Aubrey IV de Vere

M, d. 1214
Father*Aubrey III de Vere b. c 1115, d. Dec 1194
Mother*Agnes of Essex b. c 1151, d. c 1212

Saer I de Quincy


Children of Saer I de Quincy and Matilda of St Liz

Saer II de Quincy

Father*Saer I de Quincy
Mother*Matilda of St Liz

Simon of St Liz

M, d. 1109
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationSimon of St Liz was also known as de Senlis.

Children of Simon of St Liz and Maud of Northumbria

Walteof of St Liz

M, b. 1100, d. circa 1159
Father*Simon of St Liz d. 1109
Mother*Maud of Northumbria b. 1074, d. 1130
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWalteof of St Liz was also known as de Senlis.

Simon II de Senlis

M, d. 1153
Father*Simon of St Liz d. 1109
Mother*Maud of Northumbria b. 1074, d. 1130
     Simon II de Senlis (died 1153) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman. He was the son of Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton and Maud, Countess of Huntingdon. He married Isabel, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester.

He was prominent in The Anarchy, fighting for Stephen of England in 1141 at the Battle of Lincoln. He continued to support Stephen's side; R. H. C. Davis calls him 'staunch' and 'consistently loyal'[1] and surmises that Simon calculated that if the Empress Matilda won, his earldom of Northampton would be taken over by David of Scotland.[2]

Simon was rewarded by becoming Earl of Huntingdon. He died in 1153 just before Henry II of England took over.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_4th_Earl_of_Huntingdon_and_Northampton.

Isabel de Beaumont

F, b. after 1120
Father*Robert de Beaumont b. 1104, d. 5 Apr 1168
Mother*Amica de Gael
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Senlis.

Elen ferch Llywelyn

F, b. circa 1206, d. 1253
Father*Prince Llywelyn the Great ab Iorwerth b. c 1173, d. 11 Apr 1240
Mother*Joan Plantagenet b. c 1191, d. 2 Feb 1237
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Quincy.
Name VariationElen ferch Llywelyn was also known as Helen.
     Elen ferch Llywelyn (c. 1206 – 1253) was the daughter of Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd in north Wales by Lady Joan, daughter of King John of England.

Elen married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester, in about 1222. He died aged thirty in 1237, and she was forced by King Henry III to marry Sir Robert de Quincy. Their daughter, Hawise, married Baldwin Wake, Lord Wake of Lidel. Hawise and Baldwin’s granddaughter, Margaret Wake, was the mother of Joan of Kent, later Princess of Wales. Thus the blood of Llywelyn Fawr passed into the English royal family through King Richard II.1

Child of Elen ferch Llywelyn and Robert de Quincy


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Robert de Quincy

M, d. 1257
Father*Saer de Quincy b. 1155, d. 3 Nov 1219
Mother*Margaret de Beaumont

Child of Robert de Quincy and Elen ferch Llywelyn

Hawise de Quincy

Father*Robert de Quincy d. 1257
Mother*Elen ferch Llywelyn b. c 1206, d. 1253
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Wake.

Child of Hawise de Quincy and Baldwin Wake

Baldwin Wake

M, b. before 1241, d. 1282
Father*Hugh Wake d. 1241
Mother*Joan de Stuteville
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationBaldwin Wake was also known as Baldewinus.
     Baldwin Wake, knight (d. 1282) had been a rebellious baron under Henry III and was taken prisoner by Lord Edward at the siege of Kenilworth in 1265. The main seat of the Wakes at this time seems to have been at Bilsworth, Northamptonshire but they also had lands in Yorkshire and Bedfordshire. Baldwin's father Hugh Wake of Liddell, Sheriff of Yorkshire, died in Jerusalem about 1241 and various online genealogies gives a year of birth between 1236-8, which seems probable. His son John was to become Lord Wake Liddell in 1295.
'1264, when Stevington Manor passed to Hadwisa wife of Baldwin Wake, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Robert de Quincy. Baldwin Wake died in 1281–2, leaving a son John, and in 1284 Hadwisa Wake rendered feudal service for Stevington.' (VCH)
Hawisa de Quincy (c. 1250-c. 1295) dau Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware (younger son of the 1st Earl of Winchester) and Helen ap Llywelyn (dau of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales). Lord Wake of Lidel.

Child of Baldwin Wake and Hawise de Quincy

John Wake

M, b. 1268, d. 1300
Father*Baldwin Wake b. b 1241, d. 1282
Mother*Hawise de Quincy

Children of John Wake and Joan de Fiennes

Joan de Fiennes

F, b. circa 1273, d. 1309
Father*William II de Fiennes b. c 1250, d. 11 Jul 1302
Mother*Blanche de Brienne b. c 1252, d. c 1302
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1291As of circa 1291,her married name was Wake.

Children of Joan de Fiennes and John Wake

Margaret Wake

F, b. circa 1297, d. 29 September 1349
Father*John Wake b. 1268, d. 1300
Mother*Joan de Fiennes b. c 1273, d. 1309
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1312As of circa 1312,her married name was Comyn.
Married Name1325As of 1325,her married name was Plantagenet.
Married Name1325As of 1325,her married name was of Woodstock.
     Margaret Wake (c. 1297 – 29 September 1349) was the wife of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.

She was the daughter of John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell, and was descended directly from Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd. Her mother was Joan de Fiennes, making her a cousin of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March.

Margaret married John Comyn (c. 1294-1314) around 1312, son of the John Comyn who was murdered by Robert the Bruce in 1306. Her husband John died at the Battle of Bannockburn, and their only child, Aymer Comyn (1314-1316) died as a toddler. She married for a second time, to Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent. They received a dispensation in October 1325, and the wedding probably took place at Christmas.

Through her marriage to Edmund (who was executed for treason in 1330), she was the mother of two short-lived Earls of Kent, of Margaret and Joan of Kent (wife of Edward, the Black Prince). The pregnant Margaret and her children were confined to Salisbury Castle, and her brother Thomas Wake was accused of treason but later pardoned. When King Edward III of England reached his majority and overthrew the regents, he took in Margaret and her children and treated them as his own family. She succeeded briefly as Baroness Wake of Liddell in 1349, but died during an outbreak of the plague that autumn.1

Children of Margaret Wake and Edmund Plantagenet


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_3rd_Baroness_Wake_of_Liddell.

Margaret of France

F, b. 1279, d. 14 February 1318
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name8 September 1299As of 8 September 1299,her married name was of England.
     Margaret of France (1279 ?[1] – 14 February 1318[1]), a daughter of Philip III of France and Maria of Brabant, was Queen of England as the second wife of King Edward I of England.

Three years after the death of his beloved first wife, Eleanor of Castile, at the age of 49 in 1290, Edward I was still grieving. But news got to him of the beauty of Blanche, daughter of the late King Philip III. Edward decided that he would marry Blanche at any cost and sent out emissaries to negotiate the marriage with her half-brother, King Philip IV. It was also much to Edward's benefit to make peace with France to free him to pursue his wars in Scotland. Philip agreed to give Blanche to Edward on the following conditions:

A truce was concluded between the two countries.
Edward gave up the province of Gascony.
Edward agreed and sent his brother Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, to fetch the new bride. Edward had been deceived, for Blanche was to be married to Rudolph III of Habsburg, the eldest son of King Albert I of Germany. Instead, Philip offered her younger sister Margaret, a young girl of 11, to marry Edward (then 55). Upon hearing this, Edward declared war on France, refusing to marry Margaret. After five years, a truce was agreed, under the terms of which Edward would marry Margaret, would regain the key city of Guienne, and receive £15,000 owed to Margaret.

Marguerite of France's arms as Queen consort[2]Edward was then 60 years old. The wedding took place at Canterbury on 8 September 1299. Marguerite was never crowned, being the first uncrowned queen since the Conquest.[3]

Edward soon returned to the Scottish border to continue his campaigns and left Margaret in London. After several months, bored and lonely, the young queen decided to join her husband. Nothing could have pleased the king more, for Margaret's actions reminded him of his first wife Eleanor, who had had two of her sixteen children abroad.

Margaret soon became firm friends with her stepdaughter Mary, a nun, who was two years older than the young queen. She and her stepson, Edward (who was two years younger than her), also became fond of each other: he once made her a gift of an expensive ruby and gold ring, and she on one occasion rescued many of the Prince's friends from the wrath of the King. In less than a year Margaret gave birth to a son, and then another a year later. It is said that many who fell under the king's wrath were saved from too stern a punishment by the queen's influence over her husband, and the statement, Pardoned solely on the intercession of our dearest consort, queen Margaret of England, appears.

The mismatched couple were blissfully happy. When Blanche died in 1305 (her husband never became Emperor), Edward ordered all the court to go into mourning to please his queen. He had realised the wife he had gained was "a pearl of great price". The same year Margaret gave birth to a girl, Eleanor, named in honour of Edward's first queen, a choice of which surprised many, and showed Margaret's unjealous nature.

In all, Margaret gave birth to three children:

Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1300 - 1338)
Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (1301 – 1330)
Eleanor of England (4 May 1306 - 1311).1

Child of Margaret of France and King Edward I of England


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Maud Holland

F, b. after 1340
Father*Thomas Holland b. c 1314, d. 26 Dec 1360
Mother*Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent b. 29 Sep 1328, d. 7 Aug 1385
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Luxembourg.

Joan Holland

F, b. after 1340
Father*Thomas Holland b. c 1314, d. 26 Dec 1360
Mother*Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent b. 29 Sep 1328, d. 7 Aug 1385
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Brittany.

Edward, the Black Prince of England

M, b. 15 June 1330, d. 8 June 1376
Father*King Edward III of England b. 13 Nov 1312, d. 21 Jun 1377
Mother*Philippe de Hainaut b. 1314, d. 1369
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationEdward, the Black Prince of England was also known as Edward of Woodstock.
     Edward, Prince of Wales (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England. He was called Edward of Woodstock in his early life, after his birthplace, and has more recently been popularly known as The Black Prince after the distinctive plate armour he would wear during campaigns. An exceptional military leader and popular during his life, Edward died one year before his father and thus never ruled as king (becoming the first English Prince of Wales to suffer that fate). The throne passed, instead, to his son Richard, a minor, upon the death of Edward III.

Edward was born on 15 June 1330 at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire. He was created Earl of Chester in 1333, Duke of Cornwall in 1337 (the first creation of an English duke) and finally invested as Prince of Wales in 1343. In England, Edward served as a symbolic regent for periods in 1339, 1340, and 1342 while Edward III was on campaign. He was expected to attend all council meetings, and he performed the negotiations with the papacy about the war in 1337.

Edward had been raised with his cousin Joan, "The Fair Maid of Kent."[1] Edward gained Innocent VI's papal permission and absolution for this marriage to a blood-relative (as had Edward III when marrying Philippa of Hainault, being her second cousin) and married Joan in 10 October 1361 at Windsor Castle, prompting some controversy, mainly because of Joan's chequered marital history and the fact that marriage to an Englishwoman wasted an opportunity to form an alliance with a foreign power.

When in England, Edward's chief residence was at Wallingford Castle in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire) or Berkhamsted Castle in Hertfordshire.

He served as the king's representative in Aquitaine, where he and Joan kept a court which was considered among the most brilliant[clarification needed] of the time. It was the resort of exiled kings, like James IV of Majorca and Peter of Castile.

Peter of Castile, thrust from his throne by his illegitimate brother, Henry of Trastámara, offered Edward the lordship of Biscay in 1367, in return for the Black Prince's aid in recovering his throne. Edward was successful in the Battle of Nájera in which he soundly defeated the combined French and Castilian forces led by Bertrand du Guesclin.

During this period, he fathered two sons: Edward (27 January 1365–1372), who died at the age of 6; and Richard, born in 1367 and often called Richard of Bordeaux for his place of birth, who would later rule as Richard II of England. He had at least two illegitimate sons, both born before his marriage: Sir Roger Clarendon and Sir John Sounder.[2]

The Black Prince returned to England in January 1371 and died a few years later after a long lasting illness that may have been cancer or multiple sclerosis.1

Children of Edward, the Black Prince of England and Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_the_Black_Prince.

Richard II of England

M, b. 6 January 1367, d. circa 14 February 1400
Father*Edward, the Black Prince of England b. 15 Jun 1330, d. 8 Jun 1376
Mother*Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent b. 29 Sep 1328, d. 7 Aug 1385
     Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400) was the eighth King of England of the House of Plantagenet. He ruled from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. Richard was a son of Edward, the Black Prince and was born during the reign of his grandfather, Edward III. At the age of four, Richard became second in line to the throne when his older brother Edward of Angoulême died, and heir apparent when his father died in 1376. With Edward III's death the following year, Richard succeeded to the throne at the age of ten.

During Richard's first years as king, government was in the hands of a series of councils. The political community preferred this to a regency led by the king's uncle, John of Gaunt, yet Gaunt remained highly influential. The first major challenge of the reign was the Peasants' Revolt in 1381, which the young king handled well, playing a major part in suppressing the rebellion. In the following years, however, the king's dependence on a small number of courtiers caused discontent in the political community, and in 1387 control of government was taken over by a group of noblemen known as the Lords Appellant. By 1389 Richard had regained control, and for the next eight years governed in relative harmony with his former opponents. Then, in 1397, he took his revenge on the appellants, many of whom were executed or exiled. The next two years have been described by historians as Richard's "tyranny". In 1399, after John of Gaunt died, the king disinherited Gaunt's son, Henry of Bolingbroke, who had previously been exiled. Henry invaded England in June 1399 with a small force that quickly grew in numbers. Though he claimed initially that his goal was only to reclaim his patrimony, it soon became clear that he intended to claim the throne for himself. Meeting little resistance, Bolingbroke deposed Richard and had himself crowned as King Henry IV. Richard died in captivity early the next year; he was probably murdered.

As an individual, Richard was tall, good-looking and intelligent. Though probably not insane, as earlier historians used to believe, he seems to have suffered from certain personality disorders, especially towards the end of his reign. Less of a warrior than either his father or grandfather, he sought to bring an end to the Hundred Years' War that Edward III had started. He was a firm believer in the royal prerogative, something which led him to restrain the power of his nobility, and rely on a private retinue for military protection instead. He also cultivated a courtly atmosphere where the king was an elevated figure, and art and culture were at the centre, in contrast to the fraternal, martial court of his grandfather. Richard's posthumous reputation has to a large extent been shaped by Shakespeare, whose play Richard II portrayed Richard's misrule and Bolingbroke's deposition as responsible for the fifteenth-century Wars of the Roses. Contemporary historians do not accept this interpretation, while not thereby exonerating Richard from responsibility for his own deposition. Most authorities agree that, even though his policies were not unprecedented or entirely unrealistic, the way in which he carried them out was unacceptable to the political establishment, and this led to his downfall.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Edward of Angoulême

M, b. after October 1361
Father*Edward, the Black Prince of England b. 15 Jun 1330, d. 8 Jun 1376
Mother*Joan, The Fair Maid of Kent b. 29 Sep 1328, d. 7 Aug 1385

Edmund Plantagenet

M, b. 1326, d. before 5 October 1331
Father*Edmund Plantagenet b. 1301, d. 1330
Mother*Margaret Wake b. c 1297, d. 29 Sep 1349

Margaret Plantagenet

F, b. 1327, d. 1352
Father*Edmund Plantagenet b. 1301, d. 1330
Mother*Margaret Wake b. c 1297, d. 29 Sep 1349
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was d'Albret.

John Plantagenet

M, b. 7 April 1330, d. 26 December 1352
Father*Edmund Plantagenet b. 1301, d. 1330
Mother*Margaret Wake b. c 1297, d. 29 Sep 1349

Hugh Courtenay

M, b. 22 March 1327, d. 23 January 1360
Father*Hugh Courtenay b. 12 Jul 1303, d. 2 May 1377
Mother*Margaret De Bohun b. 3 Apr 1311, d. 16 Dec 1391

William Courtenay

M, b. 1342, d. 31 July 1396
Father*Hugh Courtenay b. 12 Jul 1303, d. 2 May 1377
Mother*Margaret De Bohun b. 3 Apr 1311, d. 16 Dec 1391
     William Courtenay (c. 1342 – 31 July 1396), English prelate, was Archbishop of Canterbury, having previously been Bishop of Hereford and Bishop of London.

He was a younger son of Hugh de Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon (d. 1377), and through his mother Margaret, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, was a great-grandson of Edward I.

Being a native of the west of England he was educated at Stapledon Hall, Oxford, and after graduating in law was chosen chancellor of the university in 1367. Courtenay's ecclesiastical and political career began about the same time. Having been made prebendary of Exeter, of Wells and of York, he was consecrated bishop of Hereford on 17 March 1370,[1] was translated to the see of London on 12 September 1375,[2] and became Archbishop of Canterbury on 30 July 1381, succeeding Simon of Sudbury in both these latter positions.[3]

As a politician the period of his activity coincides with the years of Edward III’s dotage, and with practically the whole of Richard II's reign. From the first he ranged himself among the opponents of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster; he was a firm upholder of the rights of the English Church, and was always eager to root out Lollardry. In 1373 he declared in convocation that he would not contribute to a subsidy until the evils from which the church suffered were removed; in 1375 he incurred the displeasure of the king by publishing a papal bull against the Florentines; and in 1377 his decided action during the quarrel between John of Gaunt and William of Wykeham ended in a temporary triumph for the bishop.

Wycliffe was another cause of difference between Lancaster and Courtenay. In 1377 the reformer appeared before Archbishop Sudbury and Courtenay, when an altercation between the duke and the bishop led to the dispersal of the court, and during the ensuing riot Lancaster probably owed his safety to the good offices of his foe. Having meanwhile become archbishop of Canterbury Courtenay summoned a synod, in London, the so-called "Earthquake Synod," which condemned the opinions of Wycliffe; he then attacked the Lollards at Oxford, and urged the bishops to imprison heretics.

He was for a short time chancellor of England during 1381,[4] and in January of 1382 he officiated at the marriage of Richard II with Anne of Bohemia, afterwards crowning the queen. In 1382 the archbishop’s visitation led to disputes with the bishops of Exeter and Salisbury, and Courtenay was only partially able to enforce the payment of a special tax to meet his expenses on this occasion. During his concluding years the archbishop appears to have upheld the papal authority in England, although not to the injury of the English Church.

He protested against the confirmation of the statute of provisors in 1390, and he was successful in slightly modifying the statute of praemunire in 1393. Disliking the extravagance of Richard II he publicly reproved the king, and after an angry scene the royal threats drove him for a time into Devon. In 1386 he was one of the commissioners appointed to reform the kingdom and the royal household, and in 1387 he arranged a peace between Richard and his enemies under Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester. Courtenay died at Maidstone on 31 July 1396,[3] and was buried towards the east end of the choir in Canterbury cathedral.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation.

Philip Courtenay

M, b. circa 1342, d. 29 July 1406
Father*Hugh Courtenay b. 12 Jul 1303, d. 2 May 1377
Mother*Margaret De Bohun b. 3 Apr 1311, d. 16 Dec 1391

Blanche Plantagenet

F, d. 1380
Father*Henry Plantagenet b. c 1281, d. 22 Sep 1345
Mother*Maud Chaworth b. 1282, d. b Dec 1322
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1317As of before 1317,her married name was Wake.

Thomas Wake

M, b. 1297, d. 31 May 1349
Father*John Wake b. 1268, d. 1300
Mother*Joan de Fiennes b. c 1273, d. 1309
     Thomas Wake, 2nd Baron Wake of Liddell (1297 – 31 May 1349), English baron, belonged to a Lincolnshire family which had lands also in Cumberland, being the son of John Wake (died 1300), who was summoned to parliament as a baron in 1295, and the grandson of Baldwin Wake (died 1282), both warriors of repute.

Among Thomas Wake's guardians were Piers Gaveston and Henry, Earl of Lancaster, whose daughter Blanche (d. 1380) he married before 1317. This lady was the niece of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and her husband was thus attached to the Lancastrian party, but he did not follow Earl Thomas in the proceedings which led to his death in 1322. Hating the favourites of Edward II Wake joined Queen Isabella in 1326 and was a member of the small council which advised the young king, Edward III; soon, however, he broke away from the queen and her ally, Roger Mortimer, and in conjunction with his father-in-law, now earl of Lancaster, he joined the malcontent barons.

He was possibly implicated in the plot which cost his brother-in-law, Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, his life in 1330, and he fled to France, returning to England after the overthrow of Isabella and Mortimer. Edward III made him governor of the Channel Islands and he assisted Edward Bruce to invade Scotland, being afterwards sent on an errand to France. In 1341 he incurred the displeasure of the king and was imprisoned, but he had been restored and had been employed in Brittany and elsewhere when he died childless.

His estates passed to his sister Margaret (d. 1349), widow of Edmund, Earl of Kent, and her son John, 3rd Earl of Kent (d. 1352), and later to the Roland family. Wake founded a monastery Haltemprice Priory for the Austin canons at Newton near Cottingham, East Riding of Yorkshire where he is buried.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

John Comyn

M, d. 1314
Father*John Comyn d. 1306

Hugh Wake

M, d. 1241
     Sheriff of Yorkshire, who died on Crusade in Jerusalem in 1241.

Child of Hugh Wake and Joan de Stuteville