Anglia[1]) a simple golden band was placed on the young boy's head, not by the Archbishop of Canterbury (who was at this time supporting Prince Louis of France, the newly-proclaimed king of France) but by another clergyman—either Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, or Cardinal Guala Bicchieri, the Papal legate. In 1220, a second coronation was ordered by Pope Honorius III who did not consider that the first had been carried out in accordance with church rites. This occurred on 17 May 1220 in Westminster Abbey.[2]

Under John's rule, the barons had supported an invasion by Prince Louis because they disliked the way that John had ruled the country. However, they quickly saw that the young prince was a safer option. Henry's regents immediately declared their intention to rule by Magna Carta, which they proceeded to do during Henry's minority.1

Children of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_III_of_England

Eleanor of Provence

F, b. circa 1223, d. June 1291
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of England.

Children of Eleanor of Provence and King Henry III of England

Edmund Crouchback of England

M, b. 1245, d. 1296
Father*King Henry III of England b. 1 Oct 1207, d. 16 Nov 1272
Mother*Eleanor of Provence b. c 1223, d. Jun 1291
     1st Earl of Lancaster.

Child of Edmund Crouchback of England and Blanche D Artois

Richard de Beaumont

M, b. 1369
Father*Henry de Beaumont b. 4 Apr 1340, d. 17 Jun 1369
Mother*Margaret de Vere b. 1344, d. 1398

Child of Richard de Beaumont

Elizabeth Joan Beaumont

F, b. 1399
Father*Richard de Beaumont b. 1369

Joan Stewart

F, b. 1428, d. 1493
Father*James I of Scotland b. 10 Dec 1394, d. 21 Feb 1437
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1404, d. 15 Jul 1445
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Gordon.
Name VariationJoan Stewart was also known as of Scotland.

Child of Joan Stewart and (?) Gordon

(?) Gordon

M

Child of (?) Gordon and Joan Stewart

John Gordon

M, b. 1450, d. 1517
Father*(?) Gordon
Mother*Joan Stewart b. 1428, d. 1493

Child of John Gordon

Alexander Gordon

M, b. 1476, d. 1513
Father*John Gordon b. 1450, d. 1517
  • Alexander Gordon was born in 1476.
  • He was the son of John Gordon.
  • Alexander Gordon died in 1513.

Child of Alexander Gordon

Jean Gordon

F, b. 1496
Father*Alexander Gordon b. 1476, d. 1513
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Ogilvie.

Child of Jean Gordon and (?) Ogilvie