Margaret de Quincy

F, b. 1218
Father*Roger de Quincy b. c 1195, d. 25 Apr 1265
Mother*Helen of Galloway d. 1245
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1238As of 1238,her married name was de Ferrers.

Child of Margaret de Quincy and William III de Ferrers

Roger de Quincy

M, b. circa 1195, d. 25 April 1265
Father*Saer de Quincy b. 1155, d. 3 Nov 1219
Mother*Margaret de Beaumont
     Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester (1195? – 25 April 1265) was a medieval nobleman who was prominent on both sides of the Anglo-Scottish border, as Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland.

He was the second son of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester, and Margaret de Beaumont.

He probably joined his father on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, where the elder de Quincy fell sick and died. His elder brother having died a few years earlier, Roger thus inherited his father's titles and properties. However, he did not take possession of his father's lands until February 1221, probably because he did not return to England from the crusade until then. He did not formally become earl until after the death of his mother in 1235.

Roger married Helen, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Alan, Lord of Galloway. Without legitimate sons to succeed him, Alan's lands and dignities were divided between the husbands of his three daughters, so Roger acquired Alan's position as Constable of Scotland, and one-third of the lordship of Galloway (although the actual title of Lord of Galloway went through Helen's half-sister Devorguilla to her husband John I de Balliol).

The Galwegians rebelled under Gille Ruadh, not wanting their land divided, but the rebellion was suppressed by Alexander II of Scotland. Roger ruled his portion of Galloway strictly, and the Galwegians revolted again in 1247, forcing Roger to take refuge in a castle. Faced with a siege and little chance of relief, Roger and a few men fought their way out and rode off to seek help from Alexander, who raised forces to again suppress the rebellion.

In the following years Roger was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to Henry III of England, although he fought for Henry against the Welsh in the 1250s and 1260s.

Following Helen's death in 1245, Roger married Maud de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, around 1250. Maud died only two years later, and Roger married his third wife, Eleanor Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby the same year.

Roger had three daughters by his first wife, but no sons. His subsequent marriages produced no issue. After his death his estates were divided between the daughters, and the earldom of Winchester lapsed. The three daughters of Roger and Helen of Galloway were:

Helen (also known as Ela or Elena), who married Alan Baron Zouche of Ashby;
Elizabeth (also known as Isabella), who married Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan;
Margaret, who married William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (and was thus stepmother to her own stepmother).1

Child of Roger de Quincy and Helen of Galloway

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_de_Quincy,_2nd_Earl_of_Winchester.

Helen of Galloway

F, d. 1245
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1218As of before 1218,her married name was de Quincy.

Child of Helen of Galloway and Roger de Quincy

Eleanor Ferrers

F, d. 16 October 1274
Father*William III de Ferrers b. 1193, d. 28 Mar 1254
Mother*Sibyl Marshal b. c 1201, d. 27 Apr 1245
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Leybourne.
Married NameHer married name was de Vaux.
Married Namecirca 1252As of circa 1252,her married name was de Quincy.

Maurice de Berkeley

M, b. 1218, d. 4 April 1281
Father*Thomas de Berkeley
Mother*Joan de Somery
     Sir Maurice de Berkeley "the Resolute" (1218 - 4 April 1281), 8th (feudal) Baron de Berkeley, was an English soldier and rebel, residing at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire.

Maurice was born in 1218 to Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery. He married Isabel de Croun FitzRoy, the daughter of Richard FitzRoy, Baron of Chilham (an illegitimate son of King John of England) and Rose de Douvres, sometime before 12 July 1247.

Berkeley fought in the French Wars and was invested as a knight before 1242. He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley in 1243 and, on 14 December 1243, he had livery of his father's lands. He fought in the war in North Wales and in 1264 he joined the Barons against King Henry III. Berkeley died on 4 April 1281 and was buried in St Augustine's Abbey in Bristol.1

Child of Maurice de Berkeley and Isabel de Croun FitzRoy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_de_Berkeley

Isabel de Croun FitzRoy

F
Father*Richard FitzRoy b. c 1190, d. Jun 1246
Mother*Rose de Douvres d. b 11 Feb 1261
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabel de Croun FitzRoy was also known as Isabella.
Married Namebefore 12 July 1247As of before 12 July 1247,her married name was de Berkeley.

Child of Isabel de Croun FitzRoy and Maurice de Berkeley

Thomas de Berkeley

M

Child of Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery

Joan de Somery

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Berkeley.

Child of Joan de Somery and Thomas de Berkeley

Rose de Douvres

F, d. before 11 February 1261
Father*Fulbert de Dover
Mother*Isabel Briwere
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRose de Douvres was also known as de Dover.
Name VariationRose de Douvres was also known as Rohese.
Married Namebefore 11 May 1214As of before 11 May 1214,her married name was FitzRoy.

Richard FitzRoy

M, b. circa 1190, d. June 1246
Father*King John of England b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
Mother*Adela de Warenne
     Richard FitzRoy (c. 1190 - June 1246), was feudal Baron of Chilham, Kent, and the illegitimate son of King John of England. His mother, John's cousin, was Adela, a daughter of Hamelin de Warenne and Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey.

He served in his father's army as a captain during the baronial revolt. In 1216 he was made constable of Wallingford Castle. The following year he took a prominent part in a naval battle off the Kent coast.

He had scutage for Poitou in 1214. By right of his wife he became Lord of Chingford, Little Wyham and Great Wenden, all in Essex, and Lesnes, Kent, and Lutton, Northamptonshire. However in 1229 their manor of Chingford Earls was temporarily in the hands of a creditor, Robert de Winchester. In 1242 they leased the advowson of Chingford to William of York, Provost of Beverley.

Before 11 May 1214, he married Rohese de Dover, daughter and heiress of Fulbert de Dover by his spouse Isabel, daughter of William Briwere. Their children were:

Richard de Dover, feudal baron of Chilham, married Matilda, 6th Countess of Angus
Isabella, married 1247 Sir Maurice de Berkeley of Berkeley, Gloucestershire.
Lorette, married 1248 Sir William Marmion, Knt., of Tanfield, Yorkshire.
Richard FitzRoy's widow remarried, between 1250 and 1253, William de Wilton (killed at the Battle of Lewes), a prominent Justice. She died shortly before 11 February 1261, when there was a grant of her lands and heirs to Queen Eleanor of Provence.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Fitz_Roy

Geoffrey V of Anjou

M, b. 24 August 1113, d. 7 September 1151
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationGeoffrey V of Anjou was also known as Plantagenet.

Child of Geoffrey V of Anjou

Child of Geoffrey V of Anjou and Empress Matilda of England

Hamelin Plantagenet

M, b. 1129, d. 7 May 1202
Father*Geoffrey V of Anjou b. 24 Aug 1113, d. 7 Sep 1151
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHamelin Plantagenet was also known as de Warenne.

Child of Hamelin Plantagenet and Isabel de Warenne

Isabel de Warenne

F, d. 12 July 1203
Father*William de Warenne b. a 1118, d. 1148
Mother*Adela Talvas b. a 1115, d. 10 Oct 1174
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameApril 1164As of April 1164,her married name was Plantagenet.
     Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey (died 12 July 1203) was an English peeress. She was the only surviving heir of William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey and his wife, Adela, the daughter of William III of Ponthieu.

In 1148, de Warenne inherited her father's lands and the earldom of Surrey and was married to William of Blois, the younger son of King Stephen, that year. The marriage occurred at a critical moment in The Anarchy as part of the king's attempt to control the de Warenne lands. The couple did not have any children and after William's death in 1159, William X, Count of Poitou sought her hand in 1162/3, but Thomas Becket refused a dispensation from affinity on the grounds of consanguinity.

In April 1164, the countess married Hamelin Plantagenet, the half-brother of King Henry II, who became jure uxoris Earl of Surrey. They had four surviving children:

William, later 6th Earl of Surrey (1166-1240)
Adela (born c. 1170), married Robert of Naburn and William FitzWilliam and was also a mistress of King John.
Isabel (died 30 November 1234), married Robert de Lacy and Gilbert de l'Aigle, Lord of Pevensey.
Matilda, married Henry, Count of Eu and Henry de Stuteville.
Hamelin died in 1202 and the countess a year later. She was buried alongside him in the chapter house of Lewes Priory.1

Child of Isabel de Warenne and Hamelin Plantagenet

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabel_de_Warenne,_4th_Countess_of_Surrey.

Henry de Briwere

M, b. circa 1114, d. after 1165
  • Henry de Briwere was born circa 1114.
  • He died after 1165.

Child of Henry de Briwere

Fulbert de Dover

M

Child of Fulbert de Dover and Isabel Briwere

Isabel Briwere

F
Father*William Briwere
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Dover.

Child of Isabel Briwere and Fulbert de Dover

William Briwere

M

Child of William Briwere

Lorette FitzRoy

F
Father*Richard FitzRoy b. c 1190, d. Jun 1246
Mother*Rose de Douvres d. b 11 Feb 1261
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1248As of 1248,her married name was Marmion.

Sir William Marmion

M

Richard de Dover

M
Father*Richard FitzRoy b. c 1190, d. Jun 1246
Mother*Rose de Douvres d. b 11 Feb 1261

Adela de Warenne

F
Father*Hamelin Plantagenet b. 1129, d. 7 May 1202
Mother*Isabel de Warenne d. 12 Jul 1203

Child of Adela de Warenne and King John of England

Isabella de Warenne

F, b. circa 1253, d. before 1292
Father*John de Warenne b. 1231, d. c 29 Sep 1304
Mother*Alice de Lusignan b. 1224, d. 9 Feb 1256
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 9 February 1281As of circa 9 February 1281,her married name was de Balliol.
Married Namecirca 9 February 1281As of circa 9 February 1281,her married name was Balliol.
     Isabella de Warenne (c.1253- before 1292) was Baroness of Bywell by her marriage to John Balliol; she did not however become his Queen consort.

Isabella was the second of three children born to John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and his wife Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey. Her elder sister Eleanor, married Henry Percy and became mother of Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy. Isabella's younger brother was William, and their mother died while giving birth to him. William was killed in a tournament after he had married Joan de Vere and sired two children.

Isabella's maternal grandparents were Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, widow of John of England and Dowager Queen of England. Isabella was daughter of Aymer of Angoulême and Alice of Courtenay, a granddaughter of Louis VI of France. Isabella de Warenne's paternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and his wife Maud Marshal.

On about 9 February 1281 Isabella married John Balliol, who had a claim to the Scottish throne. The marriage lasted about ten years. The Chronicle of Thomas Wykes records the marriage[1].It has been established that the couple had at least one child:

Edward Balliol, Scottish pretender, (d.1364). Married to Marguerite de Taranto, daughter of Philip, prince of Taranto (d. 1332) - annulled or divorced with no issue.
However, other children have been linked to the couple as other possible issue:

Henry de Balliol. He was killed in the Battle of Annan on 16 December 1332, leaving no issue.[2]
Agnes (or Maud) de Balliol was married to Bryan FitzAlan, Lord FitzAlan, and feudal Baron of Bedale. They were parents to Agnes FitzAlan (b. 1298), who married Sir Gilbert Stapleton, Knt., of Bedale [3] (1291-1324). Gilbert is better known for his participation in the assassination of Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall.
It is believed that Isabella did not live to see her husband become King of Scotland, so it is likely that she died before 1292, when her husband ascended to the throne. However, some[4] are of the opinion that Isabella did survive long enough to see her husband succeed and then abdicate.1

Child of Isabella de Warenne and John de Balliol

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_de_Warenne

John de Balliol

M, b. circa 1249, d. circa 25 November 1314
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJohn de Balliol was also known as of Scotland.
Name VariationJohn de Balliol was also known as Balliol.
     John de Balliol (c. 1249 – c. 25 November 1314) was elected King of Scots from 1292 to 1296.

Little of John's early life is known. He was born between 1248 and 1250 at an unknown location, possibilities including Galloway, Picardy and Barnard Castle, County Durham.[1] He was the son of Dervorguilla of Galloway, daughter of Alan, Lord of Galloway and granddaughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, by her husband John, 5th Baron Balliol, Lord of Barnard Castle.[2] From his mother he inherited significant lands in Galloway and claim to Lordship over the Galwegians, as well as various English and Scottish estates of the Huntingdon inheritance; from his father he inherited large estates in England and France, such as Hitchin, in Hertfordshire.

Following the death of Margaret, Maid of Norway, in 1290, John Balliol was a competitor[2] for the Scottish crown in the so called 'Great Cause', as he was a great-great-great-grandson of King David I through his mother (and therefore one generation further than his main rival Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale, grandfather of the future Robert the Bruce), being senior in genealogical primogeniture but not in proximity of blood. He submitted his claim to the Scottish auditors with King Edward I of England as the arbitrator, at Berwick-upon-Tweed on 6 June 1291.[3] The Scottish auditors' decision in favour of Balliol was pronounced in the Great Hall of Berwick Castle on 17 November 1292[3], and he was inaugurated accordingly king of Scotland at Scone, 30 November 1292, St. Andrew's Day.[2]

Edward I, who had coerced recognition as Lord Paramount of Scotland, the feudal superior of the realm, steadily undermined John's authority. he demanded homage to be paid towards himself, legal authority over the Scottish King in any disputes brought against him by his own subjects, contribution towards the costs for the defense of England, and military support was expected in his war against France. He treated Scotland as a feudal vassal state, and repeatedly humiliated the new king, who became known as "Toom Tabard" [4] due to his lack of real authority. Tiring of their deeply compromised king, the direction of affairs was allegedly taken out of his hands by the leading men of the kingdom, who appointed a council of twelve—in practice, a new panel of Guardians—at Stirling in July 1295. These men were more likely a group of advisors to King John, and they went on to conclude a treaty of mutual assistance with France, which became known as the Auld Alliance.

In retaliation Edward I invaded, commencing the Wars of Scottish Independence. The Scots were defeated at Dunbar, and the English took Dunbar Castle on 27 April 1296.[3] John abdicated by a Deed signed in Stracathro near Montrose on 10 July 1296.[3] Here the arms of Scotland were formally torn from John's surcoat, giving him the abiding name of "Toom Tabard".

John was imprisoned in the Tower of London briefly at first, but eventually released in July 1299 and allowed to go to France. When his baggage was examined at Dover the Royal Golden Crown and Seal of the Kingdom of Scotland, with many vessels of gold and silver, and a considerable sum of money, were found in his chests. Edward I ordered that the Crown should be offered to St. Thomas the Martyr, and that the money should be returned to John for the expenses of his journey, but he kept the Seal himself.[5] John was released into the custody of Pope Boniface VIII on condition that he remain in a papal residence. He was later released around the summer of 1301 and lived the rest of his life on his family's ancestral estates at Hélicourt, Picardy.

However, as his abdication had been obtained under considerable duress, his supporters subsequently argued that he was still the rightful King of Scotland. When the Scots rose in rebellion in 1297 under William Wallace and Andrew de Moray, they claimed that they were acting on behalf of King John. Although rebellions in Scotland continued over the years, this claim looked increasingly tenuous as John's position under nominal house-arrest of the papacy meant that he could not campaign for his release and return to Scotland, despite the Scots' diplomatic attempts in Paris and Rome. After 1302, he made no further attempts to extend his personal support to the Scots. Effectively, Scotland was left without a monarch until the accession of Robert the Bruce in 1306.

John died around 25 November 1314 at his family's château at Hélicourt in France.[6] On 4 January 1315, King Edward II of England, writing to King Louis X of France, said that he had heard of the death of 'Sir John de Balliol'[7] and requested the fealty and homage of Edward Balliol to be given by proxy.

It is supposed that he was interred in the church of St. Waast at Bailleul-sur-Eaune[7], though this is another man by the name of Jean de Bailleul.

He was survived by his son Edward Balliol, who later revived his family's claim to the Scottish throne, received support from the English, and had some temporary successes.

John married, around 9 February 1281, Isabella de Warenne, daughter of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey[2] and Alice de Lusignan. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, widow of King John I of England. He was also the brother-in-law to John Comyn, whom was murdered by Robert the Bruce in February 1306, in Dumfries.1

Child of John de Balliol and Isabella de Warenne

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_Scotland

Edward Balliol

M, b. circa 1283, d. 1367
Father*John de Balliol b. c 1249, d. c 25 Nov 1314
Mother*Isabella de Warenne b. c 1253, d. b 1292
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdward Balliol was also known as de Balliol.
     Edward Balliol (c.1283 - 1367), (a.k.a. Edward de Baliol), was intermittently King of Scotland from 1332-1336.

He was the eldest son of John Balliol and Isabella de Warenne, daughter of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and Alice de Lusignan. Alice was daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme, widow of King John of England.

Scotland was left weakened by the death of Robert the Bruce since it was left with a child king, his son David II of Scotland, and shortly after this Bruce's two most able lieutenants, the Black Douglas and Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, both died.

Taking advantage of this, Balliol, backed by Edward III of England, defeated the Regent, the Earl of Mar, at the Battle of Dupplin Moor in Perthshire. He was crowned at Scone in September 1332, but three months later he was forced to flee half-naked back to England, following a surprise attack by nobles loyal to David II.

On his retreat from Scotland, Balliol sought refuge with the Clifford family, land owners in Westmorland, and stayed in their castles at Appleby, Brougham, Brough, and Pendragon.[1]

He was restored by the English in 1333, following the Battle of Halidon Hill. Balliol then ceded the whole of the district formerly known as Lothian to Edward and paid homage to him as liege lord. With no serious support in Scotland, he was deposed again in 1334, and restored again in 1335, and finally deposed in 1336 when David II returned from France.

He returned to Scotland after the defeat of David II at Battle of Nevilles Cross in 1346, raising an insurrection in Galloway, and speedily penetrated to the central parts of the kingdom. However, he gained no permanent footing.

On 20 January 1356, Balliol surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III in exchange for an English pension. He spent the rest of his life living in obscurity. He died in 1367, at Wheatley, Doncaster, Yorkshire, England. The location of his grave is unknown.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_de_Balliol

Robert de Clifford

M
     Lord Clifford.

Child of Robert de Clifford

Henry de Percy

M, b. 1320
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford

Thomas de Percy

M
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford

Roger de Percy

M
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford

Eleanor de Percy

F
Father*Henry de Percy b. 1299, d. 1352
Mother*Idoine de Clifford
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was FitzWalter.

Lady Elizabeth Percy

F, b. circa 1390, d. 26 October 1437
Father*Sir Henry Percy b. 20 May 1364, d. 21 Jul 1403
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1404As of 1404,her married name was Clifford.
Married Name1426As of 1426,her married name was Neville.
     Lady Elizabeth Percy (about 1390 - October 26, 1437) was the daughter of Henry 'Hotspur' Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer[1]. She married John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford in 1404. They had the following children[2]:

Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford m. Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Lord Dacre of Gilsland.
Henry Clifford
Mary Clifford m. Philip Wentworth, Knight, of Nettlestead, Suffolk; Their great-granddaughter was Jane Seymour, third Queen consort of Henry VIII of England.
Blanche Clifford
After Clifford's death in 1422, she married Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland in 1426, with whom she had one son:

John Neville.1

Child of Lady Elizabeth Percy and Ralph Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Elizabeth_Percy