Phillippa Fitzalan

F, b. before 1349, d. 30 September 1393
Father*Richard Fitzalan b. 1313, d. 24 Jan 1376
Mother*Isabel le Despenser b. c 1312

Thomas Fitzalan

M, b. 1352, d. 19 February 1413
Father*Richard Fitzalan b. 1313, d. 24 Jan 1376
Mother*Eleanor Plantagenet b. 1318, d. 1372
     Thomas Arundel (1353 – 19 February 1414) was Archbishop of Canterbury in 1397 and from 1399 until his death, an outspoken opponent of the Lollards.

Bishop of Ely
A younger son of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel, he was papally provided as Bishop of Ely on 13 August 1373 entirely by reason of his father's status and financial leverage with the Crown during the dotage of Edward III, happily abandoning his student days at Oxford, from which he gained little pleasure.[1] A hugely wealthy near-sinecure, Ely seems to have captured the young bishop's genuine interest until his brother's political opposition to Richard II's policies both at home and towards France grew rancorous and dragged him in. In an extremely grave crisis, teetering towards civil war, 1386-8, the bishop found himself, at least in formal terms, right at the front of the dangerous attempts by five leading temporal lords to purge the king's advisors and control future policy.

Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor
On 3 April 1388, he was elevated to the position of Archbishop of York at a time when Richard II was, in effect, suspended from rule. Given Ely's wealth and ease, this promotion was clearly as much to do with status and consolidating the conspirators' control in the north as with remuneration.[2]

Arundel served twice as Lord Chancellor, during the reign of King Richard II, first, entirely against the king's wishes, from 1386 to 1389, and again from 1391 to 1396.[3] For whatever reason, the king, working his way astutely back into real authority, contrived to assure Arundel of his confidence right until the 'counter-coup' of 1397, when the archbishop was deceived into bringing his brother out of hiding under a royal safe conduct—to his death. Throughout his life Arundel was more trustful than was good for him. Despite his political preoccupations, which certainly led to him being largely absent from York, he has been credited with sponsoring a lively revival of personal religious piety in the northern province. Besides, as was to prove the case at Canterbury too, he was also a very good spotter of administrative talent.

Archbishop of Canterbury, period of exile, return to Canterbury and Lord Chancellorship
On 25 September 1396, he was made Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England[4] The king's nomination seemed to wish him nothing but success. Yet, within a year, he was exiled by the king during Richard's fierce counter-attack against his enemies of ten years earlier, and was replaced by Roger Walden.[4]

He spent his exile in Florence, where in 1398, at Richard II's request, the Roman Pope Boniface IX translated him to become Bishop of St. Andrews, a cruel, empty fate because Scotland during the Great Schism recognized the Pope in Avignon, already had a bishop in place and would probably never have accepted him anyway, even in peaceful times. However, shortly afterwards, he joined up with his fellow-exile Henry Bolingbroke. Although not soul-mates, they invaded England together and forced Richard to yield the crown to Henry IV. Arundel played a hugely prominent part in the usurpation and may have been the most hawkishly determined of all that the king should be removed entirely: whether he actually lied on oath to Richard II to lure him out of Conway remains altogether open to debate. The new regime of course secured the reversal of several of Richard's acts, including the pope's installation of Walden at Canterbury. Arundel returned to his primacy[4], while Walden—actually with the support of Arundel—was eventually translated to the important see of London.

As the king collapsed into ill-health from 1405, Arundel returned to the front of government. At one point, he even took the sick king into Lambeth Palace itself for care. In 1405–06 he had to deal with the crisis with the papacy provoked by the king's decision to execute Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York who had participated in the Percy rebellion. Formally, under Henry IV, Arundel served twice as Lord Chancellor, first in 1399 and again from 1407 to 1410.[3] When Henry IV's son succeeded as Henry V, Arundel's influence at court decreased.

Thomas Arundel died on 19 February 1414.[4]1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Joan Beaufort

F, b. circa 1404, d. 15 July 1445
Father*John Beaufort b. c 1371, d. 16 Mar 1409
Mother*Margaret De Holand b. 1385, d. 30 Dec 1439
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name2 February 1424As of 2 February 1424,her married name was of Scotland.
     Queen of Scotland.

Child of Joan Beaufort and James I of Scotland

James I of Scotland

M, b. 10 December 1394, d. 21 February 1437
     King of Scots.

Child of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

Humphrey IV De Bohun

M, b. circa 1208, d. 24 September 1275
Father*Henry De Bohun b. 1176, d. 1220
Mother*Maud de Mandeville
     2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 – Warwickshire, 24 September 1275) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex, as well as Constable of England. He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England.

After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 – 14 August 1241, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan, Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue.1

Children of Humphrey IV De Bohun and Maud de Lusignan


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_2nd_Earl_of_Hereford.

Maud de Lusignan

F, b. 1210, d. 14 August 1241
Father*Raoul I de Lusignan
Mother*Alix d'Eu b. c 1191, d. May 1246
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Namecirca 1236As of circa 1236,her married name was De Bohun.
     Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 – August 14, 1241, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), married c. 1236 as his first wife Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex on April 28, 1228 and Constable of England (bef. 1208 – Warwickshire, September 24, 1275, buried at Llanthony, Gloucester), and had issue.1

Children of Maud de Lusignan and Humphrey IV De Bohun


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Raoul I de Lusignan

Father*Hugh VIII de Lusignan b. c 1141, d. 1169
Mother*Orengarde (?)
     Raoul I of Lusignan or Raoul I de Lusignan (1160 or 1164/1165 – Acre, Palestine, 1217 or Melle, May 1, 1219), was the second son of Hugues de Lusignan, Co-Seigneur de Lusignan in 1164 (c. 1141 - 1169), and wife, married before 1162, Orengarde N, who died in 1169, and grandson of Hugh VIII. He became Seigneur d'Issoudun before 1200, Count of Eu by marriage, Seigneur de Melle, de Chize, de Civray and de La Mothe. He was buried at the Priory of Fontblanche, in Exoudun.

He married firstly c. 1210 (annulled before 1213) Marguerite de Courtenay (1194 – Marienthal, July 17, 1270 and buried there), Dame de Chateauneuf-sur-Cher and Margravine of Namur (1229-1237), daughter of Peter II of Courtenay and second wife Yolande of Namur, Margravine of Namur, without issue.

He later married, in September 1213, Alix d'Eu, 8th Countess of Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings (c. 1191 – La Mothe-Saint-Heray, Poitou, May 14 or 15, 1246), daughter of Henri d'Eu (d. by March 17, 1183 or 1190/1191), 7th Comte d'Eu and 3rd Lord of Hastings and wife as her first husband Mathilde or Maud de Warenne (c. 1162 – c. 1212 or by December 13, 1228), and had at least two children.1 Comte d'Eu.

Child of Raoul I de Lusignan and Alix d'Eu


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Alix d'Eu

F, b. circa 1191, d. May 1246
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameSeptember 1213As of September 1213,her married name was de Lusignan.
     8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings.

Child of Alix d'Eu and Raoul I de Lusignan

Henry De Bohun

M, b. 1176, d. 1220
Father*Humphrey III De Bohun b. b 1144, d. Dec 1181
Mother*Margaret of Huntingdon b. 1145, d. 1201
     Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176 – 1220) was an English Norman nobleman.

He was Earl of Hereford and Hereditary Constable of England from 1199 to 1220.

He was the son of Humphrey III de Bohun and Margaret of Huntingdon, Princess of Scotland, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, a son of David I of Scotland. His paternal grandmother was Margaret, daughter of Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford and Constable of England. Bohun's half-sister was Constance, Duchess of Brittany.

The male line of Miles of Gloucester having failed, on the accession of King John of England, Bohun was created Earl of Hereford and Constable of England (1199).

Henry de Bohun was one of the 25 sureties of the Magna Carta in 1215, and was subsequently excommunicated by the Pope.

He married Maud de Mandeville of Essex, daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex.

He was also a supporter of King Louis VIII of France and was captured at the Battle of Lincoln in 1217.

He died whilst on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He was succeeded by his son Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford in 1220.1 1st Earl of Hereford.

Children of Henry De Bohun and Maud de Mandeville


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Hereford.

Maud de Mandeville

Father*Geoffrey Fitzpeter b. c 1162, d. 1213
Mother*Beatrice de Say
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud de Mandeville was also known as FitzGeoffrey.
Married NameHer married name was De Bohun.
Name VariationMaud de Mandeville was also known as of Essex.

Children of Maud de Mandeville and Henry De Bohun

Geoffrey Fitzpeter

M, b. circa 1162, d. 1213
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationGeoffrey Fitzpeter was also known as Fitz Piers.
     Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex, (c. 1162 – 1213), was a prominent member of the government of England during the reigns of Richard I and John. The patronymic is sometimes rendered Fitz Piers, for he was the son of Piers de Lutegareshale, forester of Ludgershall.

He was from a modest landowning family that had a tradition of service in mid-ranking posts under Henry II. Geoffrey's elder brother Simon was at various times sheriff of Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, and Bedfordshire. Geoffrey, too, got his start in this way, as sheriff of Northamptonshire for the last five years of Henry II's reign.

Around this time Geoffrey married Beatrice de Say, daughter and eventual co-heiress of William de Say II. This William was the son of William de Say I and Beatrice, sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex. This connection with the Mandeville family was later to prove unexpectedly important. In 1184 Geoffrey's father-in-law died, and he received a share of the de Say inheritance by right of his wife, co-heiress to her father. He also eventually gained the title of earl of Essex by right of his wife, becoming the 4th earl.

When Richard I left on crusade, he appointed Geoffrey one of the five judges of the king's court, and thus a principal advisor to Hugh de Puiset, Bishop of Durham, who, as Chief Justiciar, was one of the regents during the king's absence. Late in 1189, Geoffrey's wife's cousin William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex died, leaving no direct heirs. His wife's inheritance was disputed between Geoffrey and his in-laws, but Geoffrey used his political influence to eventually obtain the Mandeville lands (but not the earldom, which was left open) for himself.

On 11 July 1198, King Richard appointed Geoffrey Chief Justiciar, which at that time effectively made him the king's principal minister. He continued in this capacity after the accession of king John until his death on October 14, 1213.[1] On his coronation day the new king ennobled Geoffrey as Earl of Essex.1
1st Earl of Essex.


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_1st_Earl_of_Essex.

Humphrey III De Bohun

M, b. before 1144, d. December 1181
Father*Humphrey II De Bohun d. 1164
Mother*Margaret of Gloucester b. a 1121, d. 1187
     Humphrey III de Bohun (before 1144 – ? December 1181) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman and general who served Henry II as Constable. He was the son of Humphrey II de Bohun and Margaret (died 1187), the eldest daughter of the erstwhile constable Miles of Gloucester. He had succeeded to his fathers fiefs, centred on Trowbridge, by 29 September 1165, when he owed three hundred marks as relief. From 1166 he held his mother's inheritance, both her Bohun lands in Wiltshire and her inheritance from her late father and brothers.

As his constable, Humphrey sided with the king during the Revolt of 1173–1174. In August 1173 he was with Henry and the royal army at Breteuil on the continent, and later that year he and Richard de Lucy led the sack of Berwick-upon-Tweed and invaded Lothian to attack William the Lion, the King of Scotland, who had sided with the rebels. He returned to England and played a major role in the defeat and capture of Robert Blanchemains , the Earl of Leicester, at Fornham. By the end of 1174 he was back on the continent, where he witnessed the Treaty of Falaise between Henry and William of Scotland.

According to Robert of Torigni, Humphrey joined Henry the Young King in leading an army against Philip of Alsace, the Count of Flanders, in support of Philip II of France, in late 1181, on which campaign Humphrey died.[1] He was buried at Llanthony Secunda.

Sometime between February 1171 and Easter 1175 Humphrey married Margaret of Huntingdon, a daughter of Henry, Earl of Northumbria, and widow since 1171 of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany. Through this marriage he became a brother in law of his enemy, William of Scotland. With Margaret he had a daughter, Matilda, and a son, Henry de Bohun, who in 1187 was still a minor in the custody of Humphrey's mother in England.1

Child of Humphrey III De Bohun and Margaret of Huntingdon


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Humphrey II De Bohun

M, d. 1164
Father*Humphrey I De Bohun d. c 1123
Mother*Maud of Salisbury
     Humphrey II de Bohun (died 1164/5) was an Anglo-Norman aristocrat, the third of his family after the Norman Conquest. He was the son and heir of Humphrey I and Maud, a daughter of Edward of Salisbury, an Anglo-Saxon landholder in Wiltshire. His father died around 1123 and he inherited an honour centred on Trowbridge, although he still owed feudal relief for this as late as 1130.

Shortly after the elder Humphrey's death, his widow and son founded the Cluniac priory of Monkton Farleigh in accordance with Humphrey's wishes. By 1130 the younger Humphrey also owed four hundred marks to the Crown for the Stewardship, which he had purchased. He appears in royal charters of Henry I towards 1135, and in 1136 he signed the the charter of liberties issued by Stephen at his Oxford court.

In the civil war that coloured Stephen's reign Humphrey sided with his rival, the Empress Matilda after she landed in England in 1139. He repelled a royal army besieging his castle at Trowbridge, and in 1144 Matilda confirmed his possessions, granted him some lands, and recognised his "stewardship in England and Normandy". He consistently witnessed charters of Matilda as steward in the 1140s and between 1153 and 1157 he witnessed the chaters of her son, then Henry II, with the same title.

In 1158 he appears to have fallen from favour, for he was deprived of royal demesne lands he had been holding in Wiltshire. He does not appear in any royal act until January 1164, when he was present for the promulgation of the Constitutions of Clarendon. He died sometime before 29 September 1165, when his son, Humphrey III, had succeeded him in Trowbridge. He left a widow in Margaret (died 1187), daughter Miles of Gloucester.1

Child of Humphrey II De Bohun and Margaret of Gloucester


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Margaret of Gloucester

F, b. after 1121, d. 1187
Father*Miles de Gloucester b. 1100, d. 24 Dec 1143
Mother*Sibyl de Neufmarche
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was De Bohun.

Child of Margaret of Gloucester and Humphrey II De Bohun

Margaret of Huntingdon

F, b. 1145, d. 1201
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1171As of 1171,her married name was De Bohun.
     Margaret of Huntingdon, Princess of Scotland, Duchess of Brittany (1145- 1201) was a Scottish noblewoman. Two of her brothers, Malcolm IV and William I were Scottish kings. She was the wife of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany and the mother of Constance, Duchess of Brittany.[1] Her second husband was Humphrey de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England. Following her second marriage, Margaret styled hereself as the Countess of Hereford.

Margaret was born in 1145, the second eldest daughter[2] of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumbria, and Ada de Warenne. She had an older sister Ada, and two younger sisters, Marjorie and Matilda. Two of her brothers, Malcolm and William were kings of Scotland, and she had another brother, David, Earl of Huntingdon, who married Maud of Chester. Her paternal grandparents were King David I of Scotland and Maud, Countess of Huntingdon. Her maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois.

In 1152, when she was seven years of age, her father died.

In 1160, Margaret married her first husband, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond. Upon her marriage, she was styled as the Duchess of Brittany and Countess of Richmond. Margaret's origins and first marriage deduced by Benedict of Peterborugh who recorded filia sororis regis Scotiae Willelmi comitissa Brittanniae gave birth in 1186 to filium Arturum. Together Conan and Margaret had one child:

Constance, Duchess of Brittany (12 June 1161 – 5 September 1201), married firstly in 1181, Geoffrey Planatagenet, by whom she had three children, including Arthur of Brittany; she married secondly in 1188, Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester; she married thirdly in 1198, Guy of Thouars, by whom she had twin daughters, including Alix of Thouars.
Margaret's husband died in February 1171, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-six. Shortly before Easter 1171, she married her second husband, Humphrey de Bohun, Hereditary Constable of England (c.1155- 1182). He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Gloucester. Hereafter, she styled herself Countess of Hereford. The marriage produced one son:

Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176- 1 June 1220), a Magna Carta surety; he married Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville of Essex by whom he had three children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and from whom descended the Bohun Earls of Hereford. Maud was the daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex by his first wife Beatrice de Say.
Margaret died in 1201 and was buried in Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire. Her second husband had died nineteen years earlier.1 Princess of Scotland.

Child of Margaret of Huntingdon and Humphrey III De Bohun


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Princess_of_Scotland.

Beatrice de Say

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Fitzpeter.

King Malcolm IV of Scotland

M, b. 1141, d. 9 December 1165
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
     Malcolm IV (Mediaeval Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig), nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" (23 April 1141 – 24 May 1141–9 December 1165), King of Scots, was the eldest son of Earl Henry (died 1152) and Ada de Warenne. The original Malcolm Canmore, a name now associated with his great-grandfather Malcolm III (Máel Coluim mac Donnchada), he succeeded his grandfather David I, and shared David's Anglo-Norman tastes.

Called Malcolm the Maiden by later chroniclers, a name which may incorrectly suggest weakness or effeminacy to modern readers, he was noted for his religious zeal and interest in knighthood and warfare. For much of his reign he was in poor health and died unmarried at the age of twenty-four.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Ada de Huntingdon

F, b. 1139, d. 1206
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 August 1162As of 28 August 1162,her married name was of Holland.

Marjorie de Huntingdon

F, b. after 1145
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178

Matilda de Huntingdon

F, b. 1152, d. 1152
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178

David de Huntingdon

M, b. circa 1144, d. 17 June 1219
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
     David of Scotland (c. 1144 – 17 June 1219) was a Scottish prince and Earl of Huntingdon. He was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth of Vermandois. His paternal grandfather was David I of Scotland. Huntingdon was granted to him after his elder brother William I of Scotland ascended the throne. David's son John succeeded him to the earldom.

In the litigation for succession to the crown of Scotland in 1290-1292, the great-great-grandson Floris V, Count of Holland of David's sister, Ada, claimed that David had renounced his hereditary rights to the throne of Scotland. He therefore declared that his claim to the throne had priority over David's descendants. However, no explanation or firm evidence for the supposed renounciation could be provided.

David married Maud of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, by whom he had three sons and four daughters:

Margaret of Huntingdon
Isobel of Huntingdon
John, his successor as Earl
Robert, died young[1]
Henry, died young[2];
Matilda (?-1219), died unmarried
Ada (?-1241), married Henry de Hastings, father of Henry de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings[3]
After the extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house in 1290, when the legitimate line of William the Lion of Scotland ended, David's descendants were the prime candidates for the throne. The two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (grandfather of King Robert I of Scotland) and John of Scotland were his descendants through David's daughters Isobel and Margaret, respectively.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_8th_Earl_of_Huntingdon.

King David I of Scotland

M, b. circa 1085, d. 24 May 1153
Father*Malcolm III of Scotland b. 1031, d. 13 Nov 1093
Mother*Margaret Atheling b. 1045, d. 1093
     David I or Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim;[1] 1083 x 1085 – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians (1113–1124) and later King of the Scots (1124–1153). The youngest son of Máel Coluim III and Margaret, David spent most of his childhood in Scotland, but was exiled to England temporarily in 1093. Perhaps after 1100, he became a dependent at the court of King Henry I. There he was influenced by the Norman and Anglo-French culture of the court.

When David's brother Alexander I of Scotland died in 1124, David chose, with the backing of Henry I, to take the Kingdom of Scotland (Alba) for himself. He was forced to engage in warfare against his rival and nephew, Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair. Subduing the latter seems to have taken David ten years, a struggle that involved the destruction of Óengus, Mormaer of Moray. David's victory allowed expansion of control over more distant regions theoretically part of his Kingdom. After the death of his former patron Henry I, David supported the claims of Henry's daughter and his own niece, the former Empress-consort, Matilda, to the throne of England. In the process, he came into conflict with King Stephen and was able to expand his power in northern England, despite his defeat at the Battle of the Standard in 1138.

The term "Davidian Revolution" is used by many scholars to summarise the changes which took place in the Kingdom of Scotland during his reign. These included his foundation of burghs, implementation of the ideals of Gregorian Reform, foundation of monasteries, Normanisation of the Scottish government, and the introduction of feudalism through immigrant French and Anglo-French knights.1

Child of King David I of Scotland and Maud of Northumbria


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Maud of Northumbria

F, b. 1074, d. 1130
Father*Waltheof of Northumbria b. 1050, d. 31 May 1076
Mother*Judith of Lens b. c 1055, d. a 1086
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud of Northumbria was also known as of Huntingdon.
Married Name1090As of 1090,her married name was of St Liz.
Married Name1090As of 1090,her married name was de Senlis.
Married Name1113As of 1113,her married name was of Scotland.
     Countess of Huntingdon. Maud of Northumbria (1074-1130), countess for the Honour of Huntingdon, was the daughter of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria and Judith of Lens, the last of the major Anglo-Saxon earls to remain powerful after the Norman conquest of England in 1066. She inherited her father's earldom of Huntingdon and married twice.1

Children of Maud of Northumbria and Simon of St Liz

Child of Maud of Northumbria and King David I of Scotland


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Countess_of_Huntingdon.

Waltheof of Northumbria

M, b. 1050, d. 31 May 1076
     Earl of Northumbria.

Children of Waltheof of Northumbria and Judith of Lens

Judith of Lens

F, b. circa 1055, d. after 1086
Father*Lambert II of Lens
Mother*Adelaide of Normandy b. c 1026, d. c 1090
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1070As of 1070,her married name was of Northumbria.
     Countess Judith (born in Normandy between 1054 and 1055, died after 1086), was a niece of William the Conqueror. She was a daughter of his sister Adelaide of Normandy, Countess of Aumale and Lambert II, Count of Lens.

In 1070, Judith married Earl Waltheof of Huntingdon and Northumbria. They had three daughters, the eldest of whom, Maud, brought the earldom of Huntingdon to her second husband, David I of Scotland.

In 1075, Waltheof joined the Revolt of the Earls against William. It was the last serious act of resistance against the Norman conquest of England. Judith betrayed Waltheof to her uncle. Waltheof was executed by decapitation on 31 May 1076.

After the execution of her Waltheof, Judith was betrothed by William to Simon I of St. Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton. Judith refused to marry Simon and she fled the country to avoid William's anger. He then confiscated all of Judith's English estates.

Judith founded the Abbey at Elstow Bedfordshire in about 1078. She also founded churches at Kempston and Hitchin.

She had land-holdings in 10 counties in the Midlands and East Anglia.1

Children of Judith of Lens and Waltheof of Northumbria


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

King Henry I of France

M, b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 August 1060
     Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was King of France from 1031 to his death. The royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblematic of the weakness of the early Capetians. This is not entirely agreed upon, however, as other historians regard him as a strong but realistic king, who was forced to conduct a policy mindful of the limitations of the French monarchy.

A member of the House of Capet, Henry was born in Reims, the son of King Robert II (972–1031) and Constance of Arles (986–1034). He was crowned King of France at the Cathedral in Reims on 14 May 1027, in the Capetian tradition, while his father still lived. He had little influence and power until he became sole ruler on his father's death.

The reign of Henry I, like those of his predecessors, was marked by territorial struggles. Initially, he joined his brother Robert, with the support of their mother, in a revolt against his father (1025). His mother, however, supported Robert as heir to the old king, on whose death Henry was left to deal with his rebel sibling. In 1032, he placated his brother by giving him the duchy of Burgundy which his father had given him in 1016.

In an early strategic move, Henry came to the rescue of his very young nephew-in-law, the newly appointed Duke William of Normandy (who would go on to become William the Conqueror), to suppress a revolt by William's vassals. In 1047, Henry secured the dukedom for William in their decisive victory over the vassals at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes near Caen.

A few years later, when William married Matilda, the daughter of the count of Flanders, Henry feared William's potential power. In 1054, and again in 1057, Henry went to war to try to conquer Normandy from William, but on both occasions he was defeated. Despite his efforts, Henry I's twenty-nine-year reign saw feudal power in France reach its pinnacle.

Henry had three meetings with Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor—all at Ivois. In early 1043, he met him to discuss the marriage of the emperor with Agnes of Poitou, the daughter of Henry's vassal. In October 1048, the two Henries met again, but the subject of this meeting eludes us. The final meeting took place in May 1056. It concerned disputes over Lorraine. The debate over the duchy became so heated that the king of France challenged his German counterpart to single combat. The emperor, however, was not so much a warrior and he fled in the night; despite this, Henry did not get Lorraine.

King Henry I died on 4 August 1060 in Vitry-en-Brie, France, and was interred in Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by his son, Philip I of France, who was 7 at the time of his death; for six years Henry I's Queen, Anne of Kiev, ruled as regent.

He was also Duke of Burgundy from 1016 to 1032, when he abdicated the duchy to his brother Robert Capet.1

Children of King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Anne of Kiev

F, b. circa 1028, d. 1075
Father*Yaroslav I of Kiev b. 978, d. 20 Feb 1054
Mother*Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden b. 1001, d. 10 Feb 1050
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAnne of Kiev was also known as Anna Agnes Yaroslavna.
Married Name19 May 1051As of 19 May 1051,her married name was of France.
     Anne of Kiev or Anna Yaroslavna (between 1024 and 1032 – 1075), daughter of Yaroslav I of Kiev and his wife Princess Ingegerd of Sweden, was the queen consort of France as the wife of Henry I, and regent for her son Philip I.

After the death of his first wife, Matilda, King Henry searched the courts of Europe for a suitable bride, but could not locate a princess who was not related to him within illegal degrees of kinship. At last he sent an embassy to distant Kiev, which returned with Anne (also called Agnes or Anna). Anne and Henry were married at the cathedral of Reims on 19 May 1051.

For six years after Henry's death in 1060, she served as regent for Philip, who was only seven at the time. She was the first queen of France to serve as regent. Her co-regent was Count Baldwin V of Flanders. Anne was a literate woman, rare for the time, but there was some opposition to her as regent on the grounds that her mastery of French was less than fluent.

A year after the king's death, Anne, acting as regent, took a passionate fancy for Count Ralph III of Valois, a man whose political ambition encouraged him to repudiate his wife to marry Anne in 1062. Accused of adultery, Ralph's wife appealed to Pope Alexander II, who excommunicated the couple. The young king Philip forgave his mother, which was just as well, since he was to find himself in a very similar predicament in the 1090s. Ralph died in September 1074, at which time Anne returned to the French court. She died in 1075, was buried at Villiers Abbey, La-Ferte-Alais, Essonne and her obits were celebrated on 5 September.1

Children of Anne of Kiev and King Henry I of France


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Yaroslav I of Kiev

M, b. 978, d. 20 February 1054
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationYaroslav I of Kiev was also known as the Wise.
     Yaroslav I the Wise (Old Norse: Jarizleifr, c. 978 - February 20, 1054) was thrice Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus' reached the zenith of its cultural flowering and military power.1

Children of Yaroslav I of Kiev and Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden

F, b. 1001, d. 10 February 1050
Father*Olaf Eriksson b. 950, d. 1022
Mother*Estrid of the Obotrites
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationPrincess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden was also known as Ingrid Olofsdotter.
Name VariationPrincess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden was also known as Irene.
Married Name1019As of 1019,her married name was of Kiev.
     Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001 – 10 February 1050) was a Swedish princess and a Grand Princess of Kiev, the daughter of Swedish King Olof Skötkonung and Estrid of the Obotrites and the consort of Yaroslav I the Wise of Kiev.

Ingegerd was born in Sigtuna, Sweden, and was engaged to be married to Norwegian King Olaf II, but when Sweden and Norway got into a feud, Swedish King Olof Skötkonung wouldn't allow for the marriage to happen.

Instead, Ingegard's father quickly arranged for a marriage to the powerful Yaroslav I the Wise of Novgorod. The marriage took place in 1019. Once in Kiev, her name was changed to the Greek Irene. According to several sagas, she was given as a marriage gift Ladoga and adjacent lands, which later received the name Ingria (arguably a corruption of Ingegerd's name). She set her friend jarl Ragnvald Ulfsson to rule in her stead.

Ingegard initiated the building of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev that was supervised by her husband, who styled himself tsar. They had six sons and four daughters, the latter of whom became Queens of France, Hungary, Norway, and (arguably) England. The whole family is depicted in one of the frescoes of the Saint Sophia. Upon her death, Ingegard was buried in the same cathedral.1

Children of Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden and Yaroslav I of Kiev


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Olaf Eriksson

M, b. 950, d. 1022
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationOlaf Eriksson was also known as King Olaf of Sweden.
Name VariationOlaf Eriksson was also known as Olof Skötkonung.
     Olof Skötkonung (Old Icelandic: Óláfr sænski, Old Swedish: Olawær skotkonongær) was the son of Eric the Victorious and Sigrid the Haughty. He was born around 980 and he succeeded his father in 995.1

Child of Olaf Eriksson and Estrid of the Obotrites

Child of Olaf Eriksson


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,