Maud Nevill

F, d. circa 1423
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 12 March 1407As of before 12 March 1407,her married name was Talbot.

Philippa Montacute

F
Father*William Montacute b. 25 Jun 1328, d. 3 Jun 1397
Mother*Elizabeth de Mohun
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Mortimer.
Married NameHer married name was Mortimer.

Children of Philippa Montacute and Roger de Mortimer

Roger de Mortimer

M, b. circa 1328, d. 26 February 1360
Father*Edmund de Mortimer b. 1310, d. 16 Dec 1331
Mother*Elizabeth De Badlesmere b. 1313, d. 8 Jun 1356
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRoger de Mortimer was also known as Mortimer.
     Roger de Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (c.1328 – 26 February 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.

He was the son of Sir Edmund de Mortimer (died 1332) and Elizabeth de Badlesmere. His paternal grandparents were Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville (1286–1356), daughter of Piers de Geneville and Jeanne of Lusignan.

The Mortimer family lands and titles were lost after the first Earl of March's revolt and death by hanging in 1330, which was followed the next year by the death of Roger's father. Roger thus grew up with uncertain prospects, and re-acquired the family honours only gradually.

Around 1342, he received back Radnor, and the next year the old family baronial seat at Wigmore, Herefordshire.

As a young man he distinguished himself in the wars in France, fighting at Crécy and elsewhere in the campaign of 1347. Afterwards he was given livery of the rest of his lands, was one of the original Knights of the Garter, and was summoned to parliament as a baron in 1348.

In 1354, the sentence passed against Mortimer's treacherous grandfather, the first earl, was reversed, and the next year he was summoned to parliament as Earl of March. Also in 1355 he received a number of important appointments, including Constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports, and accompanied Edward III's expedition to France.

Around this time his grandmother, Joan de Geneville, widow of the first earl, died, and Roger inherited her large estate, including Ludlow Castle, which was thereafter the Mortimer family seat and power base.

In the following years he became a member of the Royal Council, and was appointed Constable at the castles of Montgomery, Bridgnorth in Shropshire, and Corfe in Dorset.

In 1359, and continuing into 1360, he was Constable of Edward III's invasion of France, fighting in the failed siege of Reims and capturing Auxerre. The English forces then moved into Burgundy, where Roger died suddenly at Rouvray near Avallon.

Roger married Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury and had by her three children.1

Children of Roger de Mortimer and Philippa Montacute

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Mortimer,_2nd_Earl_of_March.

Roger de Mortimer

M, b. 25 April 1287, d. 29 November 1330
Father*Edmund Mortimer b. 1251, d. 17 Jul 1304
Mother*Margaret de Fiennes b. a 1269, d. 7 Feb 1333
     Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (25 April 1287 – 29 November 1330), an English nobleman, was for three years de facto ruler of England, after leading a successful rebellion against Edward II. He was himself overthrown by Edward's son, Edward III. Mortimer was also the lover of Edward II's wife, Isabella of France, who assisted him in the deposition of her husband.

Mortimer, grandson of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer, was born at Wigmore Castle, Herefordshire, England, the firstborn of Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer and his wife, Margaret de Fiennes. His father Edmund Mortimer had been a second son, intended for minor orders and a clerical career, but on the sudden death of his elder brother Ralph, Edmund was recalled from Oxford University and installed as heir.

As a boy, Roger was probably sent to be fostered in the household of his formidable uncle, Roger Mortimer de Chirk.[citation needed] It was this uncle who had carried the severed head of Llywelyn the Last of Wales to King Edward I in 1282.

Like many noble children of his time, Roger was betrothed young, to Joan de Geneville, the daughter of a neighbouring lord. They were married in 1301, and immediately began a family.

Through his marriage with Joan de Geneville, Roger not only acquired increased possessions in the Welsh Marches, including the important Ludlow Castle, which became the chief stronghold of the Mortimers, but also extensive estates and influence in Ireland. However, Joan de Geneville was not an "heiress" at the time of her marriage. Her grandfather, Geoffrey de Geneville, at the age of eighty in 1308, conveyed most, but not all, of his Irish lordships to Roger Mortimer, and then retired, notably alive: he finally died in 1314. During his lifetime Geoffrey also conveyed much of the remainder of his legacy, such as Kenlys, to his younger son (the older son Piers having died in 1292), Simon de Geneville, who had meanwhile become Baron of Culmullin through marriage to Joanna FitzLeon. Roger Mortimer therefore succeeded to the lordship of Trim, County Meath (which later reverted to the Crown). He did not succeed, however, to the Lordship of Fingal.[1]1

Children of Roger de Mortimer and Joan de Geneville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_de_Mortimer,_1st_Earl_of_March.

Joan de Geneville

F, b. 1286, d. 1356
Father*Piers de Geneville
Mother*Jeanne of Lusignan
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1301As of 1301,her married name was de Mortimer.
Married Name1301As of 1301,her married name was Mortimer.
     Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville, Countess of March (2 February 1286 – 19 October 1356), was one of the wealthiest heiresses in the Welsh Marches and County Meath, Ireland. She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, lover of Isabella of France, Queen consort of King Edward II of England. She succeeded to the title of suo jure 2nd Baroness Geneville on 21 October 1314 upon the death of her grandfather, Sir Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville.[1]

Joan was born on 2 February 1286 at Ludlow Castle in Shropshire.[2] She was the eldest child of Sir Piers de Geneville, of Trim Castle and Ludlow, and Jeanne of Lusignan. She had two younger sisters, Matilda and Beatrice who both became nuns at Aconbury Priory.[3]She also had two half-sisters from her mother's first marriage to Bernard IV, Sire d'Albret. They were Mathe, Dame d'Albret (died 1283), and Isabelle, Dame d'Albret (died 1 December 1294), wife of Bernard VI, Count of Armagnac.

Her paternal grandparents were Sir Geoffrey de Geneville, Seigneur de Vaucouleurs, 1st Baron Geneville, Justiciar of Ireland (c.1226- 21 October 1314) and Maud de Lacy (1230- 11 April 1304), daughter of Gilbert de Lacy (c.1202- 25 December 1230) and Isabel Bigod (c.1212- 1250). Her maternal grandparents were Hugh XII of Lusignan, Seigneur de Lusignan, Couhe, et de Peyrat, Count of La Marche and of Angouleme, and Jeanne de Fougères, Dame de Fougères. Her maternal aunt was Yolanda of Lusignan, the suo jure Countess of La Marche.

When her father died in Ireland shortly before June 1292, Joan became one of the wealthiest and most eligible heiresses in the Welsh Marches, with estates that included the town and castle of Ludlow, and much land in Shropshire,as well as a generous portion of County Meath in Ireland.[4]. She was due to inherit these upon the death of her grandfather, but in 1308, Baron Geneville conveyed most of his Irish estates to Joan and her husband Roger Mortimer. They took seizen of Meath at the end of the year. The baron died on 21 October 1314 at the House of the Friars Preachers at Trim, and Joan subsequently succeeded him, becoming the suo jure 2nd Baroness Geneville.

In 1301, Joan married Roger Mortimer, (25 April 1287- 29 November 1330), the son of Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore and Margaret de Fiennes. He was on the Council of Ordainers, which was commissioned with the purpose to restrict the power of King Edward II and reform his household.[5]

Together Roger and Joan had twelve children.

Joan's numerous direct descendants include the current British Royal Family, and Sarah Ferguson; she was also the ancestress of Sir Winston Churchill, George Washington, Anne Boleyn and her sister Mary Boleyn.1

Children of Joan de Geneville and Roger de Mortimer

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_de_Geneville

Piers de Geneville

M

Child of Piers de Geneville and Jeanne of Lusignan

Jeanne of Lusignan

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Geneville.

Child of Jeanne of Lusignan and Piers de Geneville

Joanne de Burghersh

F
Father*Sir Bartholemew de Burghersh
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationJoanne de Burghersh was also known as John Burghersh.
Married NameHer married name was de Mohun.

Children of Joanne de Burghersh and John de Mohun

Sir Bartholemew de Burghersh

M

Child of Sir Bartholemew de Burghersh

Philippa de Mohun

F, b. before 1376
Father*John de Mohun
Mother*Joanne de Burghersh
     Philippa de Mohun was the wife of Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, making her the Duchess of York from her husband's accession to the dukedom in 1402 to his death in 1415. Philippa's birthdate is unknown, though it is believed to have been prior to 1376. She was the daughter of John de Mohun, 2nd Baron Mohun, and Joan Burghersh.

Philippa de Mohun was a twice-widowed noblewoman who, prior to her marriage to the Duke of York, had been married to Walter FitzWalter (d. 26 September 1386) and Sir John Golafre (d. 18 November 1396). She had one son, Walter (d. 1432), from her first marriage. Following her last marriage she was known as the Duchess of York, and was styled as Lady of the Isle of Wight on 10 December 1415. She died on 17 July 1431 at Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight, England and was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, England.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_de_Mohun

Alice Holland

F, d. before 1400
Father*John Holland b. c 1352, d. 16 Jan 1400
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1400As of before 1400,her married name was de Vere.

John de Vere

M, b. 23 April 1408, d. 26 February 1462
Father*Richard de Vere b. 1385, d. 15 Feb 1417
Mother*Alice Sergeaux b. c 1381, d. 1406
     John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford (23 April 1408 – 26 February 1462) was the son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford. A minor at his father's death in 1417, he came to the earldom in 1429. His wife was Elizabeth Howard, a first cousin of the 1st Duke of Norfolk.

A staunch Lancastrian, he remained loyal to Henry VI during the early phases of the Wars of the Roses. At the accession of Edward IV, de Vere and his oldest son Aubrey were arrested and executed by John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester and Constable of England. Due to Edward's policy of conciliation, however, John's son by the same name was allowed to succeed as John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford in 1464. His daughter Joane or Jane was the maternal grandmother of Gertrude Tyrell.1

Children of John de Vere and Elizabeth Howard

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Vere,_12th_Earl_of_Oxford.

Elizabeth Howard

F, b. circa 1410, d. 1475
Father*John Howard
Mother*Joan Walton
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Vere.

Children of Elizabeth Howard and John de Vere

John de Vere

M, b. 8 September 1442, d. 10 March 1513
Father*John de Vere b. 23 Apr 1408, d. 26 Feb 1462
Mother*Elizabeth Howard b. c 1410, d. 1475
     John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford (8 September 1442 – 10 March 1513) was one of the principal Lancastrian commanders during the English Wars of the Roses.

Early in the reign of Edward IV, Oxford's father, the 12th Earl, and his elder brother were executed for plotting against the king (1462). However, Edward was pursuing a policy of conciliation with Lancastrian families, and de Vere was allowed to succeed to his father's estates and titles. He was allowed to assume his family's traditional role as Lord High Chamberlain, officiating in that capacity at the coronation of Edward's queen, Elizabeth Woodville, in 1465. Around the same time he married Margaret Neville, daughter of Alice Montagu, Countess of Salisbury, and sister of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick.

In 1468 Oxford was caught in a plot against the king. He spent a short time in the Tower of London, but was released and pardoned early in 1469. He probably avoided execution due to the influence of his brother-in-law. Oxford was very likely quietly involved in Warwick's schemes against Edward in 1469 and 1470. In the latter year he fled to Margaret of Anjou's court in exile in France. Given his position as the leader of a steadfast Lancastrian family and also as Warwick's brother-in-law, Oxford negotiated the switch of Warwick to the Lancastrian side. He returned to England when Henry VI was restored in 1470. Oxford was appointed Constable of England.

Oxford was one of the Lancastrian commanders at the Battle of Barnet (1471). After this defeat, and the death of Warwick, he fled again, this time to Scotland and then to France. With a little aid from Louis XI of France he took to piracy against English ships and the occasional raid on the coast. Then came the most puzzling incident of Oxford's career. In 1473 he seized St Michael's Mount, a small rocky island off the coast of Cornwall. His motives are not clear. Most likely, this was to be the prelude to an invasion of England intending to depose Edward and put his brother, George, Duke of Clarence, on the throne. No invasion or help came, and in early 1474 he surrendered. Oxford was imprisoned in the fortress of Hammes, near Calais.

Three years later, Oxford leapt off the walls of Hammes into the chin-deep moat. Whether he meant to escape or to kill himself is not known; he accomplished neither. He remained imprisoned there until 1484, when he persuaded the captain of Hammes, Sir James Blount to escape with him to the court in exile of Henry Tudor (later Henry VII of England). It is said that Henry was "ravished with joy incredible" at this event. As by far the most experienced Lancastrian, Oxford was the real commander at the Battle of Bosworth Field, though Henry was theoretically in charge. Oxford commanded the centre, and held off the downhill charge of the Duke of Norfolk at the beginning of the battle. To celebrate the Tudor victory at Bosworth, he commissioned the building of St. Peter and St. Paul, Lavenham.

Oxford was now restored to his estates and titles, and was also appointed Lord High Admiral and Constable of the Tower. His fighting days were not quite over. Two Yorkist pretenders invaded England in the early years of Henry's reign. Oxford commanded the vanguard at the Battle of Stoke Field (the only part of the royalist army that actually had to fight), and was then commander in chief at the Battle of Blackheath.

Oxford was succeeded as Earl by his nephew.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Vere,_13th_Earl_of_Oxford.

Margaret Neville

F
Father*Richard Neville b. 1400, d. 31 Dec 1460
Mother*Alice Montagu b. 1407, d. b 9 Dec 1462
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1465As of circa 1465,her married name was de Vere.

Philippa de Beauchamp

F, b. before 1344, d. 6 April 1386
Father*Thomas de Beauchamp b. 1313, d. 1369
Mother*Catherine de Mortimer b. 1314, d. 4 Aug 1369
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Stafford.
     Philippa de Beauchamp (before 1344- 6 April 1386) was the daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine Mortimer.

On or before 1 March 1350 she married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, son of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford and Margaret Audley, Baroness Audley.

Philippa and Hugh had nine children.1

Children of Philippa de Beauchamp and Sir Hugh Stafford

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_de_Beauchamp

Lady Eleanor Neville

F, b. 1398, d. 1472
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namebefore 1414As of before 1414,her married name was le Despencer.
Married Namebefore 1421As of before 1421,her married name was Percy.
     Lady Eleanor Neville (d.1472) was the 2nd daughter of Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland (d.1425) by his 2nd wife, Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his 3rd wife, Katharine Swynford.

She was married first to Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh, (a grandson of Gaunt's younger brother Edmund of York), and after his early death without issue, she married Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (killed at the first battle of St Albans, 1455).

Eleanor and Henry had 10 children, including:

Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (25 July 1421 - 29 March 1461, Battle of Towton).
Lady Katherine Percy. She married Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent
Thomas Percy, 1st Baron Egremont (29 November 1422, Leconfield, Yorkshire - 10 July 1460 Battle of Northampton, England)
Sir Ralph Percy (d. 25 April 1464, Battle of Hedgeley Moor).1

Children of Lady Eleanor Neville and Henry Percy

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Eleanor_Neville

Richard le Despencer

M, b. 1396, d. 1414
Father*Thomas le Despenser b. 22 Sep 1373, d. 13 Jan 1400
Mother*Princess Constance Plantagenet b. 1374, d. 28 Nov 1416
     4th Baron Burghersh. Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh (1396-1414) was the son and heir of Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1373 -1400), by Constance. Constance was a daughter of Edward Duke of York, fourth surviving son of Edward III, and Isabella of Castile, a daughter of Peter of Castile. He was married to his 2nd cousin Lady Eleanor Neville (a grand-daughter of John of Gaunt, a brother of Edward of York), but died young without leaving issue. His heir was his younger sister Isabel, who married successively Earl of Worcester, and then his cousin, Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick.

His widow Eleanor, Lady Burghersh remarried to Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_le_Despenser,_4th_Baron_Burghersh.

Mary Ferrers

F, b. 1394, d. 25 January 1458
Father*Sir Robert Ferrers b. c 1373, d. b 29 Nov 1396
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Neville.

Child of Mary Ferrers and Ralph Neville

Sir Robert Ferrers

M, b. circa 1373, d. before 29 November 1396

Children of Sir Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort

Elizabeth Ferrers

F, b. 1393, d. 1434
Father*Sir Robert Ferrers b. c 1373, d. b 29 Nov 1396
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 October 1407As of 28 October 1407,her married name was de Greystoke.

John de Greystoke

M, b. 1389, d. 1436
     4th Baron Greystoke.

Henry Percy

M, b. 3 February 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Father*Sir Henry Percy b. 20 May 1364, d. 21 Jul 1403
Mother*Lady Elizabeth Mortimer
     Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (3 February 1394 – 22 May 1455) was an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. Father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1405 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland.

In the following years, Northumberland occasionally served with the king in France, but his main occupation was the protection of the borders to Scotland. At the same time, a feud with the Neville family was developing, particularly with Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury. This feud became entangled with the conflict between the Duke of York and the Duke of Somerset over control of national government. The conflict culminated in the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, at St Albans, where both Somerset and Northumberland were killed.

Henry Percy was the son of another Henry Percy, known as "Hotspur", and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer. Elizabeth was the daughter of Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March and Philippa, granddaughter of Edward III. Hotspur's father – the young Henry's grandfather – was also called Henry Percy, and was created the first Percy earl of Northumberland in 1377.[2] Both Hotspur and his father were early and active supporters of Henry Bolingbroke, who usurped the throne from Richard II in 1399, and became King Henry IV. They were initially richly rewarded, but soon grew disillusioned with the new regime. Hotspur rose up in rebellion, and was killed at Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403.[3]

Earl Henry was not present at the battle, but there is little doubt that he participated in the rebellion.[2] After a short imprisonment, he was pardoned, and presented his grandson to the king at Doncaster in June 1404.[1] By May 1405, however, the earl was involved in further rebellion. His plans failed, and he was forced to flee to Scotland, taking his grandson with him. The following years were marked by an itinerant life and further plotting, while the young Henry remained in the custody of the duke of Albany.[2] On 19 February 1405, the first earl of Northumberland was killed in the Battle of Bramham Moor, leaving the young Henry Percy as heir apparent to the earldom.[4] Henry remained in Scotland until the accession of Henry V in 1413, when he tried to claim his grandfather's title. His cause was aided by the king's aunt, Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, who arranged his marriage to her daughter Eleanor.[5] It was in Henry V's interest to reconcile with the Percys, with their vast network in the north of England; in 1416 Henry Percy was created earl of Northumberland.[6]1

Children of Henry Percy and Lady Eleanor Neville

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Percy,_2nd_Earl_of_Northumberland.

Lady Katherine Neville

F, b. circa 1397, d. after 1483
Father*Sir Ralph Neville b. c 1364, d. 21 Oct 1425
Mother*Joan Beaufort b. c 1379, d. 13 Nov 1440
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Beaumont.
Name VariationLady Katherine Neville was also known as Catherine de Neville.
Married Namebefore 1415As of before 1415,her married name was Mowbray.
Married Nameafter 1415As of after 1415,her married name was Strangeways.
Married NameJanuary 1465As of January 1465,her married name was Woodville.
     Katherine Neville or Catherine de Neville (born c. 1397 – died after 1483[1]) was the eldest daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (1364 -1425) and Joan Beaufort (c. 1379-1440), daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster by his mistress (later, 3rd wife) Catherine de Roet[2]. Katherine was married firstly to John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392-1432). Their only known child was John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1415-1461). Katherine married secondly, Thomas Strangeways (c. 1395-before 1442) - they had 2 daughters. She married thirdly John, Viscount Beaumont, who was killed in 1460. Her fourth and last marriage was infamous, and known by contemporaries as the 'diabolical marriage'[1] - she married John Woodville, brother of Elizabeth Woodville, Edward IV's queen. He would have been barely twenty at the time of their marriage - she in her mid to late sixties. Yet she survived even him as he was executed in 1469 during the brief period of time that her nephew - Richard, Earl of Warwick (The 'Kingmaker') had usurped the authority of the crown. She was still alive in 1483, having survived all the descendents of her first marriage.[1]1

Child of Lady Katherine Neville and John Mowbray

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Katherine_Neville

John Mowbray

M, b. 1392, d. 1432
     2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Child of John Mowbray and Lady Katherine Neville

John de Mowbray

M, b. 1415, d. 1461
Father*John Mowbray b. 1392, d. 1432
Mother*Lady Katherine Neville b. c 1397, d. a 1483
     John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (12 September 1415 – 6 November 1461) was an important player in the Wars of the Roses.

He was the son of John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Lady Katherine Neville. He held the office of Earl Marshal from 1432, when he inherited the title of 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

At the beginning of the War of the Roses in 1450 he supported Richard, Duke of York, the leader of the Yorkist faction. However, in 1459, he swore allegiance to the Lancastrian Henry VI. He then quickly changed sides back to the Yorkists. This sort of treachery was by no means unusual during the Wars of the Roses.

In February 1461 he fought for the defeated Yorkists in the Second Battle of St Albans. In March 1461 (Richard, Duke of York now being dead) he was one of those who asked the Duke’s son the Earl of March to become Edward IV and later that month his intervention at the Battle of Towton was decisive. The battle took place in a snow storm between 80,000 men. Neither side could get an advantage until about midday Norfolk entered the battle on the Yorkist’s right flank. The Lancastrians then began to slowly fall back. As Earl Marshal Mowbray then officiated at Edward IV’s coronation.

He married Eleanor Bourchier, daughter of William Bourchier, Count of Eu and Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Buckingham. She was the sister of his successor as Justice in Eyre, Henry Bourchier. They had one child, John Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk.1 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Mowbray,_3rd_Duke_of_Norfolk.

Thomas Strangeways

M, b. circa 1395, d. before 1442

John Beaumont

M, d. 1460
     Viscount Beaumont.

John Woodville

M, b. circa 1444, d. 12 August 1469
Father*Richard Woodville
Mother*Jacquetta of Luxembourg b. c 1416, d. 30 May 1472
     John Woodville (1444? – August 12, 1469) was the second son, and fourth child, of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.

In January 1465, John's sister Elizabeth, Queen Consort to Edward IV, procured his marriage to Catherine Neville, Dowager Duchess of Norfolk, who was aunt to the powerful Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. As the Duchess was about 68 years of age at the time and John was only 20, the marriage was seen by all, particularly Warwick, as an indecent grasp for money and power by the Woodville family.

In 1469, John and his father accompanied King Edward on a march north, to put down what was thought to be a minor rebellion supporting Edward's brother the Duke of Clarence as the legitimate king. Before they met the rebels both Clarence and Warwick had announced their support for the rebellion; by the time Edward met the rebels, the rebel force was far stronger than his. In a parley, the rebels told Edward that they had no fight with Edward but advised him to distance himself from the Woodvilles. In no position to argue, Edward sent the Woodville party away.

John and Rivers went first to the Rivers' house at Grafton and from there made their way westwards towards Wales. They were captured by Warwick's men on the western bank of the Severn and taken to Warwick in Coventry.

Before leaving Calais to support the uprising, Warwick had published a manifesto citing the Woodvilles in general, and the Earl and John specifically, as his reason for supporting Clarence against the king. The publication of this manifesto was deemed, by Warwick, to justify the execution of Rivers and his son. They were beheaded on August 12, and their heads placed on spikes above the gates of Coventry.

Unsurprisingly, there was no issue from the marriage of John Woodville and the Catherine Neville.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Woodville

Henry Percy

M, b. 25 July 1421, d. 29 March 1461
Father*Henry Percy b. 3 Feb 1394, d. 22 May 1455
Mother*Lady Eleanor Neville b. 1398, d. 1472
     3rd Earl of Northumberland.