Anne Halsham

F, b. circa 1363
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1399As of circa 1399,her married name was de Bohun.

Child of Anne Halsham and John de Bohun II

William d'Aubigny

M, b. before 1180, d. 1 February 1221
Father*William d'Aubigny b. b 1150, d. 24 Dec 1193
Mother*Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet
     William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel (before 1180 – 1 February 1221) was an English nobleman, a favourite of King John, and a participant in the Fifth Crusade.

William was son of William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel and Matilda St Hilary, and grandson of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel and Queen Adeliza of Leuven.

William was a favourite of King John of England|John. He witnessed King John's concession of the kingdom to the Pope on 15 May 1213. On 14 June 1216 he joined Prince Louis (later Louis VIII of France) after King John abandoned Winchester. He returned to the allegiance of the King Henry III after the Royalist victory at Lincoln, on 14 July 1217.

He joined in the Fifth Crusade (1217-1221), in 1218. He died on his journey home, in Caneill, Italy, near Rome, on 1 February 1221. News of his death reached England on 30 March 1221. He was brought home and buried at Wymondham Abbey.

His title was held by his son William, until he died, childless, in 1224, when it was passed to William's youngest son Hugh.

After 1196 and before 1200 William married Mabel of Chester (born c. 1173), daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort of Evreux. They were the parents of seven children.1

Children of William d'Aubigny and Mabel of Chester

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_d%27Aubigny,_3rd_Earl_of_Arundel.

Hugh d'Aubigny

M, b. circa 1215, d. 7 May 1243
Father*William d'Aubigny b. b 1180, d. 1 Feb 1221
Mother*Mabel of Chester b. c 1173
     5th Earl of Arundel also called Earl of Arndel. Hugh d'Aubigny (died 7 May 1243) was the 5th Earl of Arundel and the last in the Aubigny male line to hold the Arundel Castle. He was the son of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel.

He married Isabel de Warenne (c. 1228 - 1282), daughter of William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and Maud Marshal (1192-1248). They had no children.

In 1242 he was one of the seven Earls who accompanied the King Henry in his expedition to Aquitaine.

On his death his large estates were divided amongst his four sisters and their issue. His title of Earl of Arundel was inherited by his nephew John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel, son of his sister Isabel d'Aubigny.

Hugh was buried at Wymondham Abbey. His widow Isabel was buried at Convent Church in Marham.1

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_d%27Aubigny,_5th_Earl_of_Arundel.

William d'Aubigny

M, b. before 1150, d. 24 December 1193
Father*William d'Aubigny b. c 1109, d. 25 Sep 1176
Mother*Adeliza of Louvain b. 1103, d. 23 Apr 1151
     William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel (b. before 1150 - 24 December 1193) was the son of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel and Adeliza of Louvain, widow of Henry I of England. He married Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet and among their children was William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel who was one of the twenty-five guarantors of the Magna Carta. His daughter, Matilda d'Aubigny, married William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey. In 1176/7 he was created Earl of Sussex and in 1190 he inherited the earldom of Arundel. He is buried at Wymondham Priory, Norfolk, England.[1]1

Children of William d'Aubigny and Matilda St Hilary de Harcouet

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_d%27Aubigny,_2nd_Earl_of_Arundel.

William d'Aubigny

M, b. circa 1109, d. 25 September 1176
Father*William d'Aubigny Pincerna
Mother*Maud Bigod
     William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, also known as William d'Albini, (c. 1109 – 25 September 1176) was son of William d'Aubigny Pincerna (Master Butler of the Royal household) of Buckenham Castle and Maud Bigod, daughter of Roger Bigot.

The younger William was an important member of Henry I of England's household. After Henry's death he married the widow Queen consort Adeliza in 1138, and became Lord of Arundel in her right.

He was loyal to Stephen of England, who made him first Earl of Lincoln and then Earl of Arundel (more precisely, Earl of Sussex).

In 1143, as Earl of Lincoln he made two charters confirming a donation of land around Arundel in Sussex to the abbey of Affligem in Brabant (representing his wife Adeliza of Louvain), with William's brother, Olivier, present.

He fought loyally for King Stephen, but in 1153 helped arrange the truce between Stephen and Henry Plantagenet, known as the Treaty of Wallingford, which brought an end to The Anarchy.

When the latter ascended the throne as Henry II, he confirmed William's Earldom and gave him direct possession of Arundel Castle (instead of the possession in right of his wife he had previously had). She had died in 1151. He remained loyal to the king during the 1173 revolt of Henry the Young King, and helped defeat the rebellion.

He and Adeliza were parents to William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel and grandparents to William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel.1

Child of William d'Aubigny and Adeliza of Louvain

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_d%27Aubigny,_1st_Earl_of_Arundel.

Isabel de Warenne

F, b. circa 1228, d. 1282
Father*William de Warenne b. 1166, d. 1240
Mother*Maud Marshal b. 1194, d. 27 Mar 1248
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was d'Aubigny.

William de Warenne

M, b. 1166, d. 1240
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam de Warenne was also known as Plantagenet.
     6th Earl of Surrey.

Children of William de Warenne and Maud Marshal

Maud Marshal

F, b. 1194, d. 27 March 1248
Father*William Marshal b. 1146, d. 14 May 1219
Mother*Isabel de Clare b. 1172, d. 1220
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud Marshal was also known as Marshall.
Name VariationMaud Marshal was also known as Matilda.
Married Namebefore 1209As of before 1209,her married name was Bigod.
Married Namebefore 1228As of before 1228,her married name was de Warenne.
Married Nameafter 1231As of after 1231,her married name was de Dunstanville.

Children of Maud Marshal and Roger Bigod

Children of Maud Marshal and William de Warenne

John de Warenne

M, b. 1231, d. circa 29 September 1304
Father*William de Warenne b. 1166, d. 1240
Mother*Maud Marshal b. 1194, d. 27 Mar 1248
     John de Warenne (1231 – c. 29 September 1304), 7th Earl of Surrey or Warenne, was prominent during the reigns of Henry III and Edward I. During his long life he fought in the Second Barons' War and in Edward I's wars in Scotland.

He was the son of William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Maud Marshal. His mother was the daughter of William Marshal and widow of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk. Thus Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk, was his elder half-brother.

Warenne was a boy when his father died, and for the rest of his minority Peter of Savoy was the guardian of his estates. In 1247 he married Henry III's half-sister Alice le Brun de Lusignan. This marriage was to create resentment amongst the English nobility, who did not like seeing a wealthy English nobleman marrying a penniless outsider.

During the following years Warenne was closely associated with the court faction centering on his in-laws. In 1254 he accompanied the king's son Edward (the future Edward I) on Edward's journey to Spain to marry Eleanor of Castile.

During the conflicts between Henry III and his barons Warenne started as a strong supporter of the king, switched to support for Simon de Montfort, and then returned to the royalist party. He opposed the initial baronial reform plan of May 1258, but along with other opponents capitulated and took the oath of the Provisions of Oxford.

By 1260 Warenne had joined the party of Simon de Montfort, but switched back to the king's side in 1263. After the Battle of Lewes, which was fought near his castle at Lewes, he fled to the Continent, where he remained for about a year. He returned to fight in the campaign which culminated in the Battle of Evesham and the siege of Kenilworth Castle.

Warenne served in Edward I's Welsh campaigns in 1277, 1282, and 1283. In 1282 he received the lordships of Bromfield and Yale in Wales. A good part of the following years were spent in Scotland. He was one of the negotiators for the 1289 treaty of Salisbury and for the 1290 treaty of Birgham, and accompanied the king on Edward's 1296 invasion of Scotland.

On 22 August 1296 the king appointed him "warden of the kingdom and land of Scotland". However he returned to England a few months later claiming that the Scottish climate was bad for his health. The following spring saw the rebellion of William Wallace, and after much delay Warenne led an army northward, where they were defeated at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

Nevertheless the king appointed Warenne captain of the next campaign against the Scots in early 1298. He raised the siege of Roxburgh and re-took the castle at Berwick. The king himself took the field later that year, and Warenne was one of the commanders at the Battle of Falkirk.

Warenne and Alice de Lusignan had three children.1

Children of John de Warenne and Alice de Lusignan

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Warenne,_7th_Earl_of_Surrey.

Alice (?)

F, b. circa 1175
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was FitzPiers.

Child of Alice (?) and Reginald FitzPiers

Robert De Ros

M, b. circa 1169, d. circa 1227
Father*Everard De Ros d. 1183
Mother*Roese de Trussebut
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRobert De Ros was also known as Fursan.
     1st Baron Ros of Helmsley.

Children of Robert De Ros and Isabel Huntingdon

Isabel Huntingdon

F, b. 1169, d. 23 December 1226
Father*King William I of Scotland b. 1143, d. 4 Dec 1214
Mother*Isabel Avenal b. c 1143, d. 11 Feb 1234
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabel Huntingdon was also known as of Scotland.
Name VariationIsabel Huntingdon was also known as Avenal.
Name VariationIsabel Huntingdon was also known as Fitz William.
Married Namebefore 1191As of before 1191,her married name was Brus.
Married Namebefore 1191As of before 1191,her married name was de Bruce.
Married Name1191As of 1191,her married name was De Ros.
     Illegitimate daughter of William I of Scotland.

Children of Isabel Huntingdon and Robert De Ros

Robert De Ros

M, b. 1206, d. 1269
Father*Robert De Ros b. c 1169, d. c 1227
Mother*Isabel Huntingdon b. 1169, d. 23 Dec 1226
     Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Created a Baron but was attainted for treason.

Child of Robert De Ros and Christian Bertram

Isabel Avenal

F, b. circa 1143, d. 11 February 1234
Father*Richard Avenal b. c 1117, d. a 1180
Mother*Sibyl (?) b. c 1120
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationIsabel Avenal was also known as de Avenell.
  • Isabel Avenal was born circa 1143.
  • She was the daughter of Richard Avenal and Sibyl (?).
  • Isabel Avenal died on 11 February 1234.

Children of Isabel Avenal and King William I of Scotland

King William I of Scotland

M, b. 1143, d. 4 December 1214
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationKing William I of Scotland was also known as de Huntingdon.
     William I (Mediaeval Gaelic: Uilliam mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Uilleam mac Eanraig), known as the Lion or Garbh, "the Rough", [1] (1142/1143 – 4 December 1214) reigned as King of Scots from 1165 to 1214. His reign was the second longest in Scottish history before the Act of Union with England in 1707, (James VI's was the longest 1567–1625). He became King following his brother Malcolm IV's death on 9 December 1165 and was crowned on 24 December 1165.

In contrast to his deeply religious, frail brother, William was powerfully built, redheaded, and headstrong. He was an effective monarch whose reign was marred by his ill-fated attempts to regain control of Northumbria from the Normans.

Traditionally, William is credited with founding Arbroath Abbey, the site of the later Declaration of Arbroath. He was not known as "The Lyon" during his own lifetime, and the sobriquet did not relate to his tenacious character or his military prowess. William adopted the use of the Lion Rampant by his right to do so under the law of Heraldry.

The title "Lion" was attached to him because of his flag or standard, a red lion rampant (with a forked tail) on a yellow background. This (with the addition of a 'double tressure fleury counter-fleury' border) went on to become the Royal standard of Scotland, still used today but quartered with those of England and of Ireland. It became attached to him because the chronicler Fordun called him the "Lion of Justice".

William also inherited the title of Earl of Northumbria in 1152. However he had to give up this title to King Henry II of England in 1157. This caused trouble after William became king, since he spent a lot of effort trying to regain Northumbria.

William was a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174 against Henry II. In 1174, at the Battle of Alnwick, during a raid in support of the revolt, William recklessly charged the English troops himself, shouting, "Now we shall see which of us are good knights!" He was unhorsed and captured by Henry's troops led by Ranulf de Glanvill and taken in chains to Newcastle, then Northampton, and then transferred to Falaise in Normandy. Henry then sent an army to Scotland and occupied it. As ransom and to regain his kingdom, William had to acknowledge Henry as his feudal superior and agree to pay for the cost of the English army's occupation of Scotland by taxing the Scots. This he did by signing the Treaty of Falaise. He was then allowed to return to Scotland. In 1175 he swore fealty to Henry II at York Castle.

The Treaty of Falaise remained in force for the next fifteen years. Then Richard the Lionheart, needing money to take part in the Third Crusade, agreed to terminate it in return for 10,000 silver marks.

William is recorded in 1206 as having cured a case of Scrofula by his touching and blessing a child with the ailment whilst at York.[2] William died in Stirling in 1214 and lies buried in Arbroath Abbey. His son, Alexander II, succeeded him as king, reigning from 1214 to 1250.1

Children of King William I of Scotland and Isabel Avenal

Children of King William I of Scotland and Ermengarde de Beaumont

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_I_of_Scotland

Richard Avenal

M, b. circa 1117, d. after 1180
Father*William Avenal b. c 1080, d. a 1130
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRichard Avenal was also known as de Avenell.
Name VariationRichard Avenal was also known as Robert.
  • Richard Avenal married Sibyl (?).
  • Richard Avenal was born circa 1117.
  • He was the son of William Avenal.
  • Richard Avenal died after 1180.

Child of Richard Avenal and Sibyl (?)

Sibyl (?)

F, b. circa 1120
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Avenal.

Child of Sibyl (?) and Richard Avenal

Everard De Ros

M, d. 1183
Father*Robert De Ros
Mother*Sibyl de Valognes
     Lord of Helmsley.

Children of Everard De Ros and Roese de Trussebut

Roese de Trussebut

F
Father*William de Trussebut
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRoese de Trussebut was also known as Trusbut.
Married NameHer married name was De Ros.

Children of Roese de Trussebut and Everard De Ros

William de Trussebut

M
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationWilliam de Trussebut was also known as Trusbut.

Child of William de Trussebut

Henry of Scotland

M, b. 1114, d. 1152
Father*King David I of Scotland b. c 1085, d. 24 May 1153
Mother*Maud of Northumbria b. 1074, d. 1130
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationHenry of Scotland was also known as de Huntingdon.
     Henry of Scotland (Eanric mac Dabíd, 1114 – 12 June 1152) was a Prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also Earl of Northumberland and Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northampton.

He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon. His maternal grandparents were Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria and Huntingdon, (beheaded 1075) and his spouse Judith of Lens.

Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England who had married his paternal aunt Edith of Scotland (the name Edith gallicised as Matilda after becoming Queen consort in 1100). He had three sons, two of whom became King of Scotland, and a third whose descendants were to prove critical in the later days of the Scottish royal house. He also had three daughters.

His eldest son became King of Scots as Malcolm IV in 1153. Henry's second son became king in 1165 on the death of his brother, reigning as William I. Both in their turn inherited the title of Earl of Huntingdon. His third son, David also became Earl of Huntingdon. It is from the 8th Earl that all Kings of Scotland after Margaret, Maid of Norway claim descent.

On Henry's death, the Earldom passed to his half-brother Simon II de Senlis.

Henry married Ada de Warenne, the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d.1138), and Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Hugh of Vermandois, The Great.1

Children of Henry of Scotland and Ada de Warenne

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_of_Scotland

Ada de Warenne

F, b. circa 1122, d. 1178
Father*William II de Warenne d. 1138
Mother*Elizabeth of Vermandois b. c 1081, d. 13 Feb 1131
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAda de Warenne was also known as Adelaide.
Married Name1139As of 1139,her married name was de Huntingdon.
     Ada de Warenne or Adeline de Varenne (c. 1120 – 1178) was the Anglo-Norman wife of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Northumbria and Earl of Huntingdon. She was the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey by Elizabeth of Vermandois, and a great-granddaughter of Henry I of France. She became mother to two Kings of Scots, Malcolm the Maiden and William the Lion.

Ada and Henry were married in England in 1139 [1] . As part of her marriage settlement, the new Countess Ada was granted the privileges of Haddington, amongst others in East Lothian. Previously the seat of a thanage Haddington is said to be the first Royal burgh in Scotland, created by Countess Ada's father-in-law, David I of Scotland, who held it along with the church and a mill.[2]

In close succession both her husband and King David died, in 1152 and 1153 respectively. Following the death of Henry, who was buried at Kelso Abbey, King David arranged for his grandson to succeed him, and at Scone on May 27, 1153, the twelve year old was declared Malcolm IV, King of Scots. Following his coronation, Malcolm installed his brother William as Earl of Northumbria (although this county was "restored" to King Henry II of England by Malcolm in 1157 [3]), and the young dowager-Countess retired to her lands at Haddington.

On Thursday December 9, 1165 [4] King Malcolm died at the age of 25 without issue. His mother had at that time been attempting to arrange a marriage between him and Constance, daughter of Conan III, Duke of Brittany, but Malcolm died before the wedding could be celebrated.[5]. One of Ada's daughters, Margaret, was married twice:

(1) 1160, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond (d.1171)
(2) Humphrey III de Bohun of Trowbridge, Wiltshire, Hereditary Constable of England [6].
Following his brother's death Ada's younger son William became King of Scots at the age of twenty two. William the Lion was to become the longest serving King of Scots until the Union of the Crowns in 1603.

Religious houses were established in Haddington at an early date. They came to include the Blackfriars (who came into Scotland in 1219) and most notably the Church of the Greyfriars, or Minorites (came into Scotland in the reign of Alexander II), which would become famous as "Lucerna Laudoniae"- The Lamp of Lothian, the toft of land upon which it stands being granted by King David I of Scotland to the Prior of St. Andrews (to whom the patronage of the church of Haddington belonged). David I also granted to the monks of Dunfermline "unam mansuram" in Haddington, as well as to the monks of Haddington a full toft "in burgo meo de Hadintun, free of all custom and service."[7]

Ada devoted her time to good works, improving the lot of the Church at Haddington, where she resided. Countess Ada gave lands to the south and west of the River Tyne near to the only crossing of the river for miles, to found a Convent of Cistercian Nuns ("white nuns" [8]) dedicated to St. Mary, in what was to become the separate Burgh of Nungate, the extant remains are still to be seen in the ruined parish church of St. Martin. The nunnery she endowed with the lands of Begbie, at Garvald and Keith Marischal amongst other temporal lands. Miller, however, states that she only "founded and richly endowed a nunnery at the Abbey of Haddington" and that "Haddington, as demesne of the Crown, reverted to her son William the Lion upon her death".[2]1

Children of Ada de Warenne and Henry of Scotland

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_de_Warenne

William II de Warenne

M, d. 1138
Father*William de Warenne d. 1088
Mother*Gundred (?) d. 27 May 1085
     William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138), was the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred. He is more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey.

In January 1091, William assisted Hugh of Grantmesnil (d.1094) in his defense of Courcy against the forces of Robert de Belleme and Duke Robert [1].

Sometime around 1093 he tried to marry Matilda (or Edith), daughter of king Malcolm III of Scotland. She instead married Henry I of England, and this may be the cause of William's great dislike of Henry I, which was to be his apparent motivator in the following years.

He accompanied Robert Curthose (Duke Robert) in his 1101 invasion of England, and afterwards lost his English lands and titles and was exiled to Normandy[2]. There he complained to Curthose that he expended great effort on the duke's behalf and had in return lost most of his possessions. Curthose's return to England in 1103 was apparently made to convince his brother to restore William's earldom. This was successful, though Curthose had to give up all he had received after the 1101 invasion, and subsequently William was loyal to Henry.

To further insure William's loyalty Henry considered marrying him to one of his many illegitimate daughters. He was however dissuaded by Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, for any of the daughters would have been within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity. The precise nature of the consanguineous relationship Anselm had in mind has been much debated, but it is most likely he was referring to common descent from the father of duchess Gunnor.

William was one of the commanders on Henry's side (against Robert Curthose) at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106. Afterwards, with his loyalty thus proven, he became more prominent in Henry's court.

In 1110, Curthose's son William Clito escaped along with Helias of Saint-Saens, and afterwards Warenne received the forfeited Saint-Saens lands, which were very near his own in upper Normandy. By this maneuver king Henry further assured his loyalty, for the successful return of Clito would mean at the very least Warenne's loss of this new territory.

He fought at the Battle of Bremule in 1119 [3], and was at Henry's deathbed in 1135.

William's death is recorded as 11-May-1138 in the register of Lewes priory and he was buried with his father at the chapter-house there.

In 1118 William acquired the royal-blooded bride he desired when married Elizabeth de Vermandois. She was a daughter of count Hugh of Vermandois, a son of Henry I of France, and was the widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.

By Elizabeth he had three sons and two daughters.1 Earl of Surrey.

Children of William II de Warenne and Elizabeth of Vermandois

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Warenne,_2nd_Earl_of_Surrey.

Elizabeth of Vermandois

F, b. circa 1081, d. 13 February 1131
Father*Count Hugh I of Vermandois b. 1053, d. 18 Oct 1101
Mother*Adelaide of Vermandois b. 1062, d. 1122
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationElizabeth of Vermandois was also known as de Vermandois.
Name VariationElizabeth of Vermandois was also known as Isabel.
Married Name1096As of 1096,her married name was de Beaumont.
Married Name1118As of 1118,her married name was de Warenne.
     Elizabeth of Vermandois, or Elisabeth or Isabel de Vermandois (ca. 1081 – 13 February 1131), was a niece of Philip I of France who was twice married to influential Anglo-Norman magnates.

Elizabeth of Vermandois was the third daughter of Hugh Magnus and Adelaide of Vermandois, and as such represented both the Capetian line of her paternal grandfather Henry I of France, and the Carolingian ancestry of her maternal grandfather Herbert IV of Vermandois. Her father was a younger brother of Philip I of France.1

Children of Elizabeth of Vermandois and Robert de Beaumont

Children of Elizabeth of Vermandois and William II de Warenne

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_of_Vermandois

Count Hugh I of Vermandois

M, b. 1053, d. 18 October 1101
Father*King Henry I of France b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 Aug 1060
Mother*Anne of Kiev b. c 1028, d. 1075
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationCount Hugh I of Vermandois was also known as Magnus.
Name VariationCount Hugh I of Vermandois was also known as de Vermandois.
Name VariationCount Hugh I of Vermandois was also known as of France.
     Count of Vermandois. Hugh I (1053 – October 18, 1101), called Magnus or the Great, was a younger son of Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev and younger brother of Philip I. He was in his own right Count of Vermandois, but an ineffectual leader and soldier, great only in his boasting. Indeed, Steven Runciman is certain that his nickname Magnus (greater or elder), applied to him by William of Tyre, is a copyist's error, and should be Minus (younger), referring to Hugh as younger brother of the King of France.

In early 1096 Hugh and Philip began discussing the First Crusade after news of the Council of Clermont reached them in Paris. Although Philip could not participate, as he had been excommunicated, Hugh was said to have been influenced to join the Crusade after an eclipse of the moon on February 11, 1096.

That summer Hugh's army left France for Italy, where they would cross the Adriatic Sea into territory of the Byzantine Empire, unlike the other Crusader armies who were travelling by land. On the way, many of the soldiers led by fellow Crusader Emicho joined Hugh's army after Emicho was defeated by the Hungarians, whose land he had been pillaging. Hugh crossed the Adriatic from Bari in Southern Italy, but many of his ships were destroyed in a storm off the Byzantine port of Dyrrhachium.

Hugh and most of his army was rescued and escorted to Constantinople, where they arrived in November of 1096. Prior to his arrival, Hugh sent an arrogant, insulting letter to Eastern Roman Emperor Alexius I Comnenus, according to the Emperor's biography by his daughter (the Alexiad), demanding that Alexius meet with him:

"Know, O King, that I am King of Kings, and superior to all, who are under the sky. You are now permitted to greet me, on my arrival, and to receive me with magnificence, as befits my nobility."[1]
Alexius was already wary of the armies about to arrive, after the unruly mob led by Peter the Hermit had passed through earlier in the year. Alexius kept Hugh in custody in a monastery until Hugh swore an oath of vassalage to him.

After the Crusaders had successfully made their way across Seljuk territory and, in 1098, captured Antioch, Hugh was sent back to Constantinople to appeal for reinforcements from Alexius. Alexius was uninterested, however, and Hugh, instead of returning to Antioch to help plan the siege of Jerusalem, went back to France. There he was scorned for not having fulfilled his vow as a Crusader to complete a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and Pope Paschal II threatened to excommunicate him. He joined the minor Crusade of 1101, but was wounded in battle with the Turks in September, and died of his wounds in October in Tarsus.1

Children of Count Hugh I of Vermandois and Adelaide of Vermandois

Citations

  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_I,_Count_of_Vermandois.

William Avenal

M, b. circa 1080, d. after 1130
  • William Avenal was born circa 1080.
  • He died after 1130.

Child of William Avenal

Robert De Ros

M

Child of Robert De Ros and Sibyl de Valognes

Sibyl de Valognes

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Ros.

Child of Sibyl de Valognes and Robert De Ros

Joan De Ros

F, b. circa 1156
Father*Everard De Ros d. 1183
Mother*Roese de Trussebut
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was de Meynell.

Christian Bertram

F
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Ros.

Child of Christian Bertram and Robert De Ros