Margaret of Huntingdon

F, b. 1145, d. 1201
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1171As of 1171,her married name was De Bohun.
     Margaret of Huntingdon, Princess of Scotland, Duchess of Brittany (1145- 1201) was a Scottish noblewoman. Two of her brothers, Malcolm IV and William I were Scottish kings. She was the wife of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany and the mother of Constance, Duchess of Brittany.[1] Her second husband was Humphrey de Bohun, hereditary Constable of England. Following her second marriage, Margaret styled hereself as the Countess of Hereford.

Margaret was born in 1145, the second eldest daughter[2] of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumbria, and Ada de Warenne. She had an older sister Ada, and two younger sisters, Marjorie and Matilda. Two of her brothers, Malcolm and William were kings of Scotland, and she had another brother, David, Earl of Huntingdon, who married Maud of Chester. Her paternal grandparents were King David I of Scotland and Maud, Countess of Huntingdon. Her maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois.

In 1152, when she was seven years of age, her father died.

In 1160, Margaret married her first husband, Conan IV, Duke of Brittany, Earl of Richmond. Upon her marriage, she was styled as the Duchess of Brittany and Countess of Richmond. Margaret's origins and first marriage deduced by Benedict of Peterborugh who recorded filia sororis regis Scotiae Willelmi comitissa Brittanniae gave birth in 1186 to filium Arturum. Together Conan and Margaret had one child:

Constance, Duchess of Brittany (12 June 1161 – 5 September 1201), married firstly in 1181, Geoffrey Planatagenet, by whom she had three children, including Arthur of Brittany; she married secondly in 1188, Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester; she married thirdly in 1198, Guy of Thouars, by whom she had twin daughters, including Alix of Thouars.
Margaret's husband died in February 1171, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-six. Shortly before Easter 1171, she married her second husband, Humphrey de Bohun, Hereditary Constable of England (c.1155- 1182). He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun and Margaret of Gloucester. Hereafter, she styled herself Countess of Hereford. The marriage produced one son:

Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176- 1 June 1220), a Magna Carta surety; he married Maud FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville of Essex by whom he had three children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and from whom descended the Bohun Earls of Hereford. Maud was the daughter of Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex by his first wife Beatrice de Say.
Margaret died in 1201 and was buried in Sawtrey Abbey, Huntingdonshire. Her second husband had died nineteen years earlier.1 Princess of Scotland.

Child of Margaret of Huntingdon and Humphrey III De Bohun


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Princess_of_Scotland.

Beatrice de Say

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Fitzpeter.

King Malcolm IV of Scotland

M, b. 1141, d. 9 December 1165
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
     Malcolm IV (Mediaeval Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig), nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" (23 April 1141 – 24 May 1141–9 December 1165), King of Scots, was the eldest son of Earl Henry (died 1152) and Ada de Warenne. The original Malcolm Canmore, a name now associated with his great-grandfather Malcolm III (Máel Coluim mac Donnchada), he succeeded his grandfather David I, and shared David's Anglo-Norman tastes.

Called Malcolm the Maiden by later chroniclers, a name which may incorrectly suggest weakness or effeminacy to modern readers, he was noted for his religious zeal and interest in knighthood and warfare. For much of his reign he was in poor health and died unmarried at the age of twenty-four.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Ada de Huntingdon

F, b. 1139, d. 1206
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name28 August 1162As of 28 August 1162,her married name was of Holland.

Marjorie de Huntingdon

F, b. after 1145
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178

Matilda de Huntingdon

F, b. 1152, d. 1152
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178

David de Huntingdon

M, b. circa 1144, d. 17 June 1219
Father*Henry of Scotland b. 1114, d. 1152
Mother*Ada de Warenne b. c 1122, d. 1178
     David of Scotland (c. 1144 – 17 June 1219) was a Scottish prince and Earl of Huntingdon. He was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth of Vermandois. His paternal grandfather was David I of Scotland. Huntingdon was granted to him after his elder brother William I of Scotland ascended the throne. David's son John succeeded him to the earldom.

In the litigation for succession to the crown of Scotland in 1290-1292, the great-great-grandson Floris V, Count of Holland of David's sister, Ada, claimed that David had renounced his hereditary rights to the throne of Scotland. He therefore declared that his claim to the throne had priority over David's descendants. However, no explanation or firm evidence for the supposed renounciation could be provided.

David married Maud of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, by whom he had three sons and four daughters:

Margaret of Huntingdon
Isobel of Huntingdon
John, his successor as Earl
Robert, died young[1]
Henry, died young[2];
Matilda (?-1219), died unmarried
Ada (?-1241), married Henry de Hastings, father of Henry de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings[3]
After the extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house in 1290, when the legitimate line of William the Lion of Scotland ended, David's descendants were the prime candidates for the throne. The two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (grandfather of King Robert I of Scotland) and John of Scotland were his descendants through David's daughters Isobel and Margaret, respectively.1


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_8th_Earl_of_Huntingdon.

King David I of Scotland

M, b. circa 1085, d. 24 May 1153
Father*Malcolm III of Scotland b. 1031, d. 13 Nov 1093
Mother*Margaret Atheling b. 1045, d. 1093
     David I or Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim;[1] 1083 x 1085 – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians (1113–1124) and later King of the Scots (1124–1153). The youngest son of Máel Coluim III and Margaret, David spent most of his childhood in Scotland, but was exiled to England temporarily in 1093. Perhaps after 1100, he became a dependent at the court of King Henry I. There he was influenced by the Norman and Anglo-French culture of the court.

When David's brother Alexander I of Scotland died in 1124, David chose, with the backing of Henry I, to take the Kingdom of Scotland (Alba) for himself. He was forced to engage in warfare against his rival and nephew, Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair. Subduing the latter seems to have taken David ten years, a struggle that involved the destruction of Óengus, Mormaer of Moray. David's victory allowed expansion of control over more distant regions theoretically part of his Kingdom. After the death of his former patron Henry I, David supported the claims of Henry's daughter and his own niece, the former Empress-consort, Matilda, to the throne of England. In the process, he came into conflict with King Stephen and was able to expand his power in northern England, despite his defeat at the Battle of the Standard in 1138.

The term "Davidian Revolution" is used by many scholars to summarise the changes which took place in the Kingdom of Scotland during his reign. These included his foundation of burghs, implementation of the ideals of Gregorian Reform, foundation of monasteries, Normanisation of the Scottish government, and the introduction of feudalism through immigrant French and Anglo-French knights.1

Child of King David I of Scotland and Maud of Northumbria


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Maud of Northumbria

F, b. 1074, d. 1130
Father*Waltheof of Northumbria b. 1050, d. 31 May 1076
Mother*Judith of Lens b. c 1055, d. a 1086
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationMaud of Northumbria was also known as of Huntingdon.
Married Name1090As of 1090,her married name was of St Liz.
Married Name1090As of 1090,her married name was de Senlis.
Married Name1113As of 1113,her married name was of Scotland.
     Countess of Huntingdon. Maud of Northumbria (1074-1130), countess for the Honour of Huntingdon, was the daughter of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria and Judith of Lens, the last of the major Anglo-Saxon earls to remain powerful after the Norman conquest of England in 1066. She inherited her father's earldom of Huntingdon and married twice.1

Children of Maud of Northumbria and Simon of St Liz

Child of Maud of Northumbria and King David I of Scotland


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_Countess_of_Huntingdon.

Waltheof of Northumbria

M, b. 1050, d. 31 May 1076
     Earl of Northumbria.

Children of Waltheof of Northumbria and Judith of Lens

Judith of Lens

F, b. circa 1055, d. after 1086
Father*Lambert II of Lens
Mother*Adelaide of Normandy b. c 1026, d. c 1090
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1070As of 1070,her married name was of Northumbria.
     Countess Judith (born in Normandy between 1054 and 1055, died after 1086), was a niece of William the Conqueror. She was a daughter of his sister Adelaide of Normandy, Countess of Aumale and Lambert II, Count of Lens.

In 1070, Judith married Earl Waltheof of Huntingdon and Northumbria. They had three daughters, the eldest of whom, Maud, brought the earldom of Huntingdon to her second husband, David I of Scotland.

In 1075, Waltheof joined the Revolt of the Earls against William. It was the last serious act of resistance against the Norman conquest of England. Judith betrayed Waltheof to her uncle. Waltheof was executed by decapitation on 31 May 1076.

After the execution of her Waltheof, Judith was betrothed by William to Simon I of St. Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton. Judith refused to marry Simon and she fled the country to avoid William's anger. He then confiscated all of Judith's English estates.

Judith founded the Abbey at Elstow Bedfordshire in about 1078. She also founded churches at Kempston and Hitchin.

She had land-holdings in 10 counties in the Midlands and East Anglia.1

Children of Judith of Lens and Waltheof of Northumbria


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

King Henry I of France

M, b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 August 1060
     Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was King of France from 1031 to his death. The royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblematic of the weakness of the early Capetians. This is not entirely agreed upon, however, as other historians regard him as a strong but realistic king, who was forced to conduct a policy mindful of the limitations of the French monarchy.

A member of the House of Capet, Henry was born in Reims, the son of King Robert II (972–1031) and Constance of Arles (986–1034). He was crowned King of France at the Cathedral in Reims on 14 May 1027, in the Capetian tradition, while his father still lived. He had little influence and power until he became sole ruler on his father's death.

The reign of Henry I, like those of his predecessors, was marked by territorial struggles. Initially, he joined his brother Robert, with the support of their mother, in a revolt against his father (1025). His mother, however, supported Robert as heir to the old king, on whose death Henry was left to deal with his rebel sibling. In 1032, he placated his brother by giving him the duchy of Burgundy which his father had given him in 1016.

In an early strategic move, Henry came to the rescue of his very young nephew-in-law, the newly appointed Duke William of Normandy (who would go on to become William the Conqueror), to suppress a revolt by William's vassals. In 1047, Henry secured the dukedom for William in their decisive victory over the vassals at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes near Caen.

A few years later, when William married Matilda, the daughter of the count of Flanders, Henry feared William's potential power. In 1054, and again in 1057, Henry went to war to try to conquer Normandy from William, but on both occasions he was defeated. Despite his efforts, Henry I's twenty-nine-year reign saw feudal power in France reach its pinnacle.

Henry had three meetings with Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor—all at Ivois. In early 1043, he met him to discuss the marriage of the emperor with Agnes of Poitou, the daughter of Henry's vassal. In October 1048, the two Henries met again, but the subject of this meeting eludes us. The final meeting took place in May 1056. It concerned disputes over Lorraine. The debate over the duchy became so heated that the king of France challenged his German counterpart to single combat. The emperor, however, was not so much a warrior and he fled in the night; despite this, Henry did not get Lorraine.

King Henry I died on 4 August 1060 in Vitry-en-Brie, France, and was interred in Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by his son, Philip I of France, who was 7 at the time of his death; for six years Henry I's Queen, Anne of Kiev, ruled as regent.

He was also Duke of Burgundy from 1016 to 1032, when he abdicated the duchy to his brother Robert Capet.1

Children of King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Anne of Kiev

F, b. circa 1028, d. 1075
Father*Yaroslav I of Kiev b. 978, d. 20 Feb 1054
Mother*Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden b. 1001, d. 10 Feb 1050
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationAnne of Kiev was also known as Anna Agnes Yaroslavna.
Married Name19 May 1051As of 19 May 1051,her married name was of France.
     Anne of Kiev or Anna Yaroslavna (between 1024 and 1032 – 1075), daughter of Yaroslav I of Kiev and his wife Princess Ingegerd of Sweden, was the queen consort of France as the wife of Henry I, and regent for her son Philip I.

After the death of his first wife, Matilda, King Henry searched the courts of Europe for a suitable bride, but could not locate a princess who was not related to him within illegal degrees of kinship. At last he sent an embassy to distant Kiev, which returned with Anne (also called Agnes or Anna). Anne and Henry were married at the cathedral of Reims on 19 May 1051.

For six years after Henry's death in 1060, she served as regent for Philip, who was only seven at the time. She was the first queen of France to serve as regent. Her co-regent was Count Baldwin V of Flanders. Anne was a literate woman, rare for the time, but there was some opposition to her as regent on the grounds that her mastery of French was less than fluent.

A year after the king's death, Anne, acting as regent, took a passionate fancy for Count Ralph III of Valois, a man whose political ambition encouraged him to repudiate his wife to marry Anne in 1062. Accused of adultery, Ralph's wife appealed to Pope Alexander II, who excommunicated the couple. The young king Philip forgave his mother, which was just as well, since he was to find himself in a very similar predicament in the 1090s. Ralph died in September 1074, at which time Anne returned to the French court. She died in 1075, was buried at Villiers Abbey, La-Ferte-Alais, Essonne and her obits were celebrated on 5 September.1

Children of Anne of Kiev and King Henry I of France


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Yaroslav I of Kiev

M, b. 978, d. 20 February 1054
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationYaroslav I of Kiev was also known as the Wise.
     Yaroslav I the Wise (Old Norse: Jarizleifr, c. 978 - February 20, 1054) was thrice Grand Prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. During his lengthy reign, Kievan Rus' reached the zenith of its cultural flowering and military power.1

Children of Yaroslav I of Kiev and Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden

F, b. 1001, d. 10 February 1050
Father*Olaf Eriksson b. 950, d. 1022
Mother*Estrid of the Obotrites
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationPrincess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden was also known as Ingrid Olofsdotter.
Name VariationPrincess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden was also known as Irene.
Married Name1019As of 1019,her married name was of Kiev.
     Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001 – 10 February 1050) was a Swedish princess and a Grand Princess of Kiev, the daughter of Swedish King Olof Skötkonung and Estrid of the Obotrites and the consort of Yaroslav I the Wise of Kiev.

Ingegerd was born in Sigtuna, Sweden, and was engaged to be married to Norwegian King Olaf II, but when Sweden and Norway got into a feud, Swedish King Olof Skötkonung wouldn't allow for the marriage to happen.

Instead, Ingegard's father quickly arranged for a marriage to the powerful Yaroslav I the Wise of Novgorod. The marriage took place in 1019. Once in Kiev, her name was changed to the Greek Irene. According to several sagas, she was given as a marriage gift Ladoga and adjacent lands, which later received the name Ingria (arguably a corruption of Ingegerd's name). She set her friend jarl Ragnvald Ulfsson to rule in her stead.

Ingegard initiated the building of the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev that was supervised by her husband, who styled himself tsar. They had six sons and four daughters, the latter of whom became Queens of France, Hungary, Norway, and (arguably) England. The whole family is depicted in one of the frescoes of the Saint Sophia. Upon her death, Ingegard was buried in the same cathedral.1

Children of Princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden and Yaroslav I of Kiev


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Olaf Eriksson

M, b. 950, d. 1022
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationOlaf Eriksson was also known as King Olaf of Sweden.
Name VariationOlaf Eriksson was also known as Olof Skötkonung.
     Olof Skötkonung (Old Icelandic: Óláfr sænski, Old Swedish: Olawær skotkonongær) was the son of Eric the Victorious and Sigrid the Haughty. He was born around 980 and he succeeded his father in 995.1

Child of Olaf Eriksson and Estrid of the Obotrites

Child of Olaf Eriksson


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Edmund Olafsson

M, b. 1005, d. 1060
Father*Olaf Eriksson b. 950, d. 1022
  • Edmund Olafsson was born in 1005.
  • He was the son of Olaf Eriksson.
  • Edmund Olafsson died in 1060.

Child of Edmund Olafsson

(?) Edmundsdotter

F, b. 1023, d. 1097
Father*Edmund Olafsson b. 1005, d. 1060
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was (?) Stenkilsson.

Child of (?) Edmundsdotter and (?) Stenkilsson

(?) Stenkilsson


Child of (?) Stenkilsson and (?) Edmundsdotter

Inge I Stenkilsson

M, b. 1050, d. 1112
Father*(?) Stenkilsson
Mother*(?) Edmundsdotter b. 1023, d. 1097

Robert of France

M, b. circa 1055, d. circa 1060
Father*King Henry I of France b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 Aug 1060
Mother*Anne of Kiev b. c 1028, d. 1075

King Philip I of France

M, b. 23 May 1052, d. 30 July 1108
Father*King Henry I of France b. 4 May 1008, d. 4 Aug 1060
Mother*Anne of Kiev b. c 1028, d. 1075
     Philip I (23 May 1052 – 29 July 1108), called the Amorous,[1] was King of France from 1060 to his death. His reign, like that of most of the early Direct Capetians, was extraordinarily long for the time. The monarchy began a modest recovery from the low it reached in the reign of his father and he added to the royal demesne the Vexin and Bourges.

Philip was the son of Henry I and Anne of Kiev. His name was of Greek origin, being derived from Philippos, meaning "lover of horses". It was rather exotic for Western Europe at the time and was bestowed upon him by his Eastern European mother. Although he was crowned king at the age of seven[2], until age fourteen (1066) his mother acted as regent, the first queen of France ever to do so. Her co-regent was Baldwin V of Flanders.

Philip first married Bertha, daughter of Floris I, Count of Holland, in 1072. Although the marriage produced the necessary heir, Philip fell in love with Bertrade de Montfort, the wife of Count Fulk IV of Anjou. He repudiated Bertha (claiming she was too fat) and married Bertrade on 15 May 1092. In 1094, he was excommunicated by Hugh, Archbishop of Lyon, for the first time; after a long silence, Pope Urban II repeated the excommunication at the Council of Clermont in November 1095. Several times the ban was lifted as Philip promised to part with Bertrade, but he always returned to her, and after 1104, the ban was not repeated. In France, the king was opposed by Bishop Ivo of Chartres, a famous jurist.

Philip appointed Alberic first Constable of France in 1060. A great part of his reign, like his father's, was spent putting down revolts by his power-hungry vassals. In 1077, he made peace with William the Conqueror, who gave up attempting the conquest of Brittany. In 1082, Philip I expanded his demesne with the annexation of the Vexin. Then in 1100, he took control of Bourges.1

Child of King Philip I of France and Bertha of Holland


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,

Ada of Scotland

F, b. circa 1170, d. circa 1200
Father*King William I of Scotland b. 1143, d. 4 Dec 1214
Mother*Isabel Avenal b. c 1143, d. 11 Feb 1234
Name TypeDateDescription
Married Name1184As of 1184,her married name was de Dunbar.

Patrick de Dunbar

Father*Waltheof of Dunbar
Mother*Aline (?)
     Earl of Dunbar.

Waltheof of Dunbar

     Earl of Dunbar.

Child of Waltheof of Dunbar and Aline (?)

Aline (?)

Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was of Dunbar.

Child of Aline (?) and Waltheof of Dunbar

Robert de Bruce IV

M, d. before 1191
Name TypeDateDescription
Name VariationRobert de Bruce IV was also known as Brus.

James Tuchet

M, b. circa 1463, d. 28 June 1497
Father*John Touchet b. 1423, d. 26 Sep 1490
Mother*Anne Echingham b. c 1431, d. 7 May 1498
     7th Baron Audley. Sir James Tuchet, 7th Lord Audley (c.1463 – 28 June 1497) was born in the Heleigh Castle, Staffordshire, England to John Tuchet, 6th Baron Audley (died 1490) and Ann Echingham.

He was married twice first about 1483 to Margaret Dayrell, daughter of Sir Richard Dayrell and Margaret_Beaufort. A son was born from the first marriage: John Tuchet, 8th Baron Audley (1483 – 1558) His second marriage, about 1488, was to Joan Bourchier, daughter of Fulk Bourchier, 10th Baron FitzWarin and Elizabeth Dinham. A son, John, was born to Joan about 1490.

Tuchet was an army commander who succeeded to the title of 7th Lord Audley, of Heleigh on 26 September 1490. He became one of the commanders of the 1st Cornish Rebellion of 1497 in Wells during June 1497. The Cornish army under the command of Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank had marched to Wells and then onto Winchester via Bristol and Salisbury in a remarkable unopposed progress right across the south of England. In Somerset Lord Audley had helped take command of the army which marched through Guildford and onto Blackheath near Deptford, south-east London where a battle took place on 17 June 1497. The Cornish were beaten by the King's forces and the leaders Michael An Gof, Thomas Flamank and Lord Audley were captured on the battlefield.

Henry VII was said to be delighted and gave thanks to God for deliverance from the rebellious Cornish. An Gof joined Flamank and Audley in the Tower of London and a week later they were tried and condemned. An Gof and Flamank "enjoyed" the king's mercy by being hanged until they were dead before being disemboweled and quartered. Their heads were then stuck on pikes on London bridge. As a peer, Lord Audley was treated less barbarously and on Wednesday June 28th 1497 was taken from Newgate gaol to Tower Hill where he was beheaded. He was buried at Blackfriars, London.[1], His title was forfeit but was restored to his son George Tuchet, 8th Baron Audley in 1512.1

Child of James Tuchet and Margaret Dayrell

Child of James Tuchet and Joan Bourchier


  1. [S369] Encyclopedia website, by compilation,,_7th_Baron_Audley.

Eleanor Touchet

F, b. circa 1460
Father*John Touchet b. 1423, d. 26 Sep 1490
Mother*Anne Echingham b. c 1431, d. 7 May 1498
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Lewknor.

Child of Eleanor Touchet

Jane Lewknor

Mother*Eleanor Touchet b. c 1460
Name TypeDateDescription
Married NameHer married name was Pole.